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Encyclopedia > VIVA

For the bus system in York Region, Ontario, Canada, please see Viva (bus rapid transit). Image File history File links Viva. ... York Regional Municipality, also called York Municipality or York Region, is a municipality in south-central Ontario, between Lake Simcoe and Toronto. ... Viva is a bus rapid transit network operated in York Region, Ontario, Canada, with connections to northern Toronto. ...



VIVA is a private German music television channel located in Cologne. It was founded in 1993 by a shareholder group led by Time Warner and headed up initially by Dieter Gorny to compete with MTV, the market leader at the time. Being the first music channel to broadcast in German, VIVA was able to secure a close lead in the ratings for the target audience. The term television channel generally refers to either a television station or its cable/satellite counterpart (both outlined below). ... Cologne (German:   ; Kölsch: Kölle /ˈkÅ“É«É™/) is Germanys fourth-largest city after Berlin, Hamburg and Munich, and is the largest city both in the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and within the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Area, one of the major European metropolitan areas with more than... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Time Warner Inc. ... MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network headquartered in New York City. ...


On 21 March 1995 a second channel, VIVA Zwei ("VIVA Two"), was created, concentrating on lesser known and more independently produced music. On 1 January 2002 it was renamed VIVA Plus and its concept changed to a channel dedicated purely to pop and mainstream music for a younger generation of viewers. The change was protested as a loss by many fans of the old channel as well as many personalities from the music business, as it destroyed a significant chance for lesser known bands to have their music heard. VIVA Plus is to be replaced by a german version of "Comedy Central" in 15.01.2007. March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Since 1995, VIVA has a pop music award ceremony with the annual Comet. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Following the 9/11 attacks, VIVA went off the air for several days, broadcasting only a blank scene and a message of condolence. The date that commonly refers to the attacks on United States citizens on September 11, 2001 (see the September 11, 2001 Attacks). ...


In 2003, VIVA openly expressed an anti-Iraq War view. Later that year, VIVA got bad press after it was discovered that VIVA had given Universal Music an unfair advantage in the placement of their music videos. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Universal Music Group (UMG) is the largest major label in the record industry, with a 23% market share. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ...


Today, the company is divided into the "VIVA Fernsehen GmbH", "VIVA Plus Fernsehen GmbH", "Brainpool TV GmbH", and "VIVA Media Enterprises". Since 2004, the main shareholder is the media company Viacom (98%), which also owns MTV, the main competitor to VIVA, creating a virtual monopoly in German music television. Following the acquisition of VIVA by Viacom, VIVA has been based in Berlin, where MTV Germany is based. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A shareholder or stockholder is an individual or company (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a joint stock company. ... Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures movie studio and DreamWorks). ... Competition characterises a biochemical, ecologic, economic, political, or sporting activity whereby two or more individuals or groups strive antagonistically against one another for some reward. ... In economics, a monopoly (from the Latin word monopolium - Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


The concept behind VIVA originated in 1992 when the major record labels were frustrated by MTV Germany's decision to program in English to the Germanophone markets and what was perceived as its refusal to play major German-speaking artists. Tom McGrath, then President of Time Warner International Broadcasting, assembled a group of record labels that included Warner Music, EMI Music, Sony Television along with Frank Otto, APAX partners, and DoRo Productions from Austria (Rudy Dolezal and Hannes Rossacher). With Dieter Gorny brought on board to lead the channel the group applied for cable carriage licenses in the various German Bundesländer, a process that took almost one year. DoRo designed the original programming format which while clearly a music video channel, sought to differentiate itself from MTV not just by having a German speaking voice, but by speaking directly to the differences in pop culture between Germany and the anglophone MTV. Ironically, before launching the channel, the labels offered to fund MTV in a German speaking version, but were rejected by MTV management at the time who espoused a "one world, one language" programming philosophy (at least for Europe since their South American Channels used Spanish and Portuguese). MTV Central, also regularly called MTV Germany, is a regional version of MTV for the German-speaking countries of Central Europe - Germany, Austria, Switzerland. ... Tom McGrath Tom McGrath (also known as Thomas B. McGrath, born 1956, married), though little known outside of Hollywood, has been an important, behind-the-scenes player in re-shaping the modern media landscape throughout his entertainment career. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ...


After MTV introduced a German language version of itself, the competition between the two stations increased. VIVA was widely perceived as the more mainstream oriented channel for younger viewers, while MTV Germany was directed at youths and young adults with some edgier programming. Since the acquisition of VIVA by Viacom, MTV Germany is mostly broadcasting reality TV shows. VIVA has become the music channel with charts shows and similar, mostly directed at a mainstream audience. Viacom has introduced a programming scheme that allows the station to be run by just 40 people, many previous employees were let go.


There is also a Swiss, Polish, Austrian, and a Hungarian version of VIVA.


See also

TMF (The Music Factory) is a pop music channel that operates in the Netherlands (TMF NL), Belgium (TMF Vlaanderen) and the United Kingdom (TMF UK). ... MTV Networks is a division of media conglomerate Viacom that oversees the operation of many TV network and Internet brands. ...

External links

  • (German) website of the VIVA Media AG
  • (German) website of the TV channel VIVA
  • (German) report in Die Welt about the planned massive reduction of staff in VIVA
  • (Polish) website of the polish TV channel VIVA
  • Gooya (UK) directory of world TV channels
Viacom Inc.

Corporate Directors: George Abrams | Philippe Dauman (CEO) | Thomas E. Dooley | Ellen V. Futter | Robert Kraft | Alan Greenberg | Charles Phillips | Sumner Redstone (Chairman) | Shari Redstone | Frederic Salerno | William Schwartz Viacom (NYSE: VIA) (NYSE: VIAb) is an American media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures movie studio and DreamWorks). ... A corporation is a legal person which, while being composed of natural persons, exists completely separately from them. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer of the company charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... George Abrams is a corporate director of the Viacom Corporation. ... Philippe Dauman is a corporate director of the Viacom and CBS Corporations. ... Thomas E. Dooley is a corporate director of the Viacom Corporation. ... Ellen V. Futter is President of the American Museum of Natural History. ... Robert Kraft Robert K. Kraft, (born June 5, 1941 in Brookline, Massachusetts) is the owner of National Football Leagues New England Patriots and Major League Soccers New England Revolution, as well as the stadium where they play, Gillette Stadium. ... Viacom is a high-growth media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable and satellite television networks (MTV Networks and BET), video gaming (part of Sega of America), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures movie studio and DreamWorks). ... Charles Phillips is President of Oracle Corporation and a member of the companys Board of Directors. ... Sumner Murray Redstone (born Sumner Murray Rothstein on May 27, 1923 in Boston, Massachusetts) is Chairman of the Board and controlling shareholder of the Viacom and CBS Corporation media conglomerates. ... Shari Redstone is a corporate director of the CBS and Viacom companies. ... Frederic Salerno is a corporate director of the Viacom Corporation. ... William Schwartz is a corporate director of the Viacom Corporation. ...

MTV Networks channels in the Americas: CMT | CMT Pure Country | Comedy Central | Logo | MHD | MTV | MTV2 | MTV Brasil (30%) | MTV Chi | MTV Desi | MTV Hits | MTV Jams | MTV K | MTV Networks Latin America | MTV Tempo | MTV Tr3s | mtvU | Nickelodeon/Nick at Nite/Nick Jr. | NickToons Network | Nick GAS | Noggin/The N | Spike TV | TV Land | VH1 | VH1 Brazil | VH1 Classic | VH1 Soul | VH1 Uno
BET Networks:BET | BET J | BET Hip-Hop | BET Gospel
MTV Networks film production: CMT Films | MTV Films | Nickelodeon Movies
MTV Networks Europe: MTV Adria | MTV Base | MTV Central | MTV Classic | MTV Dance | MTV Eesti | MTV Europe | MTV Flux (UK) | MTV Italy (49%) | MTV Latvija | MTV Lietuva | MTV România | MTV Türkiye | MTV Russia | MTV UK and Ireland | MTV2 Europe | Nickelodeon UK(50%) | Nicktoons UK(50%) | Nick Jr. (UK)(50%) | TMF Flanders | TMF Nederland | TMF UK | VH1 UK | VH1 Classic UK | VIVA
MTV Networks Asia Pacific: MTV Australia | MTV India | MTV New Zealand | MTV Pakistan | MTV Philippines | Nickelodeon Australia | Nickelodeon Japan | Nickelodeon South East Asia | Nickelodeon New Zealand | Nick Jr. Australia | VH1 Australia
MTV Networks internet services: Atom Entertainment | GameTrailers | iFilm | MTV Overdrive | Neopets | Quizilla | Xfire
Paramount Pictures Corporation (Paramount Motion Pictures Group): DreamWorks | DreamWorks Home Entertainment | DreamWorks Television | Go Fish Pictures | Paramount Home Entertainment | Paramount Vantage | Republic Pictures | United International Pictures (50%, with NBC Universal's Universal Studios)
Misc. Assets: Bubba Gump Shrimp Company | Famous Music | Harmonix Music Systems | Paramount Comedy MTV Networks is a division of media conglomerate Viacom that oversees the operation of many TV network and Internet brands. ... Country Music Television, or CMT as it usually called, is an American country music oriented cable television channel. ... CMT Pure Country CMT Pure Country is a digital cable and satellite television channel, it is the sister network to CMT. It showcases country music videos from 1980s to the 2000s. ... Comedy Central is a cable television channel in the United States. ... Logo is an American digital cable television channel owned by Viacoms MTV Networks division. ... Music: High Definition or MHD is a high definition music television network that first aired on January 16, 2006. ... MTV (Music Television) is an American cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... MTV2 is a cable network that is widely available in the United States on digital cable and satellite television, and is progressively being added to basic cable lineups across the nation. ... MTV Brasil is an entertainment channel which is very popular amongst all people, including upper classes. ... MTV Chi is a spin-off network from MTV that is targeted at Chinese Americans. ... MTV Desi is a spin-off network from MTV that is targeted at Asian Americans. ... MTV Hits is an American music video channel that debuted on May 1, 2002. ... MTV Jams is a Viacom-owned American hip-hop/urban music video channel that debuted in mid-2002, replacing MTVX. Like its sister stations, VH1 Classic, VH1 Soul, VH1 Country, MTV Hits, VH1 Mega Hits, and previously MTVX, MTV Jams is available exclusively on digital cable packages or satellite TV... MTV K is a new spinoff network targeted towards Korean-Americans similar to MTV Chi and MTV Desi. ... MTV Networks Latin America is a subsidiary of MTV Networks, headquartered in Miami, operating the following television networks in Latin America: MTV Latin America MTV Mexico MTV Argentina MTV Puerto Rico Nickelodeon Latin America Nickelodeon Brazil VH1 Latin America VH1 Brazil MTVNLA also distributes these networks from MTV Networks USA... Tempo is a pan-Caribbean channel from MTV Networks that explores Caribbean culture and plays a range of Caribbean music including Calypso, Dancehall, Punta rock, Soca and Reggae. ... MTV Tr3s (tres, Spanish for the number three) is an American cable, satellite and over-the-air network that prides itself as a bi-cultural entertainment destination. ... CTN redirects here. ... Nickelodeon may refer to: Nickelodeon movie theater, an early 20th century form of small, neighborhood movie theaters Nickelodeon (film), a 1976 film directed by Peter Bogdanovich Nickelodeon (TV channel), a cable TV network whose demographic is primarily children and pre-teens in the United States. ... Nick at Nite is an evening programming block broadcast over Nickelodeon from 9 PM – 6 AM Eastern and Pacific Standard Time. ... Nick Jr. ... NickToons Network, once known as NickToons TV and simply NickToons, is a digital cable and satellite television network. ... Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids (commonly referred to as Nickelodeon GAS, Nick GAS or GAS), is a U.S. cable television network which was launched on March 1, 1999 as part of MTV Networks suite of digital cable channels. ... Noggin is a cable television network in both the United States and the United Kingdom. ... The-N is the nighttime block on Noggin for teens. ... Spike TV (sometimes only Spike) is an American cable network designed to cater to a young male demographic and is also shown in Canada. ... TV Land is an American cable television network which first started transmissions on April 29, 1996. ... VH1 (spelled VH-1 (Video Hits One) until 1994) is an American cable television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment (at the time a division of Warner Communications and owners of MTV, which originally came up with the idea of the channel). ... VH1 Brazil is a music channel from Viacom-owned MTV Networks Latin America. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... VH1 Soul is a digital cable and satellite television channel, it is a sister network to VH1. ... VH1 Uno is a digital cable and satellite television channel, which is the fourth sister network to VH1. ... Black Entertainment Television is an American cable network targeted toward African-American audiences in the United States. ... BET J (previously known as BET on Jazz and later BET Jazz) is a spin-off cable television channel of BET (Black Entertainment Television), that presents enclusively jazz music-related programming, especially that of black jazz musicians. ... BET Hip-Hop is a spinoff network of Black Entertainment Television. ... BET Gospel is a spin-off Digital cable television channel of BET (Black Entertainment Television), that presents gospel and inspirational-type programming. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... MTV Films is the motion picture production arm of cable channel MTV. Originally founded in 1995, it has produced films based on MTV programs such as Beavis and Butt-head Do America and Jackass: The Movie, as well as other adaptations and original projects. ... The Nickelodeon Movies logo from 2000-present. ... MTV Networks Europe is a Viacom subsidiary in Europe that acts as a sister company to MTV Networks (US). ... MTV Adria Logo MTV Adria is an MTV Networks Europe subsidiary of MTV, broadcast to the countries of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia. ... The MTV logotype, often used in different, less stylized, forms. ... MTV Central, also regularly called MTV Germany, is a regional version of MTV for the German-speaking countries of Central Europe - Germany, Austria, Switzerland. ... MTV Classic was name of the Polish version of the television channel VH1. ... MTV Dance is a digital television channel based in the United Kingdom. ... MTV Eesti is a regional diversification of MTV which started airing on September 4, 2006 at 22:00 EET. The first video was Justice vs. ... MTV Europe launched on August 1, 1987. ... MTV Flux is a television channel in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland that launched on September 6, 2006. ... MTV Italy (Italian: MTV Italia), the Italian branch of MTV, is a national channel in Italy. ... MTV Latvija is a regional diversification of MTV which started airing on September 4, 2006 at 22:00 EET. The first video was Justice vs. ... MTV Lietuva is a regional diversification of MTV which started airing on September 4, 2006 at 22:00 EET. It is part of a new MTV project known as MTV Baltic which also includes MTV Latvija and MTV Eesti[1]. The channel plans to combine local and international music, as... MTV (Music Television) Türkiye is the Turkish subsidiary of MTV, officially launched on October 23rd, 2006. ... MTV Russia is a Russian language free-to-air service seen in 22 million households in Moscow, St. ... It has been suggested that MTV Ireland be merged into this article or section. ... MTV2 Europe (also known as MTV2 UK or more commonly as simply MTV2) is a British television channel operated by MTV Networks Europe broadcasting primarily to the UK and Ireland, but also throughout much of Europe. ... Nickelodeon UK (usually called Nickelodeon or Nick) is a satellite/cable TV station for children. ... Nicktoons UK, formerly NickToons TV, is a digital television station for children in the United Kingdom. ... Nick Jr. ... TMF Flanders is a Flemish (Dutch spoken) television station operating from Mechelen which mainly shows popmusic videoclips. ... TMF is a Dutch television channel televising mainly pop music video clips, broadcasting from Bussum. ... The Music Factory, TMF for short, is a music video channel in the United Kingdom owned by MTV Networks Europe. ... VH1 UK is a British music television channel from MTV Networks Europe. ... For more information, see VH1 Classic VH1 Classic is a digital television channel in the United Kingdom. ... MTV Networks Asia Pacific operates ten 24-hour programming services under two brands, MTV and Nickelodeon. ... MTV Australia is the Australian version of MTV Music Television, a channel specialising in music and youth culture programming. ... MTVs official logo MTV (Music Television) India is the Indian subsidiary of MTV, a cable television network headquartered in New York. ... On May 18, 2006 Sky Television announced the launch of a wholly-owned and operated localised MTV channel. ... MTVs official logo MTV (Music Television) Pakistan or IM-MTV Asia is the Pakistani subsidiary of MTV, a cable television network headquartered in New York. ... MTV Philippines or (Music Television Network Philippines) is MTV Networks Asia franchise in the Philippines was born on January 1, 2001, founder by Tom Freston, president of MTV Networks in America. ... Nickelodeon Australia is a counterpart of the Nickelodeon network in the USA. Categories: Substubs ... Nickelodeon Japan (Usually called Nickelodeon, or abbreviated to Nick Japan), is a satellite/cable TV station for Japanese children, teens and adults. ... Nickelodeon South East Asia is a satellite and cable TV channel for children and teenagers. ... Nickelodeon New Zealand is a 24 hour kids channel for kids aged 2-14 in New Zealand. ... Nick Jr. ... VH1 is a music channel in Australia. ... Atom Entertainment is owned by Viacoms MTV branch. ... GameTrailers is a website which delivers broadband video-game content. ... iFilm is an online archive of short films, movie trailers, and other video clips of interest. ... MTV Overdrive is MTVs newest broadband video channel. ... Screenshot of the Neopets homepage viewed with Internet Explorer Neopets is an online virtual pet game. ... Quizilla is a website for user-created personality and other types of quizzes. ... Xfire is a freeware instant messaging service targeted toward gamers, that also serves as a game server browser. ... Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American motion picture production and distribution company, based in Hollywood, California. ... DreamWorks SKG is one of the major American film studios which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games, and television programming. ... DreamWorks Home Entertainment is the home video division of DreamWorks SKG, a subsidiary of Paramount Pictures, which in turn is owned by Viacom. ... DreamWorks Television is a television production company that is a division of DreamWorks SKG, a subsidiary of Viacom-owned Paramount Pictures. ... Go Fish Pictures is the specialty film division of the DreamWorks SKG film studio, which is owned by Paramount Pictures, itself a subsidiary of Viacom. ... Paramount Home Entertainment (formerly Paramount Home Video) is a home video company founded in 1981. ... Closing logo Paramount Classics is the specialty film division of Paramount Pictures (which in turn is owned by Viacom), charged with producing, purchasing, distributing and marketing films, generally those with a more art house feel than films made and distributed by its parent company. ... Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. ... United International Pictures (UIP) is a joint venture of Paramount Pictures (owned by Viacom) and Universal Studios (owned by NBC Universal), to distribute some of the two studios films outside United States (including territories) and Canada. ... NBC Universal is a media and entertainment conglomerate formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment, part of Vivendi Universal. ... The current Universal Studios logo Universal Studios (sometimes called Universal Pictures), a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is one of the major American film studios that has production studios and offices located at 100 Universal City Plaza Drive in Universal City, California, an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County between Los... Bubba Gump Shrimp Company, Times Square, New York The Bubba Gump Shrimp Co. ... Famous Music is a music publisher in the United States. ... The Harmonix Music Systems logo. ... Paramount Comedy is a television channel shown in the UK. As the name suggests, it is owned by Paramount Pictures (aka Viacom) and concentrates on comedy. ...

Annual Revenue: $17.3 billion USD ( 10% 3Q 2005) | Employees: 38,350 | Stock Symbol: NYSE: VIAB | Website: www.viacom.com ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... Image File history File links Green_Arrow_Up. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
VIVA, The Virtual Library of Virginia (249 words)
VIVA's mission is to provide, in an equitable, cooperative and cost-effective manner, enhanced access to library and information resources for the Commonwealth of Virginia's non-profit academic libraries serving the higher education community.
The VIVA consortium includes 39 state-assisted colleges and universities, 33 private, non-profit institutions, and The Library of Virginia.
VIVA members are eligible to receive an additional 5% consortia savings for each year of the first five years.
Welcome to VIVA USA Inc. (339 words)
Working at VIVA means having a say in the directions and strategies of the company, an easy access to the top management and an opportunity to be a part of a great team involved in exciting projects.
VIVA provides comprehensive health insurance benefits, including medical, dental, prescription, and vision coverage to care for all employees who qualify for this benefit as per current company policy.
VIVA provides tuition reimbursement to employees who qualify for this benefit as per current company policy up to $2,500.00 per year for a maximum of 3 years..
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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