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Encyclopedia > Vasco da Gama
Vasco da Gama

Born ca. 1469
Sines, Alentejo, Portugal
Died December 24, 1524
Kochi, India
Occupation Explorer, military naval commander
Spouse Paris Hilton

Dom Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira (IPA: ['vaʃku dɐ 'gɐmɐ]) (Sines or Vidigueira, Alentejo, Portugal, ca. either 1460 or 1469 – December 24, 1524 in Kochi, India) was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the European Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. Here are things that have the name Vasco da Gama after the Portuguese explorer: Vasco da Gama, Goa, a city in Goa state of India Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama, a sporting club in Rio de Janeiro Vasco da Gama (founded on June 28, 1952, a sporting club in... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 411 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1645 × 2400 pixel, file size: 1. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Litoral  - District or A.R. Setúbal Mayor Manuel Carvalho  - Party CDU Area 202. ... NUTS II Alentejo region. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Paris Whitney Hilton (born February 17, 1981) is an American celebrity and socialite. ... D. (usually preceded in English by the) is the abbreviation for the Spanish and the Portuguese honorific Don, a mark of high esteem for a distinguished Christian hidalgo or nobleman. ... The earldom of Vidigueira was created on favour of Dom Vasco da Gama on 1499, december 29, forever on his legal descent by Dom Manuel I, king of Portugal, to honour his memory. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Litoral  - District or A.R. Setúbal Mayor Manuel Carvalho  - Party CDU Area 202. ... Coat of Arms Vidigueira is a municipality in Portugal, with a total area of 314. ... NUTS II Alentejo region. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... For additional context, see History of Portugal and Portuguese Empire. ... For the computer wargame, Age of Discovery, see Global Diplomacy. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Early life

Statue of Vasco da Gama at his birthplace, Sines, Portugal
Statue of Vasco da Gama at his birthplace, Sines, Portugal
Monument to the Cross of Vasco da Gama at the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. The original cross is lost.

Vasco da Gama was probably born in either 1460[1] or 1469[2], in Sines, on the southwest coast of Portugal, probably in a house near the church of Nossa Senhora das Salas. Sines, one of the few seaports on the Alentejo coast, consisted of little more than a cluster of whitewashed, red-tiled cottages, tenanted chiefly by fisherfolk. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 385 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vasco da Gama Sines, Portugal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 385 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vasco da Gama Sines, Portugal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Litoral  - District or A.R. Setúbal Mayor Manuel Carvalho  - Party CDU Area 202. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (760 × 1100 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 414 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (760 × 1100 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Cape of Good Hope; looking towards the west, from the coastal cliffs above Cape Point. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Litoral  - District or A.R. Setúbal Mayor Manuel Carvalho  - Party CDU Area 202. ...


Vasco da Gama's father was Estêvão da Gama. In the 1460s he was a knight in the household of the Duke of Viseu, Dom Fernando. Dom Fernando appointed him Alcaide-Mór or Civil Governor of Sines and enabled him to receive a small revenue from taxes on soap making in Estremoz. Estevão da Gama (about 1430 - July 1497) was a rich Portuguese nobleman of the 15th century. ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... Location  - Region  - Subregion  - District or A.R.   {{{Region}}} {{{Subregion}}} Viseu Mayor  - Party Fernando Ruas PSD Area 507. ... Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu Ferdinand, Prince of Portugal, Duke of Viseu (1433–, Portuguese: Fernando, pron. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Central  - District or A.R. Évora Mayor José Palmeiro  - Party PS Area 513. ...


Estêvão da Gama was married to Dona Isabel Sodré, daughter of João Sodré (also known as João de Resende; of English origin[citation needed], with links to the household of Prince Diogo, Duke of Viseu[citation needed], son of King Edward I of Portugal and governor of the military Order of Christ). Don (usually preceded in English by the), derived from Latin Dominus, is a Spanish (pron. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Duarte of Portugal (Edward, in English), the Philosopher or the Eloquent, the 11th king of Portugal, was born in Viseu on October 31, 1391 and he died in Tomar on September 13, 1438. ... The Seal of the Grand-Masters Evrard de Barres and Regnaud de Vichier depict the Dome of the ROCK. The Order of Christ was the heritage of the Templar Knights. ...


Little is known of Vasco da Gama's early life. It has been suggested that he studied at the inland town of Évora, which is where he may have learnt mathematics and navigation and that he knew astronomy well, having learned from the famous astronomer Abraham Zacuto. Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Central  - District or A.R. Évora Mayor Ernesto Oliveira  - Party PS Area 1,307. ... Abraham Zacuto (אברהם זכות) (portuguese: Abraão ben Samuel Zacuto) was a Spanish astronomer, mathematician and historian who served as Royal Astronomer in the 15th Century to King John II of Portugal. ...


In 1492 King John II of Portugal sent Gama to the port of Setúbal, south of Lisbon and to the Algarve, Portugal's southernmost province, to seize French ships in retaliation for peacetime depredations against Portuguese shipping - a task that Vasco rapidly and effectively performed. John II of Portugal João II of Portugal (Portuguese pron. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Península de Setúbal  - District or A.R. Setúbal Mayor Maria das Dores Meira  - Party CDU Area 171. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal. ...


Background

Bartolomeu Dias had already rounded Africa's Cape of Good Hope in 1488, in an historic event that was the culmination of a generation of Portuguese sea exploration fostered by Henry the Navigator. Bartolomeu Dias turning the Cape of Good Hope Statue of Dias in Cape Town, South Africa Bartolomeu Dias (pron. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The Cape of Good Hope; looking towards the west, from the coastal cliffs above Cape Point. ... Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394–Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ...


Gama's voyage was successful in reaching India. This permitted Europeans to trade with the Far East without having to endure the costs and hazards of the Silk Road caravans, which followed inland routes through the Middle East and Central Asia at a time when much of this territory was part of the Mughal Empire. However, Gama's achievements were somewhat dimmed by his failure to bring any trade goods of interest to the nations of Asia Minor and India. Moreover, the sea route was fraught with its own perils - his fleet went more than three months without seeing land and only 54 of his 170 companions, on two of his four ships, returned to Portugal in 1499. Nevertheless, Gama's initial journey ushered in an era of European domination through sea power and commerce that lasted several hundred years and 450 years of Portuguese colonialism in India and Africa that brought wealth and power to the Portuguese monarch. The far east as a cultural block includes East Asia, Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia and South Asia. ... The Silk Road Silk Route redirects here. ... A camel train is a series of camels carrying goods or passengers in a group as part of a regular or semi-regular service between two points. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Flag Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Agra, Delhi Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy List of Mughal emperors  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ...


Exploration before Gama

From the early fifteenth century, the nautical school of Henry the Navigator had been extending Portuguese knowledge of the African coastline. From the 1460s, the goal had become one of rounding that continent's southern extremity to gain easier access to the riches of India (mainly black pepper and other spices) through a reliable sea route. Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu KG (Porto, March 4, 1394–Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ...


By the time Gama was ten years old, these long-term plans were coming to fruition. Bartolomeu Dias had returned from rounding the Cape of Good Hope, having explored as far as the Fish River (Rio do Infante) in modern-day South Africa and having verified that the unknown coast stretched away to the northeast. Bartolomeu Dias turning the Cape of Good Hope Statue of Dias in Cape Town, South Africa Bartolomeu Dias (pron. ... Fish River is a river in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. ...


Concurrent land exploration during the reign of João II of Portugal supported the theory that India was reachable by sea from the Atlantic Ocean. Pero da Covilhã and Afonso de Paiva were sent via Barcelona, Naples and Rhodes, into Alexandria and thence to Aden, Hormuz and India, which gave credence to the theory. João II of Portugal (English: John II), the Perfect Prince (Port. ... Pedro or Pero da Covilhã (c. ... Afonso de Paiva (c. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Deer statues in Mandraki harbor, where the Colossus of Rhodes once stood This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. ... Nickname: Alexandria on the map of Egypt Map of Alexandria Coordinates: , Country Egypt Founded 334 BC Government  - Governor Adel Labib Population (2001)  - City 3,500,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Twin Cities  - Baltimore  United States  - Cleveland  United States  - ConstanÅ£a  Romania  - Durban  South Africa... Port of Aden (around 1910). ... Distorted from Persian Ohrmuzd, Ahura Mazda. ...


It remained for an explorer to prove the link between the findings of Dias and those of da Covilhã and de Paiva and to connect these separate segments into a potentially lucrative trade route into the Indian Ocean. The task, originally given to Vasco da Gama's father, was offered to Vasco by Manuel I on the strength of his record of protecting Portuguese trading stations along the African Gold Coast from depredations by the French. Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... Flag of Gold Coast Map from 1896 of the British Gold Coast Colony. ...


First voyage

The route followed in Vasco da Gama's first voyage (1497 - 1499)
The route followed in Vasco da Gama's first voyage (1497 - 1499)

On 8 July 1497 the fleet, consisting of four ships, left Lisbon.[3] The vessels were: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (875x715, 15 KB) Summary Description: en: First voyage of Vasco da Gama. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (875x715, 15 KB) Summary Description: en: First voyage of Vasco da Gama. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1497 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ...

  • The São Gabriel, commanded by Vasco da Gama; a carrack of 178 tons, length 27 m , width 8.5 m, draft 2.3 m, sails of 372 , 150 crew
  • The São Rafael, whose commander was his brother Paulo da Gama; similar dimensions to the São Gabriel
  • The caravel Berrio, slightly smaller than the former two (later re-baptized São Miguel), commanded by Nicolau Coelho.
  • A storage ship of unknown name, commanded by Gonçalo Nunes, later lost near the Bay of São Brás, along the east coast of Africa.

The Santa Maria at anchor by Andries van Eertvelt, painted c. ... The draft of a ships hull is the vertical distance from the bottom of the hull to the waterline. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Paulo da Gama (? - Angra do Heroísmo, July 1499) was a Portuguese explorer, older brother of Vasco da Gama. ... Caravela Latina / Latin Caravel Caravela Redonda / Square-rigged Caravel A caravel is a small, highly maneuverable, two or three-masted ship used by the Portuguese and Spanish for long voyages of exploration beginning in the 15th century. ... Nicolau Coelho (15th century/16th century), Portuguese explorer that accompanied Pedro Álvares Cabral in the discovery of Brazil in 1500, being one of the captains of the fleet. ...

Rounding the Cape

By December 16, the fleet had passed the Great Fish River- where Dias had turned back- and was sailing into waters unknown to Europeans. With Christmas pending, they gave the coast they were passing the name Natal ("birth (of Christ)" = Christmas in Portuguese). The Great Fish River is a river running through the South African province of Cape Midlands. ... KwaZulu-Natal, often referred to as KZN, is a province of South Africa. ...


Arab-controlled territory on the East African coast was part of the Indian Ocean's network of trade. Fearing the local population would be hostile to Christians, Gama impersonated a Muslim and gained audience with the Sultan of Mozambique. With the paltry trade goods he had to offer, Gama was unable to provide a suitable gift to the ruler and soon the local populace began to see through the subterfuge of Gama and his men. Forced to quit Mozambique by a hostile crowd, Gama departed the harbor, firing his cannon into the city in retaliation.[4] An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ...


Mombasa

In the vicinity of modern Kenya, the expedition resorted to piracy, looting Arab merchant ships - generally unarmed trading vessels without heavy cannon. The Portuguese became the first known Europeans to visit the port of Mombasa but were met with hostility and soon departed. The flag of 18th-century pirate Calico Jack Piracy is a robbery committed at sea, or sometimes on the shore, by an agent without a commission from a sovereign nation. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. ...


Malindi

Pillar of Vasco da Gama in Malindi
Pillar of Vasco da Gama in Malindi

In February 1498, Vasco da Gama continued north, landing at the friendlier port of Malindi, -whose leaders were in conflict with those of Mombasa- and there the expedition first noted evidence of Indian traders. They contracted the services of an Arab navigator and cartographer, whose knowledge of the monsoon winds allowed him to bring the expedition the rest of the way to Calicut (modern Kozhikode) on the southwest coast of India. The navigator was believed to be Ibn Majidwho would have been approaching 60 at the time. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1984 × 1488 pixel, file size: 690 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1984 × 1488 pixel, file size: 690 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Malindi is a city in Kenya that has been a Swahili settlement since the 14th century. ... An Arab (Arabic: ) is a member of a complexly defined ethnic group who identifies as such on the basis of one or more of either genealogical, political, or linguistic grounds. ... A navigator is the person onboard a ship responsible for the navigation of the vessel. ... Cartography is the study of map making and cartographers are map makers. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a rainy season which lasts for several months and has lasting climatic effects. ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... Ahmad ibn Majid (Arabic:أحمد بن ماجد) (c. ...


Calicut, India

The fleet arrived in Calicut on 20 May 1498. Sometimes violent negotiations with the local ruler (usually anglicized as Zamorin), the Wyatt Enourato ensued, in the teeth of resistance from Arab merchants. Eventually Gama was able to gain an ambiguous letter of concession for trading rights but had to sail off without giving notice of his intention to do so after the Zamorin insisted that Gama leave all his goods as collateral. Vasco da Gama kept his goods but left a few Portuguese with orders to start a trading post. is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Zamorin, a title of the kings of Kozhikode (Calicut) The Samoothiri Raja (anglicized as Zamorin) were the erstwhile rulers of Kozhikode (Calicut). ... Collateral within a financial context is used to indicate assets that secure a debt obligation. ...


Return

Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut, May 20, 1498
Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut, May 20, 1498

Paulo da Gama died in the Azores on the homeward voyage. Vasco da Gama returned to Portugal in September 1499 and was richly rewarded as the man who had brought to fruition a plan that had taken eighty years to fulfill. He was given the title "Admiral of the Indian Ocean" and the feudal rights over Sines were confirmed. Manuel I also awarded the dignity of Dom (lord) to Gama, his brothers and sisters and to all of their descendants, forever. He was created first earl of Vidigueira, the first Portuguese count with no royal blood ever created. An action shot of Vasco da Gama on a boat, with a flag. ... An action shot of Vasco da Gama on a boat, with a flag. ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... For other uses, see Lord (disambiguation). ...


The spice trade would prove to be a major asset to the Portuguese economy. Other consequences followed. For example, Gama's voyage had made it clear that the farther (East) coast of Africa, the Contra Costa, was essential to Portuguese interests: its ports provided fresh water and provisions, timber and harbors for repairs and a refuge where ships could to wait out unfavorable seasons. The result in the end was the colonization of Mozambique by the Portuguese Crown.


Second voyage

On 12 February 1502, Gama sailed with a fleet of twenty warships, with the object of enforcing Portuguese interests in the east. This was subsequent to the voyage of Pedro Álvares Cabral, who had been sent to India two years earlier. (Swinging far to the west across the Atlantic in order to make use of the pattern of favourable winds, Cabral became the official European discoverer of Brazil. The find may have been an accident). When he finally reached India, Cabral learned that the Portuguese citizens who had been left by Gama at the trading post had been murdered. After encountering further resistance from the locals, he bombarded Calicut and then sailed south of Calicut to reach Cochin, a small kingdom where he was given a warm welcome. He returned to Europe with silk and gold. February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Pedro Álvares Cabral (c. ... Kozhikode, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... Cochin may refer to: Cochin China Kingdom of Kochi, a former princely state of India, merged with Travancore to form the State of Kerala Cochin city, the former name of the city of Kochi, in Kerala Hôpital Cochin, a famous hospital in Paris, France Cochin font, from the Adobe...


Once he had reached the northern parts of the Indian Ocean, Gama waited for a ship to return from Mecca and seized all the merchandise on it. He then ordered that the 380 passengers be locked in the hold and the ship set on fire. It took four days for the ship to sink and everyone on board died. [citation needed] When Gama arrived at Calicut on October 30, 1502 the Zamorin was willing to sign a treaty.[5] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Gama assaulted and exacted tribute from the Arab-controlled port of Kilwa in East Africa, one of those ports involved in frustrating the Portuguese; he played privateer amongst Arab merchant ships, then finally smashed a Calicut fleet of twenty-nine ships. Following that battle he extracted favorable trading concessions from the Zamorin. Kilwa is one of the 6 districts of the Lindi Region of Tanzania. ... A privateer was a private ship (or its captain) authorized by a countrys government by letters of marque to attack foreign shipping. ...


On his return to Portugal, in September 1503, he was made Count of Vidigueira, with his seat in land sold to him by the Duke of Bragança (the future royal family of Bragança). He was also awarded feudal rights and jurisdiction over Vidigueira and Vila dos Frades. Coat of Arms Vidigueira is a municipality in Portugal, with a total area of 314. ... Bragança is the name of a royal house, which ruled Portugal from 1640 to 1910 and the Empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889. ... Coat of Arms Vidigueira is a municipality in Portugal, with a total area of 314. ...


Third voyage

Tomb in the Jerónimos Monastery in Belem
Tomb in the Jerónimos Monastery in Belem

Having acquired a fearsome reputation as a "fixer" of problems that arose in India, he was sent to the subcontinent once more in 1524. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 600 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vasco da Gama Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 600 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Vasco da Gama Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used...


The intention was that he was to replace the incompetent Eduardo de Menezes as viceroy (representative) of the Portuguese possessions but he contracted malaria not long after arriving in Goa and died in the city of Cochin on Christmas Eve in 1524.


His body was first buried at St. Francis Church, Fort Kochi, Kochi but his remains were returned to Portugal in 1539 and re-interred in Vidigueira in a splendid tomb. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ...


The Monastery of the Hieronymites in Belém was erected in honour of his voyage to India. Jerónimos Monastery exterior The Jerónimos Monastery (Mosteiro dos Jerónimos) is located in the Belém district of Lisbon, Portugal. ... Belém (or Santa Maria De Belém) is an old quarter of Lisbon, Portugal, located 6km west of the present city centre (Baixa) and 2km west of Ponte 25 de Abril (The 25th of April Bridge). ...


Legacy

Map of the Portuguese Empire during the reign of John III (1502–1557).
Map of the Portuguese Empire during the reign of John III (1502–1557).

Gama and his wife, Catarina de Ataíde, had six sons and one daughter: Francisco da Gama, 2nd Count of Vidigueira; Estevão da Gama; Paulo da Gama; Cristovão da Gama; Pedro da Silva da Gama; Álvaro de Ataíde; and Isabel de Ataíde da Gama. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 140 KB) Map of the Portuguese Empire File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1357x628, 140 KB) Map of the Portuguese Empire File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... The earldom of Vidigueira was created on favour of Dom Vasco da Gama on 1499, december 29, forever on his legal descent by Dom Manuel I, king of Portugal, to honour his memory. ... Estêvão da Gama (c. ... Cristovão da Gamas signature, from the Lisbon Archives Cristovão da Gama (c. ...


As much as anyone after Henry the Navigator, Gama was responsible for Portugal's success as an early colonising power. Beside the fact of the first voyage itself, it was his astute mix of politics and war on the other side of the world that placed Portugal in a prominent position in Indian Ocean trade.


The Portuguese national epic, the Lusíadas of Luís Vaz de Camões largely concerns Vasco da Gama's voyages. A national epic is an epic poem or similar work which seeks or is believed to capture and express the essence or spirit of a particular nation; not necessarily a nation-state, but at least an ethnic or linguistic group with aspirations to independence or autonomy. ... Os Lusíadas (The Lusiads) is considered one of the finest and most important works in Portuguese literature. ... Monument to Luís de Camões, Lisbon Luís Vaz de Camões (pron. ...


Following Gama's initial voyage, the Portuguese crown realized that securing outposts on the eastern coast of Africa would prove vital to maintaining national trade routes to the Far East.


The port city of Vasco da Gama in Goa is named after him, as is the Vasco da Gama crater, a big crater on the Moon. There are three football clubs in Brazil (including Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama) and Vasco Sports Club in Goa that were also named after him. A church in Kochi, Kerala Vasco da Gama Church, a private residence on the island of Saint Helena and Lisbon's Vasco da Gama Bridge are also named after him. The suburb of Vasco in Cape Town also honours him. Map of Goa Vasco da Gama(Konkani/Marathi : वास्को) (often shortened to Vasco) is a city in Goa state on the west coast of India. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Vasco da Gama is a lunar impact crater that is located near the western limb of the Moon. ... This article is about Earths moon. ... Vasco da Gama (after the famous Portuguese explorer of the same name) is a Brazilian sports club from Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, founded on August 21, 1898 (although the football department started on November 5, 1915). ... The Vasco Sports Club is a football (soccer) club in Goa. ... Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , Kerala ( ; Malayalam: കേരളം; ) is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The Vasco da Gama Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge that spans the Tagus River near Lisbon, Portugal. ...


Gama was ranked eighty-sixth on Michael H. Hart's list of the most influential figures in history. Michael H. Hart (born April 28, 1932 in New York City) is an American astrophysicist turned author and activist. ... The cover of the 1992 edition. ...


In 1998, attempts to observe the five hundredth anniversary of Gama's arrival in India by the Government of Portugal had to be abandoned because of public antipathy towards the event.[6].


References

  1. ^ [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1497degama.html Modern History Sourcebook: Vasco da Gama: Round Africa to India, 1497-1498 CE] Retrieved June 27, 2007
  2. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia: Vasco da Gama Retrieved June 27, 2007
  3. ^ da Gama's Round Africa to India, Retrieved 16 November 2006
  4. ^ Vasco da Gamma Seeks Sea Route to India www.oldnewspublishing.com; Retrieved 08 July 2006
  5. ^ Vasco da Gama Arrives in India 1498 (Google cached version) Dana Thompson, Felicity Ruiz, Michelle Mejiak; December 15, 1998; Retrieved 08 July 2006
  6. ^ Explorer or Exploiter? Rediff On The Net - www.rediff.com

is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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See also

Persondata
NAME da Gama, Vasco
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Portuguese explorer
DATE OF BIRTH c. 1469
PLACE OF BIRTH Sines, Alentejo, Portugal
DATE OF DEATH December 24, 1524
PLACE OF DEATH Kochi, India

This article attempts to list every significant event in the history of the European exploration of Asia. ... For the Presidential railcar named Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... Pedro Álvares Cabral. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Alentejo  - Subregion Alentejo Litoral  - District or A.R. Setúbal Mayor Manuel Carvalho  - Party CDU Area 202. ... NUTS II Alentejo region. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Kochi ( ; Malayalam: []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vasco Da Gama - MSN Encarta (1025 words)
Vasco da Gama (1469?-1524), Portuguese explorer and navigator, who was the first person to reach India from Europe by a sea route.
Da Gama was born in Sines, in southwestern Portugal.
Da Gama navigated about 40,000 km (25,000 mi) on his expedition and demonstrated that the Indian Ocean was not the landlocked sea Europeans had thought it to be since the time of the ancient Greeks.
Vasco da Gama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1753 words)
Da Gama's voyage was successful in establishing a sea route from Europe to India that would permit trade with the Far East, without the use of the costly and unsafe Silk Road caravan routes, of the Middle East and Central Asia.
Da Gama continued north, landing at the friendlier port of Malindi, whose leaders were in conflict with those of Mombassa; and there the expedition first noted evidence of Hindu traders.
Paulo da Gama died in the Azores on the homeward voyage, but on Vasco da Gama's return to Portugal in September 1499, he was richly rewarded as the man who had brought to fruition a plan that had taken eighty years.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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