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Encyclopedia > Venstre (Denmark)
Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti
Leader Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Founded 1870
Headquarters Søllerødvej 30
2840 Holte
Official ideology/
political position
Classical Liberalism
International affiliation Liberal International
ELDR
Website http://www.venstre.dk/

Venstre[1] (IPA: [ˈʋɛnsd̥(ʁ)ɐ], in Danish literally: Left), full name: Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti (Venstre, Liberal Party of Denmark) is the largest political party in Denmark, founded with a basis on free market Liberalism, now a right-of-centre party. The party is a member of Liberal International and sits with the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party in the European Parliament. In the 2005 parliamentary elections, it received 29% of the vote, and 52 out of 179 seats. It is led by Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the Prime Minister, and currently governs in coalition with the Conservative People's Party, with support from the Danish People's Party. This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Søllerød municipality Town Hall (RÃ¥dhus) in Holte, Denmark . ... Holte is a town in the municipality of Søllerød, Denmark. ... Classical liberalism (also known as traditional liberalism[1] and laissez-faire liberalism[2]) is a doctrine stressing the importance of human rationality, individual property rights, natural rights, the protection of civil liberties, constitutional limitations of government, free markets, and individual freedom from restraint as exemplified in the writings of Adam... Liberal International is a political international for international liberal parties. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, mainly active in the European Union, composed of 49 national liberal and centrist parties from across Europe. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... A free market is an idealized market, where all economic decisions and actions by individuals regarding transfer of money, goods, and services are voluntary, and are therefore devoid of coercion and theft (some definitions of coercion are inclusive of theft). Colloquially and loosely, a free market economy is an economy... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Liberal International is a political international for international liberal parties. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, mainly active in the European Union, composed of 49 national liberal and centrist parties from across Europe. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... Legislative elections were held in Denmark on February 8, 2005. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... This is a list over the heads of government in Denmark, from the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1849 until present. ... The Conservative Peoples Party (Danish Det Konservative Folkeparti) is a Danish political party. ... The Danish Peoples Party (Danish: Dansk Folkeparti) is a social conservative, nationalist, far right political party in Denmark. ...


Venstre is a liberal party. Some describe it as a classical liberal party, since the current leader, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, known for his authorship of the book "Fra Socialstat til Minimalstat" (English: From Social State to Minimal State), advocated an extensive reform of the Danish welfare state, along classical liberal lines, including lower taxes and less government interference in corporate and individual matters. Rasmussen has lately drifted away from his earlier views and has called liberalism an outdated ideology.[2] Classical liberalism (also known as traditional liberalism[1] and laissez-faire liberalism[2]) is a doctrine stressing the importance of human rationality, individual property rights, natural rights, the protection of civil liberties, constitutional limitations of government, free markets, and individual freedom from restraint as exemplified in the writings of Adam... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... There are three main interpretations of the idea of a welfare state: the provision of welfare services by the state. ...

Contents

History

Venstre 1945 election material ("Venstre has good cards on hand")
Venstre 1945 election material ("Venstre has good cards on hand")

Venstre, or the Left in English, was founded in 1870 under the name Det Forenede Venstre (The United Left). It was formed through the merger of three parliamentary factions, all of whom had identified as leftist in the context of the time. From 1895-1910 it was known as Venstrereformpartiet (Left Reform Party), and after that as Venstre. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1630x1705, 300 KB) Venster election material This image is of a historical political poster, button, flier or banner, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the creator of the poster or the artist who produced the poster... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1630x1705, 300 KB) Venster election material This image is of a historical political poster, button, flier or banner, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the creator of the poster or the artist who produced the poster... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Venstre was traditionally a party advocating free trade and farmer's interests. This traditional landed basis resulted in a relative decline in influence due to the rapidly accelerating urbanisation of Danish society. Starting in the 1980s, the party began expanding into urban regions as well.


After the 1960s Venstre was reoriented as a more classical liberal party. During the leadership of Anders Fogh Rasmussen the party line has turned more towards centre-right. Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ...


List of government participation:

  • 1901-1909 (as the Venstre Reform Party)
  • 1910-1913
  • 1920-1924
  • 1926-1929
  • 1945-1947
  • 1950-53 with the Conservative People's Party
  • 1968-71 with the Conservative People's Party and the Danish Social Liberal Party
  • 1973-75
  • 1978-79 with the Social Democratic Party
  • 1982-88 with the Conservative People's Party, Centre Democrats, and the Christian People's Party
  • 1988-90 with the Conservative People's Party and The Danish Social Liberal Party
  • 1990-93 with the Conservative People's Party
  • 2001- with the Conservative People's Party

Venstre Prime Ministers:

Venstre Leaders since 1929 Johan Henrik Deuntzer Johan Henrik Deuntzer (20 May 1845 – 16 November 1918) was a Danish politician, member of the Danish Liberal Party until 1905 where he joined the Danish Social Liberal Party. ... July 24 is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Jens Christian Christensen (21 November 1856 – 19 December 1930), most often called J. C. Christensen with the J pronounced as an I, was a Danish politician. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Niels Neergaard (1854 - 1936) was a Danish historian and political figure. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Johan Ludvig Carl Christian Tido lensgreve Holstein-Ledreborg (10 June 1839 – 1 March 1912) was a Danish politician. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Klaus Berntsen (12 June 1844 – 27 March 1927) was a Danish politician, representing the Danish Liberal Party. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Niels Neergaard (1854 - 1936) was a Danish historian and political figure. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Thomas Madsen-Mygdal (24 December 1876 - 23 February 1943) was Prime Minister of Denmark from 14 December 1926 to 30 April 1929, as leader of a Liberal Party government. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Knud Kristensen (26 October 1880 - September 1962) was Prime Minister of Denmark 7 November 1945 to 13 November 1947 in the first elected government after the German occupation of Denmark during World War II. After the October 1945 election Knud Kristensen formed his minority government consisting only of the Liberal... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Erik Eriksen (20 November 1902 - 7 October 1972) was leader of the Liberal Party of Denmark and Prime Minister of Denmark from 30 October 1950 to 30 September 1953 as leader of the Cabinet of Erik Eriksen formed as a minority government by the Liberal Party and the Conservative People... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Poul Hartling (1914 April 30 -2000) was a Danish diplomat and politician. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... February 13 is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Thomas Madsen-Mygdal (24 December 1876 - 23 February 1943) was Prime Minister of Denmark from 14 December 1926 to 30 April 1929, as leader of a Liberal Party government. ... Knud Kristensen (26 October 1880 - September 1962) was Prime Minister of Denmark 7 November 1945 to 13 November 1947 in the first elected government after the German occupation of Denmark during World War II. After the October 1945 election Knud Kristensen formed his minority government consisting only of the Liberal... Niels Edvard Sørensen (August 29, 1893 – May 15, 1954) was a Danish politician representing the Liberal party, Venstre. ... Erik Eriksen (20 November 1902 - 7 October 1972) was leader of the Liberal Party of Denmark and Prime Minister of Denmark from 30 October 1950 to 30 September 1953 as leader of the Cabinet of Erik Eriksen formed as a minority government by the Liberal Party and the Conservative People... Poul Hartling (1914 April 30 -2000) was a Danish diplomat and politician. ... Henning Christophersen (born November 8, 1939, Copenhagen) is a Danish politician, a former vice-president of the European Commission ( 1985 – 1995), former leader of the Danish Liberal Party ( 1978 – 1984) and former member of the European Convention. ... Uffe Ellemann-Jensen (b. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ...

Origin of the name

The fact that the major liberal political party in a country calls itself 'Left' is often confusing to many foreign (and sometimes Danish) observers. The name has, however, its historical explanation. At the time of its foundation, Venstre affirmed progressive ideas in the then Danish parliament. Their opponents, Højre (Right), is the fore-runner of the present Conservative People's Party. In current Danish politics there is a clear distinction between the concepts of Venstre (Left, i.e. the party bearing that name) and Venstrefløj (Left-wing, i.e. the socialist and communist parties). The use of the word for "left" in the name of the Danish political party Radikale Venstre and the Norwegian party Venstre is meant to refer to Liberalism and not Socialism. The Conservative Peoples Party (Danish Det Konservative Folkeparti) is a Danish political party. ... Det Radikale Venstre (literally: The Radical Left, but officially translated by the party as Danish Social Liberal Party), is a social liberal party in Denmark. ... Venstre (sometimes referred to as the Liberal Party of Norway in international context) is a liberal party in Norway, subscribing to social-liberalism. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ...


Members of the party are referred to as Venstremænd and Venstrekvinder, respectively "Venstre Men" and "Venstre Women" (singular: -mand / -kvinde).


Tax policy

Since the elections in 2001, Venstre has enacted a "tax stop" in order to halt the growth in taxes seen during the previous eight years under the Social Democrats (Socialdemokratiet). This tax stop has been under heavy fire from the parties on the left wing of Danish politics, allegedly for being "asocial" and "only for the rich." The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ...


It has, however, been ineffective, judging by Venstre's own intentions. The goal of the tax stop was to halt the growth of public expenditures, but even with their cuts in spending (which are opposed by the left wing), public spending has continued to rise by approximately 1% above inflation, per year.


In 2004, two small tax cuts went into effect:


First, people with jobs get a 3% tax reduction on the 5% "bottom tax" (Danish: Bundskat). This initiative is supposed to encourage people to go off welfare, and take jobs instead.


Second, the bottom limit of the "middle tax" (Danish: Mellemskat) of 6%, is raised by 12,000 Danish Kroner every year, over the next four years. This will limit the income stresses of middle incomes and families with children. ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands 1 Inflation 1. ...


Venstre has so far refrained from making statements on the future of the "top tax" (Danish: Topskat) of 15%, and the Value Added Tax (Danish: "MOMS") of 25%. Value added tax (VAT) is tax on exchanges. ...


The income tax in Denmark ranges from [9%-44%] for ultra low income families to [44%-62%] progressively for middle class families. 850,000 Danes (31% of everyone employed) pay a marginal income tax of 62%.


Youth and student wings

Venstres Ungdom (Youth of the Left), the youth wing of the Venstre. ... Liberal Students of Denmark (Danish: Danmarks Liberale Studerende) is a political student organization, with chapters in the major Danish university cities of Copenhagen, Aarhus, Aalborg and Odense Associated with Venstre - The liberal party of Denmark. ...

See also

Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Contributions to liberal theory is a partial list of individual contributions on a worldwide scale. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political current in specific regions and countries. ... This is an overview of parties that adhere more or less (explicitly) to the ideas of political liberalism and is therefore a list of liberal parties around the world. ... Liberal democracy is a form of government. ... This article gives an overview of liberalism in Denmark. ...

Literature

  • Tom Matz (2004), Venstre ved du hvor du har ForlagsKompagniet : Nørhaven Book.

References

  1. ^ The party name is officially not translated into any other language, but is in English often referred to as the Liberal Party. Similar rules apply for the name of the party's youth wing Venstres Ungdom.
  2. ^ Berlingske

Venstres Ungdom (Youth of the Left), the youth wing of the Venstre. ...

External links

  • (Danish) Venstre official site
  • Denmark's Liberal Party presentation in English
  • (Danish) Party Profile from the newspaper Politiken
Political Parties in Denmark
Represented in the Folketing:

Venstre (51) | Social Democrats (47) | Danish People's Party (22) | Conservative People's Party (18) | Danish Social Liberal Party (16) | Socialist People's Party (11) | Red-Green Alliance (6) | Independents (2) | New Alliance (2) | Siumut (Greenland) (1) | Inuit Ataqatigiit (Greenland) (1) | Republican Party (Faroe Islands) (1) | People's Party (Faroe Islands) (1) This article lists political parties in Denmark. ... The Folketing [], or Folketinget, is the national parliament of Denmark. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... The Danish Peoples Party (Danish: Dansk Folkeparti) is a social conservative, nationalist, far right political party in Denmark. ... The Conservative Peoples Party (Danish Det Konservative Folkeparti) is a Danish political party. ... Det Radikale Venstre (literally: The Radical Left, but officially translated by the party as Danish Social Liberal Party), is a social liberal party in Denmark. ... The Socialist Peoples Party (Danish: Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF)) is a Danish socialist party. ... The Red-Green Alliane () is a left-wing political party in Denmark. ... New Alliance (Danish: ) is a Danish political party, founded on 7 May 2007. ... Forward (Greenlandic: Siumut) is a social democratic political party in Greenland. ... Inuit Ataqatigiit (Inuit Community) is a socialist political party in Greenland. ... The Republican Party or Party of Peoples Government (Tjóðveldisflokkurin) is a left of centre political party in the Faroe Islands committed to Faroese independence. ... The Peoples Party (Fólkaflokkurin) is a conservative political party in the Faroe Islands, led by Anfinn Kallsberg. ...

Represented in the European Parliament:

Social Democrats (5) | Venstre (3) | New Alliance (2) | Danish People's Party (1) | Socialist People's Party (1) | June Movement (1) | People's Movement against the EU (1) Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... New Alliance (Danish: ) is a Danish political party, founded on 7 May 2007. ... The Danish Peoples Party (Danish: Dansk Folkeparti) is a social conservative, nationalist, far right political party in Denmark. ... The Socialist Peoples Party (Danish: Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF)) is a Danish socialist party. ... The June Movement (Danish: Juni Bevægelsen) is a Danish euro-sceptic political organisation that was founded in August 1992. ... The Peoples Movement against the EU (Danish: Folkebevægelsen mod EU) is an anti-European Union political party in Denmark. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Venstre (Denmark) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (786 words)
Venstre, or the Left in English, was founded in 1870 under the name Det Forenede Venstre (The United Left).
Venstre was traditionally a party of the landed interests, especially in the countryside.
The use of the word for "left" in the name of the Danish political party Radikale Venstre and the Norwegian party Venstre is also meant to refer to Liberalism and not Socialism.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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