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Encyclopedia > Valle d'Aosta
Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta
Région Autonome Vallée d'Aoste
Capital Aosta-Aoste
President Carlo Perrin
(Union Valdôtaine)
Provinces none
Municipalities 74
Area 3,263 km²
 - Ranked 20th (1.1 %)
Population (2001)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density Flag of the Aosta Valley. ... Aosta Aosta (French: Aoste) is the principal city of the Valle dAosta in the Italian Alps. ... The Valdotanian Union (Union Valdotaine) is a regionalist political party in Italy, Val dAosta. ... In Italy, the Province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ...


119,548
20th (0.2 %)
37/km²
Location of the Aosta Valley
Map higlighting the location of Valle d'Aosta
Val d'Aoste in Italy

Aosta Valley (in French Vallée d'Aoste, in Italian Valle d'Aosta) is a mountainous region in north-western Italy, the smallest of Italy's regions. It is bordered by France to the west, Switzerland to the north and the region of Piedmont to the south. The region has a special autonomous status and forms one of the Provinces of Italy. The regional capital is Aosta-Aoste. Credit: Ahoerstemeier (outline), Sascha Noyes (other stuff), 2004 Info: Map of the regions of Italy with the individual region highlighted. ... Regions of Italy Provisions for at least some degree of regional autonomy were made in the 1948 constitution, which states the constitutions role is; recoginize, protect and promote local autonomy, that State level services have the greatest decentralization, and adapt the principles and laws establishing autonomy and decentralization. ... Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. ... In Italy, the Province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Aosta Aosta (French: Aoste) is the principal city of the Valle dAosta in the Italian Alps. ...


The region covers 3,263 km² and has a population of about 113,000, concentrated in the valley bottomlands and partially Francophone. French is used in the government acts and laws, though the language actually spoken by the biggest part of the population is Francoprovençal, a patois that used to be spoken more generally in Savoy, French-speaking Switzerland, Lyon area and the Jura. The valle d'Aosta is the region in which the language is most in use. To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A Francophone is a person who speaks French natively or by adoption (i. ... Franco-Provençal is a Romance language consisting of dialects that can be found in Italy (Valle dAosta, Piemonte), in Switzerland (cantons Fribourg, Valais, Vaud, Neuchâtel, Geneva, non-German speaking parts of Bern, but not Jura, where the dialects spoken are French) and in France (Dauphinois, Lyonnais, Savoy). ... Patois, although without a formal definition in linguistics, can be used to describe a language considered as nonstandard. ... This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... City motto: Avant, avant, Lion le melhor. ... The Jura folds are located North of the main Alpine orogenic front, and are being continually deformed, accommodating the northwards compression due to Alpine folding. ...


The Valle d'Aosta is an Alpine valley that with its side valleys includes the Italian slopes of Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn; its highest peak is the Gran Paradiso, protected in Gran Paradiso National Park, established in 1922. It is a major centre for winter sports, most famously at Courmayeur. The Dora Baltea has its origins in the Valle d'Aosta, flowing south to join the Po. Alpine may refer to: Alpine, a breed of goat. ... This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... The Matterhorn (Fr. ... The Gran Paradiso (fr : Grand-Paradis) is the highest mountain group in the Graian Alps, located in the Valle dAosta region of north-west Italy. ... A winter sport is a sport commonly played during winter, usually a sport played on snow or ice. ... Courmayeur, on the Italian side of the Monte Bianco, or Mont Blanc if you prefer, is a resort that has grown in popularity with skiers from all over the globe. ... Dora Baltea is an Italian river. ... Po redirects here, for alternate uses see Po (disambiguation). ...


The upper Val d'Aosta is the traditional southern starting-point for the tracks, then roads, which divided here to lead over the Alpine passes. The road through the Great St Bernard Pass (or today the Great St Bernard Tunnel) leads to Martigny, Valais, and the one through the Little St Bernard Pass to Bourg-Saint-Maurice, Savoie. Today Aosta is joined to Chamonix in France by the Mont Blanc Tunnel, a road tunnel on E25 running underneath the Alps. Hospice at the Great St Bernard, with ancient road in foreground. ... There are a number of communes that have the name Martigny In France Martigny, in the Aisne département Martigny, in the Manche département Martigny, in the Seine-Maritime département Related Martigny-Courpierre, in the Aisne département Martigny-le-Comte, in the Saône-et-Loire département Martigny-les-Bains, in the... The Valais (also known in German as Wallis) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the south-western part of the country, in the Pennine Alps around the valley of the Rhone River from its springs to Lake Geneva. ... The Little St Bernard Pass is a mountain pass in the Alps. ... Savoie is a French département. ... Chamonix-Mont-Blanc, or more commonly, Chamonix is a town and commune in eastern France, in the Haute-Savoie département, at the foot of Mont Blanc. ... Sculpture in France at the tunnels exit. ... The Alps is the collective name for one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, stretching from Austria in the east, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany, through to France in the west. ...


The area was of strategic importance, under the control of many different rulers after the collapse of Roman rule in the 5th century, until it passed to the house of Savoy in the 11th century. Valle d'Aosta was established as an autonomous region of Italy in 1948. The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region between Piedmont, Italy, France and French-speaking Switzerland. ... (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


History

The first inhabitants of the Valle d'Aosta were Celts and Ligures, whose language lingers in some local placenames. Rome conquered the region from the local Salassi ca. 25 BC and founded Augusta Praetoria (Aosta) to secure the strategic mountain passes, which they improved with bridges and roads. After Rome it preserved traditions of autonomy, reinforced by its seasonal isolation, though it was loosely held in turns by the Goths and the Lombards, then by the Burgundian kings in the 5th century, followed by the Franks, who overrran the Burgundian kingdom in 534. At the division among the heirs of Charlemagne in 870, the Valle d'Aosta formed part of the Lotharingian Kingdom of Italy, in a second partition a decade later, part of the Kingom of Upper Burgundy, which was joined to the Kingdom of Arles— all doubtless without many significant corresponding changes in the personnel of the virtually independent fiefs in the Valle d'Aosta. In 1031/2 Umberto Biancamano, the founder of the house of Savoy, received the title count of Aosta from the Emperor Conrad II of the Franconian line and built himself a commanding fortification at Bard. St Anselm of Canterbury was born in Aosta in 1033/4. The region was divided among strongly fortified castles, and in 1191 Tomaso di Savoia found it necessary to grant to the communes a Carta delle Franchigie ("Charter of Liberties") that preserved autonymy, rights that were fiercely defended until 1770, when they were revoked, to tie Aosta more closely to the Piedmont, but which kept re-surfacing during post-Napoleonic times. Under Mussolini, a forced programme of "Italianization", including population transfers of Valdostans into Piedmont and Italian-speaking workers into Aosta, fostered movements towards separatism; Aosta was regranted its autonymy in 1948 [1] (http://www.esteri.it/eng/7_45_109_178.asp). In the mid-13th century Emperor Frederick II made the County of Aosta a duchy, and its arms were carried in the Savoia arms until the reunification of Italy, 1870 [2] (http://www.heraldica.org/topics/national/italy1.htm). The region remained part of Savoy lands, with the exception of a French occupation, 1539 – 1563. This article is about the European people. ... The Ligurian language was spoken in pre-Roman times and into the Roman era by an ancient people of north-western Italy and south-eastern France known as the Liguri. ... Toponymy is the taxonomic study of place names, their origins and their meanings. ... Aosta Aosta (French: Aoste) is the principal city of the Valle dAosta in the Italian Alps. ... The Goths were an East Germanic tribe which according to their own traditions originated in Scandinavia (specifically Götaland and Gotland). ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, from which the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Scandinavia that entered the late Roman Empire. ... The Burgundians or Burgundes were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from Scandinavia to the island of Bornholm, whose old form in Old Norse still was Burgundarholmr (the Island of the Burgundians), and from here to mainland Europe. ... The Franks were one of several west Germanic tribes who entered the late Roman Empire from Frisia as foederati and established a lasting realm in an area that covers most of modern-day France and the region of Franconia in Germany, forming the historic kernel of both these two modern... Lotharingia was a kingdom in western Europe, named after Lothair, King of Lotharingia (reigned 855-869), who received it in 855 from his father, Lothair I (795-855), Holy Roman Emperor. ... Map of western Mediterranean, showing location of Arles Arles (Arle in Provençal) is a city in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône département, of which it is a sous-préfecture, in the former province of Provence. ... The name of Humbert I of Savoy designates two famous members of the Savoy dynasty. ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region between Piedmont, Italy, France and French-speaking Switzerland. ... Conrad II (c. ... Franconia (German, Franken), a region in Germany now part of the state of Bavaria. ... Saint Anselm of Canterbury ( 1033 or 1034 – April 21, 1109), a widely influential medieval philosopher and theologian, held the office of Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109. ... Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. ... Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ... Population transfer is a term referring to a policy by which a state forces the movement of a large group of people out of a region, invariably on the basis of ethnicity or religion. ... Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right). ...


During the Middle Ages the region remained strongly feudal, and castles, such as those of the Challant family in the Valley of Gressoney, still dot the landscape. In the 12th and 13th centuries, German-speaking Walser communities were established in the Gressoney, and some communes retain their separate Walser identity even today. Walser (or Walserdytsch) is a highest-Alemannic dialect spoken in parts of Switzerland, and in a few communities of Italy, Liechtenstein, and Austria. ...


The Valle d'Aosta remained agricultural and pastoral until the construction of dams to harness the potential of its hydroelectric power brought metal-working industry to the region. Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ...

  • "Particularism" (http://www.aostavalley.com/PV/ppeng.htm): autonomy in the Valle d'Aosta

List of municipalities

  • Allein
  • Antey-Saint-André
  • Aosta-Aoste
  • Arnad
  • Arvier
  • Avise
  • Ayas
  • Aymavilles
  • Bard
  • Bionaz
  • Brissogne
  • Brusson
  • Challand-Saint-Anselme
  • Challand-Saint-Victor
  • Chambave
  • Chamois
  • Champdepraz
  • Champorcher
  • Charvensod
  • Châtillon
  • Cogne
  • Courmayeur
  • Donnas
  • Doues
  • Émarèse
  • Étroubles
  • Fénis
  • Fontainemore
  • Gaby
  • Gignod
  • Gressan
  • Gressoney-La-Trinité
  • Gressoney-Saint-Jean
  • Hône
  • Introd
  • Issime
  • Issogne
  • Jovençan
  • La Magdeleine
  • La Salle
  • La Thuile
  • Lillianes
  • Montjovet
  • Morgex
  • Nus
  • Ollomont
  • Oyace
  • Perloz
  • Pollein
  • Pont-Saint-Martin
  • Pontboset
  • Pontey
  • Pré-Saint-Didier
  • Quart
  • Rhêmes-Notre-Dame
  • Rhêmes-Saint-Georges
  • Roisan
  • Saint-Christophe
  • Saint-Denis
  • Saint-Marcel
  • Saint-Nicolas
  • Saint-Oyen
  • Saint-Pierre
  • Saint-Rhémy-en-Bosses
  • Saint-Vincent
  • Sarre
  • Torgnon
  • Valgrisenche
  • Valpelline
  • Valsavarenche
  • Valtournenche
  • Verrayes
  • Verrès
  • Villeneuve

Aosta Aosta (French: Aoste) is the principal city of the Valle dAosta in the Italian Alps. ... See Bard (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The chamois is a large, goat-like animal that lives in the European Alps and Carpathians. ... Courmayeur, on the Italian side of the Monte Bianco, or Mont Blanc if you prefer, is a resort that has grown in popularity with skiers from all over the globe. ... Saint Denis can refer to: a Christian saint: see Denis Seine-Saint-Denis a département of France Several communes in France: Saint-Denis,in the Aude département Saint-Denis, in the Gard département Saint-Denis, in the Seine-Saint-Denis département, home of Saint Denis Basilica Saint-Denis, in the... Saint-Marcel (French for Saint Marcel) is the name or part of the name of sevral places: In France Saint-Marcel, in the Ain département Saint-Marcel, in the Ardennes département Saint-Marcel, in the Eure département Saint-Marcel, in the Indre département Saint-Marcel, in the Meurthe-et-Moselle... There are communes that have the name Saint-Nicolas (French for Saint Nicholas) in France: In France Saint-Nicolas, in the Pas-de-Calais département Related Saint-Nicolas-aux-Bois, in the Aisne département Saint-Nicolas-dAliermont, in the Seine-Maritime département Saint-Nicolas-dAttez, in the Eure...

External links

  • Aosta Valley (http://www.aostavalley.com/primaeng.html)
  • Regione Autonoma Valle d'Aosta / Région Autonome Vallée d'Aoste (http://www.regione.vda.it)


Regions of Italy
Regular Regions
Abruzzo | Basilicata | Calabria | Campania | Emilia-Romagna | Lazio (Latium) | Liguria | Lombardia (Lombardy) | Marche | Molise | Piemonte (Piedmont) | Puglia (Apulia) | Toscana (Tuscany) | Umbria | Veneto |
Regions with special autonomous status
Friuli-Venezia Giulia | Sardegna (Sardinia) | Sicilia (Sicily) | Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol) | Valle d'Aosta (Aosta Valley)

 
 

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