FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Vehicle registration plate

A vehicle registration plate is a metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. The registration identifier is a numeric or alphanumeric code that uniquely identifies the vehicle within the issuing region's database. In some countries, the identifier is unique within the entire country. In others, it is unique within each state or province. There is also variation on whether the identifier is associated with a vehicle or a person. Depending on the country or region of issue, it may also be referred to as a license plate, number plate, vehicle tag, license tag, or simply tag. In predicate logic and technical fields that depend on it, uniqueness quantification, or unique existential quantification, is an attempt to formalise the notion of something being true for exactly one thing, or exactly one thing of a certain type. ... This article is principally about managing and structuring the collections of data held on computers. ...

Contents

Legal requirements

Some jurisdictions license non-traditional vehicles such as golf carts
Some jurisdictions license non-traditional vehicles such as golf carts

Most governments require a registration plate to be attached to both the front and rear of a vehicle, although certain jurisdictions or vehicle types, such as motorcycles, only require one plate, which is usually attached to the rear. National databases relate this number to other information describing the vehicle, such as the make, model, color, year of manufacture, engine size, type of fuel used and mileage recorded during the vehicles annual (or bi-annual) road worthiness test, Vehicle identification (Chassis) Number and the name and address of the vehicle's registered owner or keeper. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,112 × 2,816 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,112 × 2,816 pixels, file size: 2. ... A Lamborghini built golf cart A golf cart (officially referred to as a golf car according to ANSI standard z130. ... A motorcycle (or motorbike) is a two-wheeled vehicle powered by an engine. ... Car model can refer to a scale model car of an automobile, or in regard to real automobiles, to a particular brand of vehicle sold under a marque. ... This article is about automotive bodywork. ... For other uses, see Engine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fuel (disambiguation). ... A Frequent Flyer Program is a service offered by many airlines to reward customer loyalty. ... Depending on the capitalization, Vin can refer to any of the following: Vin = input voltage (an alternative form for Vin) Old European Script A diminutive of the name Vincent, as in: Vin Diesel Vin Scully The name of a character from the video games Jak II and Jak 3: Vin...


In some jurisdictions, these registration plates will be permanently assigned to that particular vehicle for its lifetime. Some countries permit the re-registration of the vehicle with "personal" ("vanity" or "Cherished Mark") plates. When the vehicle is destroyed or exported to a different country it will require re-registering in the country of import. China requires the re-registration of any vehicle that crosses its borders from another country, such as overland holiday tourist visits, regardless of the amount of time it is due to remain there; this has to be arranged with prior approval.


In others, such as U.S. states, where they are known as license plates, they require periodic changing[citation needed]. For cost-saving purposes, however, the tendency for the past three decades has been to simply replace a small decal on the plate's surface, or to use a decal on the windshield to indicate the current expiration date of the registration. Additionally, some jurisdictions follow a "plate-to-owner" policy, meaning that when a vehicle is sold, the seller removes the current plate(s) from the vehicle. Buyers must either obtain new plates from their jurisdiction of residence or attach plates that they already hold from that jurisdiction, as well as formally registering their vehicles, under the buyer's name and the plate number, with the appropriate authorities. A person who sells a car and then purchases a new one can apply to have the old plates put onto this car. One who sells a car and does not buy a new one may, depending on the local laws involved, have to turn the old plates in or destroy them, or may simply be permitted to keep them. Other states keep the plate with the vehicle when ownership passes. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Look up Decal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Plates usually are either directly fixed to a vehicle or located in a plate frame which is itself fixed to the vehicle. Sometimes the plate frames contain advertisements inserted by the vehicle service centre or the dealership from which the vehicle was purchased. Vehicle owners can also purchase customised and speciality frames to replace the original frames. In some U.S. states, license plate frames are illegal. Plates are designed to conform to certain standards of clarity with regards to being read by the human eye in day or at night, or by electronic equipment. Some drivers purchase clear, smoke-colored or tinted covers that go over the license plate, usually to prevent such electronic equipment from scanning the license plate. Although perhaps useful to those avoiding detection from police, these covers are not legal in the entire United States and their use is discouraged in other countries. The British system of traffic and DVLA number recognition system cameras incorporate filter systems that make such avoidance attempt unworkable, usually with infra-red filters.


Some countries issue registration plates by provincial, territorial, or state governments rather than by National Government. Province is a name for a secondary, or subnational entity of government in most countries. ... Types of administrative and/or political territories include: A legally administered territory, which is a non-sovereign geographic area that has come under the authority of another government. ... Most countries with a federal constitution are made up of a number of subnational entities called states or provinces. ...


A licence plate from another state can be worn on a vehicle if the jurisdiction and local laws permits it. If the local laws only assign a rear plate, it is possible to have the license plate of another state, doing so will not result in something illegal.


Also, many jurisdictions have reciprocal agreements with other jurisdictions, allowing license plates from other jurisdictions to be used in their jurisdiction. For example, if a vehicle is registered in any U.S. state, that vehicle may be driven into any other U.S. state without re-registering, unless the owner is moving there. Some jurisdictions, like Texas, will recognize any other jurisdiction's license plate if that jurisdiction recognizes Texas' license plates.


History

License plates have been around almost as long as automobiles, appearing in the earliest period of the transition from the horse, 1890 to 1910. The Netherlands were the first to introduce a national licence plate, first called a "driving permit", in 1898. The first licences were simply plates with a number, starting at 1. By August 8th of 1899 the counter was at 168. When the Dutch chose a different way to number the plates on January 15th 1906 the last issued plate was 2065. Image File history File links Mergefrom. ... Although license plate have only existed for just over one hundred years in the United States and Canada, they have developed a unique history that has undergone several periods and changes. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ...


In the U.S., where each state issues plates, New York has required plates since 1901. At first, plates were not government issued in most American jurisdictions and motorists were obliged to make their own. Massachusetts and West Virginia were the first states to issue plates, in 1903. The earliest plates were made out of porcelain baked onto iron, or simple ceramic with no backing, which made them extremely fragile and impractical. Few examples of these earliest plates survive. Later experimental materials include cardboard, leather, plastic and during wartime shortages copper and pressed soybeans. This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... Fe redirects here. ... Paperboard is a paper-like material, usually over ten mils (0. ... For other uses, see Leather (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Soy redirects here. ...


Earlier plates varied in size and shape from one jurisdiction to the next, such that if one moved, new holes would be needed drilled into the bumper to support the new plate. Standardization of plates came in 1957, when automobile manufacturers came to agreement with governments and international standards organizations. While peculiar local variants still exist, there are three basic standards worldwide. “Standard” redirects here. ...

  • 12 by 6 inches (300 mm by 150 mm) - Used in the majority of the Americas.
  • 20.5 by 4.5 inches (520 mm by either 110 or 120 mm) - Used in the bulk of the European countries and many of their former overseas territories.
  • 14.5 by 5.3 inches (372 mm by 135 mm) - Used in Australia and some other Pacific Rim countries, about halfway between the dimensions of the other two standards, longer than Western Hemisphere plates but taller than European ones.

World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Vehicle registration plates by country

Australia

Standard Victorian plate
Standard Victorian plate
Victorian Special issue "Europlate" (Illustration)
Victorian Special issue "Europlate" (Illustration)

In Australia, licence plates, usually known as number plates, are normally issued by the State or Territory government; although some are issued by the Commonwealth government. Plates are associated with a vehicle and generally last for its life, though as they become unreadable (or for other reasons) they may be recalled or replaced with newer ones. New plates are also issued when the vehicle is registered in another state, or if the owner requests them (though this depends on state laws). Image File history File linksMetadata VicPlaceToBe. ... Image File history File linksMetadata VicPlaceToBe. ... Image File history File links Europlate_Victoria. ... Image File history File links Europlate_Victoria. ... Australian vehicle number plates are issued by the states, territories, and also the Commonwealth government and the armed forces. ... The states and territories of Australia make up the Commonwealth of Australia under a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Australia (disambiguation). ...


Australian number plates were originally issued with white characters on black plates, with each state and territory being allocated a range of plates inside the larger range AAA000 to ZZZ999. Queensland, for example, was initially given OAA000 to QZZ999. This system worked in theory but was soon altered in practice and by 1980 had been almost completely abandoned, with some states having run out of combinations. Tasmania, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory never adopted the system, but the Australian Capital Territory held out to the late 1990s. For other uses, see Queensland (disambiguation). ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Peter Underwood Premier David Bartlett (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2006-07)  - Product... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... Slogan or Nickname: The Nations Heart or The Capital Motto(s): For the Queen, the Law and the People Other Australian states and territories Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Governor General of Australia Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product...


The states then chose their own systems. New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia all retained xxx-nnn, but each started over from AAA-000. Queensland reversed the arrangement to nnn-xxx. Western Australia took nxx-nnn, and the ACT kept the Y plate range but substituted the last digit for a letter, giving Yxx-nnx. Current arrangements are listed below.


All current plates are manufactured to uniform dimensions and are made of pressed and painted metal, except for certain special series plates; the form of which differs by state and design.


Current standard Australian number plate formats (As at 15/01/2008)
Note: 'x' represents a sequential letter, 'n' represents a sequential number. This list excludes special issue or personalised plate designs.

  • Australian Capital Territory: Blue text on white background, with "ACT" above and "CANBERRA - THE NATION'S CAPITAL" below.
    Code format: Yxx-nnx
  • New South Wales: Black text on yellow background, with "NEW SOUTH WALES" below the plate code. Also in circulation are plates showing "NEW SOUTH WALES - THE FIRST STATE" and "NEW SOUTH WALES - THE PREMIER STATE" with code xxx-nnn, from 1980s.
    Code format: xx-nn-xx.
  • Victoria: Blue on white background, with "VICTORIA - THE PLACE TO BE" under the plate code. Older plates show "VICTORIA - ON THE MOVE", or "VICTORIA - THE GARDEN STATE" in green on white.
    Code format: xxx-nnn.
  • Queensland: Maroon text on white background, with "QUEENSLAND - SUNSHINE STATE" or "QUEENSLAND - THE SMART STATE" under the plate code.
    Code format: nnn-xxx
  • South Australia: Black on white with "SA - THE FESTIVAL STATE" under code.
    Code format: xxx-nnn or xx-nnnx.
  • Western Australia: , Blue on white with WESTERN AUSTRALIA on blue band at top of plate. Older plates black on yellow with format nxx-nnn.
    Code format: nxxx-nnn.
  • Tasmania: Green on white with "TASMANIA - YOUR NATURAL STATE" at bottom and thylacine silhouette behind. Older plates may show "TASMANIA - HOLIDAY ISLE".
    Code format: xx-nnn or xx-nnnn.
  • Northern Territory: Orange text on white background with "NT - OUTBACK AUSTRALIA" over code.
    Code format: nnn-nnn.

To show that a vehicle is registered in Australia, a sticker must be displayed in the lower left corner of either the rear left window or windscreen. This sticker is issued to the registered owner of the vehicle on payment of the next year's registration fee, and shows the expiry date of the registration. They are colour coded for easy recognition of the year of expiry. The sticker shows the licence plate number, Vehicle Identification Number, Make, Model, and colour of the vehicle, along with other such information. This acts as an anti-theft device, because transplanting the licence plates from one car to another will be in contrast to the details on the sticker. The Western Australia registration sticker only shows the month and year of expiry. Binomial name (Harris, 1808) The Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus, pronounced ) was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. ...


Botswana

Normal Vehicles has number plates starting with the letter B, followed by three digits, followed by three letters. The digits and letters are assigned by a registar. The three letters will never include the letter Q. These number plates have either a white or yellow reflective background with black lettering.


Government Vehicles all a have the prefix "BX", except defense force vehicles which have the prefix "BDF" - these number plates have a white reflective background with red lettering.


Diplomatic vehicles' number plates starts with two digits, two letters (CD, CC or CT) and another three digits. These digits are allocated by the Minister of Foreign Affairs.[1]


Brazil

Brazil adopted its current system in 1990, which uses the form ABC 1234, with a dot between letters and numbers. A combination given to one vehicle cannot be transferred to another vehicle. Above the combination there is a metallic band with the state abbreviation (SP = São Paulo, RJ = Rio de Janeiro, PR = Paraná, AM = Amazonas, etc.) and the name of the municipality. This band can be changed by breaking the seal (plastic or lead-made). Brazilian vehicle number plates are issued by the states (each state has a Departamento de Trânsito, DETRAN). ... Motto Pro Brasilia Fiant Eximia (Latin) For Brazil Great Things Are Done Anthem Bandeirantes Anthem Capital (and largest city) São Paulo Demonym Paulista Government  -  Governor José Serra  -  Vice Governor Alberto Goldman Area  -  Total 248. ... Anthem November 15th Capital (and largest city) Rio de Janeiro Demonym Fluminense Government  -  Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho  -  Vice Governor Luís Fernando de Sousa Area  -  Total 43,696. ... Capital (and largest city) Curitiba Demonym Paranaense Government  -  Governor Roberto Requião  -  Vice Governor Orlando Pessuti Area  -  Total 281. ... Capital (and largest city) Manaus Demonym Amazonense Government  -  Governor Eduardo Braga  -  Vice Governor Omar José Abdel Aziz Area  -  Total 1. ...


European Union

In the European Union, white or yellow number plates of a common format and size are issued throughout (albeit still optional in some member states). Nevertheless, some individual member states still use differing non-EU formats - Belgium, for example, still permits vehicles to display the older small white number plates with red lettering. Italy still permits smaller plates to be attached to the front of a vehicle, while the rear plate complies to the usual EU format. The common design consists of a blue strip on the left of the plate, which has the EU motif (12 yellow stars), along with the country code of the member state in which the vehicle was registered. European vehicle registration plate is a vehicle registration plate, a metal or plastic plate or plates attached to a motor vehicle or trailer for official identification purposes. ... This is a list of vehicle country identification codes: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Note * Non-official Note1  There are other, unofficial codes in common...


This 'common design' is claimed to be a registered design - number 2053070 - registered at the UK Patent office by David and Nansi Mottram in 1995 [1]. However, Ireland introduced this style of vehicle registration plate on 1st Jan 1991 under regulation S.I. No. 287/1990, [2]. Portugal introduced plates with the common design in 1992, and Germany introduced plates with the common design in January 1994 [3], [4], No successful challenge has been launched upon the registered design to date. A number plate for a car registered in 2001 in County Dublin Index marks on Number plates in the Republic of Ireland issued since 1987 have the format YY-CC-SSSSSS where the components are: YY — a 2-digit year (e. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ...


Lettering on the plate must be black on a white or yellow reflective background. With this EU format, vehicles are no longer required to carry an international code plate or sticker for travelling between member states. The non-EU state of Switzerland also recognises the blue strip instead of the traditional white oval with the country code in black.


Germany has selected a typeface which is called fälschungserschwerende Schrift (abbr.: FE-Schrift), meaning "falsification-hindering script". It is designed so that, for example, the O cannot be adjusted to look like a Q, or vice versa; nor can the P be painted to resemble an R, amongst other changes. This typeface can more easily be read by radar or visual license-plate reading machines, but can be harder to read with the naked eye, especially when the maximum allowed number of 8 characters in "Engschrift" (narrower script used when available space is limited) are printed on the plate. FE-Schrift or fälschungserschwerende Schrift (tamper-hindering font) is the typeface that has been used since November 2000 on vehicle registration plates in Germany. ...

India

Indian license plate
Indian license plate
Main article: Indian licence plates

Two types of licence plates are used in India. For commercial vehicles, the plate has a yellow background and black numbering. For private vehicles a white background with black numbering is used. The scheme comprises a two letter identification for the state in which the vehicle is registered. It is followed by a two number code to identify the district. In the union territories and the erstwhile union territory of Delhi, the district code is omitted. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (817x215, 46 KB) A typical Karnataka number plate. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (817x215, 46 KB) A typical Karnataka number plate. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ...


This is often followed by a series code, eg. 14C is the fourteenth series for private cars and 2M is the second series for motorbikes. Recently many states have been adapting the dual letter series code system, for example car series' are CA, CB, CC; motorbike series' are MA, MB and so on. Finally a four-digit number is used to uniquely identify the vehicle. Most states however still use the standard series code , denoted by a single letter of the alphabet. When the alphabet reaches Z, the length of the prefix is increased to 2. So after TN-01 9999, the next number is TN-01 A 0001 and after TN-01 Z 9999 it is TN-01 AA 0001 and so on..


eg: PB 10 AM 4737, is a vehicle registered in Ludhiana, Punjab State. RJ 27 14M 2463, is a vehicle registered in Udaipur, Rajasthan State. MH 01 5678 , is a vehicle registered in Bombay, Maharashtra State. KA 05 EH 1254, is a vehicle registered in Bangalore, Karnataka State. For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... The Lake Palace in Udaipur Udaipur (उदयपुर) is a city in Rajasthan, India. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Indian region. ...


Indonesia

Current Indonesian license plates share the legacy of the Dutch colonial era. They do not reflect the current regional divisions of the country into provinces, but rather maintain the old system of Dutch Karesidenan regions or regencies. Their prefixes are therefore based on this system. Basically there are four types of plates are used in Indonesia which consists of a combination of alphabet and numbers. For commercial vehicles, the plate has a yellow background and black numbering. For private vehicles, a black background with white letters. For government vehicles, the plates are red with white fonts. Dealer plates are white with red letters. Besides these normal plates there are also military plates for Army, Navy, Air Force, and also the Police. While diplomatic corps get special white plates and black numbering with "CD" prefix. The normal scheme comprises a one or two letters identification for the regencies, followed by an up to four digit number to uniquely identify the vehicle, and the last one or two letters are the serial code or district identification. The expiry date of the licence is embossed along the bottom of the plate. Convention The conventions of vehicle license plate usage in Indonesia are a legacy of the Dutch occupation era. ... Province is a name for a secondary, or subnational entity of government in most countries. ...


e.g.:

  • B 1234 CD, is a vehicle registered in Jakarta (formerly Batavia) capital area, Tangerang District.
  • L 123 MN, is a vehicle registered in Surabaya, provincial capital of East Java (Jawa Timur).
  • KT 8910 T, is a vehicle registered in East Kalimantan Province, Tarakan municipality, on Borneo island.

All of the plates usually have their expiration dates shown on a bar above or below the serial numbers depicting the expired month and the year; or for temporary plates, the expiration date and month. Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Map of Tangerang Tangerang is a city 20 kilometers west of Jakarta, Indonesia. ... Location of Surabaya in Indonesia Coordinates: , Country Province Area  - Total 459. ... East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur abbrv. ... Tarakan is a city in East Kalimantan province of Indonesia. ...


Japan

Japanese License Plate (Schematic illustration). This sample license plate is registered to Tama.
Japanese License Plate (Schematic illustration). This sample license plate is registered to Tama.

Japanese vehicle registration plates fall into two classes: Prefectural, used nationwide, and Municipal. Municipal registration is typically applicable to motor vehicles that will not leave the area, such as light motorcycles. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Tama (多摩市; -shi) is a city located in Tokyo, Japan. ... In Japan, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the national government issues license plates for motor vehicles through Land Transportation Offices nationwide. ...


In the prefectural system, the top line names the office at which the vehicle is registered, and includes a numeric code that indicates the class of vehicle. The bottom contains one serial letter (typically a kana), and up to four digits. The classes of registration plate are divided by vehicle type and engine size. For private vehicles less than 660 cc, registration plates have black text on a yellow background. Above 660 cc, a white plate with green text is used. For commercial, non-private vehicles, the colours of the numberplate are inverted. An official seal is applied over one (typically the left) screw, preventing the plate being removed and applied to another car. Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Manyogana 万葉仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Rōmaji ローマ字 For other meanings of Kana, see Kana (disambiguation). ... Example: Daihatsu Copen Example: Daihatsu Cuore Example: Suzuki Cappuccino Example: Subaru R1 Keicar (K-car), also called keijidōsha (in Japanese: 軽自動車 light motor vehicle), is a Japanese category of small automobiles, including passenger cars and also vans and pick-up trucks for commercial use. ...


Municipal registration plates in Japan may vary in color and design.


Malaysia

Main article: Vehicle registration plates of Malaysia

Malaysian vehicle license plates are the license plates displayed on all motorized road vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. The issue of license plates is regulated and administered by the Malaysian Road Transport Department. Malaysian vehicle license plates are the license plates displayed on all motorized road vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. ...


In standard regulation, all vehicle license plates in Malaysia, other than those issued to diplomats, dealers and taxis, have white characters on a black background, regardless of the vehicle type. All vehicles must also display two of the same license plates numbers of the same colours at the front and rear of the vehicles


The most common form of Malaysian license plates, in use since the introduction of motorised vehicles in the country's British colonial era, typically begin with one or more letters (the first letter(s) serving as a vehicle or location prefix) followed by up to four numerical digits with no leading zeros. Thus, the configuration of a common Malaysian number plate may be in the form of ABC 1234, as depicted with two examples on the right. The sequence of licensed numbers issued begins with x 1 ("x" being the prefixes of the vehicle's registered location and vehicle type) to x 9999, followed by xA 1 to xY 9999, xAA 1 to xAY 9999, xBA 1 to xBY 9999, and so on (letters I, O and Z are not used to avoid ambiguity with numbers or other forms of local license plates).


Mexico

Each Mexican state issues license plates of a different design. Most states change designs more or less every third year, with each state on its own plate replacement cycle. Every year Mexicans pay the "tenencia" or "revalidación de placas." A set of Mexican plates includes one pair of plates, a windshield sticker, and in a few states a plate sticker. In 2001 the size of the plate number was reduced in order to accommodate the addition of the state number, legend indicating the position of the plate on the vehicle ("delantera" (front) or "trasera" (rear)), and additional graphics.


Mexican plates come in several different classification: Private, Private Fronteriza, Public, Public Frontera, Servicio Publico Federal, Inspeccion Fiscal y Aduanera, Armada de Mexico, and Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores. The Fronteriza plates were introduced in 1972 and are available in the Mexico-USA border zone. This zone is formed by the Baja California and Baja California Sur states, as well as parts of Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, and Tamaulipas. While the state of Nuevo León shares a 15 km border with the U.S., it does not have any cities within the border zone. Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... Baja California Sur (English: South Lower California) is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... THEY SUC |native_name = |nickname = Lady of the Desert |settlement_type = |motto = |image_skyline = |imagesize = |image_caption = |image_flag = Mexico stateflags Chihuahua. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 51 Largest City Monterrey Government  - Governor Natividad González Parás  - Federal Deputies PAN: 7 PRI: 5  - Federal Senators PAN :2 PRI: 1 Area Ranked 13th  - Total 64,210 km² (24,791. ...


Plate formats:

Mexican license plate, passenger car in Chiapas state.
Mexican license plate, passenger car in Chiapas state.
European-styled Mexican license plates have become popular on newer car models in the Baja California state.
European-styled Mexican license plates have become popular on newer car models in the Baja California state.

Private: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2790x1450, 667 KB) Popis Chiapas (Mexico) car registration table Author: Petr Vilgus Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vehicle registration plate Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2790x1450, 667 KB) Popis Chiapas (Mexico) car registration table Author: Petr Vilgus Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vehicle registration plate Metadata This file contains additional... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Chiapas Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 118 Largest City Tuxtla Gutiérrez Government  - Governor Juan José Sabines Guerrero (PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PRD: 5  - Federal Senators PRI: 1 PRD: 1 PVEM: 1 Area Ranked 8th  - Total 74,211 km² (28,653 sq mi) Population (2005... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (915 × 608 pixels, file size: 83 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) European-styled Mexican license plate from the state of Baja California. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (915 × 608 pixels, file size: 83 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) European-styled Mexican license plate from the state of Baja California. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ...

  • Antique Automobile: AA-12 (AA-123 in Distrito Federal)
  • Bus: 1-AAA-23
  • Dealer: 1-AA-234
  • Handicapped: 123-AA
  • Motorcycle: A123A (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Estado de Mexico, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Zacatecas), A 123 A (Guanajuato), AAA12 - when overflows A123A allocation? (Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Quintana Roo, Yucatan), AAA 12 (Queretaro), or 1234 A (D.F.)
  • Passenger: AAA-12-34 (123-AAA in D.F.)
  • RV: 1-AA-2345
  • Trailer: 1-AA-2345
  • Truck: AA-12-345 (12-34-AA in D.F.)

Public: The Mexican Federal District, known in Spanish as Distrito Federal (D.F.), is an area within Mexico that is not part of any of the Mexican states, but an independent self-governing city-state and the seat of the Federal Government. ...

  • Bus: 123-456-A (123-45-67 in D.F., where '123' denotes the bus route number; 123-AA-456 in Estado de Mexico-D.F. joint Transporte Metropolitano issues, where 'AA' denotes the municipality)
  • RV: A-123-456
  • Taxi: 12-34-AAA (L-12345 for Taxis Libres and S-12345 for Taxis de Sitio in D.F.)
  • Truck: 1-AAA-234

Private border zone:

  • Antique Automobile: AA-12
  • Bus: ZAA-1234
  • Handicapped: 123-AA
  • Passenger: 123-ABC-4 (BAA-00-00 in Baja California)
  • Truck: ZAA-1234 (BA-12345 in B.C.)

Public border zone:

  • Bus: 1234-Z AA
  • Taxi: 1234-ZAA
  • Truck: 1234-ZAA

Servicio Público Federal (SPF):

  • Carga (purple plate): 123-AA-4
  • Pasaje (orange plate): 123-AA-4
  • Turismo (green plate): 123-AA-4
  • Arrastre Fronterizo (tan plate): 123-AA-4
  • Traslado (yellow/orange plate): 1234-AA
  • Arrendamiento (blue plate)
  • Discapacitados (burgundy plate)
  • S.R.E. (blue plate with Aztec symbol)
  • I.F.A. (white w/ dark blue letters)

Seguridad Publica (Local, State or Federal Police and related)

  • Any Vehicle: 01-234 (all patrol vehicles, and official-use vehicles from the Judicial Branch of the Mexican Government)

North America

Washington D.C. Plate
Main article: U.S. license plates
Main article: Canadian license plates

In the United States and Canada, license plates are issued by each state or provincial government. In the United States, many Native American tribal governments issue plates for their members, while some states provide special issues for tribal members. The federal government issues plates only for its own vehicle fleet and for vehicles owned by foreign diplomats. Within each jurisdiction, there may also be special plates for groups such as firefighters or military veterans, and for state, municipality, or province-owned vehicles. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In the United States, license plates[1] are issued by an agency of the state or territorial government, and in the case of the District of Columbia the city government. ... A New Brunswick licence plate from 2004 A common British Columbia car licence plate In Canada, licence plates[1] are issued by an agency of the provincial or territorial government. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States and their history after European contact, chiefly in what is now the United States. ... United States Government redirects here. ... Fleet vehicles are groups of automobiles with a single owner, typically a company or corporation, rather than an individual or family. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ...


The appearance of plates is frequently chosen to contain symbols, colors, or slogans associated with the issuing jurisdiction. Some of these are intended to promote the region, such as Nova Scotia's license plate, which reads "Canada's Ocean Playground". A few make political statements; for example, most plates issued in Washington, D.C. include the phrase "Taxation without representation" to highlight D.C.'s lack of a voting representative in the United States Congress. More recently, some states have also started to put a web address pertaining to the state, whether it would be with the state itself (such as Indiana with www.IN.gov) or, in Pennsylvania's case,VisitPA.com, that state's tourism site. In some states (Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee and some versions in Florida), the issuing county is listed at the bottom, while Kansas does so with a letter-coded registration sticker; Utah did so until 2003. Idaho, Montana, Ohio, South Dakota, Wyoming, some Nebraska and Oklahoma plates designate the county by number code (the latter with a letter) either in the plate number or registration sticker. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Motto: Munit Hae et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Largest metro Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto), French Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... No taxation without representation was a rallying cry for advocates of American independence from Great Britain in the eighteenth century. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... A Uniform Resource Locator, URL (either pronounced as earl (IPA: [ɜː˞l]; SAMPA: [3:`l]) or spelled out), or Web address, is a standardized address for some resource (such as a document or image) on the Internet (or elsewhere). ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Tourist redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... -1... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ...


Most states use plates onto which the letters and numbers are embossed so that they are slightly raised above its surface. Several — Arizona, Delaware, Indiana, Iowa, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Wyoming, and the District of Columbia — have moved to entirely digitally produced flat license plates. Several other U.S. states now use a color thermal transfer production process that produces a flat license plate for only short-run plates such as personalized license plates and special interest plates. No flat plates have yet been introduced in Canada. Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... A vanity plate (US), prestige plate, personalised registration (UK) or personalised plate (Australia) is a special type of Vehicle registration plate on an automobile or other vehicle. ...


The numbering system of license plates also varies among the jurisdictions. Some states issue a motorist, a serial that stays with that person as long as they live in that state, while other states periodically issue new serials and completely rotate out any old ones. Several states do not regularly use certain letters — most commonly the letters I, O, and/or Q — in their plates, except on vanity plates, so as not to confuse observers with the numbers one and zero. A license plate (or licence plate), number plate or registration plate is a small plate attached to a vehicle. ... Look up I, i in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up O, o in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the Latin alphabet letter. ... For other uses, see Vanity (disambiguation). ...


When a person moves from one state or province to another, they are normally required to obtain new license plates issued by the new place of residence. Some U.S. states will even require a person to obtain new plates if they accept employment in that state, unless they can show that they return to another state to live on a regular basis. The most prominent exceptions to this policy are active duty military service members, who legally do not change residence when they move to a new posting. Federal law specifically allows them to choose to either retain the state vehicle registration of their original residence or change registration to their state of assignment.


In many states and provinces, license plates are made by prison inmates [5] [6]. In 1956, all North American passenger vehicle licence plates, except for French-controlled St. Pierre and Miquelon and the Canadian Northwest Territories and Nunavut, were standardized at a size of 6 in x 12 in (152.40 mm x 304.80 mm), although a smaller size is used for certain vehicle classes, such as motorcycles, and for the state of Delaware's historic alternate black and white plates, which are 5.25 in x 9.5 in. The Canadian territories' plates are shaped like a polar bear [7] Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (French Saint-Pierre et Miquelon) is a French overseas collectivity consisting of several small islands off the eastern coast of Canada near Newfoundland. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... For other uses, see Motorcycle (disambiguation). ... This article is about the animal. ...

Pakistan

Main article: Pakistani licence plates

Eight types of licence plates are used in Pakistan. Each province and territory issues its own number plate; the federal government issues number plates for foreign diplomats and vehicles owned by the military, police and federal departments (red for foreign diplomats and green for the federal government.) Sindh's number plates are yellow with black letters and numbers for private vehicles and Black number plates with white letters for commercial vehicles; Islamabad, NWFP, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Balochistan and Northern Areas have white number plates with black letters and numbers. The number plates also have the province or territory's name at the bottom. In Punjab however, number plates can be of any colour the vehicle owner chooses, but the first 2 letters represent the city the vehicle is registered in. Eight types of vehicle licence plates are used in Pakistan. ... Azad Kashmir (formally the Islamic Republic of Azad Jammu and Kashmir) is part of the Pakistani-controlled part of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, along with the Northern Areas. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ...


From January, 1 2007 Punjab has started issuing official number plates for all cars registered in Punjab. Number plates are of Green and White colour. The green part is the same all over Punjab and has a sign and 'Punjab' written on it, while the white part has the number of the vehicle. This article is about the Pakistani province. ...


For example:

All number plates use the Latin alphabet.   (Urdu: راولپنڈی RāwalpindÄ«) is a city in the Potwar Plateau near Pakistans capital city of Islamabad, in the province of Punjab. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... Multan shown on a 1669 world map   (Urdu: ملتان) is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and capital of Multan District. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ...


People's Republic of China

Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image)
Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image)

The People's Republic of China issues vehicles licence plates at its Vehicle Management Offices, under the administration of the Ministry of Public Security. Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... PRC Blue Licence Plate. ... PRC Blue Licence Plate. ...


The current plates are of the 1992 standard, which consist of the one-character provincial abbreviation, a letter of the Latin alphabet corresponding to a certain city in the province, and five numbers or letters of the alphabet (e.g. 京A-12345, for a vehicle in Beijing or 粤B-12345 for a vehicle from Shenzhen in Guangdong province). The numbers are produced at random, and are computer-generated at the issuing office. (A previous licence plate system, with a green background and the full name of the province in Chinese characters, actually had a sequential numbering order, and the numbering system was eventually beset with corruption). Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz redirects here. ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with the former Kwantung Leased Territory in north-eastern China. ...


Yellow plates are issued for large vehicles of Chinese nationality. Blue plates, the most common sort, are issued for vehicles of Chinese nationality, which are small or compact in size. Black plates are issued for vehicles belonging to foreigners and persons from Hong Kong and Macau. Please note this is the license plates for the car originated from Hong Kong or Macau and traveling in mainland China, which means the car has two sets of license plates, this one for use in mainland China, while the other one is the original Hong Kong/Macau license, which is totally different from this numbering system and colors. And it is not easy to get two licenses on the car unless the owner has significant investment in mainland China. For other Hong Kong / Macau cars which have just one license, they can only operate in Hong Kong or Macau respectively. The mainland Chinese plates of these cars follow the pattern of the provincial character for Guangdong (粤), the Latin letter "Z", 4 letters and/or numbers, ending in the abbreviated character for the territory (e.g. 粤Z-AE54港 for Hong Kong) (Black license plates are handed to vehicles of any size, as long as they are from one of the special administrative regions.)


Hong Kong license plates


Hong Kong local license plates follow British system of coloring, with front white and rear yellow plates. Numbering system is two letters and (up to) four digits, e.g. AB1234. License numbers start from "AM" are government cars. The front white and rear yellow background is a reflective material comply to BS AU145a standard. Introduction Hong Kong car numbers are known as vehicle registration marks. ...


In addition, Hong Kong started to have personalize license plates from 2006, with up to 8 selectable letters or numbers.


Macau license plates


Macau local license plates follow the Portuguese pre-1992 system of color and sequence. Plates are black background with white numbers. Numbering system starts from M, and then one letter, and then 4 numbers, and separated by "-", e.g. MA-12-34. Earlier numbers will only have M instead of MA or MB or MC.... etc... In Macau, vehicle registration numbers are issued by the Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais (IACM) - the Macau Civic and Municipal Affairs Department. ...


Russian Federation

Russian registration plate, as observed in 2004
Russian registration plate, as observed in 2004

There are six types of Russian registration plates. Russian license plate (St. ... Russian license plate (St. ...

  1. Civil plates - civil plates have white background with black numbers. The templates for number is "@###@@ | RR" where @ is one of the "ABCEHKMOPTXУ" letters (Cyrillic letters that can be recognized by those familiar with the Latin alphabet, but actually correspond to AVSENKMORTHU), # is a digit and RR is a region number (2 or 3 digits).
  2. Government plates - government plates have white background with black numbers. The templates for number is "@###@@ | FL" wher FL is a tricolor flag of Russia (canceled in 2007).
  3. Police plates - blue background and white characters.
  4. Diplomatic plates - red background and white characters.
  5. Military plates - black background and white characters.
  6. Taxi plates - yellow background and black characters (canceled).

Russian registration plate, as observed in 2004 In Russia, the plate format has changed since the collapse of the Soviet Union. ...

Ecuador

The license plates have three letters (?) and three or four numbers (#) ranging from 000 to 999 or 9999: ???-### or ???-####


The first letter is associated with the province name (see table below). The second letter, also called "key letter", identifies the type of license plate.

Province Letter Province Letter Province Letter
Azuay A Galápagos W Pastaza S
Bolivar B Guayas G Pichincha P
Cañar U Imbabura I Francisco de Orellana Q
Carchi C Loja L Sucumbíos K
Cotopaxi X Los Ríos R Tungurahua T
Chimborazo H Manabí M Zamora Chinchipe Z
El Oro O Morona Santiago V Santa Elena Y
Esmeraldas E Napo N Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas J

The background color of the license plate varies according the key letter and identifies the type of service of the vehicle.

  • If the key letter is A, Z or Q, the background color is orange and the vehicle is a bus or a taxi.
  • If the key letter is E, the background color is gold and the vehicle is property of the government.
  • If the key letter is M, the background color is light green and the vehicle is property of a municipality.
  • If the key letter is W, the background color is white-silver and the vehicle is property of the police.

The rest of letters are for particular vehicles. Their background color is white-silver.


Vanity and specialty plates

Main article: Vanity plate
An example of a vanity license plate from Pennsylvania, when the state's official website was on the plate and not the tourism site VisitPA.com. 343 is the number of New York City Fire Department members killed on September 11, 2001.
An example of a vanity license plate from Pennsylvania, when the state's official website was on the plate and not the tourism site VisitPA.com. 343 is the number of New York City Fire Department members killed on September 11, 2001.

In some countries, people can pay extra and get "vanity plates": licence plates with a custom number (character set). For example, a vanity license plate might read "MY TOY". Generally vanity plates are not allowed to have profane, offensive or obscene messages on them, and of course they must also be unique. (DMVs of states have sometimes received complaints of offensive vanity plates. [8]) Some U.S. states allow amateur radio operators to use their callsign for a lower fee than a regular vanity plate.[2] A vanity plate (US), prestige plate, private number plate, personalised registration (UK) or personalised plate (Australia and New Zealand) is a special type of vehicle registration plate on an automobile or other vehicle. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (810x450, 270 KB) Summary Pennsylvania vanity plate 343-NYC. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (810x450, 270 KB) Summary Pennsylvania vanity plate 343-NYC. Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The New York City Fire Department or the Fire Department of New York (FDNY) has the responsibility for protecting the citizens and property of New York Citys five boroughs from fires and fire hazards, providing emergency medical services, technical rescue as well as providing first response to biological, chemical... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... A vanity plate (US), prestige plate, private number plate, personalised registration (UK) or personalised plate (Australia and New Zealand) is a special type of vehicle registration plate on an automobile or other vehicle. ... Profanity is a word choice or usage which many consider to be offensive. ... Offensive may relate to In sports or combat, the team which is attacking, pitching or moving forwards In language or morals, terms and concepts which are unacceptable to some people, such as swearing and profanity. ... Obscenity has several connotations. ...

Louisiana - Sons of Confederate Veterans specialty license plate.
Louisiana - Sons of Confederate Veterans specialty license plate.

In the U.S., Canada and Australia, vehicle owners may also pay extra for specialty plates: with these, the sequence of letters and numbers is chosen by the licensing agency – as with regular plates – but the owners select a plate design that is different from the normal license plate. Fees for specialty plates are usually channeled to a specific charity or organization. For example, California has issued the "Yosemite plate" and "whale tail plate," both aimed at conservation efforts in the respective domains. Some jurisdictions allow for these special plates to also be vanity plates, usually for an additional fee on top of the cost of the plate. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Sons of Confederate Veterans logo Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) is an organization of male descendants of soldiers who served the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. ...


In some Australian states, it is possible to purchase "personalised plates", where an individual can choose the colour, design, and sometimes even the shape and size of the plate, as well as the displayed text. For example, the government of the state of Queensland offers a wide range of possibilities for customisation.[3] Another style of plate that is common in some states of Australia is "Euro Plates", which are the same size as European plates (rather than the narrower taller Australian plates) to fit on the numberplate holders in European cars. A backlash against these so called "wanker number plates" was highlighted by the Australian TV show The Chaser.[4] Look up wanker in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The "Personal Plate" industry in the United Kingdom is huge, with a large number of private dealers acting as agents for DVLA issues as well as holding their own or communal stock. The official term for what is often incorrectly called a "personal", "personalised" or "private" plate is a "cherished mark", as the alphanumeric code on the plate is the "index mark" — that is, the "mark" assigned to the vehicle on the central registry or "index". UK registrations or indexes cannot be owned outright by individuals, even though they may appear to have been purchased. They are issued by Government agencies and can be recalled or cancelled at any time if misuse is suspected. The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (the DVLA) is an agency of the Department for Transport in the United Kingdom. ...


The main difference regarding "personal plates" between the UK and many other countries, is that drivers are not able to make, or request, their own. What is being traded is coincidences in the existing numbering system where the numbers and letters appear to spell something. For example, M15 ERY looks like MISERY or J4 MES looks similar to JAMES. Often, illegal fonts, digit-spacings or coloured screw heads are used to enhance the appearance of the "word". UK legislation can require a fine of up to £1000 per offence in the case of an illegally-altered registration index mark.


The current world record for a personal plate sale, held in the UK, is £330,000 for M 1, sold at auction in Goodwood on 7 June 2006 - News article.The buyer of the number plate is rumoured to have bought the plate for his six-year-old son. Some personal plates are listed on dealers' books for as much as £500,000 — a target that is expected to be reached before long, and should A 1 ever come up for sale, it is widely expected to sell for as much as £1 million. Goodwood is an area in eastern Leicester. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The world record for the most expensive license plate is USD 6.8 million (25,200,000 AED). The license plate "5" was bought at an auction in Abu Dhabi conducted by Emirates Auction on May 12 2007. Gulf news


Temporary licence plates

Almost every state, province, district and territory issues temporary licence plates made of security paper for drivers waiting for plates in the mail, or other registration issues. The common length of time to have temporary plates is 30 days, although Ontario offers 10 day permits, and some U.S. states allow temporary tags to be effective for up to 90 days. Temporary licence plates are usually taped to the inside of the rear windshield, while some states require it to be in the front windshield. Expiration dates are usually hand written by DMV employees or dealership sales personnel, but due to easy alteration of hand written dates, some states now digitally print the date on the tag. If a driver continues to drive after the permit expires the vehicle can face impoundment as an unplated vehicle. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 434 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,244 × 675 pixels, file size: 190 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 434 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,244 × 675 pixels, file size: 190 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ...


Novelty licence plates

There also exist novelty license plates often sold in gift or novelty shops. Similar to vanity plates, these novelties are printed with an individual's name, but unlike vanity plates they are not intended for legal identification of an automobile. They can be displayed in the rear window, for example, or on the front of vehicles registered in jurisdictions that only require a valid plate on the rear of the vehicle. Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ... A novelty is a small manufactured adornment, especially a personal adornment. ...


Novelty license plates are usually installed by motorists or automobile dealerships. While automobile dealerships may install such plates for promoting their business, motorists may install novelty license plates to express their brand preference or an affiliation with a group, state, country, sports/sport team, hobby, art, custom creation, etc. In the United States, 19 states do not require an official front license plate, these states being Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and West Virginia; U.S. territories Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam also do not require an official front license plate. In Nevada, front plates are optional if the vehicle was not designed for a front plate and the manufacturer did not provide an add-on bracket or other means of displaying the front plate. [9] Antique auto collectors may use novelty replicas of period license plates to give their show cars a dated look, or import vehicle owners may use a novelty replica of a foreign plate to give it a foreign image. Some states allow "Year of Manufacture" registrations where an original, official plate expiring on the model year of an antique car is revalidated.


International codes

On the international level the licence plates of different countries are distinguished by a supplementary licence plate country code. This country designator is displayed in bold block uppercase on a small white oval plate or sticker on the rear of the vehicle near the number plate. This is a list of vehicle country identification codes: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Note * Non-official Note1  There are other, unofficial codes in common...


The allocation of codes is maintained by the United Nations as the Distinguishing Signs of Vehicles in International Traffic, being authorized by the UN's Geneva Convention on Road Traffic (1949) and Vienna Convention on Road Traffic (1968). Many, but far from all, vehicle codes created since the adoption of ISO 3166 coincide with either the ISO two or three letter codes. UN redirects here. ... UN redirects here. ... For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). ... The Vienna Convention on Road Traffic is an international treaty designed to facilitate international road traffic and to increase road safety by standardising the uniform traffic rules among the contracting parties. ... ISO 3166 is a three-part geographic coding standard for coding the names of countries and dependent areas, and the principal subdivisions thereof. ...


Imitation international codes

In Canada and the United States, where the international oval is not used on vehicles from neighbouring countries (aside from Canadian cars bearing CDN ovals travelling into the US), putting one on a car is purely a matter of personal discretion. This has given rise to a tourist-driven industry of imitation international code stickers. For example, the island of Martha's Vineyard off the coast of Massachusetts has MV, while the Outer Banks region of North Carolina uses OBX. Long Beach Island, NJ uses "LBI," with the letter "I" substituted with an illustration of the island's lighthouse. The city of Key West, Florida, uses KW as part of its Conch Republic 'rebellion' from the U.S. Stickers of this sort are usually visibly different from any real international code sticker, but some places sell what could appear to be real stickers, touting that the abbreviation refers to their venue. Tourist redirects here. ... Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... North Carolinas Outer Banks separating the Atlantic Ocean (east) from Albemarle Sound (north) and Pamlico Sound (south). ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Carolinian Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th in the US  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (340 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Eddystone Lighthouse, one of the first wavewashed lighthouses For other uses, see Lighthouse (disambiguation). ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... The Conch Republic is a micronation declared as a tongue-in-cheek protest secession of the city of Key West from the United States on April 23, 1982. ...


In the United Kingdom imitation international codes are sometimes seen for the various parts of the country. For example, in Scotland oval stickers with "Ecosse" or "Alba" (Scotland in French and Gaelic respectively) are occasionally seen on cars. // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Car number plates by country Antique vehicle registration is a special form of motor vehicle registration for vehicles that are considered antique, classic, vintage, or historic. ... The seal of the ALPCA The ALPCA is the Automobile License Plate Collectors Association, the largest such organization in the United States. ... The system must be able to deal with different styles of licence plates Automatic number plate recognition (ANPR; see also other names below) is a mass surveillance method that uses optical character recognition on images to read the licence plates on vehicles. ... This is a list of vehicle country identification codes: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Note * Non-official Note1  There are other, unofficial codes in common... A UK vehicle licence (tax disc) In the United Kingdom, Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) (often known as road tax, although it is not hypothecated for spending on roads, and before 1936 as road fund licence) is an annual tax on the use of motor vehicles on the public roads. ... VIN redirects here. ...

Argentine license plates (in Spanish, chapas patentes or simply patentes) are used to uniquely identify cars and other motor vehicles in the roads of Argentina. ... Australian vehicle number plates are issued by the states, territories, and also the Commonwealth government and the armed forces. ... Austrian car number plates are license plates found on Austrian cars. ... The Barbadian Vehicle registration plates consist of letters and numbers. ... Belgian number plate Number plates in Belgium are driver specific. ... A Bulgarian license plate from the city of Sofia A Dobrich Province license plate The standard Bulgarian license plates consist of a blue vertical strip (the European strip) on the left side of the plate containing the European flag (or the flag of Bulgaria for plates issued prior to 01. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... ... Standard Croatian license plate used on both private and commercial vehicles. ... In the year 2007 there are two different systems valid in the Czech Republic of the vehicle registration plates. ... Danish vehicle licence plates normally have two letters and five digits. ... The stars from the European Flag are featured in most national plates. ... Standard Finnish license plate Finnish car number plates usually carry three letters and three numbers separated with a dash, though vanity plates may carry just one of each. ... As of 2005, France has three main kinds of car registration plates: General scheme Military plates Civilian state administration plates (domaines). ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... Greek car number plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e. ... Introduction Hong Kong car numbers are known as vehicle registration marks. ... Number plates in Hungary have a white background with black letters. ... The Icelandic car number plates have two letters and three digits, with an area for inspection stickers to be affixed. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Calcutta. ... Convention The conventions of vehicle license plate usage in Indonesia are a legacy of the Dutch occupation era. ... A number plate for a car registered in 2001 in County Dublin Index marks on Number plates in the Republic of Ireland issued since 1987 have the format YY-CC-SSSSSS where the components are: YY — a 2-digit year (e. ... Present Italian car number plates have black characters on a rectangular white background, with small blue side-fields on the right and left (see European vehicle registration plates). ... In Japan, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of the national government issues license plates for motor vehicles through Land Transportation Offices nationwide. ... In South Korea, the Surface Transportation Bureau of the Ministry of Construction and Transportation (MOCT) oversees the design and issue of license plates (Korean: 번호판) for motor vehicles. ... Malaysian vehicle number plates are the licence plates displayed on all motorized road vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. ... Dutch vehicle registrations are done by the Rijksdienst voor het Wegverkeer, short RDW. The accompanying license plates are assigned to the cars identity papers. ... In New Zealand, vehicle registration plates contain one of a number of different combinations of up to six alphanumeric characters, depending on the type of vehicle and date of registration. ... The registration number of cars in Norway is maintained by the Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications. ... Eight types of vehicle licence plates are used in Pakistan. ... Vehicle license plates in the Philippines are issued and regulated by the Land Transportation Office, a government agency under the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC). ... // Introduction to this topic - includes background information for people living outside Poland Common to many countries - in fact there is a growing tendency to do so since the UK also began regionalising plates in 2002 - Poland has the region of registration of the vehicle encoded in the number plate. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Standard Romanian license plate as seen in 2007 The standard Romanian License plate consists of a blue vertical strip (the European strip) on the left side of the plate displaying the 12 stars of the European Union and the country code of Romania (RO), always followed on a white surface... Russian registration plate, as observed in 2004 In Russia, the plate format has changed since the collapse of the Soviet Union. ... These are the current Serbian car license plate codes by region and in alphabetical order: Obsolete licence plate codes: Categories: | ... Motor vehicle licence plates in Singapore are administered by the Land Transport Authority. ... Since 1997, the Slovak car registration plate number (Slovak: EČV, evidenčné číslo vozidla) generally takes the form XX-NNNYY, where XX is a two letter code corresponding to a district (okres), NNN is three digit number and YY are two letters (assigned alphabetically). ... New Slovenian car registration plates, region Nova Gorica Slovenian car number plates are license plates found on Slovenian cars. ... South African number plates are unique in each of the provinces. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Spanish car number plates. ... Swedish licence plates are used to most types of vehicles. ... Thailand vehicle license plates (Thai: แผ่นป้ายทะเบียนรถ or หมายเลขทะเบียนรถ or simply ทะเบียนรถ) are the license plates displayed on most motorized road vehicles in Thailand, as required by law. ... Turkish car number plates are license plates found on Turkish vehicles. ... British car number plates have existed in the United Kingdom since 1904. ... Sample Iowa License Plate In the United States and Canada, license plates[1] are issued by an agency of the state or provincial government (or its equivalent, for example, the District of Columbia). ... Private vehicles belonging to American Service personnel and dependent family members based in Germany currently carry German-style number plates starting AD, AF or HK (IF is used with official NATO vehicles of all Nato nationalities) but with the NATO insignia on a blue background instead of the regular EU...

External links

Organizations

Information resources

  • LicensePlates.cc - A site for plate enthusiasts featuring regular news updates, a huge list of web links, and various other tools.
  • PL8S.COM - Various resources for plate collectors, including an extensive list of jurisdictions issuing plates.
  • Search banned Wisconsin license plates - A searchable database of nearly 8,000 banned plates.

Photo galleries

This article is about the U.S. State. ...

References

  1. ^ Road Transport (Permits) Act, CHAPTER 69:03
  2. ^ Oregon DMV Regular-Issue License Plates
  3. ^ http://www.ppq.com.au Personalised Plates Queensland
  4. ^ http://youtube.com/watch?v=YGyH8Kf_0Fg Wanker Number Plates on youtube.com
Designers at work in 1961. ... Car redirects here. ... The body of a motor vehicle which is built around a chassis, rather than being of monocoque construction. ... Look up Chassis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... Body-on-frame is an automobile construction technology. ... The bumper of a BMW M5, highlighted in red A bumper is a part of an automobile designed to allow one vehicle to impact with another and to withstand that collision without severe damage to the vehicles frame. ... A Citroën 2CV with the roof up. ... Look up Chassis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1956 Nash four-door sedan with factory color matched Continental tire. ... Mercedes-Benz Fintail, an early example of a car with crumple zones The crumple zone on the front of these cars absorbed the impact of a head-on collision Activated rear crumple zone A crash test illustrates how a crumple zone absorbs energy from a crash. ... 1958 promotional image of the Cadillac Eldorado Brougham also illustrates its bumper/grille design, also known as Dagmar bumpers Television personality Dagmar in one of her famous low cut gowns Dagmar bumpers, also known simply as Dagmars (D-HAG-mar) is a slang term for the artillery shell shaped styling... The decklid (or deck lid) is the cover over the trunk/boot of motor vehicles that allows access to the main storage or luggage compartment. ... Choppers often have stylized fenders Fender is the US English term for the part of an automobile, motorcycle or other vehicle body that frames a wheel well. ... 1962 Cadillac Series 62 with rear wheels covered by detachable Fender Skirts 1986 Citroën CX Fender skirts are pieces of bodywork that cover the upper portions of the rear tires of an automobile. ... BMWs distinctive kidney-shaped grille on an E34 M5 Audis single frame grille, here on a second generation TT Grille is also the name of a German self-propelled artillery vehicle. ... This article is about a part of a vehicle. ... A hood scoop is an air vent on a car hood which usually sends air over an intercooler. ... Monocoque (French for single shell) is a construction technique that uses the external skin of an object to support some or most of the load on the structure. ... Overhangs are the lengths of a car, at the front and rear, which extend beyond the wheelbase. ... An SUV with four pillars A pillarless hardtop vehicle, considered to have two total pillars A stretch limo with five pillars An A pillar is a name applied by car stylists and enthusiasts to the shaft of material that supports the windshield (windscreen) on either of the windshield frame sides. ... Pontoon fenders are a type of fender for an automobile. ... On an automobile, a quarter panel is a body panel that covers the section between the door and the hood (for the front quarter panels), or the door and the trunk (for the rear quarter panels). ... A shaker scoop (sometimes, inaccurately, called a shaker hood scoop or a shaker hood) is an automobile term for an air intake scoop for combustion air that is mounted directly on top of the engines air cleaner and protrudes through a hole in the hood. ... This Ford F-150 pickup truck has two spoilers one on the roof and another on the tailgate. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sub frame. ... 1903 Ford Model A rear-door Tonneau Tonneau is an archaic term for an open rear passenger compartment on an automobile and, by extension, a body style incorporating such a compartment. ... This 1931 Ford Model A features a separate trunk on its rear trunk rack. ... This article is about a part of a vehicle. ... A car door is generally an opening to enter to the car (or their compartments or partition), often equipped with a hinged or sliding panel which can be moved to leave the opening accessible, or to close it more or less securely. ... 1996 McLaren F1 with butterfly doors Butterfly doors, also called vertical doors or dihedral doors, are a type of door often seen on high-performance automobiles. ... A De Lorean DMC-12 with its doors open A Bricklin SV-1 with its doors open The term gull-wing door is used to describe automobile doors which are hinged at the roof. ... Scissor doors, also called Jackknife doors, are automobile doors that rotate up and forward on a hinge near the front of the door. ... Rear suicide door on a 1967 Ford Thunderbird Front suicide door on a Fiat Multipla 600 Lloyd LT 600 van with front suicide door Suicide doors are automobile doors that are hinged on the trailing edge; the edge closer to the rear of the vehicle. ... This article is for vehicular sliding doors. ... This article is for vehicle canopies. ... Power windows or electric windows are automobile windows which can be raised and lowered by depressing a button or switch, as opposed to using a hand-turned crank handle. ... The greenhouse (or glasshouse) of a car comprises the windscreen, rear and side windows, the more or less vertical pillars separating them (designated A-pillar, B-pillar and so on, starting from the cars front), and the cars roof. ... Open sunroof in a Peugeot 206. ... Sun visor inside a 1993 Jeep Grand Cherokee. ... Panoramic (wrap-around) windshield on a 1959 Edsel Corsair. ... windscreen wiper on a parked car. ... Windshield washer fluid being poured into a vehicle Windshield washer fluid is a fluid for motor vehicles that is used in cleaning the windshield while the vehicle is being driven. ... Curb feeler mounted behind the front wheel of a 1950s Rambler American. ... Bumper stickers are often used on commercial vehicles so that employers can receive feedback about the driving habits of their employees A bumper sticker is an adhesive label or sticker with a message, intended to be attached to the bumper of an automobile and to be read by the occupants... A hood ornament is the name given to a specially crafted model of something which symbolises a car company like a badge. ... Japan Black is the name of a lacquer used extensively in the production of automobiles in the early 20th century in the United States. ... A monsoonshield is mounted above the doors of some automobiles, to protect the inside of the car from rain or other precipitation in case of slightly opened windows. ... A 2002 Ford Explorer Sport Trac with black nerf bars A nerf bar is a tubular device fitted to the side of a Pickup truck or a Sport utility vehicle to act as a step to ease entry and exit from the vehicle. ... Firestone tire This article is about pneumatic tires. ... The various pieces of a tow hitch (also known as a tow bar) are as follows (as seen on cars and non-industrial trucks). ... A Truck Accessory is an aftermarket part that is used to enhance the style or function of the original OEM pickup truck. ... Exterior equipment of a vehicle consist of the automotive lighting, distance sensor, vanity plates, vehicle registration plate, windscreen wiper and windshield washer fluid. ... Blinker redirects here. ... Daytime Running Lamps (DRL, also Daylight Running Lamps, Daytime Running Lights) are lighting devices on the front of roadgoing motor vehicles, automatically switched on when the vehicle is moving forward, and intended to increase the conspicuity of the vehicle during daylight conditions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 1937 Cord 812 with hidden headlights Promotional art for the 1942 DeSoto, the first mass produced American car with hidden headlights 1967 Ford Thunderbird with hidden headlights Pop-up headlights on a 1973 SAAB Sonett III. Hidden headlamps are an automotive styling feature that conceals an automobiles headlights when... 15 kW Xenon short-arc lamp used in IMAX projectors High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps include these types of electrical lamps: mercury vapor, metal halide (also HQI), high-pressure sodium (Son), low-pressure sodium (Sox) and less common, xenon short-arc lamps. ... Retroreflectors are clearly visible in a pair of bicycle shoes. ... A burnt-out sealed beam, broken open to show internals. ... Trafficators are the internally lit semaphores springing out from the door pillars on some older (pre 1950s) motor vehicles to signal left and right turns. ... A vanity plate (US), prestige plate, private number plate, personalised registration (UK) or personalised plate (Australia and New Zealand) is a special type of vehicle registration plate on an automobile or other vehicle. ... Parktronic, also called Acoustic Parking System (APS), is a parking-assistence system installed on some Audi vehicles. ... Motor vehicle theft is a crime of theft. ... Automobile interior equipment generally includes passive safety, dashboard, shifter for selecting gear ratios and ancillary. ... Vehicle instrument is an instrument that measures some parameters in the vehicle, often found on its control panel or dashboard. ... A backup camera is a special type of video camera that is produced specifically for the purpose of being attached to the rear of a vehicle to aid in backing up. ... Boost gauge on a Ford Focus RS (left) A boost gauge is a pressure gauge that indicates manifold air pressure or turbocharger or supercharger boost pressure in an internal combustion engine. ... A buzzer or beeper is a signaling device, usually electronic, typically used in automobiles, household appliances such as a microwave oven, or game shows. ... Carputer is a term sometimes used to refer to a computer installed in a car. ... Digital dash redirects here. ... A fuel gauge (or gas gauge) is an instrument used to indicate the level of fuel contained in a tank. ... GPS redirects here. ... A taxi in Kyoto, equipped with GPS navigation system An automotive navigation system is a satellite navigation system designed for use in automobiles. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An idiot light is a method of displaying information about a system (e. ... A Malfunction Indicator Lamp, this one labeled Service Engine Soon. A Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) is an indicator of the internal status of a car engine. ... Night-vision is seeing in the dark. ... A modern non-digital odometer A Smiths speedometer from the 1920s showing odometer and trip meter An odometer is a device used for indicating distance traveled by an automobile or other vehicle. ... An early radar detector A radar detector, sometimes called a fuzz buster, is an electronic device used by motorists to determine if their speed is being monitored by a radar unit. ... Speedometer gauge on a car, showing the speed of the vehicle in miles and kilometres per hour on the out– and inside respectively. ... Tachometer showing engine RPM (revolutions per minute), and a redline from 6000 and 7000 RPM. A tachometer is an instrument that measures the speed of rotation of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. ... A trip computer is an onboard computer device fitted to cars which can generally record distance travelled, average speed, average fuel consumption, and display real time fuel consumption information. ... Invented by Frank Bowden, a bowden cable is a type of flexible cable used to transmit mechanical force or energy by the movement of an inner cable (most commonly of steel or stainless steel) relative to a hollow outer cable housing. ... For the software build framework, see CruiseControl. ... Electronic throttle control (ETC) is an automobile technology which severs the direct link between the accelerator pedal and the throttle. ... A gear stick (also gearstick, gear lever and gear shifter) is the lever used to change gear in a vehicle, such as an automobile, with manual transmission or automatic transmission. ... In cars, the hand brake (also known as the emergency brake, e-brake, park brake, or parking brake) is a supplementary system that can be used if the vehicles primary brake system (usually hydraulic brakes) has a failure. ... Manettino dials are part of modern super cars (like the new Ferrari 599 GTB and Ferrari Enzo). ... A modern road cars steering wheel Steering wheels from different periods A steering wheel is a type of steering control used in most modern land vehicles, including all mass-production automobiles. ... In an engine, the throttle is the mechanism by which the engines power is increased or decreased. ... Motor vehicle theft is a crime of theft. ... Power door locks (aka electric door locks or central locking) allow the driver or front passenger to simultaneously lock or unlock all the doors of an automobile or truck, by pressing a button or flipping a switch. ... A car alarm is an electronic device installed in a vehicle in an attempt to discourage theft. ... An immobiliser or immobilizer is an electronic device fitted to an automobile which prevents the engine from running unless the correct key (or other token) is present. ... For the English band, see Klaxons. ... Automatic vehicle location or AVL is a means for determining the geographic location of a vehicle and transmitting this information to a point where it can be used. ... VIN etching is a countermeasure to motor vehicle theft. ... Passive safety redirects here. ... A car seat usually refers to a small seat secured to the seat of an automobile equipped with safety harnesses to hold children in the event of a crash. ... For the Mozilla crash reporting software previously called Airbag, see Breakpad. ... The armrest in the backseat of a Lincoln Town Car, featuring cupholders. ... Automatic seat belt in a Chevrolet Corsica Automatic seat belts are seat belts that automatically close over riders in a car. ... The traditional seat installed in American automobiles was the bench seat. ... A bucket seat is an upholstered seat in a car, truck, or motorboat that seats one person. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This 1931 Ford Model A sport roadster features a rumble seat A rumble seat, dicky seat, dickie seat or dickey seat is an upholstered exterior seat which hinges or otherwise opens out from the rear deck of a pre-World War II automobile, and seats one or more passengers. ... This article is about the safety device. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... Automobile accessory power can be produced by several different means. ... It has been suggested that In car entertainment be merged into this article or section. ... ... The center console (British English: centre console) in an automobile refers to the control-bearing surfaces in the center of the front of the vehicles interior. ... A dashboard from a 1940s car The dashboard of a modern car, a Bentley Continental GT A Hayabusas dash A modern Formula 1 car has all its gauges mounted on the steering wheel A dashboard or dash board in an automobile is a panel located under the windscreen and... A flat tire means the motorist must use the spare tire In a motor vehicle, a flat tire occurs when a tire becomes deflated and the metal of the wheel comes in contact with the ground below (or ground level). ... The glovebox of a Cadillac Eldorado Brougham For the sealed container for handling hazardous materials, see glovebox. ... Typical Motorola plug found on consumer auto accessory antenna coaxial cables A common coaxial cable connector used primarily in the automotive industry for connecting the coaxial feedline from the antenna to the radio receiver. ... Electric window controls between the front seats, including lockout switch (2005 Saab 9-5). ... Power steering is a system for reducing the steering effort on cars by using an external power source to assist in turning the wheels. ... The rear-view mirror of a Mazda 626. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vehicle registration plate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3899 words)
A vehicle registration plate, usually called license plate or number plate (often referred to simply as a plate, or colloquially tag) is a small metal or plastic plate attached to a motor vehicle for official identification purposes.
The plate has a serial number or other alphanumeric number on it which is specific for the vehicle; all plates attached to the vehicle display this number.
The current plates are of the 1992 standard, which consist of the one-character provincial abbreviation, a letter of the Latin alphabet corresponding to a certain city in the province, and five numbers or letters of the alphabet (e.g.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m