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Encyclopedia > Vaishali

Vaishali is one of the districts of Bihar state, India. Hajipur is the district headquarters. The district covers an area of around 2036 Sq Kms and the population is around two million. Agriculture is the main activity and banana, paddy, wheat, maize and lentils are the major crops. Bihar (बिहार in Devanagri) is a state situated in the eastern part of India. ... Hajipur is the headquarters of Vaishali district in the state of Bihar, in India. ... Species Hybrid origin; see text A banana is a tree-like plant (though strictly a herb) of the genus Musa in the family Musaceae, closely related to plantains. ... Paddy is a slang term in British English for an Irish person. ... Species T. boeoticum T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp) is a grass that is cultivated around the world. ... Species Zea diploperennis Zea luxurians Zea nicaraguensis Zea perennis References ITIS 42268 2002-09-22 Sorting Zea names This article is about the staple food. ... Binomial name Lens culinaris Medikus Red lentils Lentils (Lens culinaris, Fabaceae) are lens-shaped pulses that grow on an annual, bushlike plant. ...


History

Vaishali derives its name from King Vishal of the Mahabharata age. The Mahabharata (Devanagari: महाभारत, phonetically Mahābhārata - see note), sometimes just called Bharata, is the great religious and philosophical epic of India. ...


Even before the advent of Buddhism and Jainism, Vaishali was a vibrant republic state, in fact the one of the earliest oligarchic republics of the World, like those of the Greece. Then, Vaishali was an ancient metropolis and capital city the republic of Vaishali state, which covered most of the Himalayan Gangetic region of the present day Bihar state, India. Very little is known about the early history of Vaishali. The Vishnu Purana records 34 kings of Vaishali, the first being 'Nabhaga', who is believed to have abdicated his throne over a matter of human rights and believed to have declared: ‘’ I am now a free tiller of the soil, king over my acre.” The last among the 34 was 'Sumati', who is considered a contemporary of Dasrath, father of Hindu god Ram. Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahimsa, meaning non-injury and non-violence. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people that dont found their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people living in that state or country. ... A state is an organized political community occupying a definite territory, having an organized government, and possessing internal and external sovereignty. ... Oligarchy is a form of government where most political power effectively rests with a small segment of society (typically the most powerful, whether by wealth, military strength, ruthlessness, or political influence). ... A metropolis (in Greek metera = mother and polis = city/town) is a major city, which is an economical and cultural center for some country, and usually a hub for its international connections. ... Bihar (बिहार in Devanagri) is a state situated in the eastern part of India. ...


As stated earier, Vaishali was the world's first republic, around 500 BC ago. Vaishali also finds repeated mentions in texts pertaining to both Jainism and Buddhism. Centuries: 7th century BC - 6th century BC - 5th century BC Decades: 550s BC - 540s BC - 530s BC - 520s BC - 510s BC - 500s BC - 490s BC - 480s BC - 470s BC - 460s BC - 450s BC Events and Trends 509 BC - Foundation of the Roman Republic 508 BC - Office of pontifex maximus created... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahimsa, meaning non-injury and non-violence. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ...


In the republic of Vaishali, Lord Mahavir was born. Buddha delivered his last sermon at Vaishali and announced his Nirvana there. Vaishali is also renowned as the land of Ambapali (also spelled as Amrapali), the great Indian courtesan, who appears in many folktales, as well as in Buddhist literature. Ambapali later adopted Buddhism. This article or section should be merged with Mahavir Swami Mahavir or Mahavira (the Great Hero -- Also, Vardhamana (increasing) or Niggantha Nathaputta -- 599 BC - 527 BC) was the 24th, and last, Jainist Tirthankara. ... A stone image of the Buddha. ... The following article is about the term Nirvana in the context of Buddhism. ... Ambapali ( about 500 BC), also called Amrapali, was a royal courtesan of the republic state of Vaishali, ancient India. ... Folklore is the ethnographic concept of the tales, legends, or superstitions current among a particular ethnic population, a part of the oral history of a particular culture. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Vaishali The Bygone Glory (1793 words)
Vaishali is credited with being the world’s first republic to have a duly elected assembly of representatives.
Vaishali, in north Bihar, ranks among the few rare place in history that has left behind a trail of events that reflect the pride of ancient India.
Vaishali, 55 km from Patna, does not appear to have changed much, though the Buddhists and their monasteries are nowhere to be seen.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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