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Encyclopedia > V Corps (ACW)

The V Corps (Fifth Corps) was a unit of the The Union Army refers to the United States Army during the American Civil War. ...Union Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. ...Army of the Potomac during the The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly_formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ...American Civil War.

Contents

1862

The corps was first organized briefly under Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (January 30, 1816–September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, was born at Waltham, Massachusetts. ...Nathaniel P. Banks, but then permanently on May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ...May 18, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862, designated as the "V Corps Provisional". It was formed within the Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. ...Army of the Potomac, which was engaged in the Map of the events of the campaign. ...Peninsula Campaign to seize Richmond is the capital of Virginia, a state (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) of the United States of America. ...Richmond. It was created by merging Major General Fitz John Porter's 3rd Division of the Daniel Sickles and staff after the Battle of Gettysburg There were four formations in the Union Army designated as III Corps (or Third Corps) during the American Civil War. ...III Corps with Major General George Sykes George Sykes (October 9, 1822 – February 8, 1880) was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War. ...George Sykes's division of U.S. Regular troops, formerly in the Reserve.


Porter became corps commander and his 1st Division was assigned to Brig. Gen. George W. Morell. On July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ...July 22, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862, "provisional" was dropped from the name as the The United States Department of War was the military department of the United States governments executive branch from 1789 until 1949, when it became part of the United States Department of Defense. ...U.S. War Department confirmed it as the V Corps, Army of the Potomac.


The V Corps fought in several battles throughout the Map of the events of the campaign. ...Peninsula Campaign, including Battle of Hanover Courthouse Conflict American Civil War Date May 27, 1862 Place Hanover County, Virginia Result Union victory The Battle of Hanover Courthouse, also known as the Battle of Slash Church, took place on May 27, 1862 in Hanover County, Virginia as part of the Peninsula Campaign of the...Hanover Court House, Mechanicsville, Battle of Gaines Mill Conflict American Civil War Date June 27, 1862 Place Hanover County, Virginia Result Confederate victory The Battle of Gaines Mill, also known as the First Battle of Cold Harbor or the Battle of Chickahominy River, took place on June 27, 1862, in Hanover County, Virginia, as...Gaines' Mill, Battle of Glendale Conflict American Civil War Date June 30, 1862 Place Henrico County, Virginia Result Inconclusive (Union withdrawal continued. ...Glendale, and Battle of Malvern Hill Conflict American Civil War Date July 1, 1862 Place Henrico County, Virginia Result Union victory The Battle of Malvern Hill, also known as the Battle of Poindexter’s Farm, took place on July 1, 1862 in Henrico County, Virginia as part of the Peninsula Campaign of...Malvern Hill. The corps' losses in the The Seven Days Campaign (June 25–July 1, 1862), or Seven Days Battle, of the American Civil War was a successful effort by the Confederate commander Robert E. Lee to turn back the Union general George McClellans Army of the Potomac in its attempt to capture Richmond, Virginia in...Seven Days Battles were 995 killed, 3,805 wounded, and 2,801 captured or missing, totaling 7,601, or half the entire loss of the army. Of these casualties, 6,837 occurred at Gaines' Mill; the remainder at Mechanicsville, Glendale, and Malvern Hill. The corps was temporarily enlarged on June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ...June 14 by George A. McCall's division of Pennsylvania Reserves, which included future stars John Fulton Reynolds (September 20, 1820 _ July 1, 1863) was an American soldier. ...John F. Reynolds and George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 _ November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ...George G. Meade. The corps fought stoutly at Gaines' Mill in particular, where Porter commanded the Union forces that included only the V Corps and Henry W. Slocum's 1st Division of the The VI Corps (Sixth Corps) was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...VI Corps against nearly the entire Confederate The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ...Army of Northern Virginia.


Following the failure of the Peninsula Campaign, the Pennsylvania Reserves were reassigned to General Irvin McDowell Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 _ May 4, 1885) was an American military officer, famous for his participation in the American Civil War. ...Irvin McDowell's I Corps (First Corps) was the designation of four different corps-sized units in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...I Corps (III Corps at the Second Battle of Bull Run Conflict American Civil War Date August 28–30, 1862 Place Prince William County Result Confederate victory The Second Battle of Manassas, known as the Second Battle of Bull Run in the North, was a battle during the American Civil War. ...Second Battle of Bull Run). The V Corps was reassigned to Major General Major General John Pope John Pope (March 18, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career Army officer and general in the American Civil War. ...John Pope's The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. ...Army of Virginia, along with the Daniel Sickles and staff after the Battle of Gettysburg There were four formations in the Union Army designated as III Corps (or Third Corps) during the American Civil War. ...III and IX Corps was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...IX Corps of George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 _ October 29, 1885) was a Major General of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac.


The V Corps saw action at the Second Battle of Bull Run Conflict American Civil War Date August 28–30, 1862 Place Prince William County Result Confederate victory The Second Battle of Manassas, known as the Second Battle of Bull Run in the North, was a battle during the American Civil War. ...Second Battle of Bull Run, fighting on the left wing of the Union army. Losses of the small corps were 331 killed, 1,362 wounded, and 456 missing; a total of 2,151, out of about 6,500 engaged.


The corps saw minimal action at the Battle of Antietam Conflict American Civil War Date September 17, 1862 Place Near Sharpsburg, Maryland Result (Union strategic victory) The Battle of Antietam (known as the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South), fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle...Battle of Antietam. The 1st Division was held in reserve in the relative center of the Union line, but Sykes's 2nd Division was drawn out during the battle. It was after Antietam that a new 3rd Division was added under Andrew A. Humphreys, with mostly nine-month recruits from Pennsylvania.


In the Army of the Potomac's restructuring under newly appointed Major General Portrait of Ambrose Burnside by Mathew Brady, ca. ...Ambrose E. Burnside, the V Corps was placed with the III Corps in the Center "Grand Division" under the command of This article is about Joseph Hooker, the U.S. Civil War Major General. ...Joseph Hooker. Major General Brigadier General Daniel Butterfield Brigadier General Daniel Butterfield commanded the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, during the American Civil War. ...Daniel Butterfield replaced Porter to command the V Corps at the The Battle of Fredericksburg, fought on December 13, 1862 between General Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac commanded by Maj. ...Battle of Fredericksburg, and Generals Charles Griffin, Sykes, and Humphreys the three divisions. Losses were 206 killed, 1,669 wounded, and 300 missing; total, 2,175.


1863

When Hooker took command of the Army of the Potomac in the spring, he did away with the "grand divisions" and made Butterfield his chief of staff. Major General George G. Meade, formerly commanding the 3rd Division of the I Corps, took charge of the V Corps. It was at this time that each corps was designated a symbol; the V Corps used a cross pattée, the straight-edged variant of the The Maltese Cross (✠) has been the symbol of the Christian warrior since the First Crusade. ...Maltese Cross.


The V Corps was not significantly engaged at Battle of Chancellorsville Conflict American Civil War Date April 30 – May 6, 1863 Place Spotsylvania County Result Decisive Confederate victory The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War in 1863. ...Chancellorsville, but soon after the entire 3rd Division had their enlistments expire and went home. Another division under Brigadier General Samuel W. Crawford, made up of two Pennsylvania Reserve brigades, promptly joined while For the author of Inherit the Wind and other works, see Robert Edwin Lee. ...Robert E. Lee's The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ...Army of Northern Virginia invaded the North.


George Sykes took command of the V Corps on This article is in need of attention. ...June 28, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863, as George Meade was promoted to command of the Army of the Potomac. The corps arrived at the eastern end of the Battle of Gettysburg Conflict American Civil War Date July 1–3, 1863 Place Adams County Result Union victory The Battle of Gettysburg ( July 1– 3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the largest battle ever conducted in North America...Gettysburg battlefield on July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ...July 2. They earned distinction from fighting in the Wheatfield, but were most famous for the actions of Colonel Strong Vincent (June 17, 1837 _ July 7, 1863) was a Union military officer during the American Civil War. ...Strong Vincent's 3rd Brigade, 1st Division. The brigade quickly marched to cover Battle of Gettysburg Conflict American Civil War Date July 1–3, 1863 Place Adams County Result Union victory The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), which took place in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, was one of the largest battles ever conducted in the Western Hemisphere, and...Little Round Top, a nearly bare hill at the left end of the Union line. Against ferocious attacks from the Confederate First Corps of James Longstreet James Longstreet (January 8, 1821 – January 2, 1904) was one of the foremost generals of the American Civil War, and later enjoyed a successful post_war career working for the government of his former enemies, as a diplomat and administrator. ...James Longstreet, Vincent's brigade held the hill and saved the Union army from being flanked. The scene is depicted in the novel The Killer Angels (1974) is a historical novel by Michael Shaara which was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1975. ...The Killer Angels (1974) by Michael Shaara (1928 _ May 5, 1988) was a writer of science fiction, sports fiction, and historical fiction. ...Michael Shaara and the movie Gettysburg is a 1993 movie which depicts the decisive American Civil War battle in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. ...Gettysburg (1993), based on the novel, focusing on the 20th Maine regiment at the extreme left, under the command of Colonel Maj. ...Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain.


The V Corps saw the deaths of two of their generals at Gettysburg: Brigadier Generals Stephen K. Weed and Strong Vincent (who was quickly promoted not long before his death for his heroic efforts on Little Round Top).


1864

In March, 1864, with Lieutenant General Ulysses Simpson Grant ( April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War general and the 18th ( 1869– 1877) president of the United States. ...Ulysses S. Grant now in command of all Union armies, the V Corps was restructured along with the entire army. The 1st and 2nd Divisions were consolidated into one 1st Division, under General Griffin. Crawford's 3rd Division of Pennsylvanians remained unchanged. The I Corps was fused into the V as the 2nd and 4th Divisions, under Major Generals John C. Robinson and James S. Wadsworth respectively. The new commander of the V Corps was Major General Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 - 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...Gouverneur K. Warren.


By the time of the This article is about the Battle of the Wilderness in the American Civil War. ...Battle of the Wilderness, the corps included over 25,000 men; following the end of the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Conflict American Civil War Date May 8–21, 1864 Place Spotsylvania County Result Inconclusive (Grant continued his offensive) The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, sometimes simply referred to as the Battle of Spotsylvania, was the second battle in Lieut. ...Battle of Spotsylvania Court House in May, 1864, over 10,000 had become casualties. General Wadsworth was killed at the Wilderness, and Robinson was severely wounded (losing a leg) at Spotsylvania. His division was broken down and dispersed among the others of the V Corps. Wadsworth's Division went under General General Lysander Cutler Lysander Cutler (February 16, 1807 – July 30, 1866) A Union Army general during the American Civil War. ...Lysander Cutler, commander of the The Iron Brigade was a unit during the American Civil War that was noted for its ability to withstand almost any fire, and its regiments combined took the highest casualty percentage of the war. ...Iron Brigade.


The V Corps saw hard fighting at Battle of Cold Harbor Conflict American Civil War Date May 31 – June 12, 1864 Place Hanover County Result Confederate victory The Battle of Cold Harbor, the third and final battle of United States Lieut. ...Cold Harbor and the Troops in the Siege of Petersburg faced the usual siege armaments — projectiles of all shapes and sizes and attacks on fortifications — but the Union added underground explosives to the mix. ...Siege of Petersburg in June. Many of its men were captured in the Second Battle of Weldon Railroad on August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...August 19, 1864. At this point the divisions were commanded by generals Griffin, Ayres, and Crawford; they would remain until the end of the war.


1865

By March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years). ...March 31, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865, the V Corps was down to 17,000 men and would lose 2,000 more by the time Lee surrendered at The court house The Appomattox Court House is a historic court house located in Appomattox, Virginia famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War. ...Appomattox Court House. After the Battle of Five Forks Conflict American Civil War Date April 1, 1865 Place Dinwiddie County Result Union victory The Battle of Five Forks, April 1, 1865, was the final Union offensive in the American Civil War. ...Battle of Five Forks, with the war's end literally days away, General Warren was relieved of command by Major General Philip Sheridan Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888), a military man and one of the great generals in the American Civil War. ...Philip Sheridan, displeased by his lack of aggressive pursuit of the enemy, and replaced by Griffin. The corps was officially disbanded on This article is in need of attention. ...June 28, 1865.


Command history

Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (January 30, 1816–September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, was born at Waltham, Massachusetts. ...Nathaniel P. Banks         March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ...March 13, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ...April 4, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
Fitz John Porter May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ...May 18, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ...November 10, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
This article is about Joseph Hooker, the U.S. Civil War Major General. ...Joseph Hooker November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ...November 10, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ...November 16, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
Brigadier General Daniel Butterfield Brigadier General Daniel Butterfield commanded the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, during the American Civil War. ...Daniel Butterfield November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ...November 16, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ...December 25, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 _ November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ...George G. Meade December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ...December 25, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 26, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
Charles Griffin January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 26, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
George Sykes George Sykes (October 9, 1822 – February 8, 1880) was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War. ...George Sykes February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 5, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 _ November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ...George G. Meade February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 5, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 16, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
Andrew A. Humphreys February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 23, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 28, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 _ November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ...George G. Meade February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...February 28, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 This article is in need of attention. ...June 28, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
George Sykes George Sykes (October 9, 1822 – February 8, 1880) was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War. ...George Sykes This article is in need of attention. ...June 28, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ...October 7, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
Samuel W. Crawford October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ...October 7, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ...October 15, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
George Sykes George Sykes (October 9, 1822 – February 8, 1880) was a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general during the American Civil War. ...George Sykes October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ...October 15, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ...March 23, Events January _ March January 21 _ Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. ...1864
Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 _ 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...Gouverneur K. Warren March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ...March 23, Events January _ March January 21 _ Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. ...1864 January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 2, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865
Samuel W. Crawford January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 2, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865 January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 27, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865
Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 _ 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...Gouverneur K. Warren January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 27, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865 April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ...April 1, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865
Charles Griffin April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ...April 1, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865 This article is in need of attention. ...June 28, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ...1865

References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J.: Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0_8047_3641_3
  • Fox, William F.: Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, Albany Publishing, 1889 (online text (http://www.civilwarhome.com/foxspref.htm))

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