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Encyclopedia > Varna Province
Varna Province
Област Варна
Map of Bulgaria indicating Varna Province
Capital Varna
Population 496,768
Area 3,820 km²
Population density 130 persons/km²
Municipalities 12
License plate province code B
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Governor Petar Kandilarov
Website http://www.vn.government.bg/
One of Byala's beaches
River Kamchiya
River Kamchiya
Cape Galata
Cape Galata
Varna
Varna
Chudnite skali on Lake Tsonevo
Chudnite skali on Lake Tsonevo

Varna Province (Bulgarian: Област Варна, Oblast Varna) is a province in northeastern Bulgaria, onе of the 28 Bulgarian provinces. In comprises 12 municipalities (общини, obshtini, sing. общинa, obshtina); its administrative centre is Varna. Image File history File links Oblast_Varna. ... This article is about the city in Bulgaria. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A Bulgarian license plate from the city of Sofia A Dobrich Province license plate The standard Bulgarian license plates consist of a blue vertical strip (the European strip) on the left side of the plate containing the European flag (or the flag of Bulgaria for plates issued prior to 01. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 555 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 711 pixel, file size: 123 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) author: N.Angelov I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 555 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 711 pixel, file size: 123 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) author: N.Angelov I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Byala (Bulgarian Бяла, white) is a town in Northeastern Bulgaria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata The_kamchia_river_galleryfull-world66. ... Image File history File linksMetadata The_kamchia_river_galleryfull-world66. ... The Kamchiya (also Kamchia and Kamčija, Bulgarian: Камчия) is a 244. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (833x841, 165 KB) eo: Varno (BG), katedralo de la ĉieliro de Kristo it: Varna (BG), cattedrale dellascensione di Cristo Foto de la alŝutinto el 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (833x841, 165 KB) eo: Varno (BG), katedralo de la ĉieliro de Kristo it: Varna (BG), cattedrale dellascensione di Cristo Foto de la alŝutinto el 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2637 KB) Pobitite Kamani, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2637 KB) Pobitite Kamani, Bulgaria. ... Pobiti Kamani Pobiti Kamani (Bulgarian: ) is a rock phenomenon located in Varna Province, Bulgaria, on the road between Varna and Sofia around several villages just west of Varna. ... Image File history File links Euxinograd-palace-benkovski. ... Image File history File links Euxinograd-palace-benkovski. ... Euxinograd (Bulgarian Cyrillic Евксиноград, also transliterated as Evksinograd or Euxinograde) is a former Bulgarian royal summer palace and park on the Black Sea, 8 km north of Varna, near Kamchia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Aladzha_Monastery_Varna_Bulgaria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Aladzha_Monastery_Varna_Bulgaria. ... Aladzha Monastery from within Monastic cells Aladzha Monastery is a medieval Orthodox Christian cave monastery complex in northeastern Bulgaria, 17 km north of central Varna and 3 km west of Golden Sands beachfront resort. ... Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_2094. ... Image File history File linksMetadata IMG_2094. ... Kempinski Hotel Grand Hermitage A beach at Holiday Club Riviera Beach Golden Sands (Bulgarian: Златни пясъци, Zlatni pyasatsi; German: Goldstrand, Russian: Золотые пески, Zolotyye peski; Romanian: Nisipurile de aur; Polish: ZÅ‚ote piaski; Czech: Zlaté Písky; Finnish: Kultahietikko; French:Sables dor is a resort town on the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (683x1024, 486 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tsonevo (dam) Varna Province ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (683x1024, 486 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Tsonevo (dam) Varna Province ... Rock formation at the dam Tzonevo is a dam located in the valley of Luda Kamchia River, only 1 km from the village of Tzonevo. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... This article is about the city in Bulgaria. ...

Contents

Geography

The province's territory is 3,820 square kilometres. It borders the Black Sea and covers parts of the hilly Danubian Plain (including parts of the Frangen Plateau, South Dobruja, the Provadiya Plateau, Ludogorie, and the Avren Plateau), Eastern Stara Planina, the VarnaDevnya valley with the lakes (limans) of Varna and Beloslav, and the Kamchiya river valley. Other rivers include Provadiya, Devnya, and Batova, and the largest artificial lake is Tsonevo. For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... The Danubian Plain (Bulgarian: , transliterated Dunavska ravnina) constitutes the northern part of Bulgaria, situated north of the Balkan Mountains and south of the Danube. ... Southern Dobruja (Южна Добруджа, Yuzhna Dobrudzha) in Bulgarian, Dobrogea de sud or Cadrilater in Romanian is an area of north-eastern Bulgaria comprising the administrative districts named for its two principal cities of Dobrich and Silistra. ... Provadiya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Varna Province, located in a deep karst gorge along the Provadiya River not far from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ... The Ludogorie (-Bulgarian: Лудогорие, usually used with a definite article, Лудогорието, Ludogorieto; Turkish: Deliorman) is a region in northeastern Bulgaria stretching over the plateau of the same name. ... Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Stara Planina (Old Mountain) or Balkan mountain range is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ... This article is about the city in Bulgaria. ... Devnya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in Varna Province, located in northeastern Bulgaria. ... Landsat satellite photo of limans along the Black Sea coast Liman forming the Dnieper and Southern Bug river estuaries Dniester Liman forming the Dniester river estuary Liman (Russian: ) is a name for a long, narrow bay or lagoon constituting the estuary of a river, formed from a drowned river valley. ... Lake Varna (Bulgarian: ) is the largest by volume and deepest liman or lake along the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, divided from the sea by a 2 km-wide strip of sand and having an area of 17 km² and a volume of 165,000,000 m³. The lake has an... Beloslav (Bulgarian Белослав) is an industrial town in Northeastern Bulgaria, in Varna oblast, 19 km west of downtown Varna and 5 km east of Devnya. ... The Kamchiya (also Kamchia and Kamčija, Bulgarian: Камчия) is a 244. ... The Provadiya River (Провадийска река, Provadiyska reka, taking its name from the town of Provadiya) is a river in northeastern Bulgaria. ... Devnya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in Varna Province, located in northeastern Bulgaria. ... Rock formation at the dam Tzonevo is a dam located in the valley of Luda Kamchia River, only 1 km from the village of Tzonevo. ...


The Black sea coast is hilly and verdant, mostly cliff, with a couple of rocky headlands (Cape Galata, Cape St. Athanassius), several expansive sand beaches, the largest of which, at the mouths of the rivers Kamchiya and Shkorpilovska, is nearly 13 km long and up to 200-300 m wide, and many small cove beaches. Agricultural lands cover 60% of the area, with fertile chernozem soils mostly in the north and west; forests—28.1% (with some of the oldest oak massives in the nation), mostly in the south; and urban zones—6.8%. The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast covers the whole eastern border of Bulgaria. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Chernozem, or Black Earth (from Polish czarnoziem which means black soil), a kind of soil. ...


Natural resources include large deposits of rock salt, limestone, silica, and clays, all extensively utilized in local chemical, cement and glass manufacturing and construction; silica is also exported. Significant deposits of medicinal fango (mineral mud) are found in Lake Varna. The province abounds in thermal mineral waters. There are also natural gas reserves; the offshore Galata gas field, a relatively minor project with planned cumulative production of 2 billion cubic meters, is expected to provide up to 15% ot the nation's gas consumption for its lifetime. Manganese ore deposits are also found. Sodium chloride, also known as common salt, table salt, or halite, is a chemical compound with formula NaCl. ... For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ... The Gay Head cliffs in Marthas Vineyard are made almost entirely of clay. ... In many places, mineral water is often colloquially used to mean carbonated water (which is usually carbonated mineral water, as opposed to tap water). ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ...


The climate inland is temperate, with cold, damp winters and hot, dry summers, and akin to Mediterranean along the Black Sea coast, with milder winters and cooler summers.


Municipalities

  • Aksakovo (including the town of Aksakovo and the villages of Botevo, Dobrogled, Dolishte, Ignatievo, General Kantardzhievo, Izvorsko, Kichevo, Klimentovo, Krumovo, Kumanovo, Lyuben Karavelovo, Novakovo, Oreshak, Osenovo, Pripek, Radevo, Slanchevo, Voditsa, Vaglen, Yarebichna, Zasmyano, and Zornitsa)
  • Avren (including the villages of Avren, Benkovski, Bliznatsi, Bolyartsi, Dobri Dol, Dabravino, Kazashka Reka, Kitka, Krusha, Priseltsi, Ravna gora, Sadovo, Sindel, Trastikovo, Tsarevtsi, Yunak, and Zdravets)
  • Beloslav (including the town of Beloslav and the villages of Ezerovo, Strashimirovo, and Razdelna)
  • Byala (including the town of Byala and the villages of Dyulino, Goritsa, Gospodinovo, Popovich, and Samotino)
  • Dalgopol (including the town of Dalgopol and the villages of Arkovna, Asparuhovo, Boryana, Kamen Dyal, Komunari, Krasimir, Lopushna, Medovets, Partizani, Polyatsite, Royak, Sava, Sladka Voda, Tsonevo, and Velichkovo)
  • Devnya (including the town of Devnya and the villages of Kipra and Padina)
  • Dolni Chiflik (including the town of Dolni Chiflik and the villages of Bardarevo, Bulair, Detelina, Golitsa, Goren Chiflik, Grozdyovo, Krivini, Nova Shipka, Novo Oryahovo, Pchelnik, Rudnik, Solnik, Staro Oryahovo, Shkorpilovtsi, Venelin, and Yunets)
  • Provadiya (including the town of Provadiya and the villages of Barzitsa, Blaskovo, Bozveliysko, Chayka, Cherkovna, Chernook, Dobrina, Gradinarovo, Hrabrovo, Kiten, Komarevo, Krivnya, Manastir, Nenovo, Ovchaga, Petrov Dol, Ravna, Slaveykovo, Snezhina, Staroselets, Tutrakantsi, Venchan, Zhitnitsa, and Zlatina)
  • Suvorovo (including the town of Suvorovo and the villages of Banovo, Chernevo, Drandar, Izgrev, Kalimantsi, Levski, Nikolaevka, and Prosechen)
  • Valchidol (including the town of Valchidol and the villages of Boyana, Brestak, Cherventsi, Dobrotich, Esenitsa, General Kiselovo, General Kolevo, Iskar, Izvornik, Kaloyan, Karamanite, Krakra, Metlichina, Mihalich, Oborishte, Radan Voyvoda, Shtipsko, Stefan Karadzha, Strahil, Voyvodino, and Zvanets)
  • Varna (including the city of Varna and the suburban villages of Kamenar, Kazashko, Konstantinovo, Topoli, and Zvezditsa)
  • Vetrino (including the villages of Belogradets, Dobroplodno, Gabarnitsa, Mlada Gvardiya, Momchilovo, Nevsha, Neofit Rilski, Sredno Selo, Vetrino, and Yagnilo)

Aksakovo (Bulgarian: ) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Aksakovo municipality, Varna Province. ... Beloslav (Bulgarian Белослав) is an industrial town in Northeastern Bulgaria, in Varna oblast, 19 km west of downtown Varna and 5 km east of Devnya. ... Byala (Bulgarian Бяла, white) is a town in Northeastern Bulgaria. ... Devnya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in Varna Province, located in northeastern Bulgaria. ... Dolni Chiflik (Bulgarian: , lower farm) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Varna Province. ... Provadiya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Varna Province, located in a deep karst gorge along the Provadiya River not far from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ... This article is about the city in Bulgaria. ...

Population

The population of the province is 496768[1] (2007). 71% live in Varna, and 81% in urban areas (national average 70%). Population density (130 per sq km) is significantly higher than the national average (70); the birth, marriage, and divorce rates are also higher; the death rate and the unemployment rate (7.34%, 2005) are lower. 71,1% of the population are in working age; above working age are 14.8%. Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


The ethnic composition includes Bulgarians—85.3%; Turks—8.1%; Roma—3.4% (there are a few mostly Roma-populated villages such as Lyuben Karavelovo in Aksakovo municipality—inhabited by Vlach Gypsies of the Kopanari subgroup); Armenians—0.6%; Russians—0.3% (including about 340 Cossacks in the Lipovan village of Kazashko); and smaller numbers of Ukrainians, Jews, Greeks, Crimean Tatars, Circassians, Vlachs, and others. There is a growing number of western expatriates and new Chinese, Indian, Arab, African, and other immigrants. Languages Romani, languages of native region Religions Christianity, Islam Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) The Roma (singular Rom; sometimes Rroma, Rrom) or Romanies are an ethnic group living in many communities all over the world. ... Boyash (also known as Bayash; Hungarian: Beás) are a Roma (Gypsy) ethnic group living mainly in Hungary. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Lipovans (Russian Old Believers) during a ceremony in front of their church in the Romanian village of Slava Cherkeza in 2004. ... This article is about the people. ... Circassians is a term derived from the Turkic Cherkess (Çerkes), and is not the self-designation of any people. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The province was a centre of the Bulgarian Turks' human rights movement in the 1980s resisting the assimilation campaign of Todor Zhivkov's communist government. The Drandar group (named after the village of Drandar, municipality of Suvorovo, also birthplace of politician Ahmed Dogan) is considered the germ of the Movement for Rights and Freedoms. Todor Hristov Zhivkov (Bulgarian: ; IPA: ) (September 7, 1911–August 5, 1998) was the Communist leader of Bulgaria from March 4, 1954 until November 10, 1989. ... Ahmed Dogan is an ethnic Turk and human rights activist in Bulgaria. ... The Movement for Rights and Freedoms (Bulgarian: ; Turkish: ) is a centrist political party in Bulgaria, based in the Turkish minority. ...


Several rural villages in the municipalities of Aksakovo, Suvorovo, and Valchidol, as well as the Vinitsa quarter of Varna, have historically been populated mostly by Gagauz, who for the most part now identify themselves as Bulgarians. The Gagauz are a minority Turkic people in southern Moldova (in Gagauzia) and southwestern Ukraine (in Budjak) that numbers around 250,000. ...


Religious groups include Orthodox Christians—83%; Muslims—9.75%; smaller groups of Protestants, Roman Catholics, Jews, Buddhists, members of new religious movements, and others. Varna was the initial centre of Peter Deunov's Esoteric Christianity. Deunov himself was born (1864) in Nikolaevka, municipality of Suvorovo. Peter Constantinov Deunov Master Beinsa Douno Master of Esoteric Christianity Peter Konstantinov Deunov (Bulgarian Петър Константинов Дънов, pronounced ) was a spiritual master and founder of a School of Esoteric Christianity. ... Esoteric Christianity refers to the occult study and the mystic living of the esoteric knowledge related to what adherents view as the inner teachings of early Christianity, seen as a Mystery religion. ...


History

The area has been populated at least since the Neolith and was a major centre of an Eneolithic culture with unique skills in metallurgy and seafaring, with a developed social structure and religion (see Varna Necropolis, site of arguably the oldest man-made gold treasure in the world). An array of Neolithic artefacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Scotland, Europes most complete Neolithic village. ... The Chalcolithic (Greek khalkos + lithos copper stone) period, also known as the Eneolithic or Copper Age period, is a phase in the development of human culture in which the use of early metal tools appeared alongside the use of stone tools. ... The Varna Necropolis (Bulgarian: ) is a burial site in the western industrial zone of Varna (approximately half a kilometre from Lake Varna and 4 km from the city centre), Bulgaria. ...


By the first millennium BC, is was inhabited by Thracians who dominated it throughout classical antiquity; by the end of the period they were largely Romanized. In the 6th century BC, an ancient Greek trading colony (apoikia), Odessos (Varna), was founded, becoming an enduring contact zone between Thracians and Greeks. In the 4th century, the province was included in the empire of Philip II, Alexander the Great and his diadochus Lysimachus. Thracian peltast, fifth to fourth century BC. Thracian Roman era heros (Sabazius) stele. ... This article is about a city in Bulgaria. ... Philip II of Macedon: victory medal (niketerion) struck in Tarsus, 2nd c. ... For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... In general Diadochi (in Greek Διάδοχοι, transcripted Diadochoi) means successors, such that the neoplatonic refounders of Platos Academy in Late Antiquity referred to themselves as diadochi (of Plato). ... Lysimachus (c. ...


By the first century AD, it was conquered by the Roman Empire. Under Emperor Diocletian, Marcianopolis (Devnya) became the centre of the Roman province of Moesia Secunda of the Diocese of Thrace; during Emperor Valens' wars with the Goths (366-369), this city was temporary capital of the empire. Both Marcianopolis and Odessus (the Roman name of Odessos) were major early Christian centres; it is believed that Saint Andrew founded the local Christian church and his disciple Ampliatus served as bishop at Odessus. For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Devnya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in Varna Province, located in northeastern Bulgaria. ... Moesia (Greek: , Moisia; Bulgarian: Мизия, Miziya; Serbian: Мезија, Mezija) is an ancient province situated in the areas of modern Serbia and Bulgaria. ... Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak  Thrace (Bulgarian: , Greek: , Attic Greek: ThrāíkÄ“ or ThrēíkÄ“, Latin: , Turkish: ) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe. ... Solidus minted by Valens in 376. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the elder brother of Saint Peter. ... Ampliatus (Amplias in the King James Version), was a Roman Christian mentioned by Paul in one of his letters. ...


In the 6th century, Slavs' migrations altered the ethnic composition of the then Byzantine province, and in 680-681 it became the heartland of the First Bulgarian Empire, whose capital was perhaps initially near Varna, before it moved to Pliska. Two of the most significant scriptoria of the Preslav Literary School were located at Ravna (near Provadiya) and Varna. The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Byzantium (Greek: Βυζάντιον) was an ancient Greek city, which, according to legend, was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek). ... The First Bulgarian Empire was founded in 681 AD in the lands near the Danube delta and disintegrated in 1018 AD by annexion to the Byzantine Empire. ... Pliska (Bulgarian. ... A Scriptorium was a room or building, usually within a Christian monastery where, during medieval times, manuscripts were written. ... Ceramic icon of St. ...


The latter two cities were major fortresses and trade emporia of the Second Bulgarian Empire as well. The peasant war of Ivailo in the late 13th century started from the region, which at the time was plagued by Tatar raids and was finally subdued by the Ottomans in 1389. In 1444, the Battle of Varna was fought, as were several ground and naval battles of the Russo-Turkish wars of the 18th and 19th century. The Second Bulgarian Empire was a medieval Bulgarian state which existed between 1185 and 1396 (or 1422). ... Ivailo was a Bulgarian tsar from 1277 to 1280. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... “Ottoman” redirects here. ... Combatants Hungary, Poland and others Ottoman Empire Commanders Władysław III of Poland † Janos Hunyadi Murad II Strength ~ 20,000-30,000 ~ 60,000[1][2] Casualties ~ 11,000 ~ 8,000 The Battle of Varna took place on November 10, 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria. ...


Under the Ottomans, the population became extremely diverse, with significant number of Turks and other Muslim peoples arriving from Asia Minor, the steppes north of the Black Sea, and the Caucasus, along with Orthodox Christian Gagauz, Armenians, and Sephardic Jews from Thessaloniki, while many Bulgarians from the region were forcibly relocated to Asia Minor and, in the wake of the Russo-Turkish wars, up to 250,000 eastern Bulgarians were transferred to Russian Bessarabia and Crimea. Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of the greek province of Macedonia. ... 1927 map of Bessarabia from Charles Upson Clarks book Bessarabia (Basarabia in Romanian, Бесарабія in Ukrainian, Бессарабия in Russian, Бесарабия in Bulgarian, Besarabya in Turkish) is a historical term for the geographic entity in Eastern Europe bounded by the Dniester River on the East and the Prut River on the West. ... Motto Процветание в единстве(Russian) Protsvetanie v edinstve(transliteration) Prosperity in unity Anthem Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина(Russian) Nivy i gory tvoi volshebny, Rodina(transliteration) Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) with respect to Ukraine (light blue). ...


Compact Bulgarian population persisted throughout the Provadiya Plateau, Devnya Valley, and Eastern Stara Planina. Villagers from places such as Chenge (modern Asparuhovo, municipality of Dalgopol), Gulitsa (modern Golitsa, municipality of Dolni Chiflik), and neighbouring Erkech (modern Kozichino, Burgas Province) later colonized and returned the Bulgarian ethnic character to dozens of villages throughout northeastern and southeastern Bulgaria, including much of Varna province. Burgas Province or oblast (Bulgarian: Област Бургас) is located in southeastern Bulgaria, on the southern Black Sea coast. ...


After the liberation of 1878, with the exodus of most Turks and Greeks and the migrations of Bulgarians from other parts of Bulgaria, mostly Stara Planina, as well as North Dobruja, Asia Minor, Bessarabia, and later from Macedonia and Eastern Thrace, ethnic diversity gradually gave way to Bulgarian predominance. In Bulgarian historiography, the term Liberation of Bulgaria is used to denote the events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78 that led to the establishment of a Bulgarian state with the Treaty of San Stefano of 3 March 1878. ... Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Stara Planina (Old Mountain) or Balkan mountain range is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ... Map of Romania with Northern Dobruja highlighted in orange and Bulgaria with Southern Dobruja highlighted in yellow. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak  Thrace (Bulgarian: , Greek: , Attic Greek: ThrāíkÄ“ or ThrēíkÄ“, Latin: , Turkish: ) is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe. ...


Economy

The province in currently second only to Sofia in foreign direct investment; its GDP per capita is higher and its unemployment lower than the national averages. The economy is service-oriented; it is responsible for over 30% ot the nation's total revenue in tourism (2004). (See also the list of coastal resorts, beaches and locales below.)


It is also an important communications and transportation hub with the Port of Varna on the Black Sea and inland waterways, the International Airport of Varna, the Varna railway ferry terminal, parts of several railway lines (including the oldest one in Bulgaria, Rousse-Varna, opened 1866) and junctions (Sindel, Razdelna, Komunari), and portions of two of the nation's motorways (Haemus and Cherno More). Varna is the easternmost destination of Pan-European transport corridor 8 and is closely connected to corridors 7 and 9 via Rousse. Port of Varna and Lake Beloslav connect Varna East to Lake Varna. ... Varna International Airport (IATA: VAR, ICAO: LBWN) is the airport of Varna, the sea capital of Bulgaria. ... Dohodno Zdanie is a theatre building which is considered a symbol of the city Rousse (also transliterated as Ruse or Russe; Bulgarian: ; formerly also Rustchuk) is the fifth-largest city in Bulgaria, with a population of 176,115. ... The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years. ...


In June of 2007, Eni and Gazprom disclosed the South Stream project whereby a 900-km-long offshore natural gas pipeline from Russia's Dzhubga with annual capacity of 30 billion cubic meters is planned to come ashore possibly at Pasha dere, near the Galata offshore gas field, en route to Italy and Austria.


Manufacturing is concentrated mostly in the Varna-Devnya Industrial Complex and Provadiya. Agriculture (notably wheat, fruit, wineries) and forestry are also of economic significance. The province is a major education and international culture centre with five universities, several other higher learning and research institutions, numerous museums, performing arts institutions, and hosted international events. The Devnya Industrial Complex consists of some of the most important factories and companies in the chemical industrial sector of Bulgaria. ...


Real estate has been booming over the last few years not only in Varna but in rural villages both near the coast and inland. "English villages" of Britons settling in Bulgaria emerged in the rural countryside at Avren, Banovo (municipality of Suvorovo), and General Kantardzhievo (municipality of Aksakovo), among others.


Sights

Varna is Bulgaria's third largest city, after Sofia and Plovdiv. The oldest gold (dated 4200 - 4600 BC) in the world was found near the city. It was an inhabited place long before the Greeks established the colony of Odessos there about 580 B.C. Later, under the Romans and their successors, the Slavs and Bulgarians, Varna became a major port trading with Constantinople, Venice and Dubrovnik. In 1393 it was captured by the Turks, who made it an important military centre. Nowadays it is the nation's main port for both naval and commercial shipping and, adjacent as it is to the coastal resorts of [[Constantine and Helena]], Riviera, Golden Sands, and Kamchia. Sailors on shore-leave in unfamiliar ceremonial uniforms, mingle with foreign tourists and locals as they promenade along shady boulevards, lined by dignified 19th and early 20th century buildings. The 19th century Dormition of the Theotokos Cathedral is an imposing landmark, which contains a finely carved iconostasis and bishop's throne, some interesting murals and stained glass. The 2nd century Thermae are the remains of the largest Roman public building in Bulgaria. During this century enough has been revealed by archaeologists to give a good impression of the original layout, though some parts of the building remain hidden under nearby streets. Coming across an extensive ancient building amidst the streets and houses of a modern city is not unusual in Bulgaria, but is always a delight. Further from the centre, a monument commemorates the Battle of Varna, which took place in 1444. Here 30,000 Crusaders were waiting to sail to Constantinople when they were attacked by 120,000 Turks. The Polish King Ladislaus III was killed in a bold attempt to capture Sultan Murad II. The subsequent retreat foreshadowed Christendom's general retreat before the advancing Ottomans. North of Varna there is a cluster of seaside resorts all with fine sandy beaches but differing in size and style. Some other places of interest include (by municipality): Kempinski Hotel Grand Hermitage A beach at Holiday Club Riviera Beach Golden Sands (Bulgarian: Златни пясъци, Zlatni pyasatsi; German: Goldstrand, Russian: Золотые пески, Zolotyye peski; Romanian: Nisipurile de aur; Polish: Złote piaski; Czech: Zlaté Písky; Finnish: Kultahietikko; French:Sables dor is a resort town on the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast... The Dormition of the Theotokos Cathedral The Dormition of the Theotokos Cathedral (Катедрален храм Успение Пресвятия Богородици or Катедрален храм Успение Богородично) is the largest and most famous Bulgarian Orthodox cathedral in the Bulgarian Black Sea port city of Varna, officially opened on 30 August 1886. ... Roman public baths in Bath, England. ... ... Murad II (June 1404, Amasya – February 3, 1451, Edirne) (Ottoman Turkish: مراد ثانى Murād-ı sānī, Turkish:) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1421 to 1451 (except for a period from 1444 to 1446). ...

  • Avren: observatory, Petrich fortress, cave monastery, museum of ethnography in Tsarevtsi
  • Aksakovo: Batova chalet park near Dolishte, St. Marina monastery near Krumovo
  • Dolni chiflik: museum of ethnography, Sherba state hunting farm (ДЛС Шерба) and chalet
  • Dalgopol: museum of history, Ovchaga ethnographical village in Asparuhovo, ecopark Vodenitsite in Sladka Voda
  • Provadiya: Lambova kashta ethnographical complex, Ovech fortress, ethnographical collections in Dobrina and Manastir
  • Suvorovo: museum of history, mosque, Peter Deunov house museum in Nikolaevka
  • Valchidol: ski run

See also: Byala, Devnya, Provadiya Peter Constantinov Deunov Master Beinsa Douno Master of Esoteric Christianity Peter Konstantinov Deunov (Bulgarian Петър Константинов Дънов, pronounced ) was a spiritual master and founder of a School of Esoteric Christianity. ... Byala (Bulgarian Бяла, white) is a town in Northeastern Bulgaria. ... Devnya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in Varna Province, located in northeastern Bulgaria. ... Provadiya (Bulgarian: ) is a town in northeastern Bulgaria, part of Varna Province, located in a deep karst gorge along the Provadiya River not far from the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast. ...


Environment

Reserves

  • Kamchiya Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO-listed) (Dolni Chiflik, Avren)
  • Valchi prehod (Dolni Chiflik)
  • Kirov dol (Dolni Chiflik)
  • Varbov dol (Dalgopol)
  • Kalfata (Dalgopol)

The Kamchiya (also Kamchia and Kamčija, Bulgarian: Камчия) is a 244. ... A biosphere reserve is an international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

National parks

Golden Sands Nature Park (Bulgarian: Природен парк Златни пясъци) is a national park on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast in Varna Province. ... Balchik (Bulgarian Балчик, Romanian Balcic) is a Black Sea coastal town in the Southern Dobruja area of northeastern Bulgaria. ... Dobrich province shown within Bulgaria Dobrich Province is a province in northeastern Bulgaria. ...

Protected areas

  • Rakitnika (Varna)
  • Petricha (Beloslav)
  • Slaveikova gora (Provadiya)
  • Yatata (Beloslav)
  • Tulumova peshtera (Dalgopol)
  • Vodenitsite (Dalgopol)
  • Aladzha Monastery (Varna)
  • Snezhinska koriya (Provadiya)
  • Vodenitsite (Dalgopol)
  • Orlov kamak (Dolni Chiflik)
  • Pobiti Kamani (Beloslav, Aksakovo)
  • Liman (Avren)
  • Pregrada (Dalgopol)
  • Kazashko (Varna)
  • Golyamata kanara (Vetrino)
  • Kamchiyski pyasatsi (Dolni Chiflik)

Aladzha Monastery from within Monastic cells Aladzha Monastery is a medieval Orthodox Christian cave monastery complex in northeastern Bulgaria, 17 km north of central Varna and 3 km west of Golden Sands beachfront resort. ... Pobiti Kamani Pobiti Kamani (Bulgarian: ) is a rock phenomenon located in Varna Province, Bulgaria, on the road between Varna and Sofia around several villages just west of Varna. ...

Nature landmarks

  • Gorna i Dolna Kapladzha (Beloslav)
  • Slyapoto kladenche (Beloslav)
  • Byal oman (Dolni Chiflik)
  • Urumovo lale (Suvorovo)
  • Kuza skoka (Dalgopol)
  • Sini vir (Dalgopol)
  • Chudnite skali (Dalgopol)

Coastal resorts, beaches, and locales

  • Frenkliman
  • Panorama
  • Golden Sands
  • Holiday Club Riviera
  • Chaika
  • Kabakum
  • Sunny Day
  • Constantine and Helena
  • Euxinograd
  • Varna
  • Asparuhovo
  • Galata
  • Fichoza (Priboi)
  • Chernomorets chalet
  • Pasha dere
  • Rodni balkani (formerly chalet, currently military base)
  • Romantika
  • Kamchia
  • Kamchiyski pyasatsi
  • Shkorpilovtsi
  • Mecho uho
  • Karadere
  • Belite skali
  • Byala
  • Luna

Kempinski Hotel Grand Hermitage A beach at Holiday Club Riviera Beach Golden Sands (Bulgarian: Златни пясъци, Zlatni pyasatsi; German: Goldstrand, Russian: Золотые пески, Zolotyye peski; Romanian: Nisipurile de aur; Polish: Złote piaski; Czech: Zlaté Písky; Finnish: Kultahietikko; French:Sables dor is a resort town on the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast... Riviera is usually used in reference to a coastal area. ... circa 1960 GAZ Chaika parade car A Chaika (Ча́йка), which means lapwing, is a luxury automobile from Russia made by GAZ. The vehicle is one step down from the ZIL limousine. ... St. ... Euxinograd (Bulgarian Cyrillic Евксиноград, also transliterated as Evksinograd or Euxinograde) is a former Bulgarian royal summer palace and park on the Black Sea, 8 km north of Varna, near Kamchia. ... This article is about the city in Bulgaria. ... Byala (Bulgarian Бяла, white) is a town in Northeastern Bulgaria. ...

References

  1. ^ Population table by permanent and current address as of 14 December 2005 (Bulgarian). General Directorate of Residential Registration and Administrative Service. Retrieved on 2007-02-10

External links

  • District Administration Varna (Official site)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Varna Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (359 words)
Varna is a province in northeastern Bulgaria, bordering the Black Sea.
It has a population of approximately 490,000 people, of whom around 70% live in the administrative centre of Varna.
North of Varna there is a cluster of seaside resorts all with fine - sandy beaches but differing in size and style.
Varna - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (616 words)
Nearby, the Battle of Varna was fought in November 1444, when 30,000 crusaders assembled at the port to sail to Constantinople were attacked by a force of 120,000 Turks, led by the Sultan Murad II.
Varna is called the sea capital of Bulgaria, because it is the biggest Bulgarian city on the seacoast.
Varna is an important economic centre for Bulgaria and the Black Sea region in general.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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