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Encyclopedia > Van Diemen's Land
1663 map of Van Diemen's Land, showing the parts discovered by Tasman, including Storm Bay, Maria Island and Schouten Island.
1663 map of Van Diemen's Land, showing the parts discovered by Tasman, including Storm Bay, Maria Island and Schouten Island.

Van Diemen's Land was the original name used by Europeans for the island of Tasmania, now part of Australia. The Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European to explore Tasmania. He named the island Anthoonij van Diemenslandt in honor of Anthony van Diemen, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies who had sent Tasman on his voyage of discovery in 1642. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Storm Bay is the natural harbour of Hobart, Tasmania, Australia. ... Maria Island is a relatively small island about 10 km off the east coast of Tasmania. ... Freycinet Peninsula and Schouten Island seen from space (false color). ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Capital Hobart Government Const. ... Portrait of Tasman (detail from the family portrait) The only evidence to support this claim is a library catalogue entry Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 - October 10, 1659), was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and then merchant, born in Lutjegast, a village in the province of Groningen, best known for his voyages... Anthony van Diemen Anthony van Diemen (Culemborg, 1593– Batavia, 19 April 1645), or Antonius, Dutch colonial governor, was born in Culemborg in the Netherlands, the son of Bartholomeus van Diemen and Elisabeth Hoevenaar. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ...


In 1803, the island was colonized by the British as a penal colony with the name Van Diemen's Land. 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A penis colony is a colony used to detain prisoners and generally use them for penal labor in an economically underdeveloped part of the states (usually colonial) territories, and on a far larger scale than a prison farm. ...

Contents

Penal colony

1852 map of Van Dieman's Land
1852 map of Van Dieman's Land

From the 1830s to the abolition of penal transportation (known simply as "transportation") in 1853, Van Diemen's Land was the primary penal colony in Australia. Following the suspension of transportation to New South Wales, all transported convicts were sent to in Van Diemen's Land. In total, some 75,000 convicts were transported to Van Diemen's Land, or about 40% of all convicts sent to Australia. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1200 pixel, file size: 211 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Map of Van Diemens Land 1852, showing two types of subdivisions. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1200 pixel, file size: 211 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Map of Van Diemens Land 1852, showing two types of subdivisions. ... This picture depicts women in England mourning their lovers who are soon to be transported to Botany Bay. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ...


Male convicts served their sentences as assigned labour to free settlers or in gangs assigned to public works. Only the most difficult convicts were sent to the Tasman Peninsula prison known as Port Arthur, mostly re-offenders. Location Map The Tasman Peninsula is located east of Hobart, at the south east corner of Tasmania, Australia. ... Inside the separate prison, Port Arthur, Tasmania Port Arthur is a town and former convict settlement on the Tasman Peninsula, in Tasmania, Australia. ...


Female convicts were assigned as servants in free settler households or sent to a female factory (women's workhouse prison). There were five female factories in Van Diemen's Land. Female factories were prison workhouses for women convicts transported to Australia during the time when some states were a penal colony. ...


Convicts completing their sentence or earning their ticket-of-leave often promptly left Van Diemen's Land. Many settled in the new free colony of Victoria, to the disgust of the free settlers in towns such as Melbourne. Capital Melbourne Government Const. ... Melbournes CBD has grown to straddle the Yarra River in three major precincts. ...


Tensions sometimes ran high between the settlers and the "Vandemonians" as they were termed, particularly during the Victorian gold rush when a flood of settlers from Van Diemen's Land rushed to the Victorian gold fields. The Victorian gold rush was a period in the history of Victoria in Australia between approximately 1851 and the early 1860s. ...


Complaints from Victorians about recently released convicts from Van Diemen's Land re-offending in Victoria was one of the contributing reasons for the eventual abolition of transportation to Van Diemen's Land in 1853. 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


In order to remove the unsavoury connotations with crime associated with its name, in 1856 Van Diemen's Land was renamed Tasmania in honour of Abel Tasman. The last penal settlement in Tasmania at Port Arthur finally closed in 1877 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Inside the separate prison, Port Arthur, Tasmania Port Arthur is a town and former convict settlement on the Tasman Peninsula, in Tasmania, Australia. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Popular culture

Music

  • Van Diemen's Land is mentioned in the Australian folk song "The Wild Colonial Boy".
  • Van Diemen's Land is often mentioned in the works of Flogging Molly.

Every Dog has its Day, by Flogging Molly Flogging Molly is a seven-piece Irish American Celtic punk band, that formed in Los Angeles and is currently signed under SideOneDummy Records. ... Flogging Molly is a seven-piece Irish American Celtic punk band, that formed in Los Angeles and is currently signed under SideOneDummy Records. ...

Well I've drunk to drown
on every ocean I've been;
Lake Tanganyika
Where the crocodiles swim...
Halifax Nova Scotia
Down to Van Diemen's Land
Well I drank with the Sultan
Down the Suez Canal
  • Among the Irish folk songs that mention Van Diemen's Land, are "The Black Velvet Band", "Back Home in Derry", and "Van Diemen's Land".
  • "Van Diemen's Land", also known as "The Gallant Poachers", is a traditional English folk song.
Oh! when we sailed from England
We landed at the bay
We had rotten straw for bedding
We dared not to say nay
Our cots were fenced with fire
We slumber when we can
To drive away the wolves and tigers
Upon Van Diemen's Land

(Complete lyrics and melody can be found here.) Lake Tanganyika is a large lake in central Africa (3° 20 to 8° 48 South and from 29° 5 to 31° 15 East). ... Lyrics In a neat little town they call Belfast Apprenticed in trade I was bound And many an hour of sweet happiness I spent in that neat little town Then bad misfortune came oer me That caused me to stray from the land Far away from my friends and...

  • "Van Diemen's Land" is the title of the second track from the rock band U2's album Rattle and Hum. The lyrics were written and sung by The Edge.
Hold me now, oh hold me now
Till this hour has gone around
And I'm gone, on the rising tide
For to face Van Diemen's land.
It's a bitter pill I swallow here
To be rent from one so dear.
We fought for justice and not for gain
But the magistrate sent me away.
Now kings will rule and the poor will toil
And tear their hands as they tear the soil
But a day will come in this dawning age
When an honest man sees an honest wage.
Hold me now, oh hold me now
Till this hour has gone around
And I'm gone on the rising tide
For to face Van Diemen's Land.
  • The chorus to the English folk song Maggie May says "They've sent you to Van Diemen's cruel shore."
  • Van Diemen's Land is the subject of the Irish Song, "Back home in Derry". The music was written by Canadian song writer Gordon Lightfoot and the lyrics by the famous Irish Republican Bobby Sands. It is most famously sung by the Irish bard, Christy Moore. The last verse is:
Van Diemen's Land is a hell for a man
To live out his life in slavery.
Where the climate is raw and the gun makes the law
Neither wind nor rain care for bravery.
Twenty years have gone by and I've ended my bond;
My comrades' ghosts walk beside me.
Well a rebel I came -- I'm still the same;
On a cold winters night you will find me.
  • Shirley Collins and the Albion Country Band record a version of Van Dieman's Land in her 1971 recording No Roses [1]

Steeleye Span are a British folk-rock band, formed in 1970 and who remain active in 2006. ... They Called Her Babylon is an album by the folk rock band Steeleye Span. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... Rattle and Hum refers to both a motion picture about the band U2 and its companion album, documenting the bands 1987 Joshua Tree Tour of the United States and its exploration into American music. ... David Howell Evans (born August 8, 1961, Barking, Essex [now in Greater London], England), byname the Edge, is the guitarist of the Irish rock band U2. ... Maggie May is a traditional Liverpool folk song about a Labrador Retriever who robbed a sailor. ... Lightfoot on the cover of 1975s Gords Gold Gordon Meredith Lightfoot Jr. ... Robert Gerard Sands (Irish: [1][2]), commonly known as Bobby Sands (9 March 1954 – 5 May 1981), was an Northern Irish Provisional IRA member who died on hunger strike whilst in prison for the possession of firearms. ... Christy Moore (born on May 7, 1945, in Newbridge, County Kildare) is a popular Irish folk singer and guitarist, well known as one of the founding members of Planxty. ...

Literature

  • Van Diemen's Land is the setting of Gould's Book of Fish: A Novel in Twelve Fish by Richard Flanagan (published 2002), which tells the story of a man who is transported to the island, and runs afoul of the local (and rather insane) authorities.
  • In Cormac McCarthy's novel Blood Meridian, one of the characters in the Glanton Gang of scalpers in 1850s Mexico is a "Vandiemenlander" named Bathcat. Born in Wales he later went to Australia to hunt aborigines, and eventually came to Mexico, where he used those skills on the Apaches.
  • Van Diemen's Land is mentioned in Edgar Allan Poe's book Narrative of A. Gordon Pym. The main character stops at this island on his way to the South Pole.
  • Van Diemen's Land is mentioned in Umberto Eco's novel "The Island of the Day Before" ("L'isola del giorno prima", 1994), a story about a 17th century Italian nobleman trapped at an island at the International Date Line.
  • Van Diemen's Land is mentioned in Emily Dickinson's "If You Were Coming in the Fall"
  • From "The Potato Factory" by Bryce Courtenay (1995): "... subtracting till my fingers dropped; into Van Diemen's Land." This is a quote from Emily Dickinson's Poem "If You Were Coming In The Fall".
  • In Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift (1726), the country of Lilliput is described as being “to the north-west of Van Dieman's Land” [sic].
  • In the novel The Convicts by Iain Lawrence, young Tom Tin is sent to Van Diemen's Land on charges of murder
  • Van Dieman's Land is mentioned in James De Mille's A Strange Manuscript Found in a Copper Cylinder. The manuscript spoken of in the title has been written by British sailor who lost his way after conveying convicts to Van Dieman's Land.

Goulds Book of Fish is a 2001 novel by Richard Flanagan, based on the history of the Macquarie Harbour Penal Station on the West Coast of Tasmania. ... Richard Flanagan (born 1961) is an author, historian and film director from Tasmania, Australia. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... For the musician, see Cormac McCarthy (musician). ... Blood Meridian or the Evening Redness in the West is a novel by Cormac McCarthy, published in 1985. ... This article is about the country. ... It has been suggested that Traditional Apache scout be merged into this article or section. ... Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American poet, short story writer, editor, critic and one of the leaders of the American Romantic Movement. ... The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket is Edgar Allan Poes only complete novel, published in 1838. ... Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... The Island of the Day Before is a novel by Umberto Eco. ... The International Date Line around 180° This article is about the line dividing time zones; see Dateline (disambiguation) for other meanings, including the television program. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bryce Courtenay (born August 14, 1933) is an Australian novelist born in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... A Strange Manuscript Found in a Copper Cylinder is the most popular book by James De Mille. ...

External links

  • Constitution Act 1855, establishing an elected parliament in the colony

  Results from FactBites:
 
Van Diemen's Land - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (615 words)
Van Diemen's Land was the original name used by Europeans for the island of Tasmania, now part of Australia.
Complaints from Victorians about recently released convicts from Van Diemen's Land re-offending in Victoria was one of the contributing reasons for the eventual abolition of transportation to Van Diemen's Land in 1853.
Van Diemen's Land is mentioned in Umberto Eco's novel "The Island of the Day Before" ("L'isola del giorno prima", 1994), a story about a 17th century Italian nobleman trapped at an island at the International Date Line.
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Van Diemen's Land (147 words)
Van Diemen's Land is the name originally used by the British for Tasmania, an island state of Australia.
It was named Anthoonij van Diemenslandt in honor of Anthony van Diemen, Governor-General of India for the Dutch East India Company, who sent Abel Tasman out on his voyage of discovery in 1642.
It was changed in 1856 to honour Tasman himself, the first European to discover the island, and possibly also to remove the association with the severe penal colony that the original name evoked.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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