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Encyclopedia > Vardar
Vardar in Skopje
Vardar in Skopje

The Vardar or Axius (Slavic languages Вардар, Greek Ἀξιός (or Βαρδάρης), Latin Axius) is the longest river in the Republic of Macedonia and a major river of Greece. It is 388 kilometres long, and drains an area of around 25,000 km². Image File history File linksMetadata Vardar_Stone_Bridge_Skopje. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Vardar_Stone_Bridge_Skopje. ... The church of St. ... Axios (Αξιός) is a municipality in the Thessaloniki Prefecture, Greece, named after the river Axios. ... Axios is an association for Eastern Orthodox, Byzantine Rite, and Eastern-rite Catholic Christians who are gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... This bridge across the Danube River links Hungary with Slovakia. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ...

The river begins at Vrutok, a few kilometers north of Gostivar in the Republic of Macedonia. It passes through Gostivar, Skopje and into Veles, crosses the Greek border near Gevgelija, Polykastro and Axioupoli ("town on the Axiós"), before flowing into the Aegean Sea in Central Macedonia west of Thessaloniki in northern Greece. Gostivar-view on the city center Gostivar (Macedonian: Гостивар; Albanian: Gostivari) is city in the Republic of Macedonia, located in the upper Polog region. ... Gostivar-view on the city center Gostivar (Macedonian: Гостивар; Albanian: Gostivari) is city in the Republic of Macedonia, located in the upper Polog region. ... The church of St. ... Veles is a city in the center of the Republic of Macedonia on the Vardar river. ... Gevgelija on the map of Republic of Macedonia Coat of arms of Gevgelija Gevgelija (Macedonian: Гевгелија, Greek: Γευγελή, Yevyelí) is a town with a population of 20,362 located in the very southeast of the Republic of Macedonia along the banks of the Vardar River, situated at the countrys main border... Polykastro (Πολύκαστρο) is a municipality in the Kilkis Prefecture, Greece. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Central Macedonia is one of the thirteen peripheries of Greece, being the central part of Greek Macedonia. ... Thessaloniki (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) or Salonica is Greeces co-capital and the capital of the Macedonian periphery. ...

The Vardar basin includes two-thirds of the territory of the Republic of Macedonia, which some have also called "Vardar Macedonia" after the river.

The valley comprises fertile lands in the Kilkis and Thessaloniki prefectures and Gevgelija and other parts. The river is surrounded by mountains elsewhere. The superhighways Greece Interstate 1 in Greece and M1 and E75 run within the valley along the river's entire length to near Skopje. Greece Interstate 1 is one of the longest highways in Greece. ...

The river valley has given its name to the vardháris or vardarec, a northerly prevailing ravine wind which blows down the length of the valley to bring cold conditions to the Thessaloniki area of Greece. It occurs when atmospheric pressure over eastern Europe is higher than over the Aegean Sea, as is often the case in winter. It is somewhat similar to the mistral wind of France. Look up Aegean Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mistral is an atmospheric phenomenon that occurs mostly in the winter and spring in the Gulf of Lion. ...



  • The most accepted theory on the origin of the name is that it dates back to the Persian occupation of Macedonia. In the ancient Persian language, var-darya means open river. The name Vardarios (Βαρδάριος) was sometimes used by the Ancient Greeks in the 3rd Century BCE; the same name was widely used during Byzantine years.
  • The similar Persian etymology Bar-Darya (long river) is also highly likely.
  • Another etymology derives Vardar from the Thracian language, from PIE *sword(o)-wori-, "black water".
  • There are various exegetic theories for Slavic or Turkish roots for the name, but they are highly unlikely, as Slavs arrived in Macedonia 900 years after the first recorded use of the word, and Turks arrived in the region another 700 years later.

The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau, the old Persian homeland, and beyond in Western Asia, Central Asia and the Caucasus. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek_speaking world in ancient times. ... BCE is a TLA that may stand for: Before the Common Era, date notation equivalent to BC (e. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... The Thracian language was the Indo-European language spoken in ancient times by the Thracians in South-Eastern Europe. ... This article is about the baked good, for other uses see Pie (disambiguation). ...

Other meanings

Vardar is also the name of three football (soccer) clubs - one in Skopje, one in Melbourne and another in Clarkston, Michigan. The church of St. ... Melbournes CBD has grown to straddle the Yarra River in three major precincts. ... Clarkston, which also goes by the somewhat confusing official name City of the Village of Clarkston, is a city located within Independence Charter Township in Oakland County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ...


"Vardar Ovası, Vardar Ovası; Kazanamadım sıla parası" Turkish Rumelia Songs. Map of Rumelia as of 1801 Rumelia (turkish: Rum: Roman El: Land Rumeli: Lands of Rome), the area that was the East Roman or Byzantine Empire, a name commonly used, from the 15th century onwards, to denote the part of the Balkan Peninsula subject to the Ottoman Empire. ...

People Name

‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Yakup Ağa, (Ebu Yusuf Nurullah Yakub) was the father of the Barbarossa Brothers, Oruç and Hızır. ... Meanings of Barbarossa (Italian: Red Beard): Barbarossa was the nickname of two famous people in history: Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor Khair ad Din, Barbary pirate and Ottoman admiral. ...

External links

  • See Pre_Slavic_place_names.zip, page 33, for Vardar etymology
  • Morava - Vardar (Axios) Navigation Route , PIM "Ivan Milutinović", Belgrade, Serbia

See also

  Results from FactBites:
VARDAR (267 words)
From the spring to the Macedonian – Greece border Vardar is 301km long, and to the Aegean Sea another 388km.
Motifs from the valley of the tributary of Vardar - Treska
The valley of River Vardar is very important for the traffic because the roads and railway pass through it and they are the closest connection between Middle Europe and the countries of the Middle East.
  More results at FactBites »



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