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Encyclopedia > Vadodara
  ?Baroda
Vadodara
Gujarat • India
Nickname: Sanskari Nagari/Sayaji Nagari
Nyay Mandir in the heart of Vadodara
Map indicating the location of Vadodara Location of Vadodara in Gujarat
Coordinates: 22°18′00″N 73°12′01″E / 22.3, 73.20028
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
148.95 km² (58 sq mi)[1]
• 129 m (423 ft)
Climate
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter
Semi-Arid (BSh) (Köppen)
43 - 12 °C (97 °F)
• 43 - 26 °C (83 °F)
• 33 - 12 °C (79 °F)
Distance(s)
• From Delhi
• From Mumbai
• From Ahmedabad

• 956 km NE (Rail and air)
• 395 km S (Rail and air)
• 100 km NW (Road)
Nearest city Ahmedabad
District(s) Vadodara District
Population
Density
Literacy rate
1,641,566 (18) (2007)
• 11,021 /km² (28,544 /sq mi)
• 76.11
Language(s) Gujarati, Hindi & English
Mayor Shri Balakrishna Shukla
Municipal Commissioner Shri M.K. Das[2]
Vadodara Municipal Corporation 1950
Legislature (seats) Municipality (84 [1])
Parliamentary constituency 1[3]
Assembly constituency 13[4]
Planning Agency 1 (VUDA)
Zone 21[1]
Ward 21[1][5]
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 390 0XX
• +(91)265
• INBDQ
• GJ-06
Website: Vadodara Municipal Corporation
[[Image:
Seal of Vaodara Municipal Corporation
|75px|Seal of Vadodara]]
Seal of Vadodara

Coordinates: 22°18′00″N 73°12′01″E / 22.3, 73.20028 Baroda is another common name for the town of Vadodara in Gujarat, India. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 476 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) REDIRECT [[#REDIRECT vadodara]] I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Gujarat_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... For other uses, see Temperature (disambiguation). ... India has a large variation in climate from region to region, due to its vast size. ... Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... The divisions of a district. ... Districts of central Gujarat Vadodara District is a district in the eastern part of the state of Gujarat in western India. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Constitution of India envisages Hindi as the primary official language advocated by the Union government, with English as the subsidiary official language. ... Khardrao Market The Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan or Vadodara Municipal Corporation or VMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Vadodara. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... The 14th Lok Sabha was convened after the election of April-May 2004. ... Vidhan Sabha, the name of the state-level legislature assemblies in India. ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... VUDA Office Building The Vadodara Urban Development Authority is a civilian government body responsible for overseeing and sanctioning construction and infrastructure development across the suburbs of the city of Vadodara, in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Map of Chennai City and metropolitan area List of Corporation wards in the city of Chennai, India managed by the Corporation of Chennai Constituencies outside Chennai city Municipalities outside Chennai Tiruvallur District Ambattur Avadi Kathivakkam Madhavaram Tiruvallur Tiruvottiyur Kanchipuram District Alandur Madurantakam Nellikuppam Pallavaram Panruti Tambaram Chennai Corporation Corporation of... Map of Chennai City and metropolitan area List of Corporation wards in the city of Chennai, India managed by the Corporation of Chennai Constituencies outside Chennai city Municipalities outside Chennai Tiruvallur District Ambattur Avadi Kathivakkam Madhavaram Tiruvallur Tiruvottiyur Kanchipuram District Alandur Madurantakam Nellikuppam Pallavaram Panruti Tambaram Chennai Corporation Corporation of... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા , Marathi: बडोदा), also known as Baroda (Gujarati: બરોડા), is the third most-populated city in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. It is one of four cities in the state with a population of over 1 million[6], the other being Rajkot and the two cities listed above. It is also known as the Sayaji Nagari or Sanskari Nagari (Cultural Capital of Gujarat). Vadodara or Baroda, formerly the capital city of Gaekwar State, is situated on the banks of Vishwamitri, a river whose name derived from the great saint Rishi Vishvamitra. It is located southeast of Ahmedabad. It is the administrative headquarters of Vadodara District. Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Image File history File links Vadodara. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... Districts of central Gujarat Vadodara District is a district in the eastern part of the state of Gujarat in western India. ...


Vadodara is home to almost 1.6 million people [7] (as of 2005), the beautiful Lakshmi Vilas Palace and the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (M.S.U.) which is famous for various departments, including the fine arts, performing arts, technology, management and medicine streams. It has a high literacy rate by Indian standards of 78% (2001). Major industries include petrochemicals, engineering, pharmaceuticals, and plastics. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Maharaja Palace actually refers to a series of palaces in Vadodara constructed since the Gaekwad family started ruling the Vadodara State. ... The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, named after Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the visionary ruler of Baroda, is one of the premier universities of India and the largest university in the city of Baroda in Gujarat, India. ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Vadodara has a rich historical background. The ardent historian can trace Vadodara's history over 2000 years and more. The first noted history of the city was of the early trader settlers who settled in the region in 812 A.D. The province was mainly Hindu-dominated with Hindu kings ruling till the year 1297. The Gupta Dynasty was the first power rulers of the region. After fierce battles, the region was taken over by the Chalukya Dynasty. Finally, the kingdom was annexed by the Solankis. By this time the Muslim rule had spread across India, and the reins of power were then snatched by the Delhi Sultans. The city was ruled for a long time by these Sultans, until they were easily overthrown by the Mughal emperors. The Mughals' biggest problem were the mighty Marathas who slowly but eventually took over the region. It became the capital of the Maratha Gaekwads. Sayaji Rao III (1875-1939), a most able ruler, made many public and bureaucratic improvements in the region. Although the British had a major influence on the region, Vadodara remained a princely state until Independence. Like all other princely states, Vadodara also joined the Republic of India in 1947. The Gupta dynasty ruled the Gupta Empire of India, from around 320 to 550. ... Virupaksha temple, Pattadakal, built 740 Badami Chalukya Territories in the reign of Pulakesi II, 640 The Chalukya dynasty (Sanskrit/Marathi[1]:चालुक्य राजवंश,Kannada:ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು) IPA: ) was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th centuries. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Sir Syaji Rao Gaekwad III, Maharaj of Baroda The Gaekwad or Gaikwad (once rendered as Guicowar) (Gujarati: ગાયકવાડ ; Marathi: गायकवाड) was a Maratha dynasty that ruled the princely state of Baroda in western India from the mid-eighteenth century until 1947. ... Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Shrimant Maharaja Sir Sayajirao III Gaekwad (10 March 1863 – 6 February 1939), was the Maharaja of Baroda from 1875 to 1939 and notably reformed much of his state during his rule. ...


Origin of name

Two thousand years back, there was a small town known as "Ankottak" (present day Akota) on the western bank of river Vishvamitri. The earliest mention of Vadodara is in a granth or charter of 812 that identifies it as Vadapadraka, a village attached to the nearby town of Ankottaka. In 600 AD severe floods in Vishvamitri forced the inhabitants to move to the eastern side of the river to a village known as "Vatpatrak" (Leaf of Banyan tree) which developed into Vadodara. In the 10th century Vadapadraka replaced Ankottaka as the main town. Events Births April 12 - Muhammad at-Taqi, Shia Imam (d. ... Species Many; see text for examples Banyan (genus Ficus, subgenus Urostigma) is a subgenus of many species of tropical figs with an unusual growth habit. ...


The city was once called Chandanavati after its ruler Raja Chandan of Dor tribe of Rajputs, who wrested it from the Jains. The capital had also another name "Virakshetra" or "Virawati" (A Land of Warriors). Later on it was known as Vadpatraka or Wadodará, which according to tradition is a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word Vatodar means 'In the heart of the Banyan tree'. It is now almost impossible to ascertain when the various changes in the name were made; but early English travellers and merchants mention the town as Brodera[8], and it is from this that the name Baroda is derived. Again in 1974, the official name was changed to Vadodara.


In 1907, a small village and township[9] in Michigan, United States was named after Baroda. Baroda is a village located in Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Baroda Township is a township located in Berrien County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


It is also rumoured that the name baroda originated from two words Bad which means the banyan tree and Aodh, which means a tent/canopy. According to popular legend, the region in and around present day Baroda was full of Banyan trees that formed a dense cover that looked like a huge tent canopy from a distance. Thus the name Baroda stuck.


Old Ankotakka

The early man lived on the banks of the river Mahi. This river must have formed the flood plain during that age. The movements of this “food gathering” parasites on nature, living on the banks of the river, grumbling the roots and killing animals with crude stone tools made out of the cobbles and pebbles available on the river bank, were necessarily controlled by the availability of convenient raw materials for their tools. There are evidences of the existence of early man in the Mahi river valley at a number of sites within 10 to 20 km to the north-east ot Vadodara. No evidences however of the existence of this man are found in and around present Vadodara. This may be because of the absence of gravels and cobbles on the banks of the Vishwamitri rivulet.


The next phase of the pre-historic Vadodara witnessed the first human settlement on the right bank of the river vishwamitri on a group of dunes resting on the alluvium of the river. It also means that men knew about where to set up settlements, as they had selected an elevated land. The Vishwamitri must have been prone to seasonal floods even then. These people still belonged to the stone age, crafting their tools with finely grained stones. From their material culture and physical environment, they seem to have belonged to the same culture as those whose implements were found in the Mahi river valley. This human settlement has been dated 1000 b.c.


Around the beginning of the Christian Era, a small township developed at the same spot as the above mentioned settlement on the right bank of the river. It came to be know as Ankotakka (present day Akota), the mound on which this settlement was established came to be known as Dhantekri. The entire settlement was developed by clearing grazing land and forest of Ankhol and covered an area of ½ to ¾ sq. km. This is indicative of the presence of thick forests during those times. Due to its location on the ancient trade route between Gujarat and Malva, this small township flourished in to a commercial entre. There was a supposed commercial relation between this township and Rome.


The township of Ankotakka developed during the rules of the Guptas and the Vallabhis. It was subjected to periodical heavy floods. But a severe flood which inundated the renovated public hall, forced the inhabitants to abandon this township and move away from the banks of the Vishwamitri.


The event occurred in 600 A.D. The inhabitants moved to the east of Ankotakka to another elevated portion located on the present kothi area. This formed the nucleus of a new township.


Recent history

Baroda state in 1909
Baroda state in 1909

The City of Vadodara apty described by a medieval Jain writer as a “Tilak on the Brove of Lata.” was a nodal center of the costal plain of Gujarat. It is strategically situated at a junction of the main highways linking Gujarat with Rajputana and the Punjab in the north, the Malva and the Gangetic valley in the north east, Konkan in the south and Khandesh in the south-east. Significantly Vadodara today is a junction on the western railway of the lines leading to Ahmedabad, Delhi & Mumbai. This confirms the historic role of Vadodara in the communication pattern for movements of people and culture. The history of Vadodara city amply bears out its cultural and commercial activities during the last two thousand years. Apart form the traditional stories, our knowledge of the history of Vadodara is based mainly on Jain literature and a few old inscriptions pertaining to Vadodara. Download high resolution version (1000x901, 265 KB)Baroda state in 1909. ... Download high resolution version (1000x901, 265 KB)Baroda state in 1909. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Baroda State was a former Indian State in Western India. Vadodara's more recent history began when the Maratha leader Pilaji Gaekwad (or Gaikwar) conquered Sonagad from the Mughal Empire in 1726[10]. Before the Gaekwars captured Baroda, it was ruled by Babi Nawabs, who were the officers of the Delhi ruler. Moghul rule came to an end in 1732[10], when Pilaji Rao Gaekwar brought the Maratha activities in Southern Gujarat to a head and captured it. Except for a short period, Baroda continued to be in the reign of the Gaekwars from 1734 to 1948. Initially detailed to collect revenue on behalf of the Peshwa in Gujarat, Pilaji Gaekwad remained there to carve out a kingdom for himself. Damajirao, son and successor of Pilaji Gaekwad, defeated the Mughal armies and conquered Baroda in 1734[10]. He assumed the titles of an independent ruler. His successors consolidated their power over large tracts of Gujarat, becoming easily the most powerful rulers in the region. After the Maratha defeat by the Afghans at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761[10], control of the empire by the Peshwas weakened as it became a loose confederacy, and the Gaekwad Maharajas ruled the kingdom until Indian independence. In 1802[10], the British intervened to defend a Maharaja that had recently inherited the throne from rival claimants, and Vadodara concluded a treaty with the British that recognized the Kingdom as a 'Princely state' and allowed the Maharajas of Baroda internal political sovereignty in return for recognizing British 'Paramountcy', a form of suzereignty where the subject of foreign affairs was completely surrendered. The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Shrimant Sardar Pilajirao Gaekwad was an Indian general. ... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 The Peshwa(Marathi:पेशवे or पेशवा) (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire of central India from 1749 to 1818. ... Shrimant Sardar Pilajirao Gaekwad was an Indian general. ... Shrimant Sardar Pilajirao Gaekwad was an Indian general. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE The word Mahārāja (also spelled maharajah) is Sanskrit for great king or high king (a karmadharaya from mahānt great...

Flag of the Baroda State
Flag of the Baroda State

The greatest period in the Maratha rule of Vadodara started with the accession of Maharaja Sayajirao III in 1875[10]. It was an era of great progress and constructive achievements in all fields. Maharaja Sayajirao III, who ruled from 1875 to 1939, did much to modernize Vadodara, establishing compulsory primary education, a library system, a university, and model textile and tile factories, which helped to create Baroda's modern textile industry. Modern Vadodara is a great and fitting memorial to Maharaja Sayajirao. It was the dream of this able administrator to make Baroda an educational, industrial and commercial centre and he ensured that his dream would come true. For this reason, the city is also referred to as Sayaji Nagari (the town of Sayaji). Image File history File links Baroda_flag. ... Image File history File links Baroda_flag. ... Sayajirao III Gaekwad, Maharaja of Baroda, 1919 See also Gaekwad. ... Sayajirao III Gaekwad, Maharaja of Baroda, 1919 See also Gaekwad. ... For the community in Florida, see University, Florida. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ...


With India's independence in 1947, the last ruling Maharaja of Baroda State acceded to India. Baroda State was merged into to Bombay State shortly after independence, which was divided into the states of Gujarat and Maharastra in 1960, with Vadodara part of Gujarat. Bombay state is a former state of India. ... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a national capital territory. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is a state in west-central India. ...


In recent times, Vadodara was affected by the devastating January 26, 2001 earthquake that struck Gujarat. The city was spared the devastation suffered by some of the other major cities in Gujarat. However there were some casualties as poorly constructed buildings collapsed in the wake of the earthquake and the after shocks. The 2001 Gujarat earthquake was reportedly the most devastating earthquake in India in recent history. ...


Geography and Climate

Shivji's Murti in Sur Sagar Lake
Shivji's Murti in Sur Sagar Lake

Vadodara is located at 22.30° N 73.19° E in western India at an elevation of 39 metres (123 feet). It is the 18th largest city of the India with an area of 148.95 km² and a population of 1.6 Millions according to 2001 Census. The city sits on the banks of the River Vishwamitri, in central Gujarat. The Vishwamitri frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water. The city is located between the furtile platue between Mahi & Narmada River. According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone-III, in a scale of I to V (in order of increasing proneness to earthquakes)[11]. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 373 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Pranav Bhavsar, Source: Shoot with own Camera I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 373 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: Pranav Bhavsar, Source: Shoot with own Camera I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The BIS logo The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the National Standards Body of India is involved in the development of technical standards (popularly known as Indian Standards), product quality and management system certifications and consumer affairs. ... The Indian subcontinent has had a history of devastating earthquakes. ...


There are three main seasons: Summer, Monsoon and Winter. Aside from the monsoon season, the climate is dry. The weather is hot through the months of March to July — the average summer maximum is 36 °C (97 °F), and the average minimum is 23 °C (73 °F). From November to February, the average maximum temperature is 30 °C (85 °F), the average minimum is 15 °C (59 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. Cold northerly winds are responsible for a mild chill in January. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September. The average rainfall is 93 cm (36.7 inches), but infrequent heavy torrential rains cause the river to flood. The highest temperature recorded is 47 °C (116 °F) and the lowest is -1 °C (30 °F).[12] For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ... Flooding near Key West, Florida, United States from Hurricane Wilmas storm surge in October 2005 For other uses, see Flood (disambiguation). ...


Vadodara is divided by the Vishwamitri into two physically distinct eastern and western regions. The eastern bank of the river houses the old city, which includes the old fortified city of Vadodara. This part of Vadodara is characterised by packed bazaars, the clustered and barricaded pol system of shanty buildings, and numerous places of worship. It houses the General Post Office and landmark buildings like Laxmi Vilas Palace, Mandvi and Nyay Mandier. The colonial period saw the expansion of the city to the western side of Vishwamitri. This part of the city houses educational institutions like Maharaja Sayajirao University, Railway Station, modern buildings, well-planned residential areas, shopping malls, multiplexes and new business districts centred around R. C. Dutt Road, Alkapuri and more recently, the Old Padra Road and Gotri. A pol in Ahmedabad A pol (pronounced as pole) is a housing cluster which comprises many families of a particular group, linked by caste, profession, or religion. ...

  • Winter Temperature: Max 29 °C, Min 9 °C
  • Summer Temperature: Max 46 °C, Min 24 °C
  • Rainfall (mid-June to mid-September): 931.9 mm
  • Lowest Recorded Temperature: -1 °C
  • Highest Recorded Temperature: 46 °C
  • Pollution: In recent years, Vadodara has suffered from increasing air, water and soil pollution from neighbouring industrial areas. This has also amounted into a constant and uncomfortable increase in average temperatures across all three seasons. Uncontrolled chemical dump from nearby industries has arguably turned the local river Vishwamitri into one big sewage.

Industry & Commerce

Vadodara enjoys a special place in the state of Gujarat. Until the early 1960s Vadodara was considered to be a cultural and educational centre. The first modern factory (Alembic Pharmaceuticals) was established in Vadodara in 1907 and subsequently companies such as Sarabhai Chemicals, and Jyoti came up in the 1940s. By 1962 there were 288 factories employing 27,510 workers[citation needed]. At that time, the dominant industrial groups were chemicals and pharmaceuticals, cotton textiles and machine tools. The establishment of Bank of Baroda by Sayajirao III in 1908 also help industrial growth. Bank of Baroda (BSE: 532134) is a bank in India established on July 20, 1908 by Maharaja of Baroda Sir Sayajirao Gaekwad III in the princely state of Baroda, in Gujarat. ... Sayajirao III Gaekwad, Maharaja of Baroda, 1919 See also Gaekwad. ...


In 1962, Vadodara witnessed a sudden spurt in industrial activity with the establishment of Gujarat Refinery, Indian Oil Corporation. Several factors like raw material availability, product demand, skillful mobilisation of human, financial and material resources by the government and private entrepreneurs have contributed to Baroda becoming one of India’s foremost industrial centres. The Gujarat Refinery was built with Soviet assistance at a cost of Rs. ... Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. ...


The discovery of oil and gas in Ankleshwar led to the industrial development of Gujarat in a big way. The Vadodara region is the largest beneficiary in the process of this industrialisation. Gujarat Refinery went into the first phase of production in 1965. The refinery being a basic industry made vital contributions on several fronts at the regional and national levels. Anklesvar is a city and a municipality in Bharuch district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... The Gujarat Refinery was built with Soviet assistance at a cost of Rs. ...


In Vadodara various large-scale industries such as Gujarat State Fertilisers & Chemicals (GSFC), Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited (IPCL, Reliance) and Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Limited (GACL) have come up in the vicinity of Gujarat Refinery and all of them are dependent on it for their fuel and feedstock. Other large-scale public sector units are Heavy Water Project, Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited, ONGC & GAIL. In addition to these public sector enterprises, a number of other large-scale enterprises have come up in the private sector. The Gujarat Refinery was built with Soviet assistance at a cost of Rs. ... ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited) (incorporated on June 23, 1993) is a public sector petroleum company in India. ...


The establishment of large industrial units in a region automatically brings into existence a number of smaller enterprises. Vadodara is no exception and the city and the surrounding areas are today humming with industrial activity. The industrialisation of Vadodara has attracted entrepreneurs not only from Vadodara but also from all over Gujarat and India. This article is for the Indian state. ...


In line with the 'Knowledge City'[13] vision of the Confederation of Indian Industry, Vadodara is gradually becoming a hub in Gujarat for IT and other development projects. The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry led and industry managed organisation, playing a proactive role in India’s development process. ...


Civic Administration

Vadodara City Officials
Mayor Shri Babubhai Shukla
Municipal Commissioner Shri M. K. Das [2]
Police Commissioner Shri Rakesh Asthana [14]
Khanderao Market - Vadodara Municipal Corporation Building
Khanderao Market - Vadodara Municipal Corporation Building

Vadodara is administered by the Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) . Some of the regions surrounding the city are administered by the Vadodara Urban Development Authority (VUDA). The VMC was established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into four zones and 26 wards. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Khanderoa Market Khanderao Market is a palatial building located in the city of Vadodara, Gujarat State, western India. ... Khardrao Market The Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan or Vadodara Municipal Corporation or VMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Vadodara. ... Khardrao Market The Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan or Vadodara Municipal Corporation or VMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Vadodara. ... VUDA Office Building The Vadodara Urban Development Authority is a civilian government body responsible for overseeing and sanctioning construction and infrastructure development across the suburbs of the city of Vadodara, in the state of Gujarat in India. ...


The two main institutions involved in planning and development in Vadodara are the Vadodara Municipal Corporation and the Vadodara Urban Development Authority. The jurisdiction of both these agencies is demarcated clearly not only physically but also functionally. The governing acts for both the institutions differ. The principal responsibility of VUDA is to ensure a holistic development of the Vadodara agglomeration covering an area of 714.56 km².[1], whereas VMC is involved in the development of a limited area of 148 km².[1]. Khardrao Market The Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan or Vadodara Municipal Corporation or VMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Vadodara. ... VUDA Office Building The Vadodara Urban Development Authority is a civilian government body responsible for overseeing and sanctioning construction and infrastructure development across the suburbs of the city of Vadodara, in the state of Gujarat in India. ...


Three corporators are elected from each ward, who in turn elect a mayor. Executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner, who is an IAS officer appointed by the Gujarat state government. The mayor is responsible for the day-to-day running of the city services, municipal school board, the city bus service, the municipal hospital and the city library. The Vadodra City Police are headed by a Police Commissioner, an IPS officer. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The (IAS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS). ... Police Commissioner (or Commissioner of Police) is the title of the chief officer of many law enforcement agencies. ... The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). ...


The City elects 1 [3] member to the Lok Sabha and 5 [4] to the Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. All of the 5 assembly seats of Vadodara were won by the BJP during the legislative elections in 2002. In the 2006 Vadodara Municipal Corporation elections, the BJP won 74 [15] seats, 6 seats went to the Congress. The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Vidhan Sabha, the name of the state-level legislature assemblies in India. ... For 2001 Documentary film, see Beyond Jurassic Park. ... Khardrao Market The Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan or Vadodara Municipal Corporation or VMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Vadodara. ... For 2001 Documentary film, see Beyond Jurassic Park. ...

  • Election Wards: 28 [1]
  • Seats (Corporators): 84 [1]
  • Population per ward: 31,122
  • Seats reserved for women: 26
  • Total voters (as on 17-1-97): 809,185

Administrative Legends

Preceded by
Unknown
Village Municipality Head
1991 – 2003
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
Village Taluka Panchayat Head
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
Village Fire Department Head
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Unknown
Village Police Department Head
2003 – Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

Transport

The city is on the major rail and road arteries joining Mumbai with Delhi and Mumbai with Ahmedabad. Due to this Vadodara is known as a ‘Gateway to the Golden Corridor’.


Air

Vadodara Airport (IATA: BDQ) is well connected with the cities of Mumbai (Bombay), Delhi and Bangalore with multiple daily flights to these locations. Vadodara Airport or Civil Airport Harvi (IATA: BDQ, ICAO: VABO) is a public airport located about two miles from Vadodara, Gujarat, India. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ...


Rail

Vadodara was part of historic BBCI Railway. Railway had arrived in Vadodara in early 1860s. On 5 November 1951 the BBCI Railway was merged with the Saurashtra, Rajputana and Jaipur railways to give rise to the Western Railway. Now, the Vadodara Railway Station belongs to the Western Railway division of Indian Railways and is a major station on the Mumbai-Delhi and Mumbai-Ahmedabad routes. All trains, including superfast and express, stop here. Vadodara has 3 railway stations called Vadodara Junction, Makarpura & Vishwamitri Stations. The Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (BB&CI) was a company incorporated in 1855 to undertake the task of constructing a railway line between Bombay and Surat in India. ... The Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (BB&CI) was a company incorporated in 1855 to undertake the task of constructing a railway line between Bombay and Surat in India. ... Vadodara Railway Station is the main station in the city of Vadodara, Gujarat. ... The Western Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railroad networks in India. ... Indian Railways (Hindi: BhāratÄ«ya Rel), abbreviated as IR (), is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ...


Road

National Highway No. 8, connecting New Delhi & Ahmedabad to Mumbai, passes through the city. Vadodara is also connected with Ahmedabad through Indian National Expressway 1, a stretch of 97 km Super Highway with only 2 exits. A stretch of the Ahmedabad-Vadodara expressway The Ahmedabad-Vadodara Highway is a major artery of public transport connecting the cities of Ahmedabad and Vadodara, also known as Baroda in the state of Gujarat, India. ...


Public transport vehicles within the city include buses, autorickshaws and taxis. There are a few private bus and taxi services as well. A significant proportion of the population uses their own vehicles – cars, scooters, motorcycles and bicycles.

  • Paved Roads: 1680 km
  • Unpaved Roads: 400 km
  • Total Roads: 2080 km

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[16], Vadodara metropolitan area had a population of 1,492,398. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Vadodara has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 74%. In Vadodara, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Gujarati, Marathi,English and Hindi are the languages spoken in the city. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...

  • Population trends in recent years
1961: 298,398[citation needed]
1971: 467,487[citation needed]
1981: 734,473[citation needed]
1991: 1,031,346[citation needed]
2001: 1,306,035 [17]
2007: 2,200,000 (projected)[citation needed]
  • Number of households: 213,540
  • Population density: 9,527/km²
  • Literacy: 76.11% of total population (males 79.21%; females 68.41%)
  • Sex Ratio: 909 Female per 1000 Male[18]

Culture

Aarkee Garba during Navratri Festival
Aarkee Garba during Navratri Festival

Vadodara is also known as ‘Sanskari Nagari’, means a Cultured City. Vadodara is one of India’s most cosmopolitan cities. Thanks to the vision and broadmindedness of the Gaekwads, the subsequent industrialisation, the proliferation of academic activities and a strategically important geographical location, Baroda has welcomed a wide variety of people from all over India and also from all over the world. In all of this, the sprawling and cosmopolitan MS University campus and the large number of local, national and foreign industries act as a catalysing and unifying force. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 164 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 210 pixel, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self captured Photo I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 164 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 210 pixel, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Self captured Photo I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Sir Syaji Rao Gaekwad III, Maharaj of Baroda The Gaekwad or Gaikwad (once rendered as Guicowar) (Gujarati: ગાયકવાડ ; Marathi: गायकवाड) was a Maratha dynasty that ruled the princely state of Baroda in western India from the mid-eighteenth century until 1947. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


The great museums on the palace grounds such as the Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum and art gallery are unique and carry artifacts from around the nation and the world. There are Gujarati film studios in the city as well as a large number of large old-style movie theatres in addition to the newer multiplexes that have sprung up in the past few years. Maharaja Fatesingh Museum building was constructed as a school for the Maharajas children. ...


Diwali, Uttarayan, Holi, and Ganesh Chaturthiare celebrated with great fervour. Classical music and dance have their patrons, and so does the modern stage and pop culture. The culture and the traditions are both alive and being forever experimented with. Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Uttarayan, also known as Makarsakranti, is a kite-flying festival celebrated annually on January 14 in western India; it is a public holiday in Gujarat and Rajasthan. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... Lord Ganesh Shiva Ganesh Chaturthi (IAST: , sanskrit: गणेश चतुर्थी) (Ganesh Festival) is a day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. ...


Navarātrī or Garba is the city's largest festival, with song, dance and lights during every October. Many of the residents spend their evenings at their local Garba grounds where local musicians play traditional music while people dance the Rass and Garba dances which often goes on past midnight. This is also a time when the youth are more visible outdoors and until later than other times of the year. The people of Vadodara have preserved the original and the traditional part of the Navarātrī. Garba in Vadodara attracts a fairly large number of international tourists. It has been suggested that Dasara be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The term Raas has different meanings: RAAS or renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is a hormone system that helps regulate long-term blood pressure and blood volume in the body. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that Dasara be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Education

The patronage of education started with Maharaja Sayajirao and the city has built further on the academic infrastructure established by him. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 552 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda at Vadodara, Gujarat, India. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 552 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda at Vadodara, Gujarat, India. ... The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, named after Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the visionary ruler of Baroda, is one of the premier universities of India and the largest university in the city of Baroda in Gujarat, India. ...


The present educational foundation rests on over 20 public schools and over 100 private schools. Towering benevolently over all is the MS University, the jewel in the Baroda crown, so to speak. MSU is the only university in Gujarat with English as the only medium of instruction. It has 13 faculties and 17 residential hostels, 4 of them for women students. The university caters to over 100,000 students. There are various courses that are being offered in here ranging from Medical to Commerce. The university has been divided into several departments and there are number of courses offered in each of the department. The fine Arts faculty is famous worldwide for its contribution in arts. The faculty of performing arts is also a very reputed institution teaching music, drama, dancing etc. There are other premier institutes also located in city including Sigma Institute of Management Studies, Technology & Engineering ,Babaria Institute of Technology and Parul Institute of Engineering and Technology. Baroda has many public and private schools, imparting quality education. The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, named after Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the visionary ruler of Baroda, is one of the premier universities of India and the largest university in the city of Baroda in Gujarat, India. ...


The recent decision of CII to develop Vadodara as 'Knowledge CITY'[13]. has been well received by the Barodians all over the world The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry led and industry managed organisation, playing a proactive role in India’s development process. ...


Sports

Cricket is by far the most popular sport in the city, as it is in the rest of the country. However, the interest in basketball, football (soccer), field hockey, volleyball, table tennis and tennis is much greater than the average Indian city. This article is about the sport. ... This article is about the sport. ... Soccer redirects here. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Ping Pong redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ...


Not only Vadodara has its own first-class cricket team that competes at the national level, but it also boasts of the oldest cricket ground in Asia, called Moti Baug[citation needed] (The same ground on which Mohammad Azharuddin had scored a record fastest century of 62 balls, now broken). Apart, from that there is also a private cricket ground owned by IPCL, which also hosts ODI. Prominent cricket players from Vadodara include Atul Bedade, Vijay Hazare, Chandu Borde, Kiran More, Nayan Mongia, Anshuman Gaekwad (former coach of the Indian cricket team) and more recently Zaheer Khan, Irfan Pathan,Yusuf Pathan,Pinal Shah, Jacob Martin and Connor Williams. The Baroda cricket team has been a consistently good performer at the national domestic Ranji Trophy championship and has won it 6 times. Moti Bagh Stadium is a cricket stadium located in Vadodara (estwhile Baroda), Gujarat. ... Atul Chandrakant Bedade (born 24 September 1966 in Bombay(now Mumbai, India) is a former Indian cricketer. ... Vijay Samuel Hazare (11 March 1915–18 December 2004) was an Indian cricket player from the state of Maharashtra. ... Chandu Borde (July 21, 1934-) is an Indian cricketer (batting allrounder) who was a member of the Indian national cricket team between 1958 and 1970. ... Kiran Shankar More   (pronounced Mo-ray) (born September 4, 1962 in Baroda, Gujarat, India) was the wicket-keeper for the Indian cricket team from 1984 to 1993. ... Nayan Mongia (born December 19, 1969 in Baroda) was an Indian cricketer, active from 1994 to 2004, when he retired. ... Anshuman Gaekwad (born September 23, 1952) is an Indian cricketer who represented the nation in 40 test matches and 15 one-day internationals. ... Zaheer Khan   (born October 7, 1978, Srirampur town in Ahmednagar district, Maharashtra), is an Indian cricketer who has been a member of the Indian cricket team since 2000. ... Irfan Pathan (Hindi: इरफ़ान पठान, Urdu: عرفان پٹھان)  , born Irfan Khan (Hindi: इरफ़ान ख़ान, Urdu: عرفان خان on October 27, 1984 in Baroda, Gujarat, India) is an Indian cricketer who has been a member of the Indian national cricket team since late 2003. ... Yusuf Khan Pathan (born November 17, 1982) in Baroda is an Indian first class cricketer. ... Pinal Shah (born 3 November 1987, in Baroda) has been selected as the wicket-keeper for India U19s World Cup squad. ... Jacob Martin (born May 11, 1972 in Gujarat) is an Indian cricketer. ... Connor Cecil Williams (born August 7, 1973), in Gujarat is an Indian first class cricketer for Baroda. ... Baroda has been one of the most successful teams in the Ranji Trophy in the new millenium. ... The Ranji Trophy is the domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between state and city sides, equivalent to county cricket in England and the Sheffield Shield in Australia, and also denotes the trophy that is awarded to the winner. ...


At schools a huge range of sports tend to be played. Vadodara has a rich tradition in which various schools compete against each other in various inter-school sporting competitions.


Media

Vadodara has a number of newspaper publications. English-language dailies published and sold in the city are the Times of India, Indian Express,DNA and Economic Times. There are three Gujarati dailies in the city — Sandesh, Gujarat Samachar and Divya Bhaskar. A large number of magazines, periodicals and journals are regularly published and circulated across the city. The Gujarat film and television industry has a small but significant presence in the city. The city has five local FM stations: Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), S FM (93.5 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz), Radio City (91.1 MHz) and All India Radio (93.9 MHz). All India Radio is broadcast on the AM band[19]. Satellite radio was launched in nearby city of Ahmedabad by WorldSpace in 2005[20]. Households receive television through two main cable networks, InCablenet and Siti Cable, while DTH has little popularity in Vadodara. A network of optical fibre cables connects almost the entire city. The city's telephone services are provided by landline and mobile operators like BSNL, Reliance Infocomm, Airtel, Vodafone, idea and Tata Indicom. Broadband Internet services are provided in most parts of the city by the telecom companies. The Common Man featured on a commemorative stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th Anniversary of the Times of India - 1988. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... The Economic Times is a publication of the Times Group, owners of the Times of India. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Sandesh is a Gujarati newspaper in Gujarat, India. ... Divya Bhaskar is a Gujarati newspaper in Gujarat, India. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of ticket sales and number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ... In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency. ... Radio Mirchi is a nationwide network of private FM radio stations in India. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... Big FM is a nationwide private FM radio station in India owned by Indian businessman Anil Ambani. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... Radio City is a FM radio station in India. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... Amplitude modulation (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. ... // A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ... WorldSpaces AfriStar control center in Washington, D.C. WorldSpace is the worlds first digital satellite radio network. ... InCablenet is one of the largest cable broadcasting companies in India, that provides cable television, internet and telecommunications services for major cities such as Bombay, Ahmedabad and Delhi. ... Siti Cable is a major cable broadcasting and telecommunications company in India, which provides cable television, cell phone and internet services in major cities such as Bombay and Ahmedabad. ... Sky Digital mini-dish Astros mini-dish. Special dish for up to 16 satellite positions (Ku-band) Satellite dish antenna for C-Band Satellite Dishes installed on an apartment complex A satellite dish is a type of parabolic antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length. ... Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL, India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. ... Reliance Communications (formerly Reliance Infocomm), along with Reliance Telecom and Flag Telecom, is part of Reliance Communications Ventures (RCoVL). ... For the information technology, see Airtel (FBI). ... Idea cellular is a wireless telephony company operating in various states in India. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Broadband Internet access, often shortened to broadband Internet or just broadband is a high data-transmission rate Internet connection. ...


Places of interest

  • Buildings & Monuments: Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Kirti Mandir, Kirti Stambh, Nyay Mandir, Mandvi & Walled City, Khanderao Market, Aurobindo Ashram, EME Temple (Dakshinamurty Temple), Hazira Maqbara, Tambekarwada, Kala Ghoda, Anglo-Vernacular School now Music College, Juni Kothi, Central Jail, Kala Bhavan, Motibaug Palace, Sursagar,
  • Museums & Gardens: Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum, Baroda Museum & Picture Gallery, Sayaji Baug, Jubilee Baug, Lal Baug, Sardar Baug
  • Other Interesting Places: Malls and Multiplexes (Vadodara Central, Spencers, PVR Deep, Chandan, Inox, Westside, More), Gandhi Nagar Gruh (Town Hall), Vadodara Central Library, ABS Tower Art Gallery
  • Excursions: Ajwa & Nimeta, Dabhoi, Pavagadh, Champaner, Sindhrot Nature Park, Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kayavarohan, Chandod, Galteshwar, Dakor, Nareshwar, Sankheda

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 322 pixelsFull resolution (1023 × 412 pixel, file size: 48 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 322 pixelsFull resolution (1023 × 412 pixel, file size: 48 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... The term Maharaja Palace actually refers to a series of palaces in Vadodara constructed since the Gaekwad family started ruling the Vadodara State. ... The term Maharaja Palace actually refers to a series of palaces in Vadodara constructed since the Gaekwad family started ruling the Vadodara State. ... Image:Baroda Nazarbaug. ... Makarpura Palace Makarpura Palace was Gaekwad Royal Palace in the city of Vadodara, Gujarat state, India. ... The Railway Staff College is the management training institute for the officers of the Indian Railways. ... The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, named after Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the visionary ruler of Baroda, is one of the premier universities of India and the largest university in the city of Baroda in Gujarat, India. ... Kirti Mandir Kirti Mandir, or Temple of Fame, is the cenotaph of the Gaekwads, located in the city of Vadodara. ... Kirti Stambh Kirti Stambh, Tower of Fame/Triumph, is located in the city of Vadodara, Gujarat state, western India. ... Nyay Mandir The Nyaya Mandir, means Temple of Justice, is a unique piece of Byzantine architecture. ... Khanderoa Market Khanderao Market is a palatial building located in the city of Vadodara, Gujarat State, western India. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... EME Temple The EME Temple or Dakshinamurty Temple is a Shiva Temple run by Indian Army Authorities in the city of Vadodara in the state of Gujarat, western India. ... Hazira Maqbara Hazira Maqbara is a Tomb of Qutbuddin in the city of Vadodara, in the state of Gujarat, western India. ... Maharaja Fatesingh Museum building was constructed as a school for the Maharajas children. ... Baroda Museum & Picture Gallery The famous museum was built in 1894 on the lines of Victoria & Albert and Science Museums of London. ... Sayaji Baug is a garden located in Vadodara, Gujarat, India. ... Ajwa is a reservoir located about 10 miles east of the city of Baroda. ... , Dabhoi is a city and a municipality in Vadodara district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Pavagadh is a narrow, tall mountain in Panchmahal, a district about 46 kilometres (29 mi) away from Vadodara, Gujarat, India. ... Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site which is located in India. ... , Kayavarohan is a village located in the district of Vadodara, Gujarat, India. ... Dakor is a city and a municipality in Kheda district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Sankheda in the Vadodara, India is known for its lacquer works. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Institutional Setup In Vadodara". Vadodara Municipal Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  2. ^ a b "VMC Conatact Numbers". Vadodara Municipal Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  3. ^ a b "List of Lok Sabha Members from Gujarat". Lok Sabha. Retrieved on 2007-06-30.
  4. ^ a b "List of MLAs from Vadodara District". Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Retrieved on 2007-06-30.
  5. ^ "Ward Office Conatact Numbers". Vadodara Municipal Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  6. ^ "Urban Development, Gujarat". Government of Gujarat. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  7. ^ "India: Metropolitan Areas". World Gazetteer. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  8. ^ "Hand Painting of Bridge over the River Vishwamitri, near Brodera". Collect Britain, British Library. Retrieved on 2007-07-03.
  9. ^ "Village of Baroda". Berrien County Community Development Department, Michigan. Retrieved on 2007-06-27.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "Baroda State History". The Royal Ark. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  11. ^ "Gujarat Earthquake Hazard Risk Zone". Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority. Retrieved on 2006-08-23.
  12. ^ "Weatherbase entry for Vadodara". Canty and Associates LLC. Retrieved on 2007-11-05.
  13. ^ a b "Vadodara: Knowledge City". Confederation of Indian Industry. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.[dead link]
  14. ^ "Message from Commissioner". Vadodara Traffic Police. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  15. ^ "Sweeping victory for BJP in Gujarat civic polls". The Hindu Daily. Retrieved on 2007-07-09.
  16. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  17. ^ "Table 3 -Population". Census of India 2001. Retrieved on 2007-07-13.
  18. ^ "Population in Million Plus Cities". Census of India 2001. Archived from the original on 2006-12-23. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  19. ^ "Radio Stations in Gujarat, India". Asiawaves. Retrieved on 2007-06-14.
  20. ^ "WorldSpace Satellite Radio Lights Up Ahmedabad". Worldspace Satellite Radio (2005-11-03). Retrieved on 2006-07-30.

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Further reading

  • Desai, Anjali. "India Guide, Gujarat - Visitor's Guide". India Guide Publications. ISBN 0978951700. 
  • F. A. H Elliot. "The rulers of Baroda". Baroda State Press 1934. ASIN B0006C35QS. 
  • Gense, James. "The Gaikwads of Baroda". D.B. Taraporevala Sons & Co 1942. ASIN B0007K1PL6. 
  • Kothekara, Santa. "The Gaikwads of Baroda and the East India Company, 1770-1820". Nagpur University. ASIN B0006D2LAI. 
  • Gaekwad, Fatesinghrao. "Sayajirao of Baroda: The Prince and the Man". Popular Prakashan. ISBN 9780861322145. 
  • Gaekwar, Sayaji Rao. "Speeches and addresses of Sayaji Rao III, Maharaja Gaekwar of Baroda". H. Milford 1933. ASIN B000855T0I. 
  • Rice, Stanley. "Life of Sayaji Rao III, Maharaja of Baroda". Oxford university press 1931. ASIN B00085DDFG. 
  • Clair, Edward. "A Year with the Gaekwar of Baroda". D. Estes & co 1911. ASIN B0008BLVV8. 
  • MacLeod, John. "Sovereignty, Power, Control: Politics in the State of Western India, 1916-1947". Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 9004113436. 
  • Kamerkar, Mani. "British Paramountcy: British-Baroda Relations, 1818-1848". Popular Prakashan. ASIN B000JLZE6A. 
  • Kooiman, Dick. "Communalism and Indian Princely States: Travancore, Baroda and Hyderabad in the 1930s". Manohar Pubns. ISBN 9788173044212. 
  • Desai, Govindbhai. "Forty Years in Baroda: Being Reminiscences of Forty Years' Service in the Baroda State". Pustakalaya Sahayak Sahakari Mandal 1929. ASIN B0006E18R4. 
  • Maharaja of Baroda. "The Palaces of India". Viking Pr. ISBN 9780002116787. 
  • Sadashiv, Anant. "A History of important ancient towns & cities in Gujarat & Kathiawad". ASIN B0008B2NGA. 
  • William, George. "Cities of India". Adamant Media Corporation. ISBN 0543938239. 
  • Doshi, Saryu. "The royal bequest: Art treasures of the Baroda Museum and Picture Gallery". India Book House. ISBN 9788175080096. 
  • Roshan. "Sri Aurobindo in Baroda". Sri Aurobindo Ashram Publications Department. ISBN 9788170583189. 
  • Sheik, Gulammohammed. "Contemporary Art in Baroda". Manohar Pubns. ISBN 9788185229041. 
  • Bell, Horace. "Railway Policy in India". Adamant Media Corporation. ISBN 1402184433. 
  • Shafer, Kathleen. "Baroda: the Story of a Small Place. Celebrate Baroda 1890-1990". Baroda Centennial Committee, Michigan, United States. ASIN B000K016MG. 

This article is about the U.S. State. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Vadodara City Travel Guide - Culture of Vadodara (535 words)
The city of Vadodara is predominantly a Hindu city with population close to two million.
The people in Vadodara are mostly vegetarian though the youth have taken to eating of meats and other savories.
The average Vadodara resident is a born multilingual.
Vadodara at AllExperts (1832 words)
Vadodara, also known as Baroda, is the third-most populated town in Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat (the three towns with a population of over 1 million in Gujarat).
Vadodara is also a district in the state of Gujarat and the city is the administrative headquarters of this district.
The Vadodara district is surrounded by Panchmahal, Dahod (North), Bharuch, Narmada (South), Anand and Kheda (West) districts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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