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Encyclopedia > Valenciennes
Commune of Valenciennes

Facade of the town hall
Région Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Département Nord
(sous-préfecture)
Arrondissement Valenciennes
Canton
Intercommunality
Mayor Dominique Riquet ()
Land area¹ 13.84 km²
Population² (1999) 41,278
Population density
(1999)
2983 pers./km²
Altitude 17m - 56m (avg. 42m)
INSEE/Postal code 59606 / 59300
1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
2 Not counting those already counted in another commune (such as students and military personnel).

Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x900, 352 KB) Summary Façade de lhôtel de ville de Valenciennes / Facade of the townhall of Valenciennes, Nord, France Manchot sanguinaire 16:20, 29 December 2005 (UTC) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Valenciennes... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron ( PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais The administrative region of Nord-Pas-de... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Extent of Flemish in the Arrondissement of Dunkirk, 1874 and 1972 Nord (French: North) is a département in the north of France. ... Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Valenciennes is an arrondissement of France, located in the Nord département, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais région. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing numerous ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits and services. ...


Coordinates: 03°31'33" E, 50°21'35" N

Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river. While the city and region had seen a steady decline between 1975 and 1990, it has since rebounded. As of 1999, the commune has a population of 41,278 while the metropolitan area numbers 399,677. This renewed growth is particularly notable for Valenciennes, as well as some suburbs. Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Extent of Flemish in the Arrondissement of Dunkirk, 1874 and 1972 Nord (French: North) is a département in the north of France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French Escaut) is a 350 km[1] long river that finds its origin in the north of France, enters Belgium and near Antwerp flows west into the Netherlands towards the North Sea. ... For the album by Prince, see 1999 (album) 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

Contents


History

Valenciennes is first mentioned in 693 in a legal document written by Clovis II. In the 9th century the region was overrun by the Normans. Once the Empire of the Franks was established, the city began to develop. In 1008, a terrible famine brought the Plague. Events Births Deaths Categories: 693 ... Clovis II (or Chlodowech or Chlodwig, modern French Louis, modern German Ludwig) (637-November 27, 655) succeeded his father Dagobert I in 639 as King of Neustria and Burgundy. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... The Normans (adapted from the name Northmen or Norsemen) were a mixture of the indigenous population of Neustria and Danish or Norwegian Vikings who began to occupy the northern area of France now known as Normandy in the latter half of the 9th century. ... Events Olof, king of Sweden, is baptized. ... A famine is a phenomenon in which a large percentage of the population of a region or country is so undernourished that death by starvation or other related diseases becomes increasingly common. ... Yersinia pestis seen at 2000x magnification. ...


In the 14th century, the Tower of Dodenne was built. In the 15th century, the County of Hainault, of which Valenciennes is part, was re-attached to Burgundy. In 1524, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, arrived at Valenciennes. With its manufacturers of wool and fine linens, the city was able to become economically independent. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The virtually independent county of Hainaut emerged from chaotic conditions at the end of the 9th century as a semi-independent state, at first a vassal of the crown of Lotharingia. ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Pre-Indo-European people, Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ... Events March 1, 1524/5 - Giovanni da Verrazano lands near Cape Fear (approx. ... Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and King of Aragon and Castile. ... Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax (and historically, cannabis) plant. ...


Around 1560, Valenciennes became an early center of Calvinism. In 1562, here occurred the first act of resistance against religious persecution in the Netherlands, when a crowd liberated some Protestants condemned to die at the stake. In 1580, the town, by then a Calvinist stronghold, was conquered by Alexander Farnese and Protestantism was eradicated. Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Calvinism is a system of Christian theology and an approach to Christian life and thought, articulated by John Calvin, a Protestant Reformer in the 16th century, and subsequently by successors, associates, followers and admirers of Calvin and his interpretation of Scripture. ... Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Burning of two sodomites at the stake outside Zürich, 1482 (Spiezer Schilling) Execution by burning has a long history as a method of punishment for crimes such as treason and for other unpopular acts such as heresy and the practice of witchcraft. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... In an unadorned church, the 17th century congregation stands to hear the sermon. ... Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (1545 - 1592) was the son of Duke Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma and Margaret, the illegitimate daughter of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V. Thus Alessandro was the nephew of Philip II of Spain and of Don John of Austria. ... Protestantism is one of three primary branches of Christianity. ...


By the Treaty of Nijmegen, the French took control of Valenciennes (1678) and the surrounding southern part of Hainault, roughly cutting the former county in halves. Shortly thereafter, Vauban visited the city in the effort to fortify the northern reaches of France. The Treaty of Nijmegen (1678) was signed in Nijmegen, and ended the Dutch War. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... Hainaut (French; English traditionally Hainault, Dutch: Henegouwen, German: Hennegau, Walloon: Hinnot) is the westernmost province of Wallonia, in Belgium. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Sébastien Le Prestre, Seigneur de Vauban and later Marquis de Vauban (May 15, 1633 - March 30, 1707), commonly referred to as Vauban, was a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for both his skill to design fortifications and to break through them. ...


Economy

Valenciennes is historically renowned for its lace. Until the 1970s, the main industries were steel and textiles. Since their decline, reconversion attempts focus mainly on automobile : In 2001, Toyota built its Western European Assembly line for the Toyota Yaris. Because of this and other changes, the average unemployment in the region is now lower than the national average. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Toyota redirects here. ... 1913 Ford Model T assembly line. ... The Toyota Vitz and Platz are Toyotas current model of subcompact car, with the Vitz name used for hatchbacks and Platz for sedans in Japan. ...


On July 15, 2004 the Administrative Board of the European Union's Railway Agency held its first meeting in Phénix, with representatives of the 25 Member States and François Lamoureux, those days Director General for Energy and Transportation at the European Commission. Valenciennes was picked as the European Railway Agency headquarters in December of 2003. International conferences are held in Lille. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Railway Agency (ERA) is one of the agencies of the European Union. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... t* Autoroute A22 : Lille - Antwerp - Netherlands A sixth oher ejt weoitjh w newr0tipew roj40=9 dfiojg b o4it orpitre royieoy i53 -y035 3[49430ne — the proposed A24 — will link Amiens to Lille if built, but there is opposition to its route. ...


Public transportation system

Main article: Valenciennes tram
Valenciennes tramway line #1 - Université Station
Valenciennes tramway line #1 - Université Station

Line #1 of the tramway, currently under construction, will be put into service on July 3, 2006. 9.5 km long, this tramway will cross the five communes in the Valenciennois Metropolitain area. The tramway is expected to cost 242.75 million Euros. A Valenciennes tram during its first operation in the city, at the Place de la Gare on April 26, 2006 The Valenciennes tram is a light rail system in the Valenciennes urban area in the Nord département of northern France. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2067 KB) Summary A station of the Valenciennes tram (Université). Picture taken by myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2067 KB) Summary A station of the Valenciennes tram (Université). Picture taken by myself. ... The euro (currency sign: €; banking code: EUR) is the official currency of the following twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain; collectively also known as the Eurozone. ...


Administration

Valenciennes is a subprefecture of the Nord département. Subprefecture is an administrative level that is below prefecture or province. ...


Mayors since 1947

1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Jean-Louis Borloo is currently the Minister for Social Cohesion in France. ... It has been suggested that Human rights in France be merged into this article or section. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

Miscellaneous

  • Inhabitants are called valenciennois.
  • A popular way of serving local coffee is to have it topped with whipped cream and is thusly named café valenciennes

Monuments and tourist attractions

Museum of Fine Arts of Valenciennes
Museum of Fine Arts of Valenciennes

Valenciennes was almost completely destroyed during World War II, and has hence been rebuilt in concrete. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x900, 197 KB) Summary Musée des Beaux-Arts de Valenciennes / Museum of Fine Arts of Valenciennes, Nord, France Manchot sanguinaire 16:25, 29 December 2005 (UTC) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Valenciennes Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x900, 197 KB) Summary Musée des Beaux-Arts de Valenciennes / Museum of Fine Arts of Valenciennes, Nord, France Manchot sanguinaire 16:25, 29 December 2005 (UTC) Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Valenciennes Metadata This file... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union United Kingdom United States and others Axis Powers: Germany Japan Italy and others Commanders Winston Churchill, Josef Stalin, Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4...


A few surviving monuments are:

  • The façade of the city offices which managed to survive the bombardments of the war.
  • Notre-Dame du Saint-Cordon, to which there is an annual pilgrimage.
  • La Maison Espagnole, the remains of the Spanish occupation, which ended in 1678.
  • The Dodenne Tower, the remaining part of the mediaeval fortifications after Charles V ordered them reduced.

People born in Valenciennes

Jean Froissart (~1337 - ~1405) was one of the most important of the chroniclers of medieval France. ... King George V of the United Kingdom and his consort, Queen Mary A queen consort is the wife and consort of a reigning king. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... Philippa of Hainault Philippa of Hainault (~1314 - August 15, 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Jean-Antoine Watteau (October 10, 1684 - July 18, 1721) was a French Rococo painter. ... An Italian Futurist sculpture by Umberto Boccioni at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City (MoMA). ... Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, sometimes called Jules Carpeaux (May 11, 1827 - October 12, 1875) was a French sculptor who studied under Fran ois Rude. ... Drawing is a means of making an image, using any of a wide variety of tools and techniques. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Jean Lefebvre (March 10, 1919 - July 8, 2004) was a French actor. ...

Twin towns

This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Agrigento (formerly Girgenti) is the name of a town on the southern coast of Italy, capital of the province of Agrigento. ... Sicilian redirects here. ... Düren is a town in North Rhine-Westphalia, capital of Düren district. ... Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska Gliwic Mayor Zygmunt Frankiewicz Area 134,2 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 200,361 (December 31, 2004) - 1528/km² Founded City rights 1276 - Latitude Longitude 50°17 N 18°40 E Area code +48 32 Car plates SG Twin towns Bottrop, Dessau... The Medway Towns is the name given to a conurbation located to the north of Kent in England: until 1998 it was part of that county (see below). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Nacka is a Municipality in Stockholm County, in central Sweden. ... Óbuda (sometimes is written in English as Obuda) was a historical city in Hungary. ... Salgótarján is a city in Hungary, located to the East about 120 km distance from Budapest. ... Yichang (Chinese: 宜昌; pinyin: Yíchāng) is a city in the Hubei province of China. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Valenciennes
  • Official web site of the city : in French
  • Discover Valenciennes: in French
  • Nordmag History of Valenciennes

  Results from FactBites:
 
Valenciennes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (588 words)
Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river.
By the Treaty of Nijmegen, the French took control of Valenciennes (1678) and the surrounding southern part of Hainault, roughly cutting the former county in halves.
Valenciennes was picked as the European Railway Agency headquarters in December of 2003.
Achille Valenciennes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (107 words)
Achille Valenciennes (August 9, 1794 - April 13, 1865) was a French zoologist.
Valenciennes was born in Paris, and studied under Georges Cuvier.
Valenciennes' study of parasitic worms in humans made an important contribution to the study of parasitology.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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