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Encyclopedia > Valentinian III
Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses.
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Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses.

Flavius Placidius Valentinianus, known in English as Valentinian III (July 2, 419March 16, 455), Western Roman Emperor (424-455). Valentinian III. 425-455 AD. AV Solidus (4. ... Valentinian III. 425-455 AD. AV Solidus (4. ... Julian solidus, ca. ... Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ... July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 419. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... Events June 2 - Gaiseric leads the Vandals into Rome and plunder the city for two weeks. ... The Western Roman Empire is the name given to the western half of the Roman Empire after its division by Diocletian. ... Events Song Wen Di succeeds Song Shao Di as ruler of the Chinese Song Dynasty. ... Events June 2 - Gaiseric leads the Vandals into Rome and plunder the city for two weeks. ...


Valentinian was born in Ravenna, as the only son of Constantius III and Galla Placidia, daughter of the Emperor Theodosius I and granddaughter of Emperor Valentinian I. He was elevated as Caesar on October 23, 424 in Constantinople, and after a brief war in Italy, was installed as Emperor of the West in Rome on October 23, 425. Ravenna is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ... Costantius on a solidus. ... Galla Placidia on a coin struck by her son Valentinian III. On the reverse, a cross (typical of all the coinage referring to Galla Placidia) stands for her Christian faith. ... On the reverse of this coin minted under Valentinian II, both Valentinian and Theodosius are depicted with halos. ... Medallion of Valentinian I. Solidus minted by Valens in ca. ... Caesar (p. ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... Events Song Wen Di succeeds Song Shao Di as ruler of the Chinese Song Dynasty. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Map of Italy with the Region of Latium Coordinates: Region Latium Province Province of Rome Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496,1 sq mi)  - Urban 5,352 km² (2,066,4 sq mi) Elevation 37 m  (121,4 ft) Population    - City (2006[1... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... Events October 23 -Valentinian III becomes western Roman emperor. ...


He was only six years of age when he received the title of Augustus, and during his minority the conduct of affairs was in the hands of first his mother, then after 433, Aëtius. Valentinian's reign is marked by the dismemberment of the Western Empire; the conquest of the province of Africa by the Vandals in 439; the final abandonment of Britain in 446; the loss of great portions of Spain and Gaul, in which the barbarians had established themselves; and the ravaging of Sicily and of the western coasts of the Mediterranean Sea by the fleets of Genseric. Augustus (plural augusti) is Latin for majestic or venerable. The feminine form is Augusta. ... Events Petronius Maximus becomes Roman Consul John of Antioch and Cyril of Alexandria sign the Formula of Reunion, thus ending their conflict over the Nestorian controversy and the Council of Ephesus. ... Depiction of Flavius Aëtius, from a relief in Monza. ... For other uses, see Africa (disambiguation). ... The Vandals sacking Rome, by Heinrich Leutemann (1824-1904) Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ... Events Licinia Eudoxia, wife of the Roman Emperor Valentinian III, is granted the rank of Augusta following the birth of their daughter Eudocia. ... Events A synod is held by Turibius of Astorga. ... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (Latin Gallia, Greek Galatia) was the region of Western Europe occupied by present day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western Switzerland and the parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the west bank of the Rhine river. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 sq. ... Satellite image The Mediterranean Sea is a part of the Atlantic Ocean almost completely enclosed by land, on the north by Europe, on the south by Africa, and on the east by Asia. ... Geiseric (circa 389 – January 25, 477), also spelled as Gaiseric or Genseric, was the King of the Vandals and Alans (428–477) and was one of the key players in the troubles of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century. ...


As an off-set against these calamities, there was the great victory of Aëtius over Attila the Hun in 451 near Chalons, and his successful campaigns against the Visigoths in southern Gaul (426, 429, 436), and against various invaders on the Rhine and Danube (428-431). This article or section may contain inappropriate or misinterpreted citations. ... Events April 7 - The Huns sack Metz June 20 - Attila, king of the Huns is defeated at Troyes by Aëtius in the Battle of Chalons. ... The Visigoths, originally Tervingi, or Vesi (the noble ones), one of the two main branches of the Goths (of which the Ostrogothi were the other), were one of the loosely-termed Germanic peoples that disturbed the late Roman Empire. ... Events Saint Augustine of Hippo publishes the City of God. ... Events Vandals under Geiseric cross from Spain into Roman Africa Pope Celestine I dispatches bishops Germanus of Auxerre and Lupus of Troyes to Britain to combat Pelagian heresy. ... Events Attila the Hun attacks Britain Births Deaths Categories: 436 ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (Dutch Rijn, French Rhin, German Rhein, Italian: Reno, Romansch: Rein, ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... The Danube bend at Visegrád is a popular destination of tourists The Danube (ancient Danuvius) is Europes second-longest river (after the Volga). ... Events April 10 - Nestorius is made Patriarch of Constantinople. ... Events June - Council of Ephesus: Nestorianism is rejected, the Nicene creed is declared to be complete. ...


On 437, Valentinian married Licinia Eudoxia, the only daughter of eastern Emperor Theodosius II. Events October 29 - Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople. ... Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ...


The burden of taxation became more and more intolerable as the power of Rome decreased, and the loyalty of her remaining provinces was seriously impaired in consequence. Ravenna was Valentinian's usual residence; but he fled to Rome on the approach of Attila, who, after ravaging the north of Italy, died in the following year (453). Nickname: The Eternal City Map of Italy with the Region of Latium Coordinates: Region Latium Province Province of Rome Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496,1 sq mi)  - Urban 5,352 km² (2,066,4 sq mi) Elevation 37 m  (121,4 ft) Population    - City (2006[1... Events Theodoric II succeeds his brother Thorismund as king of the Visigoths. ...


In 454 Aëtius, whose son had married a daughter of the emperor, was treacherously murdered by Valentinian. On March 16 of the following year, however, the emperor himself was assassinated in Rome, by two of the barbarian followers of Aëtius. Valentinian was the last Roman emperor in the West to be deified. Events September 21 - Roman Emperor Valentinian III assassinates Aëtius in his own throne room. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (76th in Leap years). ... Apotheosis means glorification, usually to a divine level, coming from the Greek word apotheoun, to deify. ...


Valentinian not merely lacked the ability to govern the empire in a time of crisis, but aggravated its dangers by his self-indulgence and vindictiveness.


References

Our chief original sources for the reign of Valentinian III are Prosper's Chronicles, Jordanes, whose Gothic History was written in the 6th century, and the poet Sidonius Apollinaris. A modern secondary source is Oost, Galla Placidia Augusta (Chicago: University Press, 1968). Prosper of Aquitaine, or Prosper Tiro (c. ... This Buddhist stela from China, Northern Wei period, was built in the early 6th century. ... Gaius Sollius Modestus Sidonius Apollinaris (c. ...


This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Valentinian III
  • Ralph W. Mathisen, "Valentinian III," De Imperatoribus Romanis site.
Preceded by
Honorius
Western Roman Emperor
Succeeded by
Petronius Maximus

 
 

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