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Encyclopedia > VBScript

VBScript (short for Visual Basic Scripting Edition) is an Active Scripting language developed by Microsoft. The language's syntax reflects its pedigree as a limited variation of Microsoft's Visual Basic programming language. VBScript is installed as default in every desktop release of the Windows Operating System (OS) since Windows 98 [1], and may or may not be included with Windows CE depending on the configuration and purpose of the device it is running on. It initially gained support from Windows administrators seeking an automation tool more powerful than the batch language first developed in the late 1970s. A VBScript script must be executed within a host environment, of which there are several provided on a standard install of Microsoft Windows (Windows Script Host, Windows Internet Explorer). Additionally, The VBScript hosting environment is embeddable in other programs, through technologies such as the Microsoft Script control (msscript.ocx). Active Scripting (formerly known as ActiveX Scripting) is the technology used in Windows to implement component-based scripting support. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... This article is about the Visual Basic language shipping with Microsoft Visual Studio 6. ... Windows 98 (codenamed Memphis) is a graphical operating system released on June 25, 1998 by Microsoft and the successor to Windows 95. ... Windows CE (sometimes abbreviated WinCE) is a variation of Microsofts Windows operating system for minimalistic computers and embedded systems. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Guide to Windows commands In MS-DOS, OS/2 and Windows, a batch file is a text file containing a series of commands intended to be executed by the command interpreter. ... The Microsoft Windows Script Host (originally called Windows Scripting Host, but renamed for the second release) is distributed and installed by default on Windows 98 and later versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ...

Contents

History

VBScript began as part of the Microsoft Windows Script Technologies, which were targeted at web developers initially and were launched in 1996. During a period of just over two years, the VBScript and JScript languages advanced from version 1.0 to 2.0 (the latter later renamed 5.0) and over that time system administrators noticed it and began using it. In version 5.0, the functionality of VBScript was increased with new features such as regular expressions, classes, the With statement,[2] Eval/Execute/ExecuteGlobal functions to evaluate and execute script commands built during the execution of another script, a function-pointer system via GetRef(), and Distributed COM (DCOM) support. In computing, a regular expression is a string that is used to describe or match a set of strings, according to certain syntax rules. ... In object-oriented programming, a class is a programming language construct used to group related fields and methods. ... DCOM (Distributed Component Object Model) is a Microsoft proprietary technology for software components distributed across several networked computers. ...


In 5.5, "Submatches"[3] were added to the regular expression class in VBScript to finally allow VBScript script authors to capture the text within the expression's groups. That capability before was only possible through the JScript member of the Microsoft ActiveX Scripting family. In computing, a regular expression is a string that is used to describe or match a set of strings, according to certain syntax rules. ...


As of 2007, no new functionality will be added to the VBScript language, which has been superseded by Windows Powershell. However, it will continue to be shipped with future releases of Microsoft Windows, as will other components of the ActiveX Scripting Family (such as JScript). Additionally, support will continue due to the amount of code written in it and because it is still considered a useful tool for some tasks. Windows PowerShell is an administration focused extensible command line interface (CLI) shell and scripting language product developed by Microsoft. ... JScript is the Microsoft implementation of the ECMAScript scripting programming language specification. ...


The language engine is currently being maintained by Microsoft's Sustaining Engineering Team, which is responsible for bug fixes and security enhancements.


Uses

When employed in Microsoft Internet Explorer, VBScript is similar in function to JavaScript, as a language to write functions that are embedded in or included from HTML pages and interact with the Document Object Model (DOM) of the page, to perform tasks not possible in HTML alone. Other web browsers such as Firefox, and Opera do not have built-in support for VBScript. This means that where client-side script is required on a web site, developers almost always use JavaScript for cross-browser compatibility. Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... JavaScript is a scripting language most often used for client-side web development. ... Hierarchy of objects in an example HTML DOM - Document Object Model The Document Object Model (DOM) is a platform- and language-independent standard object model for representing HTML or XML and related formats. ... Firefox may refer to: Firefox (novel), written by Craig Thomas, published in 1978 Firefox (film), the 1982 movie starring Clint Eastwood, based on the novel Firefox (arcade game), the laserdisc arcade game based on the movie Mozilla Firefox, a web browser The Red Fox or the Red Panda, based on... Opera is an Internet suite which handles common internet-related tasks, including visiting web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, and online chat. ...


Besides client-side web development, VBScript is used for server-side processing of web pages, most notably with Microsoft Active Server Pages (ASP). The ASP engine and type library, asp.dll, invokes vbscript.dll to run VBScript scripts. VBScript that is embedded in an ASP page is contained within <% and %> context switches. The following example of an ASP page with VBScript displays the current time in military format (Note that an '=' sign occurring after a context switch (<%) is short-hand for a call to Write() method of the Response object). Active Server Pages (ASP) is Microsofts first server-side script engine for dynamically-generated web pages. ...

 <% Option Explicit %><!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd"> <html> <head> <title>VBScript Example</title> </head> <body><% 'Grab current time from Now() function. Dim timeValue timeValue = Now %> The time, in military format, is <%=Hour(timeValue)%>:<%=Minute(timeValue)%>:<%=Second(timeValue)%>. </body> </html> 

VBScript can also be used to create applications that run directly on a person's computer running Microsoft Windows. The simplest example of this is a script that makes use of the Windows Script Host (WSH) environment. Such a script is usually in a stand-alone file with the file extension .vbs. The script can be invoked in two ways. Wscript.exe is used to display output and receive input in through a GUI, such as dialog and input boxes. Cscript.exe is used in a command line environment. Windows redirects here. ... The Microsoft Windows Script Host (originally called Windows Scripting Host, but renamed for the second release) is distributed and installed by default on Windows 98 and later versions of Microsoft Windows. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


VBScript .vbs files can be included in two other types of scripting files: .wsf files, which are styled after XML; and .hta files, which are styled after HTML. .wsf files can be executed using wscript.exe or cscript.exe, just like .vbs files, and .wsf files can include multiple .vbs files. As a result .wsf files provide a means for code reuse: one can write a library of classes or functions in one or more .vbs files, and include those files in one or more .wsf files to use and reuse that functionality in a modular way.


Another employment of VBScript is the HTML Application, or HTA (file extension .hta). In an HTA, HTML is used for the user interface, and a scripting language such as VBScript is used for the program logic. HTAs run inside of mshta.exe, which is a 'Trusted Application Environment' provided by Internet Explorer. The 'Trusted Application Environment', implies that HTAs do not suffer the restrictions applied to applications running in the web or intranet zone, such as accessing local files or network paths. Although HTAs run in this 'trusted' environment, querying Active Directory can be subject to Internet Explorer Zone logic and associated error messages. An HTML Application (HTA) is a Microsoft Windows application written with HTML and Dynamic HTML. The ability to write HTAs was introduced with Microsoft Internet Explorer 4. ... A filename extension or filename suffix is an extra set of (usually) alphanumeric characters that is appended to the end of a filename to allow computer users (as well as various pieces of software on the computer system) to quickly determine the type of data stored in the file. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ...


Lastly, VBScript (and JScript) can be used in a .wsc file to create a Windows Script Component - an ActiveX-enabled script class that can be invoked by other COM-enabled applications.[4] Component Object Model (COM) is a platform for software componentry introduced by Microsoft in 1993. ...


Functionality

As-is, VBScript provides basic date/time, string manipulation, math, user interaction, error handling, and regular expressions. Additional functionality can be added through the use of ActiveX technologies. File system management, file modification, and streaming text operations can be achieved with the Scripting Runtime Library scrrun.dll. Binary file and memory I/O is provided by the "ADODB.Stream" class, which can also be used as a string builder (since a high amount of VBScript string concatenation is costly due to constant memory re-allocation), and can be used to convert an array of bytes to a string and vice versa. Database access is made possible through ActiveX Data Objects (ADO), and the IIS Metabase can be manipulated using the GetObject() function with sufficient permissions (useful for creating and destroying sites and virtual directories). Additionally, XML files and schemas can be manipulated with the Microsoft XML Library Application Programming Interfaces (msxml6.dll, msxml3.dll), which also can be used to retrieve content from the World Wide Web via the XMLHTTP and ServerXMLHTTP objects (class strings "MSXML2.XMLHTTP.6.0" and "MSXML2.ServerXMLHTTP.6.0"). // Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) is a set of Component Object Model objects for accessing data sources. ... IIS stores its information in a Metabase. ... Microsoft XML Core Services (MSXML) is a set of services that allow applications written in JScript, VBScript, and Microsoft development tools to build Windows-native XML-based applications. ... API and Api redirect here. ...


See also

JScript is the Microsoft implementation of the ECMAScript scripting programming language specification. ... JavaScript is a scripting language most often used for client-side web development. ... For other uses, see PHP (disambiguation). ... JScript . ... A Windows Script File (WSF) is a file type used by the Microsoft Windows Script Host. ...

References

  1. ^ WSH Version Information. Microsoft (2008). Retrieved on 2008-04-02.
  2. ^ Visual Basic Scripting Edition:With Statement (VBScript). Microsoft (2008). Retrieved on 2008-04-02.
  3. ^ Visual Basic Scripting Edition: SubMatches Collection. Microsoft (2008). Retrieved on 2008-04-02.
  4. ^ Introducing Windows Script Components. Microsoft (2008). Retrieved on 2008-04-02.

Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • VBScript in the Microsoft Developer Network
  • VBScript Regular Expressions in the Microsoft Developer Network
  • ASP Objects in the Microsoft Developer Network
  • The Script Center Script Repository in Microsoft TechNet
  • Windows Script 5.6 Documentation: Includes complete downloadable VBScript documentation </ref>
The following is a list of Microsoft Windows components. ... Windows Aero is the graphical user interface for Windows Vista, an operating system released by Microsoft in November 2006. ... ClearType is a registered trademark for a technology developed by Microsoft Corporation to improve the appearance of text on certain types of computer display screens, especially flat-panel displays. ... Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ... Microsoft DirectX is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ... 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Remote Differential Compression (RDC) is a client-server synchroniztion protocol that allows the contents of two files to be synchronized, by communicating only the difference between them. ... The software architecture of a program or computing system is the structure or structures of the system, which comprise software elements, the externally visible properties of those elements, and the relationships between them. ... The Windows NT operating system familys architecture consists of two layers (user mode and kernel mode), with many different modules within both of these layers. ... Object Manager in Windows, categorized hierarchically using namespaces Object Manager (internally called Ob) is a special subsystem implemented as part of Windows Executive which manages Windows resources. ... The Windows NT Startup Process is the process by which Microsofts Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 operating systems initialize. ... This refers to the boot components for Windows Vista and Windows Server Longhorn. The Windows Vista Startup Process is the process by which Microsofts Windows Vista operating system initializes. ... I/O request packets (IRPs) are structures that are used by Windows Driver Model (WDM) and Windows NT device drivers to communicate with each other and the operating system. ... Kernel Transaction Manager (KTM) is a component of the Windows Vista kernel that enables applications to use atomic transactions on resources. ... The Logical Disk Manager (LDM) is an implementation of a logical volume manager for Windows, developed by Microsoft and Veritas Software. ... The Security Accounts Manager (SAM) is a database stored as a registry file in Windows NT, Windows 2000, and later versions of Windows. ... Windows File Protection (WFP) is a technology included in all Microsoft Windows operating systems beginning with Windows 2000 to prevent programs from replacing critical Windows system files. ... Local Security Authority Subsystem Service (LSASS), is a process in Microsoft Windows operating systems that is responsible for enforcing the security policy on the system. ... Client/Server Runtime Subsystem, or csrss. ... Session Manager Subsystem, or smss. ... UAC confirmation dialog UAC credentials dialog User Account Control (UAC) is a technology and security infrastructure introduced with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system. ... BitLocker Drive Encryption is a data protection feature integrated into Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides encryption for the entire OS volume. ... Windows Defender, previously known as Microsoft AntiSpyware, is a software product from Microsoft designed to prevent, remove and quarantine spyware on Microsofts Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista operating systems. ... DEP controls in Windows Vista DEP causing Windows XP to end a program Data Execution Prevention (DEP) is a security feature included in modern Microsoft Windows operating systems that is intended to prevent an application or service from executing code from a non-executable memory region. ... The Protected Media Path is a set of technologies creating a Protected Environment, first included in Microsofts Windows Vista operating system, that are used to enforce digital rights management (or DRM) protections on content. ... Mandatory Integrity Control (MIC, also called Integrity levels)[1] is a new security feature in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, which adds Integrity Levels (IL) to processes running in a login session. ... User Interface Privilege Isolation (UIPI) is a security feature introduced in Windows Vista to combat code injection exploits. ... Windows Firewall icon in Windows Vista Windows Firewall is a personal firewall, included with Microsofts Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista operating systems. ... Screenshot of Windows Security Center in Windows Vista. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Windows Internet Explorer 7, commonly abbreviated IE7, is a web browser released by Microsoft in late 2006 for Windows Vista, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... IE Mobile (named Pocket Internet Explorer or PIE before Windows Mobile 5. ... Internet Explorer for Mac (also referred to as Internet Explorer:mac, IE:mac or Internet Explorer Macintosh Edition) was a proprietary web browser developed by Microsoft for the Macintosh platform. ... Internet Explorer Internet Explorer for UNIX is a proprietary graphical web browser that was produced as a free-of-charge product by Microsoft for use in the X Window System on Solaris or HP-UX. // Development history May 29, 1996: it was reported that Steven Guggenheimer, product manager for Internet... Internet Explorers original logo This article is about Internet Explorer for Microsoft Windows. ... The idea of removing Internet Explorer from a Microsoft Windows operating system was first proposed during the United States v. ... Some of Microsofts early products included hidden Easter eggs. ... The difference between the World Wide Web Consortiums width and Internet Explorers width of a block-level element The Internet Explorer box model bug is one of the best-known bugs in a popular implementation of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). ... This is a list of Internet Explorer extensions, software add-ons designed for Internet Explorer web browsers. ... An Internet Explorer shell is computer software that uses the Trident rendering engine of Internet Explorer. ... Trident (also known as MSHTML) is the name of the layout engine for the Microsoft Windows version of Internet Explorer. ... Microsoft XML Core Services (MSXML) is a set of services that allow applications written in JScript, VBScript, and Microsoft development tools to build Windows-native XML-based applications. ... Windows RSS Platform, included in Internet Explorer 7 and Windows Vista is a platform that exposes feed handling and management to Windows applications. ... JScript is the Microsoft implementation of the ECMAScript scripting programming language specification. ... XMLHttpRequest (XHR) is an API that can be used by JavaScript, and other web browser scripting languages to transfer XML and other text data to and from a web server using HTTP, by establishing an independent and asynchronous communication channel between a web pages Client-Side and Server-Side. ... ActiveX is Microsoft technology used for developing reusable object oriented software components. ... Microsoft provides the Internet Explorer Administration Kit (IEAK), as an add-on to Internet Explorer to let an organization customize IE for their needs,. IEAK can be used by organizations to customize the settings for the browser, integrate add-ons, change branding of the browser to use customized logos, and... IE Developer toolbar showing the accesskeys, source and CSS selector matches in a Wikipedia article Microsoft made available the Internet Explorer Developer Toolbar (sometimes shortened to IE Developer Toolbar), on May 7, 2007,[1] as an add-on for Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7 that aims to aid... An HTML Application (HTA) is a Microsoft Windows application written with HTML and Dynamic HTML. The ability to write HTAs was introduced with Microsoft Internet Explorer 4. ... HTML+TIME (Timed Interactive Multimedia Extensions) was the name of a W3C submission from Microsoft, Compaq/DEC and Macromedia that proposed an integration of SMIL semantics with HTML and CSS. The specifics of the integration were modified considerably by W3C working groups, and eventually emerged as the W3C Note XHTML... MHTML stands for MIME HTML. It is a standard for including resources that in usual HTTP pages are linked externally, such as images and sound files, in the same file as the HTML code, based on RFC 2557. ... In Mozilla Firefox, favicons are displayed in all available tabs, the bookmark toolbar/menu and the location bar. ... Vector Markup Language (VML) is an XML language used to produce vector graphics. ... Integrated Windows Authentication (IWA), formerly know as NTLM (NT LAN Manager), is a computer networking security protocol which operates in a variety of Microsoft Windows network protocols for authentication purposes. ... Temporary Internet Files is a directory on Microsoft Windows computer systems. ... In the Microsoft Windows operating system, index. ... Add-on Manager from Windows XP SP2 Internet Explorer A Browser Helper Object (BHO) is a DLL module designed as a plugin for Microsofts Internet Explorer web browser to provide added functionality. ... Web Proxy Autodiscovery Protocol (WPAD), or PAC (proxy auto configuration) is a method of storing a proxy autoconfiguration file in a guessable url, for example wpad. ... For the personal information manager included in the Microsoft Office suite, see Microsoft Outlook. ... Internet Mail and News Microsoft Internet Mail and News was a freeware e-mail and news client and antecessor of Outlook Express. ... Comic Chat is an IRC client created by Microsoft bundled with some Internet-aware versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Comic Chat is an IRC client created by Microsoft bundled with some Internet-aware versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Screenshot of NetMeeting for Windows XP Microsoft NetMeeting is a VoIP and multi-point videoconferencing client included in many versions of Microsoft Windows (from Windows 95 OSR2 to Windows XP). ... Windows Media Station file (*.nsc) is the session description file for Microsofts Media Stream Broadcast (MSB) protocol. ... Logo of the DirectX Media SDK DirectX Media was an external API set that was used for media streaming applications. ... Windows Address Book is a component of Microsoft Windows that lets users keep a single list of contacts that can be shared by multiple programs. ... Microsofts Windows Desktop Update was an optional feature included with Internet Explorer 4, which provided several updated shell features introduced with the Windows 98 operating system for older versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Active Desktop is a feature of Microsoft Internet Explorer 4. ... Active Channel is a website type which was introduced by Internet Explorer 4. ... Channel Definition Format (CDF) is an XML standard used in conjunction with Microsoft Active Channel and Smart Offline Favorites technologies. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Smart Tags (Microsoft) This article refers to a feature of MS Office and Internet Explorer. ... Wikipedia on MSN Explorer MSN Explorer is a web browser, developed by Microsoft, which comes with Windows XP that integrates MSN features such as Hotmail and MSN Messenger with a web browser. ... Spyglass, Inc. ... Tasman is the name of the layout engine introduced with version 5 of Internet Explorer for Mac. ... The term browser wars is the name given to the competition for dominance in the web browser marketplace. ... United States v. ... In computing, Download. ... Eolas (an acronym for Embedded Objects Linked Across Systems, and Irish for knowledge) is a United States company, and patent troll. ... The term browser wars is the name given to the competition for dominance in the web browser marketplace. ... The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of web browsers. ... A rough estimation of usage share of layout engines/web browsers This article aims to be an unbiased historical record for the usage share of web browsers, based on statistics and articles published by well-known websites. ... Timeline representing the history of various web browsers. ... Graphical timeline representing the development of various web browsers. ...

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VBScript - a definition from Whatis.com (234 words)
VBScript is an interpreted script language from Microsoft that is a subset of its Visual Basic programming language designed for interpretation by Web browsers.
In general, script languages are easier and faster to code in than the more structured, compiled languages such as C and C++ and are ideal for smaller programs of limited capability or that can reuse and tie together existing compiled programs.
VBScript is designed for use with Microsoft's Internet Explorer browser together with other programming that can be run at the client, including ActiveX controls, automation servers, and Java applets.
VBScript - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (318 words)
VBScript (short form of Visual Basic Scripting Edition) is an Active Scripting language interpreted via Microsoft's Windows Script Host.
VBScript is the language used to write some notable e-mail worms, such as ILOVEYOU.
More productive examples of how VBScript can be used is the SYDI project, or in software packaging, where VBScript can be used to automate slipstreaming, and other aspects of the process.
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