Born into a peasant family, he joined the Red Army during the Russian Revolution and later attended the prominent Frunze Military Academy. Chuikov served in the Soviet occupation of eastern Poland in 1939 and in the Russo-Finnish War of 1940. He was then sent to China as an advisor to Chiang Kai-shek. In May 1942 he was recalled to take up command of the 62nd Army at the Battle of Stalingrad, for its actions there 62nd Army promoted into the 8th Guards Army after the Red Army's victory at Stalingrad. Chuikov then commanded the 8th Guards on the Byelorussian front and led its advance through Poland, finally heading the Soviet offensive which captured Berlin in April 1945.
He was a major consultant for the design of the Stalingrad battle memorial on Mamayev Kurgan, and was buried there after his death. He was the first Soviet Marshal to be buried outside Moscow.
Memoirs by Vasili Chuikov: Сражение века (http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/chuykov/index.html) Battle of a century - Describes his experiences during the Battle of Stalingrad] (In Russian)
Memoirs by Vasili Chuikov: Конец третьего рейха (http://militera.lib.ru/memo/russian/chuykov2/index.html) The end of the Third Reich - Describes his experiences during the last months of the war, ending with the Battle of Berlin. (In Russian)
Biography (in Russian) (http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=328), on the website, dedicated to the Heroes of the Soviet Union/Russia.
Categories: 1900 births | 1982 deaths | Marshals of the Soviet Union | Heroes of the Soviet Union | Russian World War II people
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