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Encyclopedia > Vaccinium
iVaccinium

Vaccinium corymbosum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Vaccinium
L.
Species

See text Image File history File linksMetadata Vaccinium_corymbosum(01). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families See text. ... Genera See text The plant Family Ericaceae (Heath Family) or ericaceous plants are mostly lime-hating or calcifuge plants that thrive in acid soils. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ...

Vaccinium is a genus of shrubs in the plant Family Ericaceae including the cranberry, blueberry, bilberry or whortleberry, cowberry or lingonberry, and huckleberry. The genus contains about 450 species, which are found mostly in the cooler areas of the Northern Hemisphere, although there are tropical species from as widely separated areas as Madagascar and Hawai'i. The plants prefer heath landscapes, as well as open forests. The name Vaccinium was used for a type of berry (probably the bilberry V. myrtillus) in classical Latin, but its ultimate derivation is obscure; it has nothing to do with vaccinum "of or pertaining to cows", but may be a corruption of Latin bacca, berry (OED). In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... A broom shrub in flower A shrub or bush is a horticultural rather than strictly botanical category of woody plant, distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and lower height, usually less than 6 m tall. ... Genera See text The plant Family Ericaceae (Heath Family) or ericaceous plants are mostly lime-hating or calcifuge plants that thrive in acid soils. ... Species Vaccinium erythrocarpum Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium microcarpum Vaccinium oxycoccus Approximate ranges of the cranberries in sect. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Vaccinium myrtillus L. Bilberry is a name given to several species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium (family Ericaceae) that bear tasty fruits. ... Binomial name Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. The Cowberry and Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) are small evergreen shrubs in the plant family Ericaceae that bear edible fruit. ... Wild huckleberry in the Mount Hood National Forest. ... Insert non-formatted text here The Northern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is north of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On the Earth, the Northern Hemisphere contains most of the land and population. ... Heaths are anthropogenic habitats found primarily in northern and western Europe, where they have been created by thousands of years of human clearance of natural forest vegetation by grazing and burning on mainly infertile acidic soils. ... Binomial name Vaccinium myrtillus L. Bilberry is a name given to several species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium (family Ericaceae) that bear tasty fruits. ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Several types of berries from the market. ... OED stands for Oxford English Dictionary Office of Enrollment & Discipline This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The fruit develops from an inferior ovary, and is a berry. Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... Several types of berries from the market. ...


Vaccinium species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species - see list of Lepidoptera which feed on Vaccinium. A larva (Latin; plural larvae) is a juvenile form of animal with indirect development, undergoing metamorphosis (for example, insects or amphibians). ... Super Families Butterflies Hesperioidea Papilionoidea Moths Micropterigoidea Heterobathmioidea Eriocranioidea Acanthopteroctetoidea Lophocoronoidea Neopseustoidea Mnesarchaeoidea Hepialoidea Nepticuloidea Incurvarioidea Palaephatoidea Tischeriodea Simaethistoidea Tineoidea Gracillarioidea Yponomeutoidea Gelechioidea Zygaenoidea Sesioidea Cossoidea Tortricoidea Choreutoida Urodoidea Galacticoidea Schreckensteinioidea Epermenioidea Pterophoroidea Aluctoidea Immoidea Axioidea Hyblaeoidea Thyridoidea Whalleyanoidea Pyraloidea Mimallonoidea Lasiocampoidea Geometroidea Drepanoidea Bombycoidea Calliduloidae Hedyloidea Noctuoidea Families About... Vaccinium species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species including: Autumnal Moth (Epirrita autumnata) Bordered Pug (Eupithecia succenturiata) - recorded on bilberry Common Emerald (Hemithea aestivaria) Common Marbled Carpet (Chloroclysta truncata) Common Pug (Eupithecia vulgata) - recorded on bilberry Dot Moth (Melanchra persicariae) - recorded on...


The taxonomy is complex, and still under investigation; there are two subgenera, and several sections:

Subgenus Oxycoccus
The cranberries, with slender, trailing, wiry non-woody shoots and strongly reflexed flower petals. Some botanists treat Oxycoccus as a distinct genus.
Subgenus Vaccinium
All the other species, with thicker, upright woody shoots and bell-shaped flowers.
  • Sect. Batodendron
  • Sect. Brachyceratium
    • Vaccinium dependens
  • Sect. Bracteata
    • Vaccinium acrobracteatum
    • Vaccinium barandanum
    • Vaccinium bracteatum
    • Vaccinium coriaceum
    • Vaccinium cornigerum
    • Vaccinium cruentum
    • Vaccinium hooglandii
    • Vaccinium horizontale
    • Vaccinium laurifolium
    • Vaccinium lucidum
    • Vaccinium myrtoides
    • Vaccinium phillyreoides
    • Vaccinium reticulatovenosum
    • Vaccinium sparsum
    • Vaccinium varingifolium
  • Sect. Ciliata
    • Vaccinium ciliatum
    • Vaccinium oldhamii
  • Sect. Cinctosandra
    • Vaccinium exul
  • Sect. Conchophyllum
    • Vaccinium corymbodendron
    • Vaccinium delavayi
    • Vaccinium emarginatum
    • Vaccinium griffithianum
    • Vaccinium meridionale
    • Vaccinium moupinense (Himalayan Blueberry)
    • Vaccinium neilgherrense
    • Vaccinium nummularia
    • Vaccinium retusum
  • Sect. Cyanococcus (blueberries)
  • Sect. Eococcus
    • Vaccinium fragile
  • Sect. Epigynium
    • Vaccinium vacciniaceum
  • Sect. Galeopetalum
    • Vaccinium chunii
    • Vaccinium dunalianum
    • Vaccinium glaucoalbum
    • Vaccinium urceolatum
  • Sect. Hemimyrtillus
    • Vaccinium arctostaphylos
    • Vaccinium cylindraceum
    • Vaccinium hirtum
    • Vaccinium padifolium
    • Vaccinium smallii
  • Sect. Myrtillus
    • Vaccinium calycinum
    • Vaccinium cespitosum
    • Vaccinium deliciosum (Cascade Bilberry)
    • Vaccinium dentatum
    • Vaccinium membranaceum
    • Vaccinium myrtillus (Bilberry)
    • Vaccinium ovalifolium
    • Vaccinium parvifolium (Red Huckleberry)
    • Vaccinium praestans
    • Vaccinium reticulatum (ohelo 'ai)
    • Vaccinium scoparium (Grouse Whortleberry)
  • Sect. Neurodesia
    • Vaccinium crenatum
  • Sect. Oarianthe
    • Vaccinium ambyandrum
    • Vaccinium cyclopense
  • Sect. Oreades
    • Vaccinium poasanum
  • Sect. Pachyanthum
    • Vaccinium fissiflorum
  • Sect. Polycodium
    • Vaccinium stamineum (Deerberry; syn. V. caesium) (images)
  • Sect. Pyxothamnus
    • Vaccinium consanguineum
    • Vaccinium floribundum
    • Vaccinium ovatum (California Huckleberry)
  • Sect. Vaccinium
  • Sect. Vitis-idaea
    • Vaccinium vitis-idaea (Cowberry, Lingonberry)

Species Vaccinium erythrocarpum Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium microcarpum Vaccinium oxycoccus Approximate ranges of the cranberries in sect. ... Species Vaccinium erythrocarpum Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium microcarpum Vaccinium oxycoccus Approximate ranges of the cranberries in sect. ... Species Vaccinium erythrocarpum Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium microcarpum Vaccinium oxycoccus Approximate ranges of the cranberries in sect. ... Species Vaccinium erythrocarpum Vaccinium macrocarpon Vaccinium microcarpum Vaccinium oxycoccus Approximate ranges of the cranberries in sect. ... Binomial name Vaccinium erythrocarpum Michx. ... Binomial name Vaccinium arboreum Marshall Vaccinium arboreum (Sparkleberry or Farkleberry) is a species of Vaccinium native to the southeastern United States, from southern Virginia west to southeastern Missouri, and south to Florida and eastern Texas. ... Binomial name Vaccinium crassifolium Andr. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton Lowbush Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) is a species of blueberry native to eastern and central Canada and the northeastern United States, growing as far south as West Virginia and west to Minnesota and Manitoba. ... Species Vaccinium angustifolium Vaccinium arboreum Vaccinium ashei Vaccinium corymbosum L. Vaccinium melanocarpum Vaccinium myrsinites Vaccinium myrtilloides Vaccinium occidentalis Vaccinium pallidum Ref: ITIS 23573 Blueberry refers to plants of the genus Vaccinium, which also includes cranberries, bilberries (also called blueberry), and many wild shrubs producing edible round blue berries (actually false... Vaccinium darrowii Southern highbush blueberries are hybrids derived from crosses between Northern highbush blueberries and native Southern species, mainly Darrow’s evergreen blueberry. ... Vaccinum Elliotti, or the Elliot blueberry, is a highbush blueberry bush that grows from 4 to 6 feet high, and produces a particularly large yield of somewhat sour berries. ... Binomial name Vaccinium myrtilloides Michx. ... Binomial name Vaccinium virgatum Aiton Rabbiteye Blueberry (Vaccinium virgatum) is a species of blueberry native to the southeastern United States, from North Carolina south to Florida and west to Texas. ... Binomial name Vaccinium myrtillus L. Bilberry is a name given to several species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium (family Ericaceae) that bear tasty fruits. ... Binomial name Vaccinium parvifolium Sm. ... Binomial name Vaccinium reticulatum Sm. ... Binomial name Vaccinium uliginosum L. Vaccinium uliginosum (Bog Bilberry or Northern Bilberry) is a flowering plant in the genus Vaccinium. ... Binomial nomenclature Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. Ref: ITIS 505637 The Cowberry or Lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) is a small evergreen shrub in the plant Family Ericaceae that bears edible fruits. ...

References and external links

  • Germplasm Resources Information Network: Vaccinium

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vaccinium myrtillus (1102 words)
Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides @100mg/Kg for 2 or 4 wk improved ischemia damage such as decreasing leukocyte sticking to venule walls, preserved capillary perfusion; inhibited increased permeability of reperfusion and saved the arteriolar tone Bertuglia 1995
Anthocyanosides of V. myrtillis reduce collagenase induced permeability of the blood brain barrier and accelerate the recovery of normal permeability Robert 1977
Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanins partition more to the kidneys and skin than plasma, explaining long-lasting activity on capillaries Lietti 1976
PLANTS Profile for Vaccinium (blueberry) | USDA PLANTS (119 words)
Vaccinium L. Click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Vaccinium thumbnails at the PLANTS Gallery
Vaccinium L. View 35 genera in Ericaceae or click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles.
Vaccinium L. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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