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Encyclopedia > Vendée
Vendée
Missing image
Blason_france_Vendée_petit.jpg
Coat of Arms de la Vendée


Details
Information
Number 85
Region Pays de la Loire
Prefecture La Roche-sur-Yon
Subprefecture Fontenay-le-Comte
Les Sables-d'Olonne
Population


 - Total (1999)
 - Density The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Capital Nantes Area 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette ( PS) (since 2004) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 5th) 3,344,000 3,222,061 104/km² (2004) Arrondissements 17 Cantons 192 Communes 1,503 Départements Loire-Atlantique Mayenne Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Vendée Pays-de... The term prefecture has been used to denote a self-governing body or area since the time of Constantine I, who divided the Roman Empire into 4 districts (each divided into dioceses). ... La Roche-sur-Yon is a town and commune in western France, préfecture (capital) of the Vendée département. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... Fontenay-le-Comte is a commune of western France. ... Les Sables-dOlonne is a seaside town of western France, by the Atlantic Ocean. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ...

Ranked 45th


539,664 Categories: Lists of subnational entities ...


80 /km²
Area 6,720 km²
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 31
Communes 282
President of the
general council
Philippe de Villiers
Location
Location of de la Vendée in France

Vendée is a département in west central France, on the Atlantic's Bay of Biscay. The name Vendée is taken from the Vendée river which runs through the south-eastern part of the département. To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... List of the 282 communes of the Vendée département in France by alphabetic order, with their respective INSEE and postal codes. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Philippe de Villiers (born March 25, 1949 as viscount Philippe le Jolis de Villiers de Saintignon) is a French conservative politician. ... Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Vendée Categories: GFDL images ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... The Bay of Biscay (French: Golfe de Gascogne; Spanish: Mar Cantábrico) is an arm of the North Atlantic Ocean. ... Vendée is a small river in western France, tributary to the river Sèvre Niortaise. ...

Contents

Administration

History

The area today called the Vendée was originally known as the Bas-Poitou. In the south-east corner, the village of Nieul-sur-l'Autise is believed to be the birthplace of Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) and was part of her Kingdom. Eleanor's son, Richard I of England (the Lionhearted) often based himself in Talmont. The Hundred Years' War (1337-1453) turned much of the Vendée into a battleground. Eleanor of Aquitaine (Bordeaux, France, c. ... Events Resolution of Investiture Controversy in the Concordat of Worms Pierre Abélard writes Sic et Non Births Eleanor of Aquitaine at Belin (near Bordeaux) Deaths Ralph dEscures, archbishop of Canterbury Margrave Ottokar II of Styria Categories: 1122 ... Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ... Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... A map of Europe in the 1430s, at the height of the Hundred Years War The Hundred Years War was a 116-year-long armed conflict between the Kingdom of England and France, beginning in 1337 and ending in 1453. ... This page concerns 1337, the year. ... Events May 29 - Fall of Constantinople to Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). ...


Since the Vendée held a considerable number of influential Protestants, including control by Jeanne d'Albret, the region was also greatly marked by the 36-year French Wars of Religion which broke out in 1562. Eventually King Henri IV, issued the Edict of Nantes and the Wars came to an end. When the Edict of Nantes was revoked in 1685, it caused many Huguenots to flee from the Vendée. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Jeanne dAlbret Jeanne dAlbret (January 7, 1528 – June 9, 1572) was Queen of Navarre from 1555 to 1572, wife of Antoine de Bourbon, duke of Vendome and mother of Henry IV of France. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between the Catholic League and the Huguenots from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598. ... Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... Henry IV (French: Henri IV) (December 13, 1553 – May 14, 1610), called the Great (French: le Grand), was the first of the Bourbon kings of France, reigning from 1589 until 1610. ... The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a Catholic nation. ... The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a Catholic nation. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ...


It is also remembered as the place where the peasants revolted against the Revolutionary government in 1793. The bloody conflict, in support of the Monarchy and against the changes imposed on the Roman Catholic Church erupted in defiance of the Revolutionary government's military conscription. A guerrilla war, led by an underground faction known as the Chouans (screech owls), known as the Revolt in the Vendée and would cost more than 100,000 lives until it ended in 1796. The period of the French Revolution in the history of France covers the years between 1789 and 1799, in which democrats and republicans overthrew the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Peters Basilica in Rome. ... Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from Spanish (from guerra meaning war) used to describe small combat groups. ... Chouans were insurrectionary royalists in France, in particular Brittany, during the French Revolution, and even for a time under the Empire, when their head-quarters were in London Their names derive from their muster by night at the sound of the chat-huant, the screech owl, a nocturnal bird of... During the French Revolution, the 1793- 1796 uprising in the Vendée, variously known as the Uprising, Insurrection, Revolt, or Wars in the Vendée, was the largest internal counter-revolution to the new Republic. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ...


In 1850, British author, Anthony Trollope, published his book "La Vendee" detailing the history of the region and the war. In the preface he pays tribute to Madame de Larochejaquelein on whose memoirs of the war he based his story. 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Anthony Trollope (April 24, 1815 – December 6, 1882) became one of the most successful and respected English novelists of the Victorian era. ...


Geography

Vendée's highest point is Mont Mercure (935 feet/285 m).


The department is crossed by four rivers: the Sèvre Nantaise (135 km), the Vendée (70 km), the Lay (110 km) and the Sèvre Niortaise (150 km).


Economy

The economy of the Vendée is centred around tourism, with the seaside resorts of Les Sables, La Tranche and La Faute being popular with both foreign and domestic tourists. Agriculture, food processing and light manufacturing are also important. In recent years the area around Mareuil-sur-Lay has grown in stature for its production of good quality white and rose wines. Having already acheived the appellation V.D.Q.S (Vins de Qualité Superieure) the wines of Les Fiefs Vendéens are (http://www.paysmareuillaisvendee.com/officeTourisme/fiefsVendeens_gb.htm) on their way towards A.O.C status (Appellation d’Origine Controlée).


Demographics

Vendée's inhabitants are referred to as Vendeans (French Vendéens).


Culture

With more than 100 miles of sandy beaches edged with dunes and pine woods, and a very mild climate, Vendée is today a popular tourist destination. There is an extensive nude beach just south of La Faute sur Mer on the Pointe d'Arcay. The département also boasts many churches and abbeys, museums, and - for nature lovers - there are thousands of marked footpaths, a signposted bicycle route running along the coastal mudflats, and marshes that attract unusual birds. Fishing is popular in the ocean or in the Vendée's rivers and lakes. A nude beach is a beach where the users generally wear no clothing because of any of numerous reasons: that doing so feels and looks good, that it is practical, for philosophical or religious reasons, or simply because there is no reason for clothing (see nudism). ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ...


External link

  • Conseil Général's website (http://www.vendee.fr/) (in French)
Départements of France
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Les DOM-TOM: 971 | 972 | 973 | 974 | 975 | 976 | 986 | 987 | 988 | French Southern Territories | Îles Éparses
Administrative divisions of France: régions - départements - arrondissements - cantons - communes

 
 

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