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Encyclopedia > Vacant

Occupancy is a defined legal term in building construction and building codes. It refers to the use or intended use of a building or part thereof for the shelter or support of persons, animals or property. A closely-related meaning is the number of units in such a building that are rented or leased, or otherwise in-use. The lack of occupancy in this sense is a vacancy. This is a list of legal terms, often from Latin: A mensa et thoro A mensa et thoro, from bed and board. ... Building is either the act of creating an object assembled from more than one element, or the object itself; see also construction. ... Cranes are essential in large construction projects, such as this skyscraper In project architecture and civil engineering, construction is the building or assembly of any infrastructure. ... A building code is a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for constructed objects such as buildings and nonbuilding structures. ... Rent can refer to: Renting, a system of payment for the temporary use of something owned by someone else. ... This article or section should include material from Tenancy agreement A lease is a contract conveying from one person (the lessor) to another person (the lessee) the right to use and control some article of property for a specified period of time (the term), without conveying ownership, in exchange for...

Building code

It is possible to have multiple occupancies (or building uses) within one building. For instance, one may have a high-rise building, where the lower levels are occupied by retail stores, whereas the upper levels could be residential. Building is either the act of creating an object assembled from more than one element, or the object itself; see also construction. ...

Wherever the dividing line is between different occupancies within one building, one must construct a particularly integral fire barrier referred to as an occupancy separation, which are subject to stringent bounding. Typically, the code requirements for an occupancy separation are more stringent than for other fire-barriers, even with an identical fire-resistance rating. For example, if an occupancy separation carried a two-hour fire-resistance rating, one may, in some jurisdictions, not be able to de-rate its closures, such fire doors or firestops. A normal two-hour fire separation, may conceivably be fitted with 90-minute fire doors, whereas the occupancy separation would not be granted such reprieve. A large bonfire. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In law, jurisdiction from the Latin jus, juris meaning law and dicere meaning to speak, is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted body or to a person to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area of responsibility. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A firestop is a passive fire protection system of various components used to seal openings in fire-resistance rated wall and/or floor assemblies through bounding. ...

Firestops in occupancy separations are also more likely to be required not only an equal fire protection rating (a fire-resistance rating for closures) but must also provide a temperature rating, such that the components of the firestop systems, including the penetrants, are not permitted to rise in temperature above 140°C (284°F) on average or 180°C (356°F) on any single point, so as to lower the likelihood of auto-ignition on the unexposed side. In this manner, occupancy separations are treated similarly to fire walls, which have the further task of limiting fire-induced building collapse, on the unexposed side. Temperature is also the name of a song by Sean Paul. ... Rating is a means of classifying things in different categories. ... A penetrant is the cause for a service penetration firestop. ... Collapse is a puzzle game published in 1999 by the software company GameHouse. ...

In this sense, there are two occupancies in most single-family homes: the garage and the living space of the home. Because automobile gasoline or petrol is flammable, an occupancy separation is often required between the two, should there be a car fire. Water heaters and central heating are often placed in this space as well, for their use of natural gas, propane, or other fossil fuels in combustion. This also helps to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning. A single-family home is a separate dwelling in which only members of a single family live. ... Look up garage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up home in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... petrol) or Gasoline is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... Gasoline, as it is known in North America, or petrol, in many Commonwealth countries (sometimes also called motor spirit) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... Flammable or Flammability refers to the ease at which a substance will ignite, causing fire or combustion. ... A trio of propane hot water heaters. ... For the Grand Central Records albums, see Central Heating (Grand Central album) and Central Heating 2. ... Many stoves use natural gas. ... Propane is a three-carbon alkane. ... Coal rail cars in Ashtabula, Ohio Fossil fuels, also known as mineral fuels, are hydrocarbon-containing natural resources such as coal, oil and natural gas. ... Combustion or burning is a complex sequence of chemical reactions between a fuel and an oxidant accompanied by the production of heat or both heat and light in the form of either a glow or flames. ... Look up Prevention in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Carbon monoxide toxicity is due to two main mechanisms: CO binds to hemoglobin and decreases the oxygen content of blood; this results in acute tissue hypoxic injury CO binds to mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase and impairs oxidative phosphorylation and causes cell damage Carbon monoxide (CO) binds very strongly to the iron...

Building utilisation

Occupancy can also refer to the number of units in use, such as hotel rooms, apartment flats, or offices. When a motel is at full (100%) occupancy, a NO VACANCY neon sign is often turned on (though the sign often still says VACANCY at other times). Office buildings and apartments in particular aim for full occupancy, but if too many are built in an area this is often not the case. Completely vacant buildings can also attract crime, and are eventually targeted for redevelopment or at least renovation. A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging, usually on a short-term basis. ... A room is an enclosed space in a house or other building. ... An apartment estate in Singapore, which makes up the majority of public housing in Singapore. ... Figure 1. ... An office is a room or other area in which people work, but may also denote a position within an organisation with specific duties attached to it (see officer, office-holder, official); the latter is in fact an earlier usage, office as place originally referring to the location of one... Holiday Inn Great Sign Exterior of a Howard Johnsons motor lodge. ... Closeup of a neon tube. ... This article is about traditional meanings of the word office. ... Urban renewal (also called urban regeneration in British English) is a movement in urban planning that reached its peak in the United States from the late 1940s through the early 1970s. ... Renovation is the process of restoring or improving a structure. ...

Occupancy can also mean the number of persons using an undivided space, such as a meeting room, ballroom, auditorium, or stadium. As with building codes, fire-protection authorities often set a limit on the number of people that can occupy a space, primarily because they must be able to egress the building through the available number of exits in a resonable amount of time, without tripping or trampling each other in a panicked stampede, possibly blinded by smoke. The integrity of a structure may also be at stake, because too many people will put excessive weight and other forces, leading in some cases to a collapse. Person, in the classic sense, refers to a living human being. ... A conference room or meeting room is a room of various sizes that is used by companies to hold conferences and meetings. ... A ballroom is a large room inside a building, the designated puprose of which is holding dances (balls). ... An auditorium is the area within a theatre, concert hall or other performance space where the audience is located in order to hear and watch the performance. ... Telstra Stadium in Sydney, Australia is capable of being converted from a rectangular football field to an oval for cricket games A modern stadium (plural stadiums or stadia in English) is a place, or venue, for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts or other events, consisting of a field or stage partly... A limit can be: Limit (mathematics), including: Limit of a function Limit of a sequence Limit point Net (topology) Limit (category theory) A constraint (mathematical, physical, economical, legal, etc. ... Egress (Lat. ... Look up Exit on Wiktionary, the free dictionary EXIT or exit is a name for several entities: An exit can denote a way out of a building, city, or place. ... A psychedelic experience is characterized by the perception of aspects of ones mind previously unknown, or by the creative exuberance of the mind liberated from its ordinary fetters. ... To trample generally means to crush underhoof. ... Panic is a sudden fear which dominates thinking and often affects groups of people or animals. ... A stampede is an act of mass impulse among herd animals or a crowd of people in which the herd (or crowd) collectively begins running with no clear direction or purpose. ... Blind can refer to: Look up blind on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Smoke from a wildfire Smoke is a suspension in air (aerosol) of small particles resulting from incomplete combustion of a fuel. ... Look up integrity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up Structure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... // Technical usage in physical sciences Established official technical definition : In the physical sciences, the weight of an object has a particular technical meaning. ... In physics, a force is anything that causes a free body with mass to accelerate. ...

An occupancy sensor is a device that can tell if someone is in a room, and is often used in home automation and security systems. These are typically more advanced than motion sensors, which can only detect motion. It has been suggested that Domotics be merged into this article or section. ... 1 example. ... Motion detection includes methods by which motion has be identified. ... In physics, motion means a change in the position of a body with respect to time, as measured by a particular observer in a particular frame of reference. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Vacant Buildings (504 words)
Vacant buildings are those in which more floorspace was vacant than was used for any single commercial activity at the time of the interview, so it is possible for a vacant building to have some occupied floorspace.
Vacant buildings used 31 trillion Btu of total energy, which was 1 percent of total energy consumption for all commercial buildings, though they accounted for 3 percent of all commercial floorspace.
Vacant buildings used 31 trillion Btu of primary electricity, so their total primary energy consumption was 52 trillion Btu, or less than 1 percent of total primary consumption for all commercial buildings.
  More results at FactBites »



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