FACTOID # 7: The top five best educated states are all in the Northeast.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Venera 7
Venera 7
Image:Venera-7 diagram.jpg
Diagram of Venera 7
Organization: USSR
Mission type: Lander
Satellite of: Venus
Orbital Insertion date: Landed on December 15, 1970
Launch Date: August 17, 1970
Launch Vehicle: Molniya Booster Plus Upper Stage and Escape Stages
Decay: N/A
Mission Duration: August 17, 1970 to December 15, 1970
NSSDC ID: 1970-060A
Mass: 1180 kg
edit

The Venera 7 (Russian: Венера-7) was launched as part of the Venera program by the Soviet Union. Adjectives: Venusian or (rarely) Cytherean Atmosphere Surface pressure: 9. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... NASA logo The National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) is a department in NASAs Solar System Exploration Division. ... Venera 7 lander Color image taken from the surface of Venus by the Soviet Venera 13 lander The Venera (Russian: Венера; formerly, sometimes referred to as Venusik in the West) series of probes was developed by the USSR to gather data from Venus. ...

  • Launch date/time: 1970 August 17 at 05:38 UTC
  • On-orbit dry mass: 1180 kg
  • Lander mass: 495 kg

It entered the atmosphere of Venus on December 15, 1970 and landed on the planet at 05:34:10 UTC of the same day. Landing coordinates are 5° S, 351° E. Venera 7 became the first man-made spacecraft to successfully land on another planet and to transmit data from there back to Earth. ... (*min temperature refers to cloud tops only) Atmospheric characteristics Atmospheric pressure 9. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ...


The capsule antenna was extended, and signals were returned for 35 min. Another 23 min of very weak signals were received after the spacecraft landed on Venus, probably because the capsule bounced onto its side on landing and the medium gain antenna was not pointed correctly for strong signal transmission to Earth.


Gallery

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
:Category:Venus Missions

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links

  • Venera 7 NASA NSSDC Master Catalog Data
  • Plumbing the Atmosphere of Venus
Venera programme

1VA | Venera 1 | Sputnik 19 | Sputnik 20 | Sputnik 21 | Cosmos 21 | Venera 1964A | Venera 1964B | Cosmos 27 | Venera 2 | Venera 3 | Cosmos 96 | Venera 1965A | Venera 4 | Cosmos 167 | Venera 5 | Venera 6 | Venera 7 | Cosmos 359 | Venera 8 | Cosmos 482 | Venera 9 | Venera 10 | Venera 11 | Venera 12 | Venera 13 | Venera 14 | Venera 15 | Venera 16 Venera 7 lander Color image taken from the surface of Venus by the Soviet Venera 13 lander The Venera (Russian: Венера; formerly, sometimes referred to as Venusik in the West) series of probes was developed by the USSR to gather data from Venus. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sputnik 7 was the first Soviet attempt at launching prode to explore Venus. ... Venera 1 Venera 1 diagram On February 12, 1961, 00:34:36 UTC, the first planetary probe was launched to Venus by the Soviet Union. ... Sputnik 19 (also known as Alpha Pi 1) was a Soviet Venera-type spacecraft intended to make a landing on Venus. ... Sputnik 20 (also known as 1962 Alpha Tau 1) was intended to be a Venus landing mission. ... Sputnik 21 was an unsuccessful Venus flyby mission launched on 12 September 1962 by the Soviet Union. ... Cosmos 21 is the NASA designation for a Soviet spacecraft with unknown mission. ... This spacecraft mission was intended as a Venus flyby. ... Venera 2 Venera 2 (Russian: Венера-2) was a probe in the Soviet Venera program for the exploration of Venus. ... Venera 3 Venera-3 on-board medal Venera 3 (Russian:Венера-3) was a Venera program space probe that was built and launched by the Soviet Union to explore the surface of Venus. ... Venera 4 Venera 4 landing capsule Venera 4 (Russian:Венера-4) was a probe in the Soviet Venera program for the exploration of Venus. ... Venera 5 Landing of Venera-5 Venera 5 (Russian: Венера-5) was a probe in the Soviet space program Venera for the exploration of Venus. ... Venera 6 Sketch of Venera 6 Venera 6 (Russian:Венера-6) was a Soviet spacecraft, launched from a Tyazheliy Sputnik (69-002C) on January 10 1969 towards Venus to obtain atmospheric data. ... Venera 8 Venera 8 landing capsule Venera 8 (Russian: Венера-8) was a probe in the Soviet Venera program for the exploration of Venus. ... The Cosmos 482 probe, launched March 31, 1972 at 04:02:33 UTC, was an attempted Venus probe which failed to escape low Earth orbit. ... Venera 9 lander Surface of Venus taken by Venera 9 and Venera 10 Venera 9 (Russian: Венера-9) was a USSR unmanned space mission to Venus. ... Venera 10 was a USSR unmanned space mission to Venus. ... The Venera 11 was an USSR unmanned space mission to explore the planet Venus. ... The Venera 12 (Russian: Венера-12) was an USSR unmanned space mission to explore the planet Venus. ... Venera 13 Soviet Venus lander Venera 13 and Venera 14 were a pair of identical probes in the Soviet Venera program for the exploration of Venus. ... Venera 13 Soviet Venus lander Venera 13 and Venera 14 were a pair of identical probes in the Soviet Venera program for the exploration of Venus. ... Venera 15 and Venera 16 were two identical spacecraft sent to Venus by the Soviet Union. ... Venera 15 and Venera 16 were two identical spacecraft sent to Venus by the Soviet Union. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Venera (3317 words)
Venera 7 was launched from an earth parking orbit towards Venus to study the Venusian atmosphere and other phenomena of the planet.
Venera 12 was launched into a 177 x 205 km, 51.5 degree inclination Earth orbit from which it was propelled into a 3.5 month Venus transfer orbit which involved two mid-course corrections, on 21 September and 14 December.
Venera 15 was part of a two spacecraft mission (along with Venera 16) designed to use side-looking radar mappers to study the surface properties of Venus.
Venera (859 words)
The Venera spacecraft, unlike the Soviet Mars probes, were tremendously successful, and made the first soft landings on and sent back the first pictures from the surface of Venus.
The probe confirmed Venera 7's data on the high surface temperature and pressure, and also determined that the light level was suitable for surface photography, being similar to the illumination on an overcast day on Earth.
Venera 14's attempt at surface analysis was foiled when its drilling arm landed on one of the ejected camera covers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m