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Encyclopedia > Uttaranchal
Uttaranchal
Capital
 - Coordinates
Dehradun
 - 30.19° N 78.04° E
Largest city Dehradun
Population (2001)
 - Density
8,479,562 (19th)
 - 159/km²
Area
 - Districts
53,566 km² (18th)
 - 13
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Establishment
 - Governor
 - Chief Minister
 - Legislature (seats)
2000-11-09
 - Sudarshan Aggarwal
 - Narayan Dutt Tiwari
 - Unicameral (30)
Official language(s) Hindi, Garhwali, Kumaoni
Abbreviation (ISO) IN-UL
Website: ua.nic.in
Image:Uttaranchalseal.png

Seal of Uttaranchal
Dehradun is the provisional capital of the state. The new capital has not yet been chosen.

Uttaranchal pronunciation  (Hindi: उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. Uttaranchal borders Tibet (China) to the north and Nepal to the east, while its neighbour states are Himachal Pradesh to the west and Uttar Pradesh (of which it formed a part before 2000) in the south. The region is traditionally referred to as Uttarakhand in Hindu scriptures and old literature, a term which derives from the Sanskrit for Northern Country. In August 2006, the Union Cabinet assented to the demand of the state government and region's social movments to change the name of the state back to Uttarakhand. The provisional capital of Uttaranchal is Dehra Dun which is also a rail-head and the largest city in the region. The small hamlet of Gairsen has been mooted as the future capital owing to its geographic centrality but controversies and lack of resources have led Dehra Dun to be the provisional capital. The High Court of the state is in Nainital. Image File history File links India_Uttaranchal_locator_map. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Dehradun  , previously called Dehra Doon, (Hindi: देहरादून) is the capital city of the state Uttaranchal (now renamed Uttarakhand)in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. ... Map showing the population density of each district in India Map showing the population growth over the past ten years of each district in India Map showing the literacy rate of each district in India Map showing the sex ratio of each district in India Chart showing the percentage of... Dehradun  , previously called Dehra Doon, (Hindi: देहरादून) is the capital city of the state Uttaranchal (now renamed Uttarakhand)in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Indian States Notes Note 1: — Excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur See also: States and territories of India References Census of India, final 2001 results Category: ... Indian States See also: States and territories of India Categories: States and territories of India ... The divisions of a district. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Indian States See also: States and territories of India Categories: States and territories of India ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Governors of Uttaranchal See Also Uttaranchal Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Uttaranchal | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Chief Ministers of Uttaranchal See Also Uttaranchal Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Uttaranchal | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Narayan Dutt Tiwari is Chief Minister of Uttaranchal, India. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... India has a diverse list of spoken languages among different groups of people. ... Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी or हिंदी; IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India [1][2]. It is part of a dialect continuum of the Indic family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu, and Gujarati... People belonging to the hilly Garhwal subdivision of Uttaranchal. ... Variously used to signify the people or the local dialect of Kumaon, a region in the Indian Himalayas. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... This page as shown in the AOL 9. ... Image File history File links Uttaranchal. ... Hindi (Devanagari: हिन्दी or हिंदी; IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India [1][2]. It is part of a dialect continuum of the Indic family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu, and Gujarati... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) (Tibetan: བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས་; Wylie: Bod-rang-skyong-ljongs; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a province-level autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Himachal Pradesh   (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ), formerly the Punjab Hill States, is a mostly mountainous state in northern India. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), also popularly known by its abbreviation U.P. It is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... Uttarakhand presently called Uttaranchal is the ancient name for the stretch of Indian Himalayas that borders the Himachal ranges in the west, and Nepal in the east. ... Uttarakhand presently called Uttaranchal is the ancient name for the stretch of Indian Himalayas that borders the Himachal ranges in the west, and Nepal in the east. ... Dehradun (देहरादून) is a capital city of Uttaranchal state of India nestled between the Himalayas and Shivaliks ranges. ... Gairsen is a village in Uttaranchal, India which is being built as the states future capital. ... Nainital and lake in the winter. ...


Uttaranchal is a region of outstanding natural beauty. Most of the northern parts of the state are part of Greater Himalya ranges, covered by the high Himalayan peaks and glaciers, while the lower foothills were densely forested till denuded by the British log merchants and forest contractors after independence. Recent efforts in forestation, however, have been successful in restoring the situation to some extent. The unique Himalayan ecosystem plays host to a large number of animals (including bharal, snow leopards, leopards and tigers), plants and rare herbs. Two of India's mightiest rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna take birth in the glaciers of Uttaranchal, and are fed by myriad lakes, glacial melts and streams in the region. Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Binomial name Pseudois nayaur Hodgson, 1833 The bharal or Himalayan blue sheep is a caprid found in the high Himalayas of Nepal, Tibet, China, and Jammu and Kashmir. ... Binomial name Uncia uncia Schreber, 1775 Synonyms Panthera uncia The Snow Leopard (Uncia uncia[1] or Panthera uncia[2]), also known in some instances as the Ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of central and south Asia. ... Binomial name Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Felis pardus Linnaeus, 1758 The leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the four big cats of the genus Panthera. ... Binomial name Panthera tigris (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of tigers in 1900 (red) and 1990 (green) Synonyms Felis tigris Linnaeus, 1758 Tigris striatus Severtzov, 1858 Tigris regalis Gray, 1867 Tigers (Panthera tigris) are mammals of the Felidae family and one of four big cats in the Panthera genus. ... This article is about the river. ... The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ...


The tourism industry is a major contributor to the economy of Uttaranchal, with the Corbett National Park and Tiger Reserve and the nearby hill-stations of Nainital and Bhimtal and several other hill-stations like Mussoorie, Almora and Ranikhet being among the most frequented destinations of India. To this region, aptly called "land of the Gods" (Devbhoomi), also belong some of the holiest Hindu shrines, and for almost 2000 years now, pilgrims have been visiting the temples at Haridwar, Badrinath, Kedarnath and Jageshwar in the hope of salvation and purification from sin. Rishikesh near Haridwar has the major spiritual and yoga centers of India. Gangotri and Yamunotri, the sources of the Ganges and Yamuna also fall in this region and are revered by many. Besides these most popular pilgrim centers, the state has an abundance of temples and shrines, references to most of which can be found in Hindu scriptures and legends. The architecture of most of these temples is typical of the region and slightly different from other parts of India, the ancient temples at Jageshwar being the most popular for their architectural importance. A herd of Indian wild elephants at Corbett national park. ... Nainital and lake in the winter. ... Mussoorie is a city and a municipal board, about 30 km from and in Dehradun district in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ranikhet is a hill station and tourist resort town in the Kumaon district of India. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... ... Kedarnath is one of the four monasteries (called maths) holy to the Hindus. ... Rishikesh (also spelt Hrishikesh, another name for Lord Vishnu), in the state of Uttaranchal, is a holy city for Hindus located in the foothills of the Himalaya in northern India. ... --152. ... The Shrine of Yamunotri, source of river Yamuna is situated in the direction opposite to Gangotri (source of the Ganges). ... Early morning on the Ganges The River Ganges (Ganga in Indian languages) (Devanagiri गंगा) is a major river in northern India. ... The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River. ...


Uttaranchal is comprised of two regions, the western half known as Garhwal and the eastern region going by the name of Kumaon, the two having different chieftains in history and different lingual and cultural influences due to proximity and neighbourhood of different cultures. The inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language and traditions, however, has created strong bondages between the two regions. Garhwal, or Gurwal, is a region and administrative division of Uttaranchal state, India, lying in the Himalayas. ... Kumaon is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttaranchal, a hilly (and mountainous) state of northern India, the other being Garhwal. ...


Recent developments in the region include initiatives by the state government to capitalise on the burgeoning tourist trade as well as tax incentives to lure high-tech industry to the state. The state also has big-dam projects, controversial and often criticised in India, such as the very large Tehri dam on the Bhagirathi-Bhilangana rivers, conceived in 1953 and about to reach completion. Tehri dam (November 2004) Tehri dam is the main dam of the Tehri Hydel Project, a major power project located near Tehri in the state of Uttaranchal in India. ...

Contents

People

The native people call themselves Garhwali/Kumaoni and more than 90% of them are Hindus, ethnically belonging to the Indo-aryan group. Many also colloquially call themselves Pahari meaning "hill person" to distinguish themselves from Desis of the rest of India. Most of them identify themselves in the upper castes. Other ethnic communities in the region include Nepali who have arrived over the past century from the neighbouring country of Nepal, and the Tibatan migrants settled called as the Jadh, Marcha and Shauka on the Indo-Tibetan frontier, collectively known as the Bhotiya, and nomadic cattle herders known as Gujjar in the southern Terai region. Many Punjabis after the partition of India, Bengalis, and Tibetans of Eastern Tibet region (KHAMPA) have also settled in the southern plains part of the state. People belonging to the hilly Garhwal subdivision of Uttaranchal. ... Variously used to signify the people or the local dialect of Kumaon, a region in the Indian Himalayas. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Pahari (also known as Pahaari), is a crude word referring to all the different and varied dialects of communities living in the Indian part of central Himalayan range. ... Desi (pronounced // or //, Devanagari: देसी, Nastaliq: دیسی and alternatively spelled deshi), is a term that can refer to people of South Asian origin. ... Nepali could mean: Nepali — A citizen of the country of Nepal. ... The Bhotiya, also known as the Bhutia, lived in the trans-Himalayan region that divides India from Tibet. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Punjabi people (Punjabi: Shahmukhi: پنجابی; Gurmukhi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... The Bengali people are the ethnic community from Bengal (divided between India and Bangladesh) in Indian subcontinent with a history going back more than two millennia. ... Ethnolinguistic Groups of Tibet, 1967 ( See entire map, which includes a key) Ethnic Tibetan autonomous entities set up by the Peoples Republic of China. ...


The Tharu and Buksha can also be found in the hilly Terai region, although these areas are now heavily populated by a mixed population from Punjab and the adjoining plains. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Terai, or Tarai (i. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 Punjab (Persian: ‎, meaning Land of the five Rivers) (c. ...


Kumaoni and Garhwali dialects are spoken is Kumaon and Garhwal region respectively. Jaunsari and Bhotia is also spoken in the region by some Tribal Communities. In various regions a mixture of both Kumaoni and Garhwali is also spoken. The city population however converse mostly in Hindi. Variously used to signify the people or the local dialect of Kumaon, a region in the Indian Himalayas. ... People belonging to the hilly Garhwal subdivision of Uttaranchal. ... Kumaon is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttaranchal, a hilly (and mountainous) state of northern India, the other being Garhwal. ... Garhwal, or Gurwal, is a region and administrative division of Uttaranchal state, India, lying in the Himalayas. ... The Bhutias are people of Tibetan origin, who migrated to Sikkim, India after the 15th century through Bhutan, where they are also known as Ngalop and constitute half of the countrys population. ...


The majority of people in this state are Rajputs. A Rajput (possibly from Sanskrit rāja-putra, son of a king) is a member of a prominent caste who live throughout northern and central India, primarily in the northwestern state of Rajasthan. ...


Geography

Uttaranchal lies on the south slope of the mighty Himalaya range, and the climate and vegetation vary greatly with elevation, from glaciers at the highest elevations to tropical forests at the lower elevations. The highest elevations are covered by ice and bare rock. The Western Himalayan Alpine Shrub and Meadows ecoregion lies between 3000-3500 and 5000 meters elevation; tundra and alpine meadows cover the highest elevations, transitioning to Rhododendron-dominated shrublands below. The Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests lie just below the tree line; at 3000-2600 meters elevation they transition to the Western Himalayan broadleaf forests, which lie in a belt from 2,600 to 1,500 meters elevation. Below 1500 meters elevation lies western end of the drier Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands belt, and the Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests. This belt is locally known as Bhabhar.These lowland forests have mostly been cleared for agriculture, but a few pockets remain. Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Subgenera Azaleastrum Candidastrum Hymenanthes Mumeazalea Pentanthera (Azaleas) Rhododendron Therorhodion Tsutsusi (Azaleas) Vireya Source: RBG, Edinburgh Rhododendron (from the Greek: rhodos, rose, and dendron, tree) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Ericaceae. ... The Terai or Tarai (moist land) is a belt of marshy grasslands, savannas, and forests at the base of the Himalaya range in India, Nepal, and Bhutan, from the Yamuna River in the west to the Brahmaputra River in the east. ... The Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of northern India. ... Bhabhar is a region in the Lower Himalayas mostly covering the Kumaon and Garhwal divisions in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ...


Indian National Parks in Uttaranchal include the Jim Corbett National Park (the oldest national park of India) at Ramnagar in Nainital District, Valley of Flowers National Park and Nanda Devi National Park in Chamoli District, Rajaji National Park in Haridwar District, and Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Gangotri National Park in Uttarkashi District. Indias first National Park (IUCN Category II Protected area) was Hailey National Park, now Jim Corbett National Park, established in 1935. ... A herd of Indian wild elephants at Corbett national park. ... Nainital and lake in the winter. ... Valley of flowers is the name of the Himalayan area in Uttaranchal, India. ... Nanda Devi is the highest mountain which is completely within the territory of India and was also the highest mountain in the British Empire at its fullest extent. ... Chamoli is a district of Uttaranchal state of India. ... A national park that encompasses the Shivaliks, near the feet of the Himalayas. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A national park located in Uttaranchal, India. ... Uttarkashi District, also known as Uttar Kashi District, is a district of Uttaranchal state in northern India. ...


Berinag and Chaukori are tiny, pristine hill stations with spectacular views of the Himalaya peaks. a Himalayan peak Berinag, a tiny hill station, is located 10 km from Chaukori in the Pithoragarh district, the most eastern Himalayan district in the state of Uttaranchal , India. ... Himalayan peak Chaukori is a tiny hill station in the Pithoragarh district set among the lofty peaks, of the western Himalayan Range in the Kumaon Division of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ...


Statistics

  • Total Geographical area: 51,125 km²
Hill Area: 92.57%
Plain Area: 7.43%
Area Covered By Forest: 63%
Longitude 77° 34' 27" East to 81° 02' 22" E
Latitude 28° 53' 24" North to 31° 27' 50" N
  • Total Population: 7,050,634 (Male : Female = 1000 : 976)
Male: % 51.91
Female: % 48.81
Rural Population: 76.90%
Urban Population: 23.10%
Other Minorities: 2.0%(approx)
  • Primary ethnic group: Indo-Aryans
  • Villages: 15620
  • Cities and Urban Areas: 81
  • Railway Stations: Kotwara, Dehradun, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Haldwani, Lalkuan, Kathgodam, Tanakpur
  • Airports: Pant Nagar, Nainisaine, Jolly Grant
  • Major Peaks (height in m above sea level)
Gauri Parvat (6590), Gangotri (6614), Panch Chhuli ( 6910), Nanda Devi (7816), Nanda Kot (6861), Kamet ( 7756), Badrinath (7140), Trishul (7120), Chaukhamba (7138), Dunagiri (7066)
  • Major Passes
Mana (5450), Nitipass (5070), Lipulekh ( 5122), LumpiaDhura (5650)
Tourism, Dairy, Agriculture, Horticulture, Floriculture, Sugar and other small scale industries
  • Festivals
Uttarani, Nanda Devi Mela, Holi, Diwali, Dasara, Kandali, Hilljatra, Bikhoti, Bagwal, Harela, Ghugutee
  • Events
Sardotasv, Basantotsav, Nanda Devi Raj Jat, Chipla Kedar Jaat, Kedarnath Yatra, Badrinath Yatra, Kumbh Mela, Ardh Kumbh Mela, Ramleela
  • Trade Centers
Haldwani, Rudrapur, Roorkee, Tanakpur, Dehradun, Haridwar, Kotdwar, Rishikesh

Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ (lambda),[1][2] describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Literacy is an indispensable means for effective social and economic participation, contributing to human development and poverty reduction, says UNESCO. [3] The Right to Education is a fundamental human right. ... Haldwani (Hindi: हल्द्वानी ) is one of the most populous towns in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ... --152. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Dairy farm near Oxford, New York A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal milk (mostly from cows, sometimes from buffalo, sheep or goats) and other farm animals, for human consumption. ... The Latin words hortus (garden plant) and cultura (culture) together form horticulture, classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... The Latin words hortus (garden plant) and cultura (culture) together form horticulture, classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... Magnification of typical sugar showing monoclinic hemihedral crystal stucture. ... Nanda Devi is the highest mountain which is completely within the territory of India and was also the highest mountain in the British Empire at its fullest extent. ... Celebration of Holi in Pune, India. ... Diwali, also called Deepavali is a major Hindu festival that is very significant in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Dasara, also called Navaratri, is among the most important festivals celebrated in Southern India. ... Described as a powerful spiritual experience by the participants, the Nanda Dev Raj Jat is a pilgrimage stretching 280 kms through the Central Himalayas. ... Kedarnath is one of the four monasteries (called maths) holy to the Hindus. ... Ardh Kumbh Mela - The largest religious gathering in the world. ... Haldwani (Hindi: हल्द्वानी ) is one of the most populous towns in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ... Rudrapur is a city and a municipal board in Udham Singh Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ... Roorkee is a small town in northern India and is a part of the state of Uttaranchal. ... Tanakpur is a town and a municipal board in Champawat district in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ... Dehradun  , previously called Dehra Doon, (Hindi: देहरादून) is the capital city of the state Uttaranchal (now renamed Uttarakhand)in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Rishikesh (also spelt Hrishikesh, another name for Lord Vishnu), in the state of Uttaranchal, is a holy city for Hindus located in the foothills of the Himalaya in northern India. ...

Districts

Districts of Uttaranchal (as of 2001)
Districts of Uttaranchal (as of 2001)

Uttaranchal is divided into 13 districts: Almora, Bageshwar, Chamoli, Champawat, Dehradun, Haridwar, Nainital, Pauri (Pauri Garhwal), Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag, Tehri (Tehri Garhwal), Udham Singh Nagar, and Uttarkashi. These districts form two divisions; Garhwal division includes Chamoli, Dehradun, Haridwar, Pauri Garhwal, Rudraprayag, Tehri, and Uttarkashi districts, and Kumaon division includes Almora, Bageshwar, Champawat, Nainital, Pithoragarh, and Udham Singh Nagar. Image File history File links Uttaranchal_districts. ... Image File history File links Uttaranchal_districts. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Bageshwar is a town in Uttaranchal state of northern India. ... Chamoli is a district of Uttaranchal state of India. ... Champawat is one of the 6 districts of Kumaon. ... Dehradun  , previously called Dehra Doon, (Hindi: देहरादून) is the capital city of the state Uttaranchal (now renamed Uttarakhand)in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Nainital and lake in the winter. ... Pauri is one of the Seven Districts of Garhwal region in Uttaranchal. ... Pithoragarh is a Himalayan town in Pithoragarh District of Uttaranchal state of India. ... Rudraprayag is a town and a nagar panchayat in Rudraprayag District in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ... Tehri is a city and a municipal board in Tehri Garhwal District in the Indian state of Uttaranchal. ... Udham singh nagar is in the famous Trai region of north India. ... Uttarkashi District, also known as Uttar Kashi District, is a district of Uttaranchal state in northern India. ... Garhwal, or Gurwal, is a region and administrative division of Uttaranchal state, India, lying in the Himalayas. ... Kumaon is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttaranchal, a hilly (and mountainous) state of northern India, the other being Garhwal. ...


Economy

Uttaranchal's gross state domestic product for 2004 is estimated at $6 billion in current prices. Born out of partition of Uttar Pradesh, the new state of Uttaranchal produces about 8% of the output of the old Uttar Pradesh state. Consolidated Finvest and Holdings, a S&P CNX 500 conglomerate has its corporate office in Uttaranchal. It reported a gross income of Rs.137 million for 2005. [citation needed]


Education

Uttaranchal has educational institutions of major importance to India and the world. It is home to the oldest engineering college of the country, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (formerly University of Roorkee). Other universities of prime importance include the G. B. Pant University and Kumaon University. Historically, Uttaranchal is believed to be the land where the Vedas and the Shastras were composed and the great epic, the Mahabharata, was written. Today, Rishikesh (near Hardwar) is widely considered the Yoga capital of the world. The current literacy rate in Uttaranchal is 72% which is higher than the National Literacy rate.


External links

  • Government of Uttaranchal Official site
  • The Young Uttaranchal The Largest Community of Uttarakhandis on Web.
  • Uttaranchal Online An informative site for uttaranchal
  • Images from Uttaranchal Claude Renault
  • Uttaranchal Roads on Google Earth
  • Uttaranchal Community Largest uttarakhand online community
  • [http://www.hamarauttaranchal.com A complete bi-lingual site on Uttaranchal

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