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Encyclopedia > Varvarin

Varvarin (Варварин) is a small town and municipality in central Serbia. Population of the town is 2,198, and population of the municipality is 20,122. The town is notable as being the site of an 1810 battle between the Turks and a combined Russian and Serbian army. A statue to the Russian commander, Joseph Cornelius O'Rourke, was erected in 1910. Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia      â€“ Vojvodina   â€“ Montenegro Kosovo (UN administration) Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area (not including data for Kosovo) – Total – % water 77. ... Count Joseph Cornelius ORourke (1772-1849) was a Russian nobleman and military leader who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. ...

On a clear Sunday, 30 May 1999, shortly after 1 p.m., a bridge crossing the Morava river in Varvarin was struck by missiles fired by one or two low-flying NATO warplanes conducting attack operations in the Kosovo war. The area around the bridge was filled with hundreds of people celebrating an Orthodox holiday in and around the nearby church, a market place and a fairground. As the town is far from Kosovo (approx. 200 km), the aged and narrow bridge was considered insignificant and no military installations were to be found within a radius of 20 km, no precautions against air attacks had been taken. Ten civilians were killed in two consecutive attack waves. 17 persons were injured, some severely with permanent disabilities. There are several European rivers called Morava: Morava river, Central Europe Morava rivers, Serbia Morava is also the Czech name for Moravia, the eastern part of the Czech Republic. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... Pentecost - The Birth of the Church The Eastern Orthodox Church (encompassing national Orthodox jurisdictions such as Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, etc. ...

To this date, NATO has refused to release any details of the airstrike -- including the type and nationality of the attacking planes. In a public statement made by NATO spokesman Jamie Shea on 31 May 1999, he declared the Varvarin bridge a legitimate military target. Dr. Jamie Shea is Official Spokesman and Director of Press and Information at NATO Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. ...

The airstrike gave rise to a lawsuit against the German government (one of the NATO countries involved in the conflict). The case was decided against the Serbian plaintiffs, but it is under appeal to Germany's highest court.

See also

  • List of places in Serbia (N-Z)

This article is 200 KB or more in size. ...

External Links

Photos of the effects of NATO bombing on Varvarin bridge

  Results from FactBites:
Varvarin klagt gegen Bundesregierung, 16.10.2003 (Friedensratschlag) (1860 words)
Opfer von Varvarin verlangen Schadenersatz von der Bundesregierung - NATO-Krieg gegen Jugoslawien auf der Anklagebank
Über Varvarin haben wir bereits mehrfach informiert, vgl:
Die Hamburger Rechtsanwältin Gül Pinar wirft der Bundesregierung, stellvertretend für die ganze NATO, in ihrer Klageschrift vor, eklatant gegen die Vorschriften des Genfer Protokolls zum Schutz von Zivilpersonen verstoßen zu haben: mit einem ohne Warnung durchgeführte Angriff auf eine militärisch unbedeutende Brücke ausgerechnet an einem kirchlichen Feiertag und Markttag.
  More results at FactBites »



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