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Encyclopedia > Uzbek som
Uzbekistani som
O‘zbek so‘m (Latin Uzbek)
Ўзбек сўм (Cyrillic Uzbek)
25 som
25 som
ISO 4217 Code UZS
User(s) Uzbekistan
Inflation rate 6.9%
Source The World Factbook, 2005 est.
Subunit
1/100 tiyin
Plural som
tiyin tiyin
Coins 1, 5, 10, 25, 50 som
Banknotes 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000 som
Central bank Central Bank of Republic of Uzbekistan
Website www.cbu.uz

The som (Uzbek: so‘m in Latin script, сўм in Cyrillic script) is the currency of Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The ISO 4217 currency code is UZS. Image File history File links 25Som. ... World inflation rate, based on CIA factbook figures In economics, inflation is a fall in the market value or purchasing power of money. ... Look up Plural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Plural is a grammatical number, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia (Russian: Средняя Азия/Srednyaya Azia for Middle Asia or Центральная Азия/Tsentralnaya Azia for Central Asia; in Turkic languages Orta Asya; in Persian آسياى مرکزی; (Urdu: وسطى ايشيا)Wasti Asia; Standard Mandarin Chinese... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ...


For earlier currencies used in Uzbekistan, see Bukharan tenga, Kokand tenga and Khwarazmi tenga. The tenga was the currency of Bukhara until 1920. ... The tenga was the currency of Kokand until 1876. ... The tenga was a currency of Khwarazm issued until 1873 and between 1918 and 1924. ...

Contents


Etymology

In the Soviet Union, speakers of Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek called the ruble the som, and this name appeared written on the back of banknotes. The word som (sometimes transliterated "sum" or "soum") means "pure" in Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uyghur and Uzbek, as well as in many other Turkic languages. The word implies "pure gold" Kazakh, also Kazak, Khazakh, Qazaq, Kosach, and Kaisak (Қазақ тілі in Cyrillic, Qazaq tilî in the Latin alphabet, and قازاق تءىلءي in the Arabic alphabet) is a Western Turkic language closely related to Nogai and Karakalpak. ... Kyrgyz or Kirghiz (Кыргыз тили) is a Northwestern Turkic language, and, together with Russian, an official language of Kyrgyzstan. ... 1998 Russian Federation one rouble coin. ... Kazakh, also Kazak, Khazakh, Qazaq, Kosach, and Kaisak (Қазақ тілі in Cyrillic, Qazaq tilî in the Latin alphabet, and قازاق تءىلءي in the Arabic alphabet) is a Western Turkic language closely related to Nogai and Karakalpak. ... Kyrgyz or Kirghiz (Кыргыз тили) is a Northwestern Turkic language, and, together with Russian, an official language of Kyrgyzstan. ... Uyghur (ئۇيغۇرچه Uyurqə, or ئۇيغۇر تىلى Uyur tili; Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔语; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾語; Pinyin: Wéiwúěryǔ) is a Turkic language spoken by the Uyghur people in Xinjiang (also called East Turkestan or Uyghuristan), China. ... The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ...


First Som

Like other republics of the former Soviet Union, Uzbekistan continued using Soviet/Russian ruble after independence. On July 26, 1993, a new series of Russian ruble was issued and old Soviet/Russian ruble ceased to be legal tender in Russia [1] [2]. Some successor states had their national currencies before the change, some chose to continue using the pre-1993 Soviet/Russian ruble, and some chose to use both the pre-1993 and the new Russian ruble. Tables of modern monetary history: Asia[3] implies that both old and new rubles were used in Uzbekistan. The ruble or rouble (Russian: , plural ; see note on spelling below) is the name of the currencies of the Russian Federation and Belarus (and formerly, of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire). ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...


Uzbekistan replaced the ruble with som at par in on November 15, 1993 [3]. No subdivisions of this som were issued and only banknotes were produced, in denominations of 1, 3, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 5000, and 10000 som. Because it was meant to be a transitional currency, the design was rather simplistic. All notes had the Coat of arms on obverse, and an Islamic architecture on reverse. They only differ in color and value. November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ...


Second Som

On July 1, 1994[3], a second som was introduced at a rate of 1 new som = 1000 old som. This som is subdivided into 100 tiyin. At its introduction, 1 U.S. dollar was equal to 7 som. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ...


Coins

2 series of coins have been issued for the second som. They can be easily distinguished by the script used for Uzbek. The first series was written in Cyrillic script, while the second series is written in Latin script. The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ...

First Series
Image Value Composition Obverse Reverse Minted Year
1 tiyin Brass clad steel Coat of arms with 12 stars
State title
Value 1994
3 tiyin
5 tiyin
10 tiyin Nickel clad steel Coat of arms with 12 stars
State title
Value 1994
20 tiyin
50 tiyin
1 som 1997, 1999, 2000
5 som 1997, 1999
10 som 1997, 1999, 2000
Second Series
Image Value Diameter Weight Composition Edge Obverse Reverse Minted Year
1 som 18.4 mm 2.83 g Nickel clad steel Reeded Coat of arms without stars
Bank title
Value, map of Uzbekistan 2000, 2001
5 som 21.2 mm 3.35 g Brass clad steel Plain Coat of arms without stars
Bank title
Value, map of Uzbekistan 2001
10 som 19.75 mm 2.71 g Nickel clad steel Plain Coat of arms without stars
Bank title
Value, map of Uzbekistan 2001
25 som 27 mm Coat of arms without stars
State title
Value, Jaloliddin Manguberdi 1999
50 som 26.1 mm 8 g Plain and reeded sections Coat of arms without stars
Bank title
Value, map of Uzbekistan 20011
50 som 26.1 mm 7.9 g Value, statue and ruin of Shahrisabz 20022
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimeter, a standard for world coins.

Brass is the term used for alloys of copper and zinc in a solid solution. ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Image File history File links 1som. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Image File history File links 5Som. ... Brass is the term used for alloys of copper and zinc in a solid solution. ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Image File history File links 10Som. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic Atomic mass 58. ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Image File history File links 25Som. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Shahrisabz or Shahr-e Sabz (from the Persian meaning green city), also known as Kesh, is a city in Uzbekistan approximately 50 mi. ...

Note

  1. 10 year anniversary of independence
  2. 2700 year anniversary of the founding of Shahrisabz

Banknotes

1994 Series
Value Color Obverse Reverse Printed Date
1 som Green and pink Coat of arms Alisher Navoi Opera and Ballet Theater 1994
3 som Red Mosque of Çaçma Ayub Mazar in Bukhara
5 som Blue and orange Coat of arms and Islamic pattern Ali Shir Nawai Monument in Tashkent
10 som Purple Gur-e Amir in Samarkand
25 som Blue and pink Mausoleum of Kazi Zade Rumi in Shah-i-Zinda
50 som Brown Madrasahs in Registan
100 som Purple Drubja Narodov Palace in Tashkent
200 som Green Coat of arms Mythological tiger mosaiс on Sher-Dor Madrasah at Registan Square in Samarkand 1997
500 som Red and some green Statue of Timur 1999
1000 som Grey Amir Timur Museum in Tashkent 2001
Current UZS exchange rates

As of August 26, 2006, the rate was
1 USD = 1229.44 UZS
1 EUR = 1568.09 UZS
1 RUB = 45.8643 UZS
1 CNY = 154.136 UZS
edit this exchange rate Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Bukhara (Bokhara in XIX century English, Buxoro or Бухоро in Uzbek (the Cyrillic alphabet was officially phased out for Uzbek after independence); بُخارا /Bukhârâ/ in Persian, Buhe/Puhe Tang Chinese, Бухара in Russian; also Boxara in Tatar) is the fifth-largest city in Uzbekistan, and capital of the Bukhara region (Bukhoro Wiloyati). ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Tashkent Tashkent (Toshkent or Тошкент in Uzbek, Ташкент in Russian; its name translates from Uzbek to Stone City in English) is the current capital of Uzbekistan and also of Tashkent Province. ... Timurs mausoleum Gur-e Amir at Samarkand Gur-e Amir is the mausoleum of the Asian conqueror Timur in Samarkand (now in Uzbekistan). ... Colour photograph of a Madrasa taken in Samarkand ca. ... Shah-i-Zinda (شاه زنده in Persian meaning The Living King) is the mausoleums of the Timurid cemetery in the Registan quarter in Samarkand (todays Uzbekistan). ... A Madrasah complex in Gambia Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... Categories: Central Asia geography stubs | Buildings and structures in Uzbekistan ... Tashkent Tashkent (Toshkent or Тошкент in Uzbek, Ташкент in Russian; its name translates from Uzbek to Stone City in English) is the current capital of Uzbekistan and also of Tashkent Province. ... Coat of arms of Uzbek SSR until 1991 The current coat of arms of Uzbekistan was adopted on July 2, 1992. ... Colour photograph of a Madrasa taken in Samarkand ca. ... Statue of Timur in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan Timur (Chagatai: تیمور, iron, actually TimÅ«r GurkānÄ«, Persian: تيمور گوركانى, Gurkān being the Persianized form of the original Mongolian word kürügän, son-in-law) — also known as Timur-e Lang, Persian: تیمور لنگ, which translates to Timur the Lame, as he was lame... Tashkent Tashkent (Toshkent or Тошкент in Uzbek, Ташкент in Russian; its name translates from Uzbek to Stone City in English) is the current capital of Uzbekistan and also of Tashkent Province. ... August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about general United States currency. ... The euro (currency sign: €; banking code: EUR) is the official currency of the following twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain; collectively also known as the Eurozone. ... The ruble or rouble (Russian: , plural ; see note on spelling below) is the name of the currencies of the Russian Federation and Belarus (and formerly, of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire). ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...

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See also

The Uzbekistan government has been extremely cautious in moving to a market-based economy for the Economy of Uzbekistan. ... Five Kyrgyzstani Som Note (1997) 100 Kyrgystani Som Notes (2002) The Kyrgyzstani Som (sometimes transliterated Sum or Soum) is the currency of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan in Central Asia. ...

References

  1. ^ The Global History of Currencies - Russia
  2. ^ Uzbekistan Economic Policy and Trade Practices
  3. ^ a b c Tables of modern monetary history: Asia
  • (2003) Chester L. Krause, Cliffor Mischler, Colin R. Bruce II, et al. (editors) 2004 Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1901-present, 31st ed., Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87349-593-4.
  • (2005) George S. Cuhaj, (S. editor) Standard Catalog of World Paper Money, Vol. 3: Modern Issues, 1961-Date, 11th ed., KP Books. ISBN 0-89689-160-7.
Old som
Preceded by:
Soviet/Russian ruble
Reason: independence
Ratio: at par
Currency of Uzbekistan
November 15, 1993July 1, 1994
Succeeded by:
New som
Reason: inflation and deprecating the "transitional" currency
Ratio: 1 new som = 1000 old som
New som
Preceded by:
Old som
Reason: inflation and deprecating the "transitional" currency
Ratio: 1 new som = 1000 old som
Currency of Uzbekistan
July 1, 1994
Succeeded by:
Current


The ruble or rouble (Russian: , plural ; see note on spelling below) is the name of the currencies of the Russian Federation and Belarus (and formerly, of the Soviet Union and the Russian Empire). ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ...

Currencies of Asia and the Pacific
Central Afghan afghani | Kazakhstani tenge | Kyrgyzstani som | Mongolian tugrug | Russian ruble | Tajikistani somoni | Turkmenistani manat | Uzbek som
East Chinese yuan | Hong Kong dollar | Japanese yen | Macanese pataca | North Korean won | South Korean won | New Taiwan dollar
South-East Brunei dollar | Cambodian riel | Indonesian rupiah | Lao kip | Malaysian ringgit | Myanmar kyat | Philippine peso | Singapore dollar | Thai baht | US dollar (East Timor) | Vietnamese đồng
South Bangladeshi taka | Bhutanese ngultrum | Indian rupee | Maldivian rufiyaa | Nepalese rupee | Pakistani rupee | Sri Lankan rupee
West Armenian dram | Azerbaijani manat | Bahraini dinar | Cypriot pound | Egyptian pound | Georgian lari | Iranian rial | Iraqi dinar | Israeli new sheqel | Jordanian dinar | Kuwaiti dinar | Lebanese pound | Omani rial | Qatari riyal | Saudi riyal | Syrian pound | Turkish new lira | UAE dirham | Yemeni rial
Pacific Australian dollar (Kiribati, Nauru, Norfolk Island, Tuvalu) | CFP franc (French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna) | Cook Islands dollar | Fijian dollar | New Zealand dollar (Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, Pitcairn Islands) | Papua New Guinean kina | Samoan tala | Solomon Islands dollar | Tongan pa'anga | US dollar (American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau) | Vanuatu vatu
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