The Valmy Formation is composed of thousands of meters of thick-bedded, massive, vitreous and quartz-rich (98%) quartzite and sandstone interbedded with grey, green, or fl chert, fl shale, siltstone, greenstone, and minor limestone (Roberts, 1964; Gilluly and Gates, 1965; Roberts and others, 1967; Stewart and Poole, 1974).
The remainder of the Valmy is comprised of irregular bodies of greenstone, meta-gabbro and diabase, and micaceous phyllitic limestone (Coats, 1985).
Gardner (1968) felt the Valmy in the northern portion of the range could be divided into a lower portion of shale, siltstone, and chert with discontinuous lenses and pods of limestone and orthoquartzite, and an upper unit of siltstone, chert, and shale with rare orthoquartzite.
A FEW miles distant from the little town of St. Mene hould, in the northeast of France, are the village and hill of Valmy, and near the crest of that hill a simple monument points out the burial-place of the heart of a general of the French republic and a marshal of the French empire.
The Duke of Valmy (for Kellermann, when made one of Napoleon's military peers in 1802, took his title from this same battle-field) had participated, during his long and active career, in the gaining of many a victory far more immediately dazzling than the one the remembrance of which he thus cherished.
On one occasion during the campaign of Valmy, eight battalions of federates, intoxicated with massacre and sedition, joined the forces under Dumouriez, and soon threatened to uproot all discipline, saying openly that the ancient officers were traitors, and that it was necessary to purge the army, as they had Paris, of its aristocrats.
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