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Encyclopedia > Vauxhall
Vauxhall

Vauxhall shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ305785
London borough Lambeth
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW8
Postcode district SE1, SE11
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
European Parliament London
UK Parliament Vauxhall
London Assembly Lambeth and Southwark
List of places: UKEnglandLondon

Coordinates: 51°29′25″N 0°07′10″W / 51.4903, -0.1193 Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Greater_london_outline_map_bw. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... The London Borough of Lambeth is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... The London postal districts are divisions of the London post town in England and are primarily used for the direction of mail. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The SW (South Western and Battersea) postcode area, also known as the London SW postcode area[1] is a group of postcode districts in south west London, England. ... The SE (South Eastern) postcode area, also known as the London SE postcode area[2], is the part of the London postal district covering much of south east London, England. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Metropolitan Police redirects here. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The London Fire Brigade (LFB) is the statutory fire and rescue service for London, England. ... The London Ambulance Service (LAS) is the largest ambulance service in the world that does not directly charge its patients for its services. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... London is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Vauxhall is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Greater London is divided into a number of constituencies for London Assembly elections. ... Lambeth and Southwark is a constituency represented in the London Assembly. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a partial list of places in London, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Vauxhall is an inner city area of South London in the London Borough of Lambeth. South London area South London (known colloquially as South of the River) is the area of London south of the River Thames. ... The London Borough of Lambeth is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London. ...


It has also given its name to the Vauxhall Parliamentary Constituency, which also includes large swathes of Brixton and Clapham Vauxhall is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Brixton is an area of South London, England, part of the London Borough of Lambeth. ... For other places with the same name, see Clapham (disambiguation). ...


Since 1998, the geographical confusion has increased as Vauxhall is now part of the borough's North Lambeth town centre, for administrative purposes. Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lambeth. ...

Contents

History

There is no mention of Vauxhall in the 1086 Domesday Book. The area originally formed part of the extensive Manor of South Lambeth. However in 1317 King Edward II granted the manor of Vauxhall, Surrey, to Sir Roger d'Amory for his "good services" at the Battle of Bannockburn. A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lambeth. ... Events The Great Famine of 1315-1317. ... Edward II, (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until deposed in January, 1327. ... Roger dAmory (b. ... Combatants Kingdom of Scotland Kingdom of England Commanders Robert Bruce Edward II Strength about 6,500 20,000 Casualties unknown but light about 9,000 The Battle of Bannockburn (Blàr Allt a Bhonnaich in Gaelic) (June 24, 1314) was a significant Scottish victory in the Wars of Scottish Independence. ...


From various accounts, three local roads – the South Lambeth Road, Clapham Road (previously Merton Road) and Wandsworth Road (previously Kingston Road) – were ancient and well-known routes to and from London. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lambeth. ...


The land was flat and parts were marshy and poorly drained by ditches, and only started to be developed in the mid 18th century. Prior to this it provided market garden produce for the nearby City of London. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor David Lewis  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - Total 1. ...


It is generally accepted that the etymology of Vauxhall is from the name of Faulke de Breaute, the head of King John's mercenaries, who owned a large house in the area which was referred to as Faulke's Hall, later Foxhall, and eventually Vauxhall. Etymologies redirects here. ... This article is about the King of England. ...


The area only became generally known by this name when the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens opened as a public attraction. Initially most visitors would have approached by river, but crowds of Londoners of all classes came to know the area after the construction of Westminster Bridge in the 1740s. A prospect of Vauxhall Gardens in 1751. ... Westminster Bridge and the Palace of Westminster, with a glimpse of Westminster Abbey behind the tower of Big Ben. ...


Vauxhall, Russian railway stations and Pushkin

There are competing theories as to why the Russian word for a major railway station is вокза́л (vokzal), which coincides with the canonical 19th century transliteration of "Vauxhall". Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It has long been suggested that a Russian delegation visited the area to inspect the construction of the London and South Western Railway in 1840, and mistook the name for a generic title of the building type. This was further embellished into a story that the Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, visiting London in 1844, was taken to see the trains at Vauxhall and made the same mistake. However, the L&SWR's original railway terminus and the associated railway yards were always better known as Nine Elms. Waterloo Station The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) was a railway company in England from 1840 to 1923. ... Nicholas I (Russian: Николай I Павлович, Nikolaj I Pavlovič), July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796 – March 2 (18 February Old Style), 1855), was the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855, known as one of the most reactionary of the Russian monarchs. ... Jan. ... Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. ...


A more likely explanation is that the first Russian railway, constructed in 1837, ran from Saint Petersburg via Tsarskoye Selo to Pavlovsk, where extensive Pleasure Gardens had earlier been established. Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Tsarskoye Selo (Царское Село in Russian, may be translated as “Tsar’s Village”), a former residence of the royal families and visiting nobility 24 km south of St. ... Pavlovsk (Russian: Павловск) is a town situated in the Leningrad oblast, Russia, 30 km from St. ... Theme park redirects here. ...


In 1838 a music and entertainment pavilion was constructed at the railway terminus. This pavilion was called the Vokzal in homage to the Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens in London. The name soon came to be applied to the station itself, which was the gateway that most visitors used to enter the gardens. It later came to mean any substantial railway station building (a different Russian word, stantsiya, is used for minor stations). | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The word "voksal" (воксал) had been known in Russian language in the meaning of "amusement park" long before the 1840s and may be found, e.g., in the poetry of Aleksandr Pushkin: На гуляньях иль в воксалах / Легким зефиром летал (To Natalie (1813): "At fêtes and in voksals, /I've been flitting like a gentle Zephyrus" [here "Zephyrus" is an allegory of a gentle, warm and pleasant wind ]) According to Vasmer, the word is first attested in the Saint Petersburg Vedomosti for 1777 in the form фоксал, which may reflect an earlier English spelling, Faukeshall. Aleksandr Pushkin by Vasily Tropinin Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин, Aleksandr Sergeevič PuÅ¡kin,  ) (June 6, 1799 [O.S. May 26] – February 10, 1837 [O.S. January 29]) was a Russian Romantic author who is considered to be the greatest Russian poet[1] [2][3] and the founder of modern Russian... Fête is a French word meaning festival or holiday, which has passed into English as a label that may be given to certain events. ... Zephyrus, the Greek god of the west wind and the goddess Chloris, from a 1875 engraving by William-Adolphe Bouguereau In Greek mythology, the Anemoi (in Greek, Άνεμοι — winds) were wind gods who were each ascribed a cardinal direction, from which their respective winds came, and were each associated with various... Allegory of Music by Filippino Lippi. ... Max Vasmer (1886 – 1962) was a Russian-born German linguist who studied problems of etymology of Indo-European, Finno-Ugrian and Turkic languages and worked on history of Slavic, Baltic, Iranian, and Finno-Ugrian peoples in Eastern Europe. ...


Englishman Michael Maddox established a Vauxhall Gardens in the Moscow suburbs in 1783, with pleasure gardens, a small theatre/concert hall and places for refreshment. Archdeacon William Coxe describes the place as a 'sort of Vauxhall' in that year, in his 'Travels into Russia' . Michael Maddox (1747-1822) (also referred to as Medoks, Maddoksa, Maddocks, Mattocks) was an English entrepreneur and theatre manager. ...


Today

Though now a major transport hub within minutes of central London, Vauxhall was neglected for many years. Many of its streets were destroyed during German bombing in World War II or ravaged through poor city planning. To many Londoners, Vauxhall is merely a bleak place of transit. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Much of the area in Vauxhall contains light industry, offices and government buildings. Many companies and organisations were attracted in the past by Vauxhall's central location and comparatively cheap rent compared to Westminster on the other side of the river. In recent years, Vauxhall's riverside has undergone major redevelopment with the construction of a number of modern residential and office blocks, most notably the distinctive MI6 building at Vauxhall Cross. Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ...


Housing and population

Many Vauxhall residents live in social housing. There are several gentrified areas, and smart roads of terraced townhouses on streets such as Fentiman Road and Heyford Avenue are well known as desirable locations. Vauxhall is also a popular residential area for Members of Parliament and civil servants due to its proximity to the Houses of Parliament and Whitehall -- Kennington is within the area wired for the Commons' Division Bell. Some 18th and 19th century property also survives — most famously Bonnington Square, a community which emerged from the 1970s/1980s squat scene in London, and remains as mostly housing co-operatives today. Public housing describes a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... “Houses of Parliament” redirects here. ... Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... A division bell is a bell rung in or around a parliament to signal a division and thus call all members of the chamber so affected to vote in it. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Look up squat, squatter, squatting in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


There is a significant Portuguese community; many Portuguese restaurants and bars are located in South Lambeth Road and the surrounding area.


The late 1990s/early 2000s explosion in London property prices has led to a boom in riverside construction and property re-developments, such as the large St George Wharf development by Vauxhall Bridge. Residents include John Major, Chelsea Clinton, Dan MacMillan. Vauxhall bridge looking downstream from the north bank. ...


The impact of new construction and the rise in land values has created a dramatic change in Vauxhall's demographics.


Noted residents

Owing to its position close to the Houses of Parliament, many famous politicians have their London homes in the Vauxhall/Kennington area. Famous residents include:

British musician Morrissey titled one of his album releases Vauxhall and I. It is thought this is a reference to Johnny Rogan, the author of the Smiths biography "Morrissey & Marr: The Severed Alliance, whose girlfriend at the time lived nearby. It is also a reference to the film Withnail and I. This article is about Kenneth Clarke, the English politician. ... Geoffrey William Hoon (born December 6, 1953) is a British politician. ... Edward Michael Balls (born 25 February 1967) is a British politician, and Labour and Co-operative Member of Parliament for the West Yorkshire constituency of Normanton. ... Yvette Cooper (born 20 March 1969) British politician. ... Alistair Maclean Darling (born November 28, 1953) is a British politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer since June 28, 2007. ... John Whitaker Straw (born August 3, 1946) is a British Labour Party politician. ... For other persons named Charles Kennedy, see Charles Kennedy (disambiguation). ... For other persons named John Major, see John Major (disambiguation). ... Chelsea Victoria Clinton (born February 27, 1980) is the daughter and only child of former U.S. President Bill Clinton and current New York Senator and 2008 Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Rodham Clinton. ... Lee Ryan (born June 17, 1983 in Chatham, Kent) is a singer, songwriter, actor, and former member of the British boy band Blue and is now pursuing a solo career. ... For other uses, see Morrissey (disambiguation). ... Vauxhall and I is a 1994 album by Morrissey, generally considered his best. ... Withnail and I is a British film made in 1986 by Handmade Films. ...


Community facilities

Vauxhall Park [1] contains an area of miniature model houses (also in Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne) as well as tennis courts, one o'clock club and children's playground. It is open daily for recreation and has an "open day" once a year. Cooks Cottage in the Fitzroy Gardens. ...


St Peter's Church in Kennington Lane [2] was designed by John Loughborough Pearson who was also the architect of the Rochester, Bristol, Peterborough, Lincoln, Truro (Cornwall) and Brisbane (Australia) Cathedrals. Today the church is a community centre and arts venue as well as a church. Next to the St Peter's is Vauxhall City Farm. John Loughborough Pearson (1817-1897) was a 19th century architect renowned for his work on churches and cathedrals. ...


Vauxhall Cross

 SIS Headquarters
SIS Headquarters

Vauxhall Cross dominates the Vauxhall riverside. It is immediately to the south-east of Vauxhall Bridge where six major roads converge, including the Albert Embankment which exits the Cross to the north, and which is the southernmost point of entry into the London congestion charge area. MI6 HQ at Vauxhall taken by C Ford 6th March 04. ... MI6 HQ at Vauxhall taken by C Ford 6th March 04. ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6 (Military Intelligence, Section 6)[1] is the United Kingdoms external intelligence agency. ... Vauxhall bridge looking downstream from the north bank. ... The Albert Embankment is a stretch of the river bank on the south side of the River Thames in central London. ... The white-on-red C marks all entrances to the congestion charge zone. ...


Vauxhall Cross is the site of the central headquarters of the British Secret Intelligence Service (more commonly referred to as MI6), which occupies offices built between 1989 and 1992 and commonly referred to as Vauxhall Cross. More recently, a large complex of apartments and offices has been built to the south of Vauxhall Bridge. The SIS building at Vauxhall Cross, London, seen from Vauxhall Bridge The SIS building, seen from Millbank The opposite side of the building, seen from Vauxhall Cross The SIS Building, also commonly known as the MI6 Building, is the headquarters of the British Secret Intelligence Service, otherwise known as MI6... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6 (Military Intelligence, Section 6)[1] is the United Kingdoms external intelligence agency. ...


The MI6 building has featured in several James Bond films, initially filmed without permission but then condoned by then Foreign Secretary Robin Cook with his memorable "After all James Bond has done for Britain..." quip. It is seen in GoldenEye, The World Is Not Enough (wherein it suffers a fictional terrorist attack that prefigured a genuine incident) and Die Another Day. The latter featured a fictional London Underground station, Vauxhall Cross, a supposedly closed stop on the Piccadilly Line now employed by MI6 as an extension to its HQ. In fact, the Piccadilly Line does not come south of the river at all; only the Victoria Line passes anywhere nearby, and the secret entrance to the station shown in the film is on the east side of Westminster Bridge some considerable distance down river. This article is about the spy series. ... The title of Foreign Secretary has been traditionally used to refer to the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. ... Robert Finlayson Cook (28 February 1946 – 6 August 2005) was a politician in the British Labour Party. ... For other uses, see Goldeneye (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The World Is Not Enough (disambiguation). ... For the theme song of the same movie, performed by Madonna, see Die Another Day (song). ... The London Underground is a rapid transit system that serves a large part of Greater London and some neighbouring areas of Essex, Hertfordshire and Buckinghamshire. ... Vauxhall Cross is a fictional tube station in the James Bond 2002 film Die Another Day. ... London Transport Portal The Piccadilly Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured blue on the Tube map. ... London Transport Portal The Victoria Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured light blue on the Tube map. ...

The Vauxhall Cross transport interchange. The solar panels supply energy for 60% of the bus station's lighting. (October 2005)
The Vauxhall Cross transport interchange. The solar panels supply energy for 60% of the bus station's lighting. (October 2005)

Vauxhall Cross was described as "one of the most unpleasant road junctions in South London", in Nikolaus Pevsner's architectural guide to London. Through 2002 to 2004 the Cross underwent a gradual redesign to accommodate a bus interchange linked to the Vauxhall mainline railway and tube stations, both of which are located to the south-eastern end of the cross. Work has involved design changes to traffic lanes, improved pedestrian and cycle crossings, refurbishment of walkways beneath the mainline railway viaduct, and the construction of a bus station, completed in December 2004 featuring an undulating steel-frame canopy and ribbed steel walls. An interesting feature of the canopy is a series of photoelectric cells generating electricity to offset the energy used by the bus station. Image File history File links Vauxhall_cross. ... Image File history File links Vauxhall_cross. ... Sir Nikolaus Pevsner CBE (January 30, 1902 – August 18, 1983) was a German-born British historian of art and, especially, architecture. ... Vauxhall railway station platforms from the western end. ...


Gay Village

The Royal Vauxhall Tavern a well-known gay venue
The Royal Vauxhall Tavern a well-known gay venue

Vauxhall is home to an ever-increasing number of gay bars and nightclubs, such as Factory, Crash, Area, Orange (Fire), Megawoof, Barcode, The Hoist, South Central and the Royal Vauxhall Tavern, as well as other venues often holding special events for gay clubbers, such as Hidden, Club Colosseum and Renaissance Rooms. The aforementioned Royal Vauxhall Tavern dates back to at least the late 1800s, and was for many years a traditional English music hall and cabaret venue. In recent years the building has come under constant threat of buyout and demolition from property developers, as it stands alone on a prime piece of grassland adjacent to Vauxhall railway station. However, the pub was bought in 2004 by sympathetic owners who have announced, "business as usual". Royal Vauxhall Tavern taken by C Ford 6th March 04. ... Royal Vauxhall Tavern taken by C Ford 6th March 04. ...


Vauxhall was originally the home of the more underground gay clubs with the arrival of Crash in the 1990s. Over the years, more clubs and gay businesses have followed Crash's lead by opening up in the railway arches underneath the main line out of Waterloo Station. The burgeoning club scene and the lure of the more trendy railway arches have made Vauxhall a prime destination for businesses to open up in, including London's only exclusively gay gym (Paris Gym), another branch of Chariots (gay sauna) and Barcode (sister bar venue of the same name in Soho). Another Soho based gay bar, Village Soho, has announced that it also intends to open a Vauxhall venue sometime in late 2007. The area is fast earning the nickname "Vauxhall Gay Village". For other uses, see Waterloo station (disambiguation). ... Cast-iron architecture in Greene Street SoHo is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan. ... A gay village (also gay ghetto or gayborhood) is an urban geographic location with generally recognized boundaries where a large number of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual people live. ...


Vauxhall has also become colloquially known as "Voho" (a consolidation of the names Vauxhall and Soho) within the gay community, due to the emergence of Vauxhall as a gay village after Soho, London's other main gay village in Westminster. The City of Westminster is a borough of London, England with city status. ...


Transport and locale

Nearest places

Battersea is a place in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... Nine Elms is a district of London, situated in the far north-eastern corner of the London Borough of Wandsworth between Battersea and Vauxhall. ... Kennington is a place in the London Borough of Lambeth. ... This article is about the London district of Pimlico. ... Stockwell is an inner city area in the South West of London in the London Borough of Lambeth. ... For other uses of the name Camberwell, see Camberwell (disambiguation). ... Walworth is a place in the London Borough of Southwark, between Camberwell and Elephant and Castle. ... Newington is a place in the London Borough of Southwark. ...

Nearest tube stations

    Categories: Victoria Line stations | London Underground stubs | London railway stations | British railway stations ... Categories: Northern Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Oval tube station Interior of Oval tube station Oval tube station in Kennington is a station on the Northern Line of the London Underground between Stockwell and Kennington stations. ... Categories: Victoria Line stations | London Underground stubs ...

See also

The Afterhour clubs phenomenon can be found at least in Quebec, Canada but probably everywhere in Europe and North America on slightly different formulas. ...

References

  • Vauxhall Pleasures. Published November 2006 in hidden europe magazine Issue 11, pp. 30-34. ISSN 1860-6318. (Article explores the pleasure gardens and Vauxhall's Russian connections)
  • Vauxhall Gardens Revisit'd Michael Carter (Short essay which, like the preceding reference, provides useful further reading on this topic)

External links

This is a partial list of places in London, England. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vauxhall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1657 words)
Vauxhall is an inner city area of south London in the London Borough of Lambeth.
Vauxhall was formerly renowned for the Vauxhall Gardens, London's premier pleasure gardens in the 18th century.
Vauxhall is a popular residential area for Members of Parliament and civil servants due to its proximity to the Houses of Parliament and Whitehall - Kennington is within the area wired for the Commons' Division Bell.
Vauxhall Motors - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (904 words)
The influence of the American parent was pervasive, and together with Ford, Vauxhall's main competitor, led a wave of American-influenced styling in Europe that persisted through to the 1980s.
With the 1979 demise of the Viva, GM policy was for future Vauxhall models to be, in effect, rebadged Opels, designed and developed in Rüsselsheim, with little engineering input from Luton.
A model unique to the Vauxhall range is the high performance Monaro coupe, which is sourced from Holden in Australia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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