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Encyclopedia > Valjevo
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Valjevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Ваљево) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44.28° North, 19.89° East. Download high resolution version (621x912, 343 KB)Postcard from Valjevo, Serbia (picture shows main shopping square with Grand hotel and Valjevo Gymnasioum - general high school) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (621x912, 343 KB)Postcard from Valjevo, Serbia (picture shows main shopping square with Grand hotel and Valjevo Gymnasioum - general high school) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect (former standard was known as Serbo-Croatian language). ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...


The municipality of Valjevo is situated in West Serbia and is the center of the Kolubara District, which includes another five smaller municipalities with a total population of almost 200000 people. According to the census in 2002, Valjevo has 96761 inhabitants, of which 61270 are urban and suburban, and 35491 are rural. As of 2003 the city had a total population of 61,600. It occupies an area of 905 square kilometers, and its altitude is 185 meters. Valjevo was formed near the river Kolubara, a tributary of the Sava river. The area of Valjevo has a mild, temperate climate. Kolubara District (Kolubarski okrug, Колубарски округ) The Kolubara District occupies the central part of western Serbia. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of Freshwater The European Disability Year Events January events January 1 Luíz Inácio Lula Da Silva becomes the 37th President of Brazil. ...


Valjevo has a favourable geographical position. It is 100 km away from the capital of Serbia, Belgrade, and in the close vicinity of one of the most important republic traffic arteries - Ibar highway, which connects the north and the south of Serbia. Arterial highways leading to the Adriatic Sea, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the fertile soil of Mačva, and further towards the breadbasket of Vojvodina, also pass through Valjevo, and they connect Valjevo with other important centres of West Serbia – Šabac, Užice, Loznica and Bajina Bašta. Also passing through Valjevo is the Belgrade-Bar railway, which connects the capital of Serbia with Montenegro and the Adriatic Sea. [[Image:|Location of Belgrade]] Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... The Adriatic Sea Source: NASA The Adriatic Sea (Italian Mare Adriatico, German Adriatisches Meer or Adria, Croatian Jadransko more or Jadran) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps... Macva District in Central Serbia Mačva (Serbian: Mačva or Мачва, Hungarian: Macsó) is a region in the northwest of Central Serbia. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusin1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Image:Sabac. ... Užice (Ужице) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 43. ... Loznica (Лозница) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... Bajina BaÅ¡ta was established on the remains of the Turkish settlement of Pljeskovo which was situated on the right bank of the Drina River between the confluence of the Rača and Pilica Rivers, under the eastern foothills of Tara Mountain. ... [[Image:|Location of Belgrade]] Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... Look up bar and Bar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ...


The oldest traces of human dwelling in this region date from the palaeolithic period and were found in the nearby Petnica cave. Out of saved written document in which Valjevo was mentioned, the oldest was discovered in the Dubrovnik Archive and it dates back to 1393. Valjevo was formed as a medieval square, at an important crossroads which was visited by famous merchants of Dubrovnik. It was also mentioned in the travel accounts of Eulia Chelebia (1660), Felix Kaniz (1860 and 1888) and Hans Vogel (1913). In the town centre, on the right bank of the Kolubara, there is the old shopping centre (Turkish bazaar) of Tešnjar dating from the 17th cetury, but todays appearance comes from the end of the 19th century. The oldest preserved building is Muselim’s Lodgings from the end of the 18th century, in whose cellar Dukes Aleksa Nenadović and Ilija Birčanin were imprisoned before their execution in February 1804. Тhis event, known in Serbian history as “Beheading of the Dukes” gave impetus to the First Serbian Uprising against the age-long Turkish occupation, so Muselim’s Lodgings today represents the Museum of the First and Second Serbian Uprisings. Dominating from a hill above the town center is Nenadović Tower from 1813, which was then used as a powder magazine, and was rebuilt in 1836 by Prince Miloš Obrenović. The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic – lit. ... A view of Dubrovnik from the south Dubrovnik (Latin Ragusa) is an old city on the Adriatic Sea coast in the extreme south of Croatia, positioned at 42°39′N 18°04′E at the terminal end of the Isthmus of Dubrovnik. ... Ilija Birčanin (Serbian Cyrillic: Илија Бирчанин) (1764 - 1804, Valjevo, Serbia) was a Serbian knez (or duke) who was slain during the Slaughter of the Dukes (seca knezova) at the end of January 1804 (old calendar) in Valjevo. ... Flag of the First Serbian Uprising First Serbian Uprising was an uprising at the beginning of the 19th century in which Serbs living in Belgrade Pashaluk in the Ottoman Empire, led by Karadjordje, managed to liberate the Pashaluk for a significant time, which eventually led to the creation of modern... MiloÅ¡ Obrenović Milosh Obrenovich (MiloÅ¡ Obrenović or in Cyrillic Милош Обреновић 1780 - 1860) was prince of Serbia between 1817 and 1839, and again from 1858 to 1860. ...


In the vicinity of Valjevo is the village of Brankovina, the home of famous Serbian family Nenadović, which gave leaders of the First Serbian Uprising, ministers of the first Serbian government, spiritual leaders and travel writers Duke Aleksa, Archpriest Mateja Nenadović, Dukes Jakov Nenadović, Sima and Jevrem, writer Čika Ljuba Nenadović and Queen Persida Karađorđević, mother of King Peter the Liberator. Brankovina hosted the best known Serbian poetess Desanka Maksimović, who spent her childhood (she was born in the nearby Rabrovica) and completed primary school there. Throughout her life, Desanka remained emotionaly attached to Brankovina, and she frequently revisited it and spent her last years there, and was finally buried under a hundred year old oak trees in the Brankovina churchyard, according to her wishes. The sights of Brankovina are encompassed in a cultural and historical complex, which includes the Church of Saint Archangel, Archpriest’s school, Desanka's school, Old Courtroom, Sleeping Outbuilding of the Nenadović family, the graves of the Nenadović family and Desanka Maksimović, as well as old “sobrašica” summer houses in the exquisitely beautiful Brankovina church yard. Prota Mateja Nenadović (Матеја Ненадовић) (1777-1854), was a Serbian archpriest and a notable leader of the First Serbian Uprising. ... Jakov Nenadović (1765-1836) (Serbian Cyrillic Јаков Ненадовић) was a Serbian Duke and the first Serbian Minister of Interior. ... Desanka Maksimovic Desanka Maksimović Serbian Cyrillic (Десанка Максимовић) (1898 - 1993), Serbian poet, professor of literature, member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. ...


Village Tršić in the vicinity of Valjevo is the place of birth of Vuk Stefanović Karadžić, the great reformer of Serbian language and orthography. Valjevo dialect of Serbian is easily understood on the entire territory of the former SFRY because it is located on the crossroads of the eastern and western language varieties. Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (Вук Стефановић Караџић) (November 7, 1787 - February 7, 1864) was a Serb linguist and major reformer of the Serbian language. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect (former standard was known as Serbo-Croatian language). ... The orthography of a language is the set of symbols (glyphs and diacritics) used to write a language, as well as the set of rules describing how to write these glyphs correctly, including spelling, punctuation, and capitalization. ... The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ...


Valjevo mountain range (Medvednik, Jablanik, Povlen, Maljen, Suvobor) with gently-rolling hills surrounding the town is an oasis of clean air, medicinal herbs, forest fruit and wild game. The environment is kept away from industrialisation, the soil unpolluted, so the food is healthy too, and the conditions for hunting and fishing in the mountain rivers are extraordinary. The air-spa of Divčibare is ideal for rest, rehabilitation and recreation. Divčibare, a plateau in the mountain Maljen, with a picnicking tradition of 100 years, has an average altitude of 1000 m. It is 28km awaz from Valjevo and 110km from Belgrade. The epithet “air-spa” refers to the beneficial effect of Divčibare to the respiratory organs resulting from the meeting of maritime, Carpathian and Panonian climates. This picnic area is featured by private accomodation. Mountain lodges in other Valjevo mountains can accomodate mountain fans.


Vrujci Spa has mud-baths for rheumatic diseases, as well as a hotel and sport complex with swimming pools. Rheumatology, a subspecialty of internal medicine, is devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases. ...


The canyon of the river Gradac, (also a name of a suburb in Valjevo) whose course, with almost untouched nature, ends in the town centre, is a favourite picnic area of Valjevo citizens during hot summer days. The Gradac is one of the cleanest European rivers, which is evidenced by the presence of otters, which exclusively inhabit clean waters. It abounds in brook trout, so it is a haven for fly angling fans. Old water mills are one of the simbols of this natural reserve of 1300 ha surface area, which has been entrusted by the Valjevo Municipal Assembly to the Gradac Ecological Society. It might become a national park in the near future. Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Biwa trout (Oncorhynchus masou subsp) Trout is the common name given to a number of species of freshwater fishes belonging to the salmon family, Salmonidae. ...


In Petnica, 5km away from Valjevo, there are outdoor swimming pools with minor sports facilities, as well as lake Pocibrava, a meeting place of swimmers and fishermen.


The most important cultural institutions are the National Museum, under whose auspices is the Museum of the First and Second Serbian Uprising and displays in Brankovina, the Institute for Protectionof Cultural Monuments, Historical Archive, Town Library with scientific, home and children’s departments, Cultural Centre with well-equipped stage and auditorium with 630 seats, the Youth Centre with "Gallery 34" for exhibitions and forums and Serbian Language and Culture Workshop, the famoust school of Serbian for foreigners. Valjevo has two elite galleries: Modern Gallery with a permanent display of works of Academician Ljuba Popović (1953-63 period), collection of works presented by the exhibitors so far, and a concept of representing fantastic painting after the model of the famous "Mediala", and the International Art Studio "Radovan Mića Trnavac", which stages exhibbitions of foreign painters of different styles. The Cultural and Artistic Society "Abrašević" has a renowned choir, folk, music and drama ensembles. Besides "Abrašević", the theatrical performances are given by the private theatre "Mala scena" and the Drama Studio of Valjevo Grammar School. The most famous cultural events are Tešnjar Evenings and YU Jazz Fest, accompanied by summer literary talks in the Library Yard and Desanka’s May Talks, along with granting the annual poetry award by the Desanka Maksimović Foundation in Brankovina.


TOWN EVENTS

 St Sava Athletic Race (27January) Children Sports and Recreation Festival on Divčibare (February) Festival of Flautists from Music Schools and Academies (March) Festival of Independent Films (April) YU Jazz Festival (1st weekend in May) Desanka’s May Talks (Valjevo – Brankovina, 15-16 May) International Children’s Folk Festival (May) Republic Reciting Show (May) Days of Medicinal Herbs in Valjevo Mountains (July) Days of Children Culture (May-June) Raspberry Days in Brankovina (June) Petrovdan Days in Valjevska Kamenica (11-12 July) Jeep Rally through Valjevo Mountains (July) Library Yard Literary Evenings (July-August) Summer School of Serbian Language and Culture (July-August) Tešnjar Evenings (2nd half of August) Motocyclists’ Parade (August) October Writers’ Meetings in Honour of Desanka (October) Mushroom Days on Divčibare (1st weekend in October) 

See also

This is a list of cities in Serbia and Montenegro. ...

External links

  • Valjevo's official site
  • District Chamber of Commerce
  • National Museum in Valjevo
  • Serbian Language and Culture Workshop
  • Abrašević Folk Dance Troup
  • 1st gymnasium
  • Independent monthly
  • Local radio station, publishing daily news

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Valjevo - definition of Valjevo in Encyclopedia (73 words)
Valjevo (Ваљево) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44.28° North, 19.89° East.
It is the administrative center of the Kolubara District of Serbia.
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