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Encyclopedia > Var (department)
Var
Coat of Arms of Var
The Var coat of arms
Location
Administration
Department number: 83
Region: Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Prefecture: Toulon
Sub-Prefectures: Brignoles
Draguignan
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 43
Communes: 153
President of the General Council: Horace Lanfranchi
Statistics
Population Ranked 21st
 -1999 898,441
Population density: 150/km²
Land area¹: 5973 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
France

Var is a department of southeastern France. This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Image File history File links Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Look up Administration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ... France is divided into 26 régions, further subdivided into départements. ... Location Administration Capital Marseille Regional President Michel Vauzelle (PS) (since 1998) Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... Panorama of Toulon area Satellite view Coat of Arms of Toulon view of Toulon harbour around 1750, by Joseph Vernet. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... Brignoles is a town and commune of southeastern France, in the Var département, of which it is a sous_préfecture. ... Draguignan is a French city, in the Var département, of which it is a sous-préfecture, self-proclaimed capital of Artillery and Porte du Verdon. Population 40,000. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... Arrondissements of the Var département In France, the chief town of an arrondissement is known as the sous-préfecture. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 153 communes of the Var département of France. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Disclaimer: It must be noted that reference to French people as an ethnic group is not present in French official terminology. ... Categories: Lists of subnational entities ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ...

Contents

History

Var was originally formed in 1790 during the French Revolution from the subdivision of Provence. Then, in 1860, the district of Grasse, through which flowed the Var River, was transferred to the newly formed Alpes-Maritimes department. This is why the river, which gave its name to the department does not flow through the department. The French Revolution (1789–1799/1804) was a vital period in the history of French, and Europe as a whole. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur. ... Grasse (Provençal Occitan: Grassa in classical norm or Grasso in Mistralian norm) is a town and episcopal see in southeast France, it is a commune of the Alpes-Maritimes département (of which it is a sous-préfecture), on the French Riviera. ... The Var is a river located in the Alpes-Maritimes département, in the south-east of France. ... Alpes_Maritimes is a département in the extreme southeast corner of France. ...


The Var is also famous for its wine production - the town of Bandol in particular for its red wine.


Geography

Var is bounded on the north by the department of the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence (the Verdon river forming the boundary), on the east by that of the Alpes-Maritimes, on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the department of the Bouches-du-Rhône. Alpes_de_Haute_Provence is a French département in the south of France, it was formerly part of the province of Provence. ... Verdon is the name of several places in the United States: Verdon Township in Minnesota Verdon Township in Nebraska Verdon in South Dakota Verdon is also the name of a river in southern France, known for its deep canyon, see Verdon River and for great climbing. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Bouches-du-Rhône is a département in the south of France named after the mouth of the Rhône River. ...


The Var is a diverse region covers 5,973 km² that encompasses mountains, coast, plains, and valleys. In the north, the Canyon du Verdon is a popular place for hikers, kayakers, and nature lovers.


Agriculture

800 km² or 13% of the total area is dedicated to agriculture, through which 38,000 people depend on for their livlihoods. The department also has 10 km² of horticultural land (of which 4 km² are covered). The Var is France's largest grower of cut flowers, producing some 500 million stems a year. Livestock farming is mainly sheep (50,000 animals) and goats (4,200 animals). Vines and viticultural related activities account for 345 km² of farmland. The 450 domaines / cooperatives and the 4 AOCs(appelation d'origine controlleé) produce 150 million litres (3.3 m UK gallons) of wine a year.


Other important agricultural products include olives (42 km², a quarter of all French olive groves, and some 40 mills), figs - the Var produces 80% of France's figs, and honey (800 tonnes a year). There are also 9 km² of market gardens.


Agricultural profit is 610 million euros per year, of which 45% is sales of wines and 42% of horticultural products.


See also

External links

  • (French) Website of the General Council - The departments governing body
  • (French) Community / portal website for people living in or visiting Var - forums, housing and webcams
  • (French) www.toulonnais.com - The monuments, the past, the plans of the city of Toulon. Many photographs inside

  Results from FactBites:
 
Var - Touring in Provence - Provence Web (279 words)
As the gate to the Cote d'Azur and the Alpes de Haute Provence, the departement of the Var has many visitors.
is the interior of the Var formed by hills and valleys, plantations and pine forests.
It's fruit, vegetables, honey (27,000 hives), lavender, thyme, and olive oil are the pride of the people who live in this region that extends from the Adrets de l'Estérel through Brignoles and on to Castellet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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