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Encyclopedia > Val d'Aran
Val d'Aran
Map of Catalonia with Val d'Aran highlighted
Other Catalan comarques
Province Lleida
Capital Vielha
Largest city Vielha
Demonym (Catalan, Aranese) Aranès 
Demonym (English) Aranese
Population (1996) 7,130
Area 620.47 km2
Pop. density 11.5 hab/km2
Municipalities 9
Terçons 6

Val d'Aran, a small valley (620.47 km2) is a comarca (county) in the northwestern part of Catalonia, which is an autonomous region of Spain. It is the source of the Garonne, and one of the highest valleys of the Pyrenees. Most of the valley constitutes the only Catalan territory on the north face of the Pyrenees, hence the only part of Catalonia whose waters drain into the Atlantic Ocean. The region is characterized by an Atlantic climate, due to its peculiar orientation, which is different from other valleys in the area. Map of Catalonia highlighting comarca Vall dAran (from Catalan Wikipedia) File links The following pages link to this file: Val dAran Categories: Images with unknown source ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... This article is about political regions. ... Lleida province Lleida is a province of eastern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Catalonia. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Catalonia ... City lights from space. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Catalonia ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Catalan (Català, Valencià) is a Romance language understood by as many as 12 million people in portions of Spain, France, Andorra and Italy, although the majority of active Catalan speakers are in Spain. ... Aranese (Aranès or Aranais) is a dialect of Gascon (which is part of the Occitan language group of the Romance languages), spoken in Val dAran, Spain, where it is an official language. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ... Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... The Garonne (Occitan: Garona) is a river in southwest France, with a length of 575 km (357 miles). ... Central Pyrenees The Pyrenees (French: Pyrénées; Spanish: Pirineos; Occitan: Pirenèus or Pirenèas; Catalan Pirineus; Aragonese: Perinés; Basque: Pirinioak) are a range of mountains in southwest Europe that form a natural border between France and Spain. ...


The Val d'Aran borders on the North with France, with Aragón on the west and with the Catalan comarques of Alta Ribagorça to the south and Pallars Sobirà to the east. The capital of the comarca is Vielha, with 3,692 inhabitants (1996). The entire population of the valley is about 7,130 (1996). The chief river is the Garona, which descends through Gascony to the Atlantic. The Noguera Pallaresa, with its head only a hundred meters from that of the Garona, flows the other way, toward the Mediterranean. Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Capital Barcelona Official languages Spanish and Catalan In Val dAran, also Aranese. ... This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... Alta Ribagorça is one of the comarques of Catalonia. ... Other Catalan comarques Province Lleida Capital Sort Largest city Sort Demonym   Population (2001) 6,147 Area 1,355. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Catalonia ... The Garonne (Occitan: Garona) is a river in southwest France, with a length of 575 km (357 miles). ... Gascony (French: Gascogne, pronounced  ; Gascon: Gasconha, pronounced ) is an area in southwest France, and an old province of France. ... The Noguera Pallaresa is a river in Catalonia, Spain. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


The valley used to be without direct communication with the south side of the mountains during winter, until the construction of a tunnel, opened in 1948. Spanish Republican guerrillas (supporters of the Second Spanish Republic, the losing side in the Spanish Civil War) controlled the area from the end of World War II until the opening of the tunnel. A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Distinguish from the type of ape called a gorilla. ... Flag of the Second Spanish Republic The Second Spanish Republic (1931 – 1939) was the second period in Spanish history in which the election of both the positions of Head of State and Head of government were in the hands of the people. ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Muslim Conquest of Iberia Timeline of Muslim Occupation Medieval Spain Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ...

Contents


The local language and the name "Val d'Aran"

The name Val d'Aran is Occitan, more precisely Gascon or, yet more precisely, Aranese. "Val d'Aran" itself is a pleonasm, as it means Valley of the Valley (val in Gascon and aran from Basque haran), a combination that reflects its unique geography. Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... The Gascon language is an Occitan dialect mostly spoken in Gascony (in the French départements of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Hautes-Pyrénées, Landes, Gers, Gironde, a part of Lot-et-Garonne, a part of Haute-Garonne, and a part of Ariège), and in the small Spanish... Aranese (Aranès or Aranais) is a dialect of Gascon (which is part of the Occitan language group of the Romance languages), spoken in Val dAran, Spain, where it is an official language. ... Pleonasm is the use of more words than necessary to express an idea. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


In Aranese, "Val d'Aran" often appears written "era Val d'Aran", using the Aranese singular feminine article like a part of the name. In Catalan, it's "la Vall d'Aran", and in Spanish "el Valle de Arán". Catalan (Català, Valencià) is a Romance language understood by as many as 12 million people in portions of Spain, France, Andorra and Italy, although the majority of active Catalan speakers are in Spain. ...


Inhabitants speak a dialect of Gascon called "Aranès" (known in English as "Aranese"), strongly influenced by Aragonese and Catalan. Aranese has its own orthography. Most local Aranese speakers are also fluent in Spanish, Catalan and French. Aranese has been regularly taught at school since 1984. Like several other minority languages in Europe that, until recently, were on the decline and spoken only by the older members of a given society, Aranese is experiencing a renaissance. The Gascon language is an Occitan dialect mostly spoken in Gascony (in the French départements of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Hautes-Pyrénées, Landes, Gers, Gironde, a part of Lot-et-Garonne, a part of Haute-Garonne, and a part of Ariège), and in the small Spanish... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Catalan (Català, Valencià) is a Romance language understood by as many as 12 million people in portions of Spain, France, Andorra and Italy, although the majority of active Catalan speakers are in Spain. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a country. ...


Government and economy

The area is divided in six administrative divisions, called terçons (meaning "thirds", as the divisions were formerly three in number). The current arrangement of the divisions dates from the 15th century. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


The main income is from ski resorts in the winter, and from tourism in the summer. Other primary sectors of the economy include forest products, cattle raising and apiculture, all of which have become less and less important since the opening of ski resorts. A twin-tip shaped downhill ski. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Beaches make popular tourist resorts Tourist redirects here; for the album by Athlete, see Tourist (album) Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...


Municipalities

These population figures are from an unspecified year, but should be from approximately 2001-2002.

  • Arres pop. - 63
  • Bausen pop. - 51
  • Bossòst pop. - 1,011
  • Bòrdes pop. - 218
  • Canejan pop. - 105
  • Les pop. - 676
  • Naut Aran pop. - 1,543
  • Vielha pop. - 4,547
  • Vilamòs pop. - 159

Categories: Spain geography stubs | Catalonia ...

Fauna

Many native animals of the Vall d'Aran are in peril of extinction. There are programs of reintroduction and/or protection for: The American bison numbered as few as 750 in 1890 due to extreme overhunting. ...

  • Brown Bear (Ursus arctos)
  • Rock ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus)
  • Aran rock lizard (Lacerta aranica)
  • Bearded vulture (Gypaëtus barbatus)

Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 The Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) is a species of bear that can reach weights of 130–700 kg (300–1500 pounds). ... Binomial name Lagopus mutus (Montin, 1781) The Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) is a small (31-35 cm) bird in the grouse family. ...

External links

  • Page of the Aranese government (Conselh Generau d'Aran) - In catalan
  • Information from the Generalitat de Catalunya - In Catalan


 
Comarques of Catalonia
Flag of Catalonia
Alt Camp | Alt Empordà | Alt Penedès | Alt Urgell | Alta Ribagorça | Anoia | Bages | Baix Camp | Baix Ebre | Baix Empordà | Baix Llobregat | Baix Penedès | Baixa Cerdanya | Barcelonès | Berguedà | Conca de Barberà | Garraf | Garrigues | Garrotxa | Gironès | Maresme | Montsià | Noguera | Osona | Pallars Jussà | Pallars Sobirà | Pla de l'Estany | Pla d'Urgell | Priorat | Ribera d'Ebre | Ripollès | Segarra | Segrià | Selva | Solsonès | Tarragonès | Terra Alta | Urgell | Val d'Aran | Vallès Occidental | Vallès Oriental
Historical Comarques
North Catalonia: Alta Cerdanya | Capcir | Conflent | Rosselló | Vallespir

 
 

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