FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Vatican Archives

The Vatican Secret Archives (Archivio Segreto Vaticano), located in Vatican City, contain the central repository of all the acts that have been promulgated by the Roman Catholic Church's Papal See, as well as diplomatic materials and correspondence of the Papal See and other documents that have accumulated over the centuries. They include some of the seminal historical documents for understanding the real history of the Western world. The Secret Archives were removed from the Vatican Library in the 17th century under the orders of Pope Paul V and remained absolutely closed to Vatican outsiders until the late 19th century, fuelling rumors of what might be secreted away there. The Secret Archives are still separately housed. The first papal historian to make fundamental use of the Secret Archives was the sympathetic historian of the Papacy, Ludwig von Pastor. Documents in the Secret Vatican Archives are open to accredited scholars up to those produced at the end of Pope Benedict XV's pontificate, in 1922. The Roman Catholic Church (commonly known as the Catholic Church) is the Christian Church which is led by the Pope, the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. The Roman Catholic Church teaches that it is the one holy catholic and apostolic Church founded by Jesus Christ. ... The term Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. ... The term Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes, lit. ... The Vatican Library (Latin: Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana) is the library of the Holy See, located in Vatican City. ... Paul V, né Camillo Borghese (Rome, September 17, 1552 – January 28, 1621) was Pope from May 16, 1605 until his death. ... Ludwig von Pastor (created Freiherr von Camperfelden in 1916) (January 31, 1854 - September 30, 1928), born in Aachen and educated at Frankfort, was the German historian who is remembered primarily as the author of the monumental (in 40 volumes) and authoritative Geschichte der Päpste seit dem Ausgang des Mittelalters... Benedict XV (Latin: ), born Giacomo della Chiesa (November 21, 1854 – January 22, 1922), reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City from September 3, 1914 to January 22, 1922; he succeeded Pope Pius X (1903–14). ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


There are other secret archives at the Vatican. An even more secret archive is kept by the Apostolic Penitentiary and contains papal documents and other material that is hard to assess, because no one is allowed access due to the privacy of the confessor-penitent disputes the Penitentiary is responsible for. Nevertheless the Secret Archives are the main collection. The Vatican Secret Archives have been estimated to contain 30 miles of shelving (quite expansive), and there are 35,000 thick volumes in the selective catalogue alone: "Publication of the indexes, in part or as a whole, is forbidden," according to the regulations current in 2005. The Secret Archives support their own photographic and conservation studios. The Apostolic Penitentiary, more formally the Tribunal of the Apostolic Penitentiary, is one of three bodies in the Roman Curia that make up the judiciary within the Holy See. ... The title confessor is used in the Christian Church in two separate ways. ... Penance is the actual name of the Catholic Sacrament of Reconciliation/ Confession. ...


The entire contents of the pre-8th century archives, with undoubtedly the world's best collection of heretical texts, have disappeared, according to the Vatican's official account of the library's history, "for reasons not entirely known." The documentation is a little scanty before the 13th century, but there are documents like Henry VIII of England's request for a marriage annulment, and a letter or two from Michelangelo. Heresy, according to the Oxford English Dictionary, is a theological or religious opinion or doctrine maintained in opposition, or held to be contrary, to the Catholic or Orthodox doctrine of the Christian Church, or, by extension, to that of any church, creed, or religious system, considered as orthodox. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Michelangelo de Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, commonly known as Michelangelo, (March 6, 1475 – February 18, 1564) was a Renaissance artist and poet. ...


Behind its entrance through the Porta S. Anna in via di Porta Angelica, this is the nearest thing the real world offers to the library in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose. There is no browsing, selected scholars must ask in advance for the precise document they wish to see, thus they must know in advance that such a document exists. The catalogue is not complete. Photo of Umberto Eco by Robert Birnbaum Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose and his many essays. ... Picture of the book in the binding provided by the Folio Society The Name of the Rose, a 1980 novel by Umberto Eco, is a murder mystery set in an Italian monastery in the year 1327. ...


On February 20, 2002, Pope John Paul II took the extraordinary step of opening, from 2003, documents concerning Germany and relative to the period 19221939 contained in the archives of the Section for Relations with States of the Secretariat of State, in order "to put an end to unjust and thoughtless speculation." February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Pope John Paul II (Latin: ), born Karol Józef Wojtyła (May 18, 1920 – April 2, 2005) reigned as pope of the Roman Catholic Church for almost 27 years, from October 16, 1978 until his death, making his the second-longest pontificate. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Secretariat of State is the oldest dicastery in the Roman Curia, the government of the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Further reading

Ludwig von Pastor (created Freiherr von Camperfelden in 1916) (January 31, 1854 - September 30, 1928), born in Aachen and educated at Frankfort, was the German historian who is remembered primarily as the author of the monumental (in 40 volumes) and authoritative Geschichte der Päpste seit dem Ausgang des Mittelalters... WorldCat is the worlds largest bibliographic database, the merged catalogs of over 50,000 OCLC member libraries in over 90 countries. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bentley Library Vatican Archives Project (4955 words)
The bulk of the archives of the Holy See pertain to the latter periods of this history, that is, from the sixteenth century to the present.
The historical archives of the Congregazione per l'evangelizzazione dei popoli, formerly and popularly known as the Congregation "De Propaganda Fide." This is the congregation of the Curia that has responsibility for the missions of the church.
The Archive of the Sezione dei rapporti con gli Stati, formerly the Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.
Vatican Secret Archives - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1091 words)
Pope Leo XIII opened archives dated 1815 or earlier to non-clerical scholars in the early 1880s, but no further documents were released until 1924, when the Secret Archives became open up to the end of the pontificate of Gregory XVI on June 1, 1846.
In June of 2006, Pope Benedict XVI authorized the opening of all the Vatican Archives for the pontificate of Pope Pius XI.
The Vatican Secret Archives have been estimated to contain 30 miles of shelving, and there are 35,000 volumes in the selective catalogue alone: "Publication of the indexes, in part or as a whole, is forbidden," according to the regulations current in 2005.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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