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Encyclopedia > Veliko Tarnovo
Veliko Tarnovo
Map of Bulgaria, Veliko Tarnovo is indicated
Data
Province (oblast): Veliko Tarnovo
Population: 73 115 (13.09.2005)
Altitude: 325 m
Postal code: 5000
Area code: 062
Geographic coordinates: 43° 5' north

25° 39' east Image File history File links Veliko_Turnovo_location_in_Bulgaria. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... ... The metre, or meter, is a measure of length. ... A postal code is a series of letters and/or digits appended to a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ...

Mayor
Rumen Rashev
Coat of arms of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality

Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgarian: Велико Търново; also transliterated as Veliko Turnovo) is a city in central northern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province. It is located on the Yantra River and is famous as the historical capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire, attracting many tourists with its specific architecture. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Image File history File links Tarnovo-obshtina-gerb. ... Veliko Turnovo province shown within Bulgaria Veliko Tarnovo is a province in the middle of the northern part of Bulgaria. ... Yantra is a river in Bulgaria. ... The history of Bulgaria began in the 7th century AD with the arrival of the Bulgars in the Balkans. ...


History

Prehistory and Antiquity

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Veliko Tarnovo is one of the oldest settlements in Bulgaria, having a history of more than 5 millennia, as the first traces of human presence dating from the 3rd millennium BC are on Trapezitsa Hill. Image File history File linksMetadata V-tarnovo-gruev2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata V-tarnovo-gruev2. ... (4th millennium BC – 3rd millennium BC – 2nd millennium BC – other millennia) // Events The 3rd millennium BC represents the beginning of factual history, since it is the first time we do have real names to name and detailed stories to tell. ...


Middle Ages

The historical part of town, which was the capital of Bulgaria during the Second Bulgarian Empire, lies on three hills - Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Sveta Gora (Holy Mountain). Veliko Tarnovo is the place where brothers Asen and Peter declared the end of Bynzatine rule in Bulgaria, proclaiming the city a capital. Veliko Tarnovo grew quickly to become the strongest Bulgarian fortification of the Middle Ages between the 12th and 14th century and the most important policital, economic, cultural and religious centre of the empire. The history of Bulgaria began in the 7th century AD with the arrival of the Bulgars in the Balkans. ... Tsarevets (Царевец) is a mediaeval stronghold located on a hill with the same name in Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. ... Ivan Asen I was Tsar of Bulgaria in the twelfth century. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...


Ottoman rule

The Old Town
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The Old Town

The city flourished and grew for 200 years until falling to the Ottoman Empire on 17th July 1393 after a three-month siege, the fortress on the hill being eventually destroyed. The old section of Veliko Turnovo, Bulgaria. ... The old section of Veliko Turnovo, Bulgaria. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... (Redirected from 17th July) July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... Events Ottoman Turks occupy Veliko Turnovo in north-central Bulgaria. ...


Veliko Tarnovo, known in the Middle Ages as Tarnovgrad (Търновград), was the location of two uprisings against Ottoman rule, in 1598 and 1686, both of which failed to liberate Bulgaria. // Early centuries of Ottoman rule Organisation of Ottoman Bulgaria The Ottomans reorganised the Bulgarian territories as the Beyerlik of Rumili, ruled by a Beylerbey at Sofia. ... Events January 7 - Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I. April 13 - Edict of Nantes - Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics. ... Events The League of Augsburg is founded. ...


Tarnovgrad, along with the rest of present-day Bulgaria, remained under Ottoman rule until the 19th century, when national identity and culture reasserted themselves as a strengthening resistance movement. The idea of the establishment of an independent Bulgarian church and nation motivated the 1875 and 1876 uprisings in town. On 23rd April 1876, the April Uprising marked the beginning of the end of the Ottoman occupation. It was soon followed by the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878). Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bulgarian Exarchate was an independent Bulgarian ecclesiastical organisation established on February 28, 1870 by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... (Redirected from 23rd April) April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The April Uprising ( Априлско въстание), was an insurrection organised by the Bulgarians in the Ottoman Empire from April to May, 1876, the indirect result of which was the liberation of Bulgaria in 1878. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Liberated Bulgaria

Samovodska Charshiya Street in the Old Town
Samovodska Charshiya Street in the Old Town

On 7th July 1877, Russian general Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko liberated Veliko Tarnovo, ending the 480-year-rule of the Ottoman Empire. In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin created a Principality of Bulgaria between the Danube and the Stara Planina range, with its seat at the old Bulgarian capital of Veliko Tarnovo. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 652 KB) Summary Samovodska Charshiya, Old Veliko Turnovo by Toma Dimov [14:38, 31 July 2001] Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 652 KB) Summary Samovodska Charshiya, Old Veliko Turnovo by Toma Dimov [14:38, 31 July 2001] Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... July 7 is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 177 days remaining. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Field Marshal Joseph Gourko Count Joseph Vladimirovich Romeyko-Gourko (the first name is also sometimes transliterated Ossip) (1828-1901) was a Russian Field Marshal prominent during the Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The separate Bulgaria after The Treatry of Berlin - Lithography Nikolay Pavlovich The Treaty of Berlin was the final Act of the Congress of Berlin (June 13-July 13, 1878), by which the United Kingdom, Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the Ottoman government under Sultan Hamid revised the Treaty... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (German: Donau, Slovak: Dunaj, Hungarian: Duna, Slovenian: Donava, Croatian: Dunav, Serbian: Дунав/Dunav, , Bulgarian: Дунав (Dunav), Romanian: Dunăre, Ukrainian: , Latin: Danuvius), all ultimately derived from the PIE *dānu, meaning river or stream, is Europes second... Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Stara Planina (Old Mountain) or Balkan mountain range is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ...


On 17th April 1879, the first National Assembly convened in Veliko Turnovo to ratify the state's first constitution, known as the Tarnovo Constitution, the key result of which resulted in the transfer of Parliament from Tarnovgrad to Sofia, which today remains the Bulgarian capital. (Redirected from 17th April) April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Front cover of the Tarnovo Constitution First page (in Russian and Bulgarian) The Tarnovo Constitution (Търновска конституция) was the first constitution of Bulgaria. ...


In deference to the city's past, Tsar Ferdinand Saxe-Coburg Gotha chose the St Forty Martyrs Church in Veliko Tarnovo as the place to declare the complete independence of Bulgaria on October 5, 1908. Ferdinand Maximilan Charles Leopold Marie, Ferdinand of Bulgaria (February 26, 1861 - September 10, 1948) was monarch of Bulgaria as well as an author, botanist and philatelist. ... The St Forty Martyrs Church (църква Св. Четиридесет мъченици, tsarkva Sv. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year (279th in Leap years). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1965, the city, then officially known as Tarnovo, was renamed to Veliko Tarnovo (Great Tarnovo) to commemorate its rich history and importance. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


Places of interest

One of Bulgaria's primary tourist destinations, Veliko Tarnovo boasts many historical monuments and landmarks, such as the ruins of the castle Tsarevets on the hill of the same name, which housed the royal and patriarchial palace, and Trapezitsa, the second fortress of the inner city on the right bank of Yantra. Other attractions are the St Dimitre of Solun Church, St Forty Martyrs Church, the numerous Bulgarian National Revival buildings with their typical architecture, the many museums on various topics. Tsarevets (Царевец) is a mediaeval stronghold located on a hill with the same name in Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. ... The St Forty Martyrs Church (църква Св. Четиридесет мъченици, tsarkva Sv. ... The Bulgarian national revival (Vazrazdane) was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people in the Ottoman Empire. ...


Culture

Higher education

The main university building The St. ...

Photos

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1246x399, 259 KB) Summary Tsarevets by Toma Dimov [June 13th 2002] Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1649x397, 463 KB) Summary Tsarevets by Toma Dimov [June 13th 2002] Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1625x357, 407 KB) Summary The Turkish quarter & Tsarevets (on the right) by Toma Dimov [June 13th 2002] Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (917x411, 290 KB) Summary St Demetrius Church (12th c. ...


Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1367x415, 124 KB) Summary This is a panoramic photo of Veliko Tarnovo, taken by me on 09/02/2005 around 9 am. ...


External links

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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Coat of arms of Bulgaria Cities and towns in Bulgaria The flag of Bulgaria
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Veliko Tarnovo - the old capital of Bulgaria (48 words)
Veliko Tarnovo - the old capital of Bulgaria
Veliko Tarnovo is one of the most ancient Bulgarian towns.
The picturesque situation and panoramic view of the town, its rich cultural and historical heritage wins Veliko Tarnovo the recognition as a historical, cultural and tourist center of contemporary Bulgaria.
Veliko Turnovo Bulgaria Tourist portal. Bulgarian City of Veliko Tarnovo - Home (404 words)
Veliko Turnovo is situated at the foot of Stara planina in North Central Bulgaria, Veliko Turnovo's coordinates are 43° 5' north, 25° 39' east
Veliko Turnovo is 195.752 km or 119.3 Miles from Sofia as the crow flies (250KM/155,3 Miles by road), and 210 Metres above sea level.
Veliko Turnovo's museums are varied and show the history of the ancient city as well as present some relics of the past.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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