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Encyclopedia > Valladolid debate

The Valladolid debate (15501551) concerned the treatment of natives of the New World. Held in the Spanish city of Valladolid, it opposed two main attitudes towards the conquests of the New World. Dominican friar and Bishop of Chiapas Bartolomé de las Casas argued that the Amerindians were free men in the natural order and deserved the same treatment as others, according to Catholic theology. Opposing him was Jesuit Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda, who insisted the Indians were natural slaves, and therefore reducing them to slavery or serfdom was in accordance with Catholic theology and natural law. Las Casas and Sepúlveda each later claimed to have won the debate, but no record supporting either claim exists, and the debate had no clear effect on the treatment of the natives.[1] Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Year 1551 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... For the city in Mexico, see Valladolid, Yucatán. ... Territories in the Americas colonized or claimed by a European great power in 1750. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare (Praise, Bless, Preach) Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Tuxtla Gutiérrez Municipalities 118 Largest City Tuxtla Gutiérrez Government  - Governor Juan José Sabines Guerrero ( PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PRD: 5  - Federal Senators PRI: 1 PRD: 1 PVEM: 1 Area Ranked 8th  - State 74,211 km²  (28,653 sq mi) Population (2005... Bartolomé de las Casas This article is about a Spanish priest in the 16th century. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda (1494 - 1573) was a Spanish philosopher and theologian. ...


Las Casas, from the School of Salamanca and the Humanist movement, worked for years to expose the cruel treatment of natives in the encomienda system. This work had led to the Laws of the Indies of 1542, which promised to bring the encomienda system to an end. The humanity of the natives had already been established by the papal bull Sublimus Dei (1537). Moved by Las Casas and others, the King of Spain Charles V ordered that further aggressions against the natives should cease and called a Junta (Jury) of eminent doctors and theologians to hear both sides and to issue a ruling on the controversy. Las Casas' position found support from the monarchy and the Catholic Church, who wanted to control the power of the encomenderos, while Sepúlveda's arguments supported the interests of the colonists and landowners who benefited from the system. The School of Salamanca is the renaissance of thought in diverse intellectual areas by Spanish theologians, rooted in the intellectual and pedagogical work of Francisco de Vitoria. ... See also the specific life stance known as Humanism For the Renaissance liberal arts movement, see Renaissance humanism Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities... The encomienda system was a trusteeship labor system used during the Spanish colonization of the Americas. ... The Laws of the Indies (Leyes de Indias in Spanish) are a set of guidelines signed by King Phillip II of Spain to instruct Spanish colonists on how to create and expand towns in Spanish America. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Sublimus Dei Sublimus Dei (also seen as Sublimus Deus and Sublimis Deus) is a papal bull promulgated by Pope Paul III on May 29, 1537, which forbids the enslavement of the indigenous peoples of the Americas (called Indians of the West and... The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... For jury meaning makeshift, see jury rig. ...


Though Las Casas tried to bolster his position by recounting his experiences with the encomienda system's mistreatment of the Indians, the debate remained on largely theoretical grounds. Sepúlveda took a more secular approach, basing his arguments largely on Aristotle and the humanist tradition to say the Indians were naturally predisposed to slavery, and could be subjected to bondage or war if necessary. Las Casas objected, arguing that Artistotle's definition of the "barbarian" and the natural slave did not apply to the Indians, who were fully capable of reason and should be brought to Christianity without force or coersion. In the end, both parties declared they had won the debate, but neither received the outcome they desired. Las Casas did not see an end to Spanish wars of conquest in the New World, nor did Sepúlveda see the New Laws restricting the power of the encomienda system overturned. The debate did result in the weakening of the encomienda system, but did not substantially alter the treatment of the Indians. For other uses, see Aristotle (disambiguation). ... See also the specific life stance known as Humanism For the Renaissance liberal arts movement, see Renaissance humanism Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appeal to universal human qualities...


See also

On June 2, 1537, Pope Paul III promulgated the encyclical Sublimis Deus (Veritas Ipsa), which declares the natives of the New World to be rational beings with souls who must not be enslaved or robbed. ... A Papal bull is a particular type of patent or charter issued by a pope. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... ... Slave redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ Hernandez, Bonar Ludwig. "The Las Casas-Sepúlveda Controversy: 1550-1551". Retrieved January 23, 2006.

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Las Casas-Sepúlveda Controversy: 1550-1551 (5504 words)
The great debate of Valladolid coalesced around long-debated issues, particularly the right of conquest and just war, which epitomized the contrast between the Indian and European worlds.
Therefore, the effect of the debate was to at least keep the Indian cause in the minds of the Spaniards.
In the ensuing years after Valladolid, Sepúlveda continued to be the champion of the encomenderos, while Las Casas established himself as the outstanding defender of the Indians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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