The Valentinian Dynasty, consisting of four emperors, ruled the West Roman Empire from 364 to 392 and the East Roman Empire from 364 to 378. The western emperors were Valentinian I (364-375) and his sons Gratian (375-383) and Valentinian II (375-392); the eastern emperor was Valentinian I's brother Valens (364-378). The dynasty was related to the House of Theodosius by the marriage of Theodosius I of the East (379-395) to Valentinian I's daughter. From this marriage came Galla Placidia, whose son Valentinian III became the western emperor (425-455), though he was technically neither of the Valentinian nor the Theodosian house. Although Valentinian III was the last ruler descended from either dynasty, his descendants continued to be a part of the Roman nobility in Constantinople until the end of the sixth century. Image File history File links Portal. ... The Roman Empire was a phase of the ancient Roman civilization characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Medallion of Valentinian I. Solidus minted by Valens in ca. ... A coin of Gratian. ... A marble statue of Emperor Valentinian II, Aphrodisias Geyre (Aydin, Anatolia), 387â390. ... Solidus minted by Valens in 376. ... The House of Theodosius was a Roman family that rose to eminence in the waning days of the Roman Empire. ... An engraving depicting what Theodosius may have looked like, ca. ... Galla Placidia on a coin struck by her son Valentinian III. On the reverse, a cross (typical of all the coinage referring to Galla Placidia) stands for her Christian faith. ... Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses. ...
Valentinian was aware that the empire was too large and dangerous to govern alone.
As Western Roman Emperor, Valentinian took Italy, Illyrium, Spain, Gaul, Britain and Africa, leaving to Eastern Roman Emperor Valens the eastern half of the Balkan peninsula, Greece, Egypt, Syria and Asia Minor as far east as Persia.
Valentinian’s two sons and Valens' nephews, Gratian and Valentinian II were evelated to Augusti by the imperial troops in Pannonia upon his death.
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