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Encyclopedia > Varicosities
Varicose veins
Classifications and external resources
ICD-10 I83., I84., I85., I86.
ICD-9 454-456, 671
OMIM 192200
DiseasesDB 13734
MedlinePlus 001109
eMedicine med/2788 
MeSH D014648
 Varicose veins prior to treatment
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Varicose veins prior to treatment
 Varicose veins after EVLT
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Varicose veins after EVLT
Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, Germany.
Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, Germany.
An Indian Railways worker affected by varicose veins in Karnataka, India.
Enlarge
An Indian Railways worker affected by varicose veins in Karnataka, India.

Varicose veins are veins on the leg which are large, twisted, and ropelike, and can cause pain, swelling, or itching. They are an extreme form of telangiectasia, or spider veins. They occur in 25-30% of the western population. Male and females are equally affected. 1 in 8 teenagers develop early signs of "leaking valves". The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... // I00-I99 - Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I02) Acute rheumatic fever (I00) Rheumatic fever without mention of heart involvement (I01) Rheumatic fever with heart involvement (I02) Rheumatic chorea (I05-I09) Chronic rheumatic heart diseases (I05) Rheumatic mitral valve diseases (I050) Mitral stenosis (I051) Rheumatic mitral insufficiency (I06) Rheumatic aortic... // I00-I99 - Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I02) Acute rheumatic fever (I00) Rheumatic fever without mention of heart involvement (I01) Rheumatic fever with heart involvement (I02) Rheumatic chorea (I05-I09) Chronic rheumatic heart diseases (I05) Rheumatic mitral valve diseases (I050) Mitral stenosis (I051) Rheumatic mitral insufficiency (I06) Rheumatic aortic... // I00-I99 - Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I02) Acute rheumatic fever (I00) Rheumatic fever without mention of heart involvement (I01) Rheumatic fever with heart involvement (I02) Rheumatic chorea (I05-I09) Chronic rheumatic heart diseases (I05) Rheumatic mitral valve diseases (I050) Mitral stenosis (I051) Rheumatic mitral insufficiency (I06) Rheumatic aortic... // I00-I99 - Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I02) Acute rheumatic fever (I00) Rheumatic fever without mention of heart involvement (I01) Rheumatic fever with heart involvement (I02) Rheumatic chorea (I05-I09) Chronic rheumatic heart diseases (I05) Rheumatic mitral valve diseases (I050) Mitral stenosis (I051) Rheumatic mitral insufficiency (I06) Rheumatic aortic... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) is a detailed description of known diseases and injuries. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The Mendelian Inheritance in Man project is a database that catalogues all the known diseases with a genetic component, and - when possible - links them to the relevant genes in the human genome. ... The Diseases Database is a free website that provides information about the relationships between medical conditions, symptoms, and medications. ... MedlinePlus (medlineplus. ... eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... EVLT® (Endovenous laser therapy) is a minimally invasive image-guided technique in which a catheter bearing a laser fiber is inserted under ultrasound guidance into the long saphenous vein through a small puncture at the level of the knee. ... Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, GFDL, Pic taken by Lorenz Kerscher File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Vein gymnastics in the barefoot park Dornstetten, GFDL, Pic taken by Lorenz Kerscher File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Indian ladder in the barefoot park Nienhagen, Germany. ... Image File history File links Varicose-veins. ... Image File history File links Varicose-veins. ... Indian Railways (IR) is the state-owned railway company of India. ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... In the circulatory system, a vein is a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart. ... Male (left) and female (right) legs In common usage, a human leg is the lower limb of the body, extending from the hip to the ankle, and including the thigh, the knee, and the cnemis. ... Telangiectasias Are small enlarged blood vessels near the surface of the skin, usually they measure only a few millimetres. ...


Varicose veins result due to insufficiency of the valves in the communicating veins. These are veins which link the superficial and deep veins of the lower limb. Normally, blood flows from the superficial to the deep veins, facilitating return of blood to the heart. However, when the valve becomes defective, blood is forced into the superficial veins by the action of the muscle pump (which normally aids return of blood to the heart by compressing the deep veins).

Contents

Symptoms

  • Aching, heavy legs (often worse at night)
  • Ankle swelling
  • A brownish-blue shiny skin discoloration around the veins
  • Skin over the vein may become dry, itchy and thin, leading to eczema (venous eczema)
  • The skin may darken (stasis dermatitis), because of the waste products building up in the legs
  • Minor injuries to the area may bleed more than normal and/or take a long time to heal
  • Rarely, there is a large amount of bleeding from a ruptured vein
  • In some people the skin above the ankle may shrink (lipodermatosclerosis) because the fat underneath the skin becomes hard.

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Stasis dermatitis refers to the skin changes that occur in the leg as a result of stasis or blood pooling from insufficient venous return. ...

Complications

Most varicose veins are relatively benign, but severe varicosities can lead to major complications, due to the poor circulation through the affected limb.

  • Pain ,heaviness , inability to walk or stand for long hours thus hindering with work
  • Skin conditions / Dermatitis which could predispose skin loss
  • Bleeding : life threatening bleed from injury to the varicose vein
  • Ulcer : non healing varicose ulcer could threaten limb amputation
  • Coagulation of blood in varicose vein cause thrombosis , deep vein thrombosis ( DVT) & could precipitate stroke in predisposed individuals
  • Cancer: long standing venous ulcer has the potential risk for cancer.

Dermatitis is a term literally meaning inflammation of the skin. It is usually used to refer to eczema, which is also known as Dermatitis eczema. ... Endoscopic images of a duodenal ulcer. ... A stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA),[1] is an acute neurologic injury in which the blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these cells to invade other tissues, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis. ...

Causes

Varicose veins are more common in women than in men, and are linked with heredity. Other related factors are pregnancy, obesity, menopause, aging, prolonged standing, leg injury and abdominal straining. Varicose veins are bulging veins that are larger than spider veins, typically 3 mm or more in diameter. Heredity (the adjective is hereditary) is the transfer of characteristics from parent to offspring, either through their genes or through the social institution called inheritance (for example, a title of nobility is passed from individual to individual according to relevant customs and/or laws). ... A pregnant woman near the end of her term Pregnancy is the carrying of one or more embryos or fetuses by female mammals, including humans, inside their bodies. ... Menopause is the physiological cessation of menstrual cycles associated with advancing age in species that experience such cycles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ageing. ...


Non-medical treatment

The irritation -- especially the itching -- of varicose veins can be controlled to an extent with either of the following:

  • anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen or aspirin -- but there is a risk of intestinal bleeding.
  • regular exercise, including vein gymnastics, wading through water and going barefoot.
  • astringent herbal creams such as witch hazel for reducing topical expression of the vein.

Ibuprofen (INN) (IPA: ) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) widely marketed under various trademarks including Herron Blue, Act-3, Advil, Brufen, Motrin, Nuprin, Dorival and Nurofen. ... Aspirin or acetylsalicylic acid (acetosal) is a drug in the family of salicylates, often used as an analgesic (against minor pains and aches), antipyretic (against fever), and anti-inflammatory. ... Walking barefoot Going barefoot is the practice of not wearing shoes, socks, or other foot covering. ...

Medical treatment

The treatment of varicose veins varies per patient. It depends upon the results of an ultrasound examination.


Some of the treatment options include surgery which uses lasers to close off the blood flow to the abnormal vein. Below is a list of vein treatment options:

Sclerotherapy is a procedure used to treat malformations of blood vessels (vascular malformations) and also those of the lymphatic system, which are vessels involved in the immune system, which provides protection against infection. ... EVLT® (Endovenous laser therapy) is a minimally invasive image-guided technique in which a catheter bearing a laser fiber is inserted under ultrasound guidance into the long saphenous vein through a small puncture at the level of the knee. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Varicose veins - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (480 words)
Varicose veins are veins on the leg which are large, twisted, and ropelike, and can cause pain, swelling, or itching.
Varicose veins are more common in women than in men, and are linked with heredity.
Varicose veins are bulging veins that are larger than spider veins, typically 3 mm or more in diameter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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