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Encyclopedia > Valence, Drôme
Location within Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France

Valence is a This article is part of the series: Administrative divisions of France Regional level Régions Régions doutre-mer Departmental level Départements Départements doutre-mer Arrondissement level Arrondissements Cantonal level Cantons Communal level Communes Communautés urbaines Communautés dagglomération Communautés de communes... commune in south-eastern Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to disclaimers. Trying... France, the capital of the This article is part of the series: This article is part of the series: Administrative divisions of France Regional level This article is part of the series: This article is part of the series: Administrative divisions of France Regional level Régions Régions doutre-mer Departmental level Départements... département of Drôme Missing image Blason_france_Drôme_petit.jpg Coat of Arms de la Drôme Details Information This article is part of the series: This article is part of the series: Administrative divisions of France Regional level This article is part of the series: This article is part... Drôme, situated on the left bank of the Rhône, 65 miles south of This article is about the French city. For other usages, see Lyon (disambiguation) and (as Lyons) Lyons was the common English name for Lyon in France. Other places named Lyons include: Lyons, Colorado Lyons, Georgia Lyons, Illinois Lyons, Indiana Lyons, Kansas Lyons, Michigan Lyons, New York is the name of... Lyon on the railway to Marseilles redirects here. There is also Marseilles is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 4,655. It is a suburb of Chicago, Illinois, although it is normally classified as a city. Geography Marseilles is located at... Marseille.



Known in ancient times as Valentia, the city was the capital of the Segalauni, and the seat of a celebrated school prior to the Roman conquest. It became a This article refers to a colony in politics and history. For alternate meanings of colony, see colony (disambiguation). In politics and in history, a colony is an administrative unit under the control of a geographically- distinct entity, usually an autonomous state. The term informal colony is used by some historians... colony under Augustus (plural Augusti) is Latin for majestic or venerable. Although the use of the cognomen Augustus as part of ones name is generally understood to identify the Roman Emperor, this is somewhat misleading; Augustus was the most significant name associated with the Emperor, but it did not actually represent... Augustus, and was an important town of Viennensis Prima under Valentinian was the name of several Roman emperors: Valentinian I Valentinian II Valentinian III This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix it... Valentinian. It was the seat of a In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Church of England and the... bishopric perhaps as early as the (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant persons 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Definitive declaration of biblical canon: Council... 4th century.

It was ravaged by the The Alans or Alani were an Iranian nomadic group among the Sarmatian people, warlike nomadic pastoralists of mixed backgrounds, who spoke an Iranian language and shared, in a broad sense, a common culture. Contents // 1 Early Alans 2 The western Alans and Vandals 3 Alans and Slavs 4 The eastern... Alani and other Barbarian was originally a Greek term applied to any foreigner, one not sharing a recognized culture or degree of polish with the speaker or writer employing the term. The word expressed with mocking duplication (bar-bar) alleged attempts by outsiders to speak a real language. A barbarism in language, especially... barbarians, and fell successively under the power of the The Burgundians or Burgundes were an East Germanic tribe which may have emigrated from Scandinavia to the island of Bornholm, whose old form in Old Norse still was Burgundarholmr (the Island of the Burgundians), and from here to mainland Europe. In the Thorstein saga Víkingssonar, Veseti settled in an... Burgundians, the History of France Series - This is a timeline of French history. 1850s: 1850 - 1851 - 1852 - 1853 - 1854 - 1855 - 1856 - 1857 - 1858 - 1859 1860s: 1860 - 1861 - 1862 - 1863 - 1864 - 1865 - 1866 - 1867 - 1868 - 1869 1870s: 1870 - 1871 - 1872 - 1873 - 1874 - 1875 - 1876 - 1877 - 1878 - 1879 1880s: 1880 - 1881 - 1882 - 1883 - 1884... Franks, the Arabs of Spain, the sovereigns of Map of western Mediterranean, showing location of Arles Arles (Arle in Provençal) is a France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône département, of which it is a sous-préfecture, in the former province of Provence. Contents // 1 Geography 2 History 2.1 Roman Arles 2.2 Medieval... Arles, the emperors of Germany, the dukes of Valentinois, the After the Visigothic Kings of Aquitaine (409 - 508), the Merovingian kings were kings and dukes in Aquitaine and dukes of Toulouse. The Carolingians appointed counts of Toulouse, 790 - 848: Torson, designated comte de Toulouse by Charlemagne, 778, regent for Louis I; deposed 790 Saint William of Gellone, second count of... counts of Toulouse, as well as its own bishops. These bishops were often in conflict with the citizens and the dukes of Valentinois, and to strengthen their hands against the latter the pope in Years: 1272 1273 1274 - 1275 - 1276 1277 1278 Decades: 1240s 1250s 1260s - 1270s - 1280s 1290s 1300s Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century 1275 state leaders Contents // 1 Events 2 Births 3 Deaths 4 Monarchs/Presidents Events Eleanor de Montfort is captured by pirates in the employ of Edward I... 1275 united their bishopric with that of Die.

The citizens put themselves under the protection of the For other uses, see Dauphin (disambiguation). The Dauphin was the heir apparent to the throne of France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. Guy VIII, Count of Vienne, had a dolphin on his coat of arms and had been nicknamed le Dauphin (French for dolphin). The title of Dauphin du... dauphin, and in Years: 1453 1454 1455 - 1456 - 1457 1458 1459 Decades: 1420s 1430s 1440s - 1450s - 1460s 1470s 1480s Centuries: 14th century - 15th century - 16th century Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). July 21 - July 22. Battle of Belgrade. The Hungarians under John Hunyadi rout the... 1456 had their rights and privileges confirmed by Louis XI Louis XI the Prudent (French: Louis XI le Prudent) (July 3, 1423 - August 30, 1483), also informally nicknamed luniverselle aragne (old French for universal spider), was a King of France (1461 - 1483). He was the son of Charles VII of France and Mary of Anjou. He was... Louis XI and put on an equal footing with those of the rest of Dauphiné, the bishops consenting to recognize the suzerainty of the dauphin. In the 16th century Valence became the center of Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. It generally refers to those that separated from the Catholic Church in the Reformation, their offshoots, and those that share similar doctrines or ideologies. It is commonly considered one of the three major branches of Christianity, along with Catholicism and Eastern... Protestantism for the province in Years: 1560 1561 1562 - 1563 - 1564 1565 1566 Decades: 1530s 1540s 1550s - 1560s - 1570s 1580s 1590s Centuries: 15th century - 16th century - 17th century Events February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. Negotiated between the Prince of Condé and Anne de Montmorency... 1563. The town was fortified by Francis I, Renaissance prince, lover of women, patron of the arts Francis I (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 - July 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (French: le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims... King Francois I. It became the seat of a celebrated university in the middle of the (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant people 3 Inventions, discoveries, introductions 4 Decades and years Events Renaissance affects philosophy, science and art... 15th century; but the revocation of the The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant French Protestants (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a Catholic nation. The main concern was civil unity, and the Edict separated civil from religious unity, treated some Protestants for the first time... Edict of Nantes in Years: 1682 1683 1684 - 1685 - 1686 1687 1688 Decades: 1650s 1660s 1670s - 1680s - 1690s 1700s 1710s Centuries: 16th century - 17th century - 18th century 1685 in literature 1685 in science 1685 state leaders Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King... 1685 struck a fatal blow at its industry, commerce and population.


The A Cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, which serves as the central church of a bishopric. As cathedrals are often particularly impressive edifices, the term is sometimes also used loosely as a designation for any large important church. Some former cathedrals in... cathedral of St. Apollinaris, which has an interesting APSE standing for Ada Programming Support Environment is a program or set of programs to support software development in the Ada programming language. This represented the second stage of the US military Ada project; once the language was implemented, it was felt necessary to specify and implement a standard set... apse, was rebuilt in the (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. In the history of European culture, this period is considered part of the High Middle Ages. Contents // 1 Events 2 Significant... 11th century in the Romanesque St. Michaelis Cathedral (1010-33) in Hildesheim – a World Heritage Site The name Romanesque, like many other stylistic designations, was not a term contemporary with the art it describes but an invention of modern scholarship to categorize a period. The term Romanesque attempts to link the architecture, especially... Romanesque style of Auvergne and consecrated in Years: 1092 1093 1094 - 1095 - 1096 1097 1098 Decades: 1060s 1070s 1080s - 1090s - 1100s 1110s 1120s Centuries: 10th century - 11th century - 12th century Events The county of Portugal is established for the second time. Pembroke Castle is built in Wales. The cathedral in Valence, France is consecrated. Coloman becomes King... 1095 by pope Urban II, né Otho of Lagery (or Otto or Odo) (1042 - July 29, 1099), pope from 1088 to July 29, 1099, was born into nobility in France at Lagery (near Châtillon-sur-Marne) and was church educated. He was archdeacon of Reims when, under the influence of St Bruno... Urban II. It suffered extensive damage in the History of France Chronological Gaul Franks Middle Ages Ancien Régime French Revolution First Empire Nineteenth century Third Republic Vichy France Modern France Topical Economic history Military history Social history Timeline The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between the Catholic League and the Huguenots from... French Wars of Religion, but it was restored in the first decade of the (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. During this period, the power of England and the United Provinces increased; while that of Spain and Portugal declined. Similarly, the power... 17th century. The porch and the stone tower above it were rebuilt in 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. Years: 1858 1859 1860 - 1861 - 1862 1863 1864 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1861 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial... 1861. The church contains the monument of Pius VI, born as Giovanni Angelo Braschi, (December 27, 1717 - August 29, 1799), pope from 1775 to 1799, was born at Cesena. Pius VI, portrait by Pompeo Batoni (1708-1787) After completing a degree of Doctorate of Law, Braschi went to Ferrara and became the private secretary of Cardinal Ruffo... Pius VI, who died at Valence in Years: Years: 1793 1794 1795 - 1796 - 1797 1798 1799 Decades: 1760s 1770s 1780s - 1790s - 1800s 1810s 1820s Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century 1796 in art 1796 in literature 1796 in music 1796 in science List of state leaders in 1796 List of religious leaders in 1796 Contents // 1... 1799. The library and the museum containing Roman antiquities, sculptures and a picture gallery, are housed in the old ecclesiastical seminary.

The most notable of the monuments erected it this city to its natives include those to Émile Augier the dramatist by the duchess of Uzès (1897), and to General Championnet.


The industries of the city include metallurgical products, textiles, leather goods, jewelry and munitions, and it also serves as a processing and trade center for the surrounding agricultural region.

Some of the big hi-tech companies settled here are leading in their domains like The Thales Group is a global electronics company serving aerospace, defence, and information technology markets worldwide. Prior to December 2000 the group was known as Thomson-CSF. Established (under a different name) in France more than a century ago, it now has operations in more than 30 countries and 65... Thales (Former Thomson-CSF, electronic systems for avionics and defence), Crouzet/ Schneider (tailor in English; literally someone who cuts, from the verb schneiden to cut) is a very common family name in German. People named Schneider Notable people by this name include Bennett Schneider, several members of a family of US booksellers and clowns Christoph Schneider, German musician (Rammstein) Daniel Schneider... Schneider (Automatic systems), This article or section should include material from Alcatel cellular telephones Alcatel SA (NYSE: ALA (http://www.nyse.com/about/listed/lcddata.html?ticker=ALA)) is a French company that makes telecommunications transmission equipment, including multiplexers and fiber optic terminal equipment and integrated circuits. The business is most notably... Alcatel space (Aerospatial systems), Ascom Monetel (Automatic paytax systems), etc.

Colleges and universities

Valence is now developing its high level educational role in the Drôme/ Ardèche Missing image Blason_france_Ardèche_petit.jpg Coat of Arms of Ardèche Details Information This article is part of the series: This article is part of the series: Administrative divisions of France Regional level This article is part of the series: This article is part of... Ardèche area with one engineering school, one IUT (Institut Universitaire de Technologie), three universities (UPMF, UJF, Marie-Henri Beyle (January 23, 1783 - March 23, 1842), better known as Stendhal, was a 19th century French writer. He is known for his accurate analysis of his characters psychology and for the dryness of his writing-style. Contents // 1 Biography 2 Works 3 See also 4 External links Biography... Stendhal) and many schools.

External link

  • http://www.tourisme-valence.com/

This article incorporates text from the The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. (Proprietary interest is typically represented by a copyright or patent.) Such works and inventions are considered part of... public domain The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. The edition is still often regarded as the greatest edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica, with many articles being up to 10 times the length of... 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.



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