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Encyclopedia > Vacation

Vacation is a term used in English-speaking North America to describe a lengthy time away from work or school, a trip abroad, or simply a pleasure trip away from home, such as a trip to the beach that lasts several days or longer. In the rest of the English-speaking world the word holiday is used, whereas in North America, "holiday" normally applies to a specific national holiday or long weekend related to such a day. In some cases "vacation holiday" is used in North America, which signifies that a vacation trip is taken during a traditional national holiday period, extended on either end of the period by taking additional time off from work—creating a longer time unencumbered by work, an extended "long weekend", as it were. This practice is common in the United States where employers give far fewer annual vacation days (see below) than European employers—so stretching the related national holidays tends to conserve one's accumulated total of eligible days available for longer quality vacation excursions. A vacation is time off. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Holiday (disambiguation). ...


In England the word "vacation" referred specifically to the long summer break taken by the law courts (and later universities)—a custom introduced by William the Conqueror from Normandy where it was intended to facilitate the grape harvest. The French term is similar to the American English: "Les Vacances." The term derives from the fact that, in the past, upper-class families would literally move to a summer home for part of the year, leaving their usual family home vacant. A trial at the Old Bailey in London as drawn by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin for Ackermanns Microcosm of London (1808-11). ... William I ( 1027 – September 9, 1087), was King of England from 1066 to 1087. ... For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ...


Most countries around the world have labor laws mandating a certain number of days of time off per year to be given to a worker. In Canada the legal minimum is two weeks, while in most of Europe the limit is significantly higher. Neither the U.S. nor China requires that employees receive any vacation time at all. There are movements fighting for laws requiring more vacation time for American workers such as timeday.org.


In modern employment practice, vacation days are often coupled with Sick leave, official holidays, and sometimes personal days. Sick Leave (or Sickness Pay or Sick Pay) is an employee benefit in the form of paid leave which can be taken during periods of sickness. ... For other uses, see Holiday (disambiguation). ...


Americans and Canadians, especially those of recent British or European descent, may also use the word "holiday." "Annual Leave" is another expression used in Commonwealth countries. Many Canadians use both "holiday" and "vacation"; "...I'm taking holidays..." is a common expression, something not often heard in the United States. The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...


Minimum vacation time around the world

Country legally required
Argentina 14 calendar days (from 0 to 5 years seniority), 21 calendar days (from 5 to 10), 28 calendar days (from 10 to 20) and 35 calendar days (from 20)
Australia As of 27 March 2006, 20 work days (4 weeks). 2 weeks can be "sold" to employer. Additional Long service leave is also payable. 10 public holidays as well are payable to employees.
Austria 5 weeks
The Bahamas 14 days after 1 year employment, 21 days after 5 years employment
Belgium 20 days, premium pay
Brazil 30 consecutive days, of which 10 can be sold back to the employer
Bulgaria minimum 20 working days
Canada 10 working days, determined by provincial law
Chile 15 working days
Colombia 15 working days for every year, vacations can be accumulated for up to 4 years (up to 60 working days of vacations)
Costa Rica 2 weeks after 1 year employment.
China Not required - this is incorrect. while complicated by complex fluid laws there is a minumum of 20 days per year.
Croatia 18 working days
Czech Republic 4 weeks
Colombia 14 days
Denmark 6 weeks, of which 5 days can be "sold" back to the employer - omsorgsdage (carer’s leave).
Dominican Republic 14 work days after one year employment, 20 work days after 5 years employment.
Estonia 28 calendar days
European Union 4 weeks, more in some countries
Ecuador 14 days
Finland 35 days
France 5 weeks[1] (+ 2 weeks of RTT (Reduction du Temps de Travail, in English : Reduction of Working Time) according to the contract)
Germany 4 weeks, i.e. 24 "workable" days based on a six day week (Mon - Sat). Normal work-week is Mo-Fr; plus 9 to 13 bank holidays; plus sick, pregnancy, mothership and personal leave
Greece 20 working days or more depending of the years in the company
Hong Kong 7 days
Hungary 20 working days
Ireland 20 days, plus 9 public holidays
India 60 Days
Israel 14 days
Italy 20-30 days plus 12 public holidays
Japan including sick leave: 18 days paid time off;
officially, five weeks (in reaction to the karoshi problem)
Korea, South 10 working days
Latvia 4 weeks
Malaysia Starts at 8 days for first 2 years employment with an employer. Increases to 12 days for between 2 and 5 years employment and 16 days for 5 or more years. Plus about 14 public holidays (depends on state).
Mexico 7 days
Netherlands 4 weeks
New Zealand 4 weeks as of April 1, 2007
Norway 25 working days
Paraguay 14 days
Peru 14 days
Poland 20 business days, 26 business days after 10 years of employment
Portugal 22 working days, up to 25 without work absences in previous year.
Puerto Rico 15 days
Romania minimum 20 working days
Russia 28 calendar days[2]
Saudi Arabia 15 days
Serbia 20 working days minimum + 1 day extra for every 2 years of service (this extra is optional, employer can choose not to do that)
Singapore 7 days
Slovakia 20 days, 25 days after 15 years of employment
South Africa 21 consecutive days
Spain 30 calendar days
Sweden 25-32 working days, depending on age
Switzerland 28 calendar days (= 20 work days)
Taiwan 7 days
Turkey 12 work days
Tunisia 30 work days
Ukraine 24 calendar days
United Kingdom 4 working weeks, with no additional entitlement for bank holidays. Increases to 4.8 weeks from 1st October 2007, and to 5.6 weeks from 1st April 2009.[3]
United States none[4]
Uruguay 14 days
Venezuela 15 paid days
Vietnam 10 working days.

is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Long Service Leave is an additional employee vacation payable after long periods of service with an employer // In Australia, unlike many other countries, employees are generally entitled to additional leave, known as Long Service Leave, over and above their annual leave if they stay with a particular firm for a... A Bank Holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom and also in the Republic of Ireland. ... In the United States, a holiday is a day set aside by a nation or culture (in some cases, multiple nations and cultures) typically for celebration but sometimes for some other kind of special culture-wide (or national) observation or activity. ... Karōshi (過労死) (pronounced /karo:Si/), which can be translated quite literally from the Japanese as death from overwork, is occupational sudden death. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 812   -  Kingdom established 1217   -  Empire established 1346   -  Independence lost to... A Bank Holiday is a public holiday in the United Kingdom and also in the Republic of Ireland. ...

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Vacation

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Look up Furlough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A furlough (IPA: ) is temporary leave of absence, especially from duty in the armed services or from a prison term. ... Labour law (American English: labor) or employment law is the body of laws, administrative rulings, and precedents which addresses the legal rights of, and restrictions on, working people and their organizations. ... This is a list of vacation resorts in the world. ... Long Service Leave is an additional employee vacation payable after long periods of service with an employer // In Australia, unlike many other countries, employees are generally entitled to additional leave, known as Long Service Leave, over and above their annual leave if they stay with a particular firm for a... A luxury resort, sometimes referred to as an exclusive resort, is a very expensive vacation facility which is fully staffed and has been rated with five stars. ... Sick Leave (or Sickness Pay or Sick Pay) is an employee benefit in the form of paid leave which can be taken during periods of sickness. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... Volunteer vacations are an opportunity for people to make a positive difference in the lives of others or to help improve or contribute to society, culture, or the environment while on vacation. ...

Sources

  1. ^ http://www.thinkandask.com/2005/10191vacations.html
  2. ^ See http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/60535/65252/E01RUS01.htm#chap19, chapters 114 and 155 or http://www.tk-rf.com/glava19.html (in Russian).
  3. ^ http://www.dti.gov.uk/employment/holidays/faq/index.html
  4. ^ US law does not require employees to grant any vacation or holidays and about 25% of all employees receive no vacation time or holidaysNo-Vacation Nation. For employees that do receive vacation, 10 working days with 8 national holidays is fairly standard. Members of the US Armed Services earn a total of 30 vacation days a year, not including national holidays.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Vacation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (366 words)
Vacation is a term used in English speaking North America to describe time away from work or school, a trip abroad, or simply a pleasure trip away from home.
In England the word vacation referred specifically to the long summer break taken by the law courts (and later universities) - a custom introduced by William the Conqueror from Normandy where it was intended to facilitate the grape harvest.
In modern employment practice, vacation days are usually coupled with Sick leave, official holidays, and sometimes personal days.
AlterNet: Vacation Starvation (1935 words)
Vacations are going the way of real bakeries and drive-in theaters, fast becoming a quaint remnant of those pre-downsized days when we didn't have to keep the CEO in art collections and mansions.
Vacations are being downsized by the same forces that brought us soaring work weeks: labor cutbacks, a sense of false urgency created by tech tools, fear and guilt.
Legalized paid leave would also end the loss of accrued vacation time from downsized workers in their thirties, forties and fifties, who have to start their paid leave banks over again, as if they were at their very first job.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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