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Encyclopedia > Vascular surgery

Vascular surgery is a subspecialty of general surgery in which diseases of the vascular system, or arteries and veins, are managed, largely via surgical intervention, and was originally founded by Dr. Clyde Otis Hagood Jr. The vascular surgeon is trained in the diagnosis and management of diseases affecting all parts of the vascular system except that of the heart and brain. Cardiothoracic surgeons manage surgical disease of the heart and its vessels. Neurosurgeons manage surgical disease of the vessels in the brain (eg intracranial aneurysms). “Surgeon” redirects here. ... Section of an artery For other uses, see Artery (disambiguation). ... In the circulatory system, a vein is a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart. ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Grays Anatomy. ... Human brain In animals, the brain (enkephale) (Greek for in the skull), is the control center of the central nervous system, responsible for behavior. ...

Contents

Breadth of discipline

Post surgical photo of brain aneurysm survivor. ... In medicine, ischemia (Greek ισχαιμία, isch- is restriction, hema or haema is blood) is a restriction in blood supply, generally due to factors in the blood vessels, with resultant damage or dysfunction of tissue. ... Thrombolysis is the breakdown (lysis) by pharmacological means, of blood clots. ... Intermittent claudication is a cramping sensation in the legs that is present during exercise or walking and occurs as a result of decreased oxygen supply. ... In medicine, peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD, also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD) and peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a collator for all diseases caused by the obstruction of large peripheral arteries, which can result from atherosclerosis, inflammatory processes leading to stenosis, an embolism or thrombus formation. ... Renal Ischemia or ischaemia, also called nephric ischemia is the deficiency of blood in one or both kidneys, or nephrons, usually due to functional constriction or actual obstruction of a blood vessel. ... Cerebrovascular disease is damage to the blood vessels in the brain, resulting in a stroke. ... Carotid entarterectomy is a surgical procedure used to correct carotid stenosis (obstruction of the carotid artery by atheroma), used particularly when this causes medical problems, such as transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs, strokes). ... This article is about Deep-vein thrombosis. ... Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, Germany. ... Varicose veins prior to treatment Varicose veins after EVLT Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, Germany. ... Lymphedema is a condition of localized fluid retention caused by a compromised lymphatic system. ... In medicine, Raynauds phenomenon is discoloration of the fingers or toes due to emotion or cold in a characteristic pattern in time: white, blue and red. ... Scleroderma is a rare, chronic disease characterized by excessive deposits of collagen in the skin or other organs. ...

Training

Previously considered a field within general surgery, it is now considered a specialty in its own right. As a result, training has been, or is being re-structured from previously having to complete full general surgery training followed by a period of further vascular surgery training, to being trained in vascular surgery alone from start to finish. A surgeon operating General surgery, despite its name, is a surgical specialty that focuses on surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e. ...


Programs of training are slightly different depending on the region of the world one is in.

Country Standards body Professional representation Minimum Length of training (post intern)
Australia and New Zealand Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Australian & New Zealand Society of Vascular Surgery (ANZSVS) 6 years
United Kingdom Royal College of Surgeons of England, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland 8 years
USA Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), American Board of Surgery American College of Surgeons

Multiple vascular societies The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) is the body responsible for training and examining surgeons in New Zealand and Australia. ... The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients. ... The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, a centre of excellence for surgical education and research traces its origins to 1505 when the Barber Surgeons of Edinburgh was formally incorporated as a Craft Guild of Edinburgh, and granted a royal charter in 1506 by King James IV of Scotland. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The ACGME or Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education is the body responsible for the accreditation for postgraduate medical training programs (i. ... The American College of Surgeons, located in Chicago, Illinois is a scientific and educational association of surgeons in the United States that was founded in 1913 to improve the quality of care for the surgical patient by setting high standards for surgical education and practice. ...

8 years

Surgical Procedures

By no means exhaustive, but below are a number of common procedures and indications for vascular surgeons.

Indication/disease Procedure
Abdominal aortic aneurysm Open AAA repair

Endoluminal AAA repair (EVAR) A plate from Grays Anatomy with yellow lines depicting the most common infrarenal location of the AAA. Abdominal aortic aneurysm, also written as AAA and often pronounced triple-A, is a localized dilatation of the abdominal aorta, that exceeds the normal diameter by more than 50%. The normal diameter...

Carotid stenosis Carotid endarterectomy

Carotid stenting Carotid artery stenosis is obstruction of the carotid artery, usually by atheroma (a fatty lump, the result of atherosclerosis). ... Carotid entarterectomy is a surgical procedure used to correct carotid stenosis (obstruction of the carotid artery by atheroma), used particularly when this causes medical problems, such as transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs, strokes). ...

Varicose veins Vein stripping

Sclerotherapy and Foam sclerotherapy Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, Germany. ... Vein stripping is a surgical procedure done under general anaesthetic to remove varicose veins. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Foam sclerotherapy. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Foam sclerotherapy. ...


Laser ablation Guo et al. ...


Ambulatory phlebectomy

Peripheral arterial occlusive disease Angioplasty with/out Stenting

Bypass surgery In medicine (vascular surgery), Peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) is a collator for all disease caused by the obstruction of large peripheral arteries, which can result from atherosclerosis, inflammatory processes leading to stenosis, an embolism or thrombus formation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Coronary artery bypass surgery Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Acute limb ischaemia Balloon embolectomy

Thrombectomy A thrombectomy is the excision of an abnormal or dangerous thrombus (blood clot). ...


Bypass surgery Coronary artery bypass surgery Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Aortic dissection Open repair

Thoracic stent graft Aortic dissection is a tear in the wall of the aorta (the largest artery of the body). ...

External links

  • Vascular surgery Material on arterial and venous surgery.
  • Society for Vascular Surgery (U.S.)
  • European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery: the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery.
Health Sciences are the group of disciplines of applied science dealing with human and animal health. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ... ICD-9-CM Volume 3 is a system of Procedural codes. ... An aortic aneurysm is a general term for any swelling (dilatation or aneurysm) of the aorta, usually representing an underlying weakness in the wall of the aorta at that location. ... Aortic dissection is a tear in the wall of the aorta (the largest artery of the body). ... Endovascular Aneurysm or Aortic Repair, is a type of Endovascular surgery used to treat an Abdominal aortic aneurysm or AAA. // Example of a Stent used in an EVAR Before patients are deemed to be a suitable candidate for this treatment, they have to go through a rigorous set of tests. ... Carotid artery stenosis is obstruction of the carotid artery, usually by atheroma (a fatty lump, the result of atherosclerosis). ... Carotid entarterectomy is a surgical procedure used to correct carotid stenosis (obstruction of the carotid artery by atheroma), used particularly when this causes medical problems, such as transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs, strokes). ... Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, Germany. ... Guo et al. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Foam sclerotherapy. ... Vein stripping is a surgical procedure done under general anaesthetic to remove varicose veins. ... In medicine (vascular surgery), Peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) is a collator for all disease caused by the obstruction of large peripheral arteries, which can result from atherosclerosis, inflammatory processes leading to stenosis, an embolism or thrombus formation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Endoscopic image of self-expanding metallic stent in esophagus, which was used to palliatively treat esophageal cancer. ... A thrombectomy is the excision of an abnormal or dangerous thrombus (blood clot). ... In medicine, portal hypertension is hypertension (high blood pressure) in the portal vein and its branches. ... A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, also TIPS, is an artificial channel in the liver from the portal vein to a hepatic vein (for blood). ... In medicine, a distal splenorenal shunt procedure (DSRS), also splenorenal shunt procedure and Warren shunt,[1] is a surgical procedure in which the distal splenic vein (a part of the portal venous system) is attached to the left renal vein (a part of the systemic venous system). ... A Heart-Lung Machine (upper right) in a Coronary Artery Bypass surgery (CABG) Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is a technique that temporarily takes over the function of the heart and lungs during surgery. ... Cardioplegia is the intentional and temporary cessation of cardiac activity, primarily for use in cardiac bypass surgeries. ... It has been suggested that Artificial kidney be merged into this article or section. ... In medicine, hemofiltration, also haemofiltration, is a renal replacement therapy similar to hemodialysis which is used almost exclusively in the intensive care setting. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vascular surgery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (95 words)
Vascular surgery is the branch of surgery that occupies itself with surgical interventions of arteries and veins, as well as conservative therapies for disease of the peripheral vascular system.
Surgery of the heart is the specialism of the cardiothoracic surgeon.
Vascular surgery Material on arterial and venous surgery.
Vascular Surgery Information on Healthline (1211 words)
Vascular surgery is the treatment of surgery on diagnosed patients with diseases of the arterial, venous, and lymphatic systems (excluding the intracranial and coronary arteries).
Vascular diseases are usually caused by conditions that clog or weaken blood vessels, or damage valves that control the flow of blood in and out of the veins, thus robbing them of vital blood nutrients and oxygen.
Surgery is used to treat specific diseased arteries, such as atherosclerosis, to help prevent strokes or heart attacks, improve or relieve angina or hypertension, remove aneurysms, improve claudication, and save legs that would otherwise have to be amputated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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