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Encyclopedia > Vassili Chuikov

Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov (Васи́лий Ива́нович Чуйко́в) (February 12, 1900 - March 18, 1982) was a lieutenant general in the Soviet Red Army during World War II, two times Hero of the Soviet Union (1944, 1945), who after the war became a Marshal of the Soviet Union.

Born into a peasant family, he joined the Red Army during the Russian Revolution and later attended the prominent Frunze Military Academy. Chuikov served in the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland in 1939 and in the Russo-Finnish War of 1940. He was then sent to China as an advisor to Chiang Kai-shek. In May 1942 he was recalled to take up command of the 62nd Army at the Battle of Stalingrad, for its actions there 62nd Army promoted into the 8th Guards Army after the Red Army's victory at Stalingrad. Chuikov then commanded the 8th Guards on the Byelorussian front and led its advance through Poland, finally heading the Soviet offensive which captured Berlin in April 1945.

After the war ended Chuikov stayed in Germany, later serving as Commander-in-Chief of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany from 1949 until 1953, when he was made the Commander of the Kiev military district. While serving at that post, on March 11, 1955 he was promoted to Marshal of the Soviet Union. From 1960 to 1964 he was the Commander-in-Chief of the Red Army's Ground Forces. He also served as the Chief of the Civil Defense from 1961 until his retirement in 1972. From 1961 until his death, he was a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

He was a major consultant for the design of the Stalingrad battle memorial on Mamayev Kurgan, and was buried there after his death. He was the first Soviet Marshal to be buried outside Moscow.

External Links

  • Memoirs by Vasili Chuikov: Сражение века (http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/chuykov/index.html) Battle of a century - Describes his experiences during the Battle of Stalingrad] (In Russian)
  • Memoirs by Vasili Chuikov: Конец третьего рейха (http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/chuykov2/index.html) The end of the Third Reich - Describes his experiences during the last months of the war, ending with the Battle of Berlin. (In Russian)
  • Biography (in Russian) (http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=328), on the website, dedicated to the Heroes of the Soviet Union/Russia.

  Results from FactBites:
WW2DB: Vassili Chuikov (418 words)
Vassili Ivanovich Chuikov was born into a peasant family.
Chuikov was known for making use of captured German guns and shells because his artillery units at times moved forward without a single shell in their supply trucks.
Chuikov was buried in Stalingrad, the site where troops under his command held the city bravely against German advance.
  More results at FactBites »



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