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Encyclopedia > Uttar Pradesh
  ?Uttar Pradesh
India
Coordinates: 26°51′N 80°55′E / 26.85, 80.91
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 238,566 km² (92,111 sq mi)
Capital Lucknow
Largest city Kanpur
District(s) 701
Population
Density
186,755,000 (1st)
• 783/km² (2,028/sq mi)
Language(s) Hindi, Urdu
Governor T. V. Rajeswar
Chief Minister Mayawati
Established 18352
Legislature (seats) Bicameral (404 + 108)
ISO abbreviation IN-UP
Website: www.upgov.nic.in
Uttar Pradesh Portal: Uttar Pradesh  
1 The decision to possibly create an additional six districts is pending.

2As North-Western_Provinces in 1835,
Renamed to United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in 1902,
Renamed to Uttar Pradesh in 1947
Image File history File links India_Uttar_Pradesh_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The divisions of a district. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... As a large and linguistically diverse country, India does not have a single official language. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Governors of Uttar Pradesh See Also Uttar Pradesh Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Uttar Pradesh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Shri T. V. Rajeswar, (b. ... Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh See Also Uttar Pradesh Chief Ministers of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Uttar Pradesh | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... Mayawati (born January 15, 1956) is an Indian politician, and the Chief Minister (incumbent) of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 for India (ISO 3166-1 : IN) The purpose of this family of standards is to establish a worldwide series of short abbreviations for places, for use on package labels, containers and such. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... United Provinces, 1903 The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, mainly referred to simply as the United Provinces, was a former province of British India, which existed from 1902 to 1947. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... United Provinces, 1903 The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, mainly referred to simply as the United Provinces, was a former province of British India, which existed from 1902 to 1947. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Seal of Uttar Pradesh

Coordinates: 26°51′N 80°55′E / 26.85, 80.91 Image File history File links UPlogo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش, IPA: [ʊt̪ːər prəd̪eːʃ] , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. With a population exceeding that of France, Germany, and the Netherlands combined, it is the most populous sub-national division in the world. U.P. is also possibly the state with the largest number of million-plus cities (at least eight). Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Image File history File links Uttar_Pradesh. ... Look up translate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... This is a list of the most populous country subdivisions in the world in order of population (estimated 2004). ...


Uttar Pradesh covers a large part of the highly fertile and densely populated upper Gangetic plain. It shares an international border with Nepal and is bounded by the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar. The administrative and legislative capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow, and the financial and industrial capital is Kanpur. The state's high court is based at Allahabad. Other notable cities in Uttar Pradesh include Bijnor, Jhansi, Lakhimpur Kheri, Agra, Varanasi (Banaras), Allahabad, Faizabad, Azamgarh, Bareilly, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Moradabad, Ghaziabad, Aligarh, Gorakhpur, Saharanpur, Mathura and NOIDA (New Okhla Industrial Development Authority). The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India and parts of Pakistan. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , Himachal Pradesh   (Panjabi: ਹਿਮਾਚਲ ਪਰਦੇਸ਼,(Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश, IPA: ) is a state in the north-west of India. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Chhattisgarh (Chhattisgarhi/Hindi: छत्तीसगढ़, IPA: )  , a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... , Jharkhand   (Hindi: झारखंड, Bengali: ঝাড়খণ্ড,IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Bijnor (Hindi: बिजनौर, Urdu: بجنور) variously spelt as Bijnaur and Bijnour, is a city and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... Lakhimpur Kheri (Hindi: लखीमपुर खीरी, Urdu: لحیم پور خیری) is a district of Uttar Pradesh in the Lucknow division. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , For the Faizabad in Tajikistan, see Faizabad, Tajikistan. ... Azamgarh is a town, which is also the district headquarters of Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh state, India. ... , Bareilly   (Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: باریلی) is a metro city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Muzaffarnagar   (Hindi: मुज़फ़्फ़रनगर, Urdu: مظفر نگر) is a city and a municipal board in Muzaffarnagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Moradabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Aligarh   (Hindi: अलीगढ़, Urdu: علی Ú¯Ú‘Ú¾) is a city in Aligarh District in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Gorakhpur (Hindi: गोरखपुर, Urdu: Ú¯Û‹Ú™Ú©Ú¾ پور) is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... , Saharanpur (Hindi: सहारनपुर, Urdu: شاہجہان پور) is a city and a Municipal Corporation in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... For Greater Noida see Greater Noida , New Okhla Industrial Development Authority is a department of the government of Uttar Pradesh in Gautam Buddha Nagar District, India. ...


Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populous state in India, even after losing Uttarkhand, with an estimated population of 186.7 million [1] as of 2007 and a land area of 238,566 km². One-sixth of the world’s population lives in India and one-sixth of India’s population lives in UP. Only five countries of the world, China, the United States, Indonesia, Brazil and India itself have populations larger than that of UP, and UP and Uttarkhand have more than Brazil. The population density of the state at 783 persons per km². is the fourth highest among major states in the country. The Indo-Gangetic plain spans most of the state, has been the seat of ancient Hindu culture, religion and learning and has always played a prominent role in Indian political and cultural movements. , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


At the beginning of the 20th century, the population of UP was only 49 million and increased very slowly until 1951 (0.52 percent per annum) to reach 63 million. This was the period marked by high birth and death rates. The population increased rapidly in the next five decades due to a faster decline in the death rate compared to the birth rate. The population of the state increased from 63 million in 1951 to about 170 million in 2000, an addition of 117 million in the last five decades compared to an addition of only 15 million in the previous five decades. The population of the state is increasing at 2.19 percent per year (SRS, 1998). This implies that the state at present is adding a population of 3.8 million every year and more than 10 million every three years.

Contents

History

Main article: History of Uttar Pradesh

The history of Uttar Pradesh, an Indian State, can be divided into five periods: (1) the prehistory & Early Vedic Period(up to c. ...

Ancient

Archaeological evidence of small settlements (a little bit away from the main rivers) exist from 2000 BC. Some centres from the Painted Grey Ware culture (approx. 1000 BC) are in Uttar Pradesh (e.g. near Mathura, and Varanasi). The Painted Grey Ware culture (PGW) is an Iron Age culture of Gangetic plain, lasting from roughly. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ...


The Panchala region extending between the Yamuna and the Ganga rivers (the Doab), features prominently in Hindu and Buddhist histories. Much of the state was part of the Kuru-Pandava kingdom at the heart of the Mahabharata war. The Kosala kingdom in Ayodhya is associated with Rama of the Ramayana, and Krishna, revered as the eighth Avatara of Vishnu, is said to have been incarnated in the city of Mathura. The Chaukhandi Stupa marks the spot where Lord Buddha met his first disciples. The Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath commemorates Buddha's first sermon. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Panchala Kingdom. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... Ganga may refer to: Ganges River, a river in India Ganga, the Hindu goddess that personifies the Ganges River The Gangas, an ancient southern Indian dynasty Ganga (music), a type of rural folk singing from Croatia and Herzegovina Daren Ganga, a West Indian cricketer Ganga, an alternate spelling of ganja... A Doab, meaning two waters in Persian, is a term used in India and Pakistan for a tract of land between two confluent rivers. ... Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... The position of the Kuru kingdom in Iron Age Vedic India. ... In the Mahabharata, the Pandava are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu, by his two wives Kunti and Madri. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... Kosala was an ancient Indian Aryan kingdom, corresponding roughly in area with the region of Oudh. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... Rama ( in IAST, in DevanāgarÄ«) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... See Avatar (disambiguation) for other meanings. ... Vishnu (IAST , Devanagari ), (honorific: Sri Vishnu) also known as Narayana is the Supreme Being (i. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Chaukhandi Stupa Chaukhandi Stupa is an important Buddhist stupa in Sarnath, located 13 kilometres from Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. ... A stone image of the Buddha. ... Dharmek Stupa Dhamek Stupa is located at Sarnath, 13 km away from Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Sarnath (also Mrigadava, Migadāya, Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. ... Media:Example. ...

United Provinces, 1909
United Provinces, 1909

Control over this region was often vital to the power and stability of all of India's major empires, including the Mauryan (320-200 BC), Kushan (100-250 AD) Gupta (350-600 AD) empires. After the Guptas, the region was the heart of Harshavardhana's empire, from Punjab to Bengal, with its capital at Kannauj. Many modern communities in different parts of India—Kashmir, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Bengal—often trace their lineage to Kannauj. Download high resolution version (1000x1186, 427 KB)From the Imperial Atlas and Gazeteer, 1911. ... Download high resolution version (1000x1186, 427 KB)From the Imperial Atlas and Gazeteer, 1911. ... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... The Gupta Empire under Chandragupta II (ruled 375-415) The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in the world. ... Harsha or Harshavardhana (606-648) was an Indian emperor who ruled northern India as paramount monarch for over forty years. ... Kannauj (Hindi कन्नौज), sometimes improperly spelt Kanauj, is an ancient city lying in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ...


Medieval

Beyond 1000 AD, Uttar Pradesh became part of several Muslim Sultanates who ruled from Delhi. In Mughal times, U.P. became the heart land of what was called 'Hindustan' (a name referring to India), even today UP-ites often refer to themselves as 'Hindustani'(Bhartiya/ Indian) rather than Uttar Pradeshi. A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ...


Agra and Fatehpur Sikri were important as the capital city of Akbar, the great Mughal Emperor of India. After the decline of the Moghuls, a number of kingdoms arose: Oudh of the Nawabs, Rohilkhand by Afghans, Bundelkhand by the Marathas and Benaras by its own king, while Kumaon-Garhwal were independent kingdoms in their own right (these two regions formed the new state of uttarakhand). The city of Lucknow was established by the Muslim Nawabs of Oudh in the 17th century. For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... View across Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri (Hindi: ) was the political capital of Indias Mughal Empire under Akbars reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Awadh (also known to the British as Oudh) is a region in the center of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Rohilkhand is a region of northwestern Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Bundelkhand is a geographic region of central India. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Benares (also known as Banaras, Kashi, Kasi and Varanasi (वाराणसी)) is a Hindu holy city on the banks of the river Ganga or Ganges in the modern north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Kumaon is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttaranchal, a hilly (and mountainous) state of northern India, the other being Garhwal. ... Garhwal, or Gurwal, is a region and administrative division of Uttaranchal state, India, lying in the Himalayas. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... The Nawabs of Awadh, who governed the state of Awadh in India in the 18th and 19th century, are as follows: Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk 1722-1738 Safdar Jang Mansur Khan 1738-1753 Shuja-ud-Daula 1753-1774 Asaf-ud-Daula 1774-1797 Wazir Ali (Nawab) 1797-1798 Saadat...


Starting from the latter half of the 18th century, a series of battles finally gave British accession to the last Mughal territory -- the Doab, as also Bundelkhand, Kumaon and Banaras divisions. Delhi, Ajmer and Jaipur were also included in this territory. They called it the North western provinces (of Agra). Its capital shifted twice between Agra and Allahabad. The area may seem big compared to today's mini states the size of earlier divisions, but at the time it was one of the smallest British province.


After the failed freedom war of 1857, when things settled, the British made a major revamp and truncated the Delhi region and gave it to Punjab, and the Ajmer-Merwar region to Rajputana


Modern

At the same time it included Oudh into the state. The new state was called the North Western Provinces of Agra and Oudh, which in 1902 was renamed as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. It was commonly referred to as the United Provinces or its acronym UP. In 1920, the capital of the province was shifted from Allahabad to Lucknow. United Provinces, 1903 The United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, mainly referred to simply as the United Provinces, was a former province of British India, which existed from 1902 to 1947. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


The high court continued to be at Allahabad, but a bench was established at Lucknow. Allahabad continues to be an administrative base of today's Uttar Pradesh and has several administrative headquarters.


Uttar Pradesh continued to be central to Indian culture and politics and was especially important in modern Indian history as a hotbed of both the Indian Independence Movement and the Pakistan Movement. The First Freedom fighter Mangal Pandey was from Uttar Pradesh. The sense of 'Bhartiyata' came from every people. The Indian Independence Movement was a series of revolutions empowered by the people of India put forth to battle the British Empire for complete political independence, beginning with the Rebellion of 1857. ... Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan (Urdu: تحریک پاکستان) is a name given to the Movement carried out by the Muslims of British India to create a separate homeland. ... For the Hindi film of the same name, see The Rising (Indian film). ...


The city of Allahabad was home to prominent nationalists such as Motilal Nehru, Purushottam Das Tandon, Madan Mohan Malaviya. Allahabad was also home to a record four Prime Ministers of India: Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Vishwanath Pratap Singh and Rajiv Gandhi. The family of Motilal Nehru, who is seated in the centre. ... Purushottam Das Tandon (August 1, 1882 – July 1, 1962), was a freedom fighter, social reformer and national political leader of India. ... Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was a national leader and a freedom fighter of India. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: , IPA: , from Persian Javâher-e Laal, meaning Red Jewel) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was a political leader of the Indian National Congress, a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of Independent India. ... A young Indira Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi, during one of the latters fasts Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: ) (19 November 1917 - October 31, 1984) She was the Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in... Vishwanath Pratap Singh (Hindi: , born 25 June 1931) was the tenth Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Rajiv Ratna Gandhi राजीव गाधीं (IPA: ), born in Mumbai, (August 20, 1944 – May 21, 1991), the eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi, was the 7th Prime Minister of India (and the 2nd from the Gandhi family) from his mothers death on 31 October 1984 until his resignation on December 2...


The city of Varanasi (Beranas] has been epi-centre of ancient scholaristic traditions. It is revered as one of the most sacred cities of the world by Hindus, Buddhist and Sufis. Varanasi particularly its Banaras Hindu University and Ghats symbolises the "Rebirth of Hindu Social and Scholaristic Traditions" (80% of Indians are Hindus).


U.P. is also known as 'punya bhoomi' in Hindu scriptures. The state was the main arena of the freedom movement of India. Regional leaders of the freedom movement inspired this struggle under Gandhian principles.


Baba Raghavdas was aka 'Poorvanchal Gandhi' he inspired the freedom movement in all of eastern UP. He is so reverred (sicsic) that there are still temples where they pray to him as saakar brahma in eastern UP. Gorakhpur Medical College is named after him.


Uttar Pradesh's Bundelkhand region is the home of two great Indian freedom fighters and the father of the freedom movement in the whole of bundelkhand, Dewan Shatrughan Singh [aka 'Bundelkhand Gandhi & Bundelkhand Gandhi'] & his wife Rani Rajendra Kumari. These were the two fountain heads of the freedom movement in all of Bundelkhand. They also were the main patrons of revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad who frequented their Castle in their native village of Maungrauth. The Rani defeated the sitting UP Chief Minister C.B. Gupta as an independent candidate. They were also the main inspiration behind the Bhoodaan movement in Bundelkhand and Maungraut changed the history of the movement by becoming the first complete Gramdaan.


Numerous scholars have done PhDs on the life of these 2 great Indian patriots. There is an annual mela on the birthday of these two stalwarts held annually in Maungrauth in December and is attended by over 40,000 people.


Despite being from one of the most affluent families in Central India this couple sacrificed everything for the nation and donated their lands to the poor. They were in British jails for the freedom struggle for over 9 years each. They are now the subject of folk tales and songs highlighting their bravery and hailing them as symbols of Bundelkhandi valor.


Gobind Vallabh Pant was the inspiration of the freedom movement in the hill areas of U.P.. He was also a close personal friend of Nehru and was also well educated.


These "Regional Gandhis" made the freedom movement a success in such huge areas of this state. A state which is half the population of United States.


After independence, the state was renamed Uttar Pradesh ("northern province") by its first chief minister, Govind Ballabh Pant.Pant, who was well known to Jawaharlal Nehru, was popular in the local party and left his mark in Lucknow before December 27, 1954, when Nehru called him to Delhi to make him Home Minister. He was succeeded by Dr. Sampoornanand, a university professor and classicist. A Sanskrit scholar, he was in office till 1957 before becoming governor of Rajasthan. Govind Ballabh Pant (September 10, 1887 - March 7, 1961) was a major figure in the Indian Independence Movement. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: , IPA: , from Persian Javâher-e Laal, meaning Red Jewel) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was a political leader of the Indian National Congress, a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of Independent India. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Home Minister, or more properly the Minister for Home Affairs, is a position in the Indian Cabinet, at both State and Union levels. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ...


Sucheta Kripalani was sworn in in October 1963, and became India's first woman chief minister, until a two-month long strike by state employees in March 1967 caused her to step down. The confusion and chaos ended only with the defection of Charan Singh from the Congress with a small set of legislators. He set up a party called the Jana Congress which formed the first non-Congress government in U.P. and ruled for over a year. Sucheta Kripalani was an Indian freedom fighter, a famous singer and performer of Indian classical music, and the first lady Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. ... Charan Singh could mean Choudhary Charan Singh, the former prime minister of India or Charan Singh (guru), the late Charan Singh of Radhasoami Satsang Beas. ...


Fellow socialist Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna of the Bharatiya Lok Dal was Chief Minister for part of the 1970s, and was dismissed, along with several other non-Congress chief ministers, shortly after the imposition of the Emergency, when Narain Dutt Tewari - later chief minister of Uttarakhand - became chief minister. The Congress Party lost heavily in 1977 following the lifting of the Emergency, but roared back to power in 1980, when Mrs. Gandhi handpicked the man who would become her son's principal opposition, V.P. Singh, to become Chief Minister. Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna was a Congress leader and former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. ... Bharatiya Lok Dal (Indian Peoples Party), was a political party in India. ... The Indian Emergency of (1975 - 77) is a 18-month period between 1975 and 1977, when President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, upon advice by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, declared a state of emergency under Article 352 of the Constitution of India, effectively bestowing her the power to rule by decree, suspending... The Indian National Congress (also known as the Congress Party) is the largest subscription-based organisation in the world. ... Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (इन्दिरा प्रियदर्शिनी गान्धी) (November 19, 1917 – October 31, 1984) was Prime Minister of India from January 19, 1966 to March 24, 1977, and again from January 14, 1980 until her assassination on October 31, 1984. ... Vishwanath Pratap Singh (born 25 June 1931) was the seventh Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ...


In 2000 the Himalyan portion of the state — the Garhwal and Kumaon divisions — were formed into a new state called Uttarakhand (meaning the northern part of the state). Garhwal, or Gurwal, is a region and administrative division of Uttaranchal state, India, lying in the Himalayas. ... Kumaon is one of the two regions and administrative divisions of Uttaranchal, a hilly (and mountainous) state of northern India, the other being Garhwal. ... , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ...


Geography

Physical geography of Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh can be divided into two distinct hypsographical regions: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (725x805, 71 KB) Summary URL: http://irrigation. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (725x805, 71 KB) Summary URL: http://irrigation. ... Uttar Pradesh is Indias fifth largest state, located in the north-western part of the country. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

  1. The Gangetic Plain in the centre — highly fertile alluvial soils; flat topography broken by numerous ponds, lakes and rivers; slope 2 m/km
  2. The Vindhya Hills and plateau in the south — hard rock Strata; varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateau; limited water availability.

The climate is generally tropical monsoon, but variations exist due to difference in altitudes. The Indo-Gangetic Plain is a rich, fertile and ancient land encompassing most of northern and eastern India and parts of Pakistan. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ...


Constituent regions

Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the most populous state in India, with an estimated population of about 170 million as of March 2000 and a land area of 294,411 km². One-sixth of the world's population lives in India and one-sixth of India's population lives in UP. Only three other countries of the world, China, the United States, and Indonesia have populations larger than that of UP.


The state comprises the Doab region (including the upper Doab and the lower doab with the Brij bhumi in its centre), which runs along its western border from north to south, the Rohilkhand in the north, Awadh (Oudh) (the historic country of Koshal) in the centre, the northern parts of Bagelkhand and Bundelkhand in the south, and the south-western part of the Bhojpur country, commonly called Purvanchal ("Eastern Province"), in the east. A Doab, meaning two waters in Persian, is a term used in India and Pakistan for a tract of land between two confluent rivers. ... Rohilkhand is a region of northwestern Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Location of Awadh Awadh (Devanagari अवध) (also known in various British historical texts as Oudh, Oundh or Oude) is a region in the center of the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which was before Independence known as the United Provinces of Oudh and Agra. ... Bagelkhand (or Bagelkhand) is a region in central India, in northeastern Madhya Pradesh state. ... Bundelkhand is a geographic region of central India. ... Purvanchal is a geographic region of north-central India, which comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh state. ...


Administrative divisions and districts

Uttar Pradesh state is made up of 70 districts, which are grouped into 17 divisions. ...

Past boundaries

The past boundaries of the state came into existence with the reorganization of the states on a linguistic basis in 1956. For administrative purposes, the state was divided into 83 districts, 294 tehsils, and 907 community blocks. There were 112,803 inhabited villages, 710 statutory towns, and 43 census towns. Nearly 19 percent of inhabited villages in India are in UP. As per the 1991 census, about 40 percent of the villages in UP had a population of less than 500 and another 26 percent of the villages had population in the range of 500-999. While the average population per village in UP was only 989, it was 1,829 in Andhra Pradesh and 2,325 in Tamil Nadu. Having a large number of small villages scattered all over the state is a major obstacle to the development of infrastructure facilities and delivery of all types of services related to development sectors.


Present boundaries (2007)

Uttar Pradesh state consists of seventy districts, which are grouped into seventeen divisions: Agra, Azamgarh, Allahabad, Bijnor, Kanpur, Ghaziabad, Gorakhpur, Chitrakoot, Jhansi, Devipatan, Faizabad, Bahraich, Bareilly, Basti, Mirzapur, Moradabad,Mathura, Meerut, Lucknow, Varanasi, Sultanpur, Farrukhabad, Vrindavan, and Saharanpur. It has 403 constituencies. The largest district in terms of area is Lakhimpur Kheri. The largest district in terms of population is Allahabad followed by Kanpur Nagar (Census 2001). Uttar Pradesh state is made up of 70 districts, which are grouped into 17 divisions. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... Azamgarh is a town, which is also the district headquarters of Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh state, India. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Bijnor (Hindi: बिजनौर, Urdu: بجنور) variously spelt as Bijnaur and Bijnour, is a city and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Gorakhpur (Hindi: गोरखपुर, Urdu: Ú¯Û‹Ú™Ú©Ú¾ پور) is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... Chitrakoot is a religious town in the Bundelkhand region of central India, notable for the number of its temples and sites from Hindu mythology. ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... , For the Faizabad in Tajikistan, see Faizabad, Tajikistan. ... Bahraich is a small town in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... , Bareilly   (Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: باریلی) is a metro city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... , Mirzapur   is a city in the heart of North India, nearly 650 km between Delhi and Kolkata and also equidistant from Allahabad and Varanasi. ... Moradabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Sultanpur is a city and a municipal board in Sultanpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Farrukhabad one of three tehsils in the Farrukhabad District of the State of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. ... , Vrindavan   (alternate spellings Vrindaban or Brindavan), or Vraj in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh, India is a town on the site of an ancient forest which is believed to have been the region where the famous cowherd boy, Krishna, from Hindu scriptures spent his childhood days. ... , Saharanpur (Hindi: सहारनपुर, Urdu: شاہجہان پور) is a city and a Municipal Corporation in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. ... Lakhimpur Kheri (Hindi: लखीमपुर खीरी, Urdu: لحیم پور خیری) is a district of Uttar Pradesh in the Lucknow division. ...


With 175 million inhabitants, Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India and is also the most populous country subdivision in the world. Only five countries (the People's Republic of China, India itself, the United States, Indonesia and Brazil) have a higher population (see List of countries by population). According to Indian Census 2001, 81% of the population follows Hinduism while second largest religious group is Muslim at about 18%.[2] [3]. Sikh populations are mainly concentrated in and around Lakhimpur Kheri. This is a list of the most populous country subdivisions in the world in order of population (estimated 2004). ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... Lakhimpur Kheri (Hindi: लखीमपुर खीरी, Urdu: لحیم پور خیری) is a district of Uttar Pradesh in the Lucknow division. ...


Major cities

AgraAllahabadGhaziabadGorakhpurJhansiKanpurLucknowMathuraMeerutNoidaVaranasiSaharanpur For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Gorakhpur (Hindi: गोरखपुर, Urdu: Ú¯Û‹Ú™Ú©Ú¾ پور) is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Saharanpur (Hindi: सहारनपुर, Urdu: شاہجہان پور) is a city and a Municipal Corporation in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. ...


Other towns

AligarhBahraichBalliaBandaBarabankiBareillyBijnorBulandshahrEtawahFaizabadFirozabadGhazipurGondaKannaujMathuraMainpuriMirzapurMoradabadNoidaRaebareliRampurAzamgarhSultanpurGreater NoidaMuzaffarnagarKhurja , Aligarh   (Hindi: अलीगढ़, Urdu: علی Ú¯Ú‘Ú¾) is a city in Aligarh District in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Bahraich is a small town in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... , Ballia is a city and a municipal board in Ballia district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Banda is a city and district of Uttar Pradesh state, India. ... Barabanki district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... , Bareilly   (Hindi: बरेली, Urdu: باریلی) is a metro city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Bijnor (Hindi: बिजनौर, Urdu: بجنور) variously spelt as Bijnaur and Bijnour, is a city and a municipal board in Bijnor district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Etawah is a city on the Yamuna River in the Uttar_Pradesh state of India. ... , For the Faizabad in Tajikistan, see Faizabad, Tajikistan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ghazipur is a town in Uttar Pradesh, India, on the Ganges River. ... Gonda is a town in Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Kannauj (Hindi कन्नौज), sometimes improperly spelt Kanauj, is an ancient city lying in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Mainpuri Town, the administrative headquarters of the Mainpuri District, is situated to the north-east of Agra, in Uttar Pradesh. ... , Mirzapur   is a city in the heart of North India, nearly 650 km between Delhi and Kolkata and also equidistant from Allahabad and Varanasi. ... Moradabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Raebareli is a city in Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Rampur is a city located in the Northern part of Uttar Pradesh between Moradabad and Bareilly, not far from Delhi. ... Azamgarh is a town, which is also the district headquarters of Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh state, India. ... Sultanpur is a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, situated in the northern part of India. ... Greater Noida (GN) (Hindi: नोएडा, Urdu: نویڈا /Noyḋā/) is a planned township close to Delhi, India, situated in the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Muzaffarnagar   (Hindi: मुज़फ़्फ़रनगर, Urdu: مظفر نگر) is a city and a municipal board in Muzaffarnagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Khurja is a small town situated around 90 km from Delhi. ...


Languages

The state languages of Uttar Pradesh are standard Hindi and Urdu. While standard Hindi (Khari boli) is the official language, several regional Hindi 'dialects' are spoken throughout the state. Among these are, Awadhi, Bagheli, Bhojpuri, Braj, Bundeli. Bhojpuri is the second most-spoken language in the state, according to the language data in the 1991 Census of India. Urdu is prominent in Uttar Pradesh as Lucknow was once the center of Persianate culture in north India. The language of Lucknow ("Lakhnavi Urdu") is a form of high literary Urdu. Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Khariboli (also Khadiboli, Khadi-Boli, or Khari dialect), (Hindi: खड़ी बोली; Urdu: كهڑى بولى, khaṛī bolÄ«; lit. ... Awadhi is a dialect of Hindi, spoken in the Awadh (Oudh) region of Uttar Pradesh. ... Bagheli is a dialect of the Baghelkhand region of central India. ... Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of India | Language stubs ... Braj, though never a clearly defined political region, is considered to be the land of Krishna and is derived from the Sanksrit word vraja. ... Bundeli is a Western Hindi language (often considered a dialect of Hindi) spoken in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh and Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. ...


Politics

See also: Category:Indian political parties-Uttar Pradesh

In the Uttar Pradesh Elections, 2007, Mayawati's Bahujan Samaj Party achieved unexpected majority status leading to her emergence as the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. This is the first time since 1991 by the Bharatiya Janata Party that a single party has gained absolute majority, the last two decades having been dominated by various coalitions among the Samajwadi Party, Bharatiya Janata Party, and the Bahujan Samaj Party. One characteristic of the BSP win in 2007 was the amalgamation of Brahmin votes into the Dalit dominated party,[4] as opposed to the decades-old trend of exploiting deep-rooted caste divisions in the state between Dalits, Upper Castes, Muslims and different OBC groups, which tend to vote in blocks. No party had received a majority in the state's Assembly since 1991. The Uttar Pradesh state assembly elections, 2007 were held in April-May 2007 to elect a government for the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. ... Mayawati (born January 15, 1956) is an Indian politician, and the Chief Minister (incumbent) of Uttar Pradesh. ... For the Nepalese party, see Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major right wing Indian political party. ... Samajwadi Party flag Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party) is a political party in India. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major right wing Indian political party. ... For the Nepalese party, see Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal. ... The term Brahmin denotes both a member of the priestly class in the Hindu varna system, and a member of the highest caste in the caste system of Hindu society. ... In South Asias caste system, a Dalit (formerly known as untouchable or achuta) is a person outside of the four castes, and considered below them. ...


Mayawati, having 206 seats, took the oath of secrecy for the post of UP's next CM on 13 May 2007. Former Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav's party SP stood second in State with 97 seats. She became Chief Minister for fourth time. Along with her 19 cabinet rank ministers, 21 State Ministers Independent Charge were also sworn in by T.V. Rajeshwar the Governor. Some of the prominent names are: Nasimuddin Siddique, Awadhpal Singh, Ratanlal Ahirwar, Badshah Singh, Sudhir Goyal, Babu Singh Kushwaha. Mayawati (born January 15, 1956) is an Indian politician, and the Chief Minister (incumbent) of Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see 13 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... The Cabinet meets in the Cabinet Room on May 16, 2001. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ...


Politics in Uttar Pradesh has been transformed in recent times by the extensive infiltration of <!- what -->, and the Election Commission of India was perceived as having effectively managed extremely strict security to prevent booth-capturing and other abuse. The Election Commission of India is a constitutional body created to hold free and fair elections in India. ...


Eight of India's fourteen Prime Minister's hail from Uttar Pradesh. They are: Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Choudhary Charan Singh, Vishwanath Pratap Singh, Chandra Shekhar and Atal Behari Vajpayee. Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: , IPA: , from Persian Javâher-e Laal, meaning Red Jewel) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was a political leader of the Indian National Congress, a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement and the first Prime Minister of Independent India. ... Lal Bahadur Shastri (Hindi लालबहादुर शास्त्री) (October 2, 1904 - January 11, 1966) was the third Prime Minister of independent India and a significant figure in the Indian independence movement. ... A young Indira Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi, during one of the latters fasts Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (Hindi: ) (19 November 1917 - October 31, 1984) She was the Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms from 1966 to 1977 and for a fourth term from 1980 until her assassination in... Rajiv Ratna Gandhi राजीव गाधीं (IPA: ), born in Mumbai, (August 20, 1944 – May 21, 1991), the eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi, was the 7th Prime Minister of India (and the 2nd from the Gandhi family) from his mothers death on 31 October 1984 until his resignation on December 2... This article is about the Indian Prime Minister. ... Vishwanath Pratap Singh (Hindi: , born 25 June 1931) was the tenth Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Chandra Shekhar Singh (Hindi: ) (July 1, 1927 - July 8, 2007) was the eleventh Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Atal Bihari Vajpayee (often wrongly spelt Behari; अटल बिहारी वाजपेयी in Devnagari) (born December 25, 1924) was the Prime Minister of India in 1996 and again from 1998 until May 19, 2004. ...


The heirs-apparent to the Nehru-Gandhi family have adopted U.P. as their home state. Congress President Sonia Gandhi represents Rae Bareli, and her son Rahul Gandhi Amethi. Indira Gandhi's estranged daughter-in-law Maneka Gandhi is a BJP Parliamentarian from Pilibhit, while her son Varun Gandhi is expected to make his debut soon. Other prominent politicians include SP leader & ex-Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav, BSP leader and three-time Chief Minister Mayawati, BJP President and ex-Chief Minister Rajnath Singh, former BJP Chief Minister Kalyan Singh, Rashtriya Lok Dal chief Ajit Singh, and ex-Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand, Narayan Dutt Tiwari. Sonia Gandhi (Hindi: , IPA: ), born Sonia Antonia Maino on December 9, 1946, is an Italian-born Indian politician, the President of the Indian National Congress and the widow of former Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi. ... Rahul Gandhi (born June 19, 1970) is an Indian politician and member of the Parliament of India, representing the Amethi constituency. ... Maneka Gandhi (born 26 August 1956) is an Indian politician, an ardent animal rights activist, and a former journalist. ... Varun Gandhi (born March 13, 1980) is the only son of the late Sanjay Gandhi and Indian Politician Maneka Gandhi. ... Mulayam Singh Yadav (born November 22, 1939) is a politician in Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Mayawati (born January 15, 1956) is an Indian politician, and the Chief Minister (incumbent) of Uttar Pradesh. ... Rajnath Singh was born on July 10, 1951 in village Bhabhora, Tehsil Chakia of district Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh in a simple farmer’s family of the Late Ram Badan Singh and the Late Gujarati Devi. ... Kalyan Singh (born 5 January 1932) is a former chief minister of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Ajit Singh is the founder and chief of the Rashtriya Lok Dal, a political party recognised in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Narayan Dutt Tiwari is Chief Minister of Uttaranchal, India. ...


The state has a large number of village councils known as Panchayats just like the other states of India. One of the most developed Panchayats is Shahabad in Maharajganj District of Uttar Pradesh. // The Panchayat (पंचायत in Devanagiri) is an Indian political system that groups five villages in a quincunx (four peripheral villages around a central one were laid out as the 5 side of a die). ...


Education

The State of U.P. has made investments over the years in all sectors of education and has achieved some success.


The female literacy situation in Uttar Pradesh is dismal. Only one out of four in the 7+ age group was able to read and write in 1991. This figure goes down to 19% for rural areas, 11% for the scheduled castes, 8% for scheduled castes in rural areas, and 8% for the entire rural population in the most educationally backward districts. Possibly Bihar is the only state in India which fares worse than U.P. in education. For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ...


In terms of more demanding educational attainment (the completion of primary or secondary education), in 1992-1993 only 50% of literate males and 40% of literate females could complete the cycle of eight years of schooling involved in the primary and middle stages. One other notable feature of the Uttar Pradesh education system is the persistence of high levels of illiteracy in the younger age group. Within that age group, illiteracy was endemic in the rural areas. In the late 1980s, the incidence of illiteracy in the 10-14 age group was as high as 32% for rural males and 61% for rural females, and more than two-thirds of all rural girls in the 12-14 age group never went to school.


The problems of education system are exacting. Due to public apathy the schools are in disarray. While privately run schools (including those run by Christian missionaries) are functional, they are beyond the reach of ordinary people. The State government has taken steps to make the population totally literate. There are special programmes like the World Bank aided DPEP. Steps are being taken with the help of NGOs and other organizations to raise participation. The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ...


As a result, some progress in adult education has been made and the census of 2001 indicates a male literacy rate of 70.23% and a female literacy rate of 42.98%.


At the level of higher education and technical education Uttar Pradesh has several universities and other institutions, among which are Bundelkhand University,M.J.P ROHILKHAND UNIVERSITY, Lucknow University, Allahabad University, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Aligarh Muslim University, Kanpur University, Agra University, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Uttar Pradesh Technical University, the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Indian Institute of Management Lucknow, Banaras Hindu University, Indian Institute of Information Technology Allahabad, National Institute of Technology Allahabad, and the world famous Asian Academy Of Film & Television and several other polytechnics, engineering institutes and industrial training centres. Bundelkhand University is located in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh. ... University of Lucknow is an institution of higher learning in the city of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. ... // The University of allahabad is the fourth modern University established in India on 23 September 1887. ... Dayalbagh Educational Institute or D.E.I. is an educational institution located at Dayalbagh on the outskirts of the historic city of Agra, approximately 200 kilometers from New Delhi. ... Victoria gate, a prominent building at the university Aligarh Muslim University was established by the Indian Muslims and the Act of Indian Parliament made it University. ... Chhatrapati Sahu Ji Maharaj University (earlier Kanpur University) is located in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh. ... Now known as B. R. Ambdekar University, Agra University is one of the oldest institutions in India. ... Chaudhary Charan Singh University (earlier Meerut University) is located in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh. ... Uttar Pradesh Technical University (UPTU) was set up by the Government of Uttar Pradesh on May 8, 2000. ... The Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur) is one of the Indian Institutes of Technology, set up in the then-industrial city of Kanpur in 1960. ... Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow (IIM L), is one of the best management institutes in India. ... Banaras Hindu University (BHU) is a major university located in Varanasi, India. ... The Indian Institute of Information Technology Allahabad (IIIT-A) was established in 1999, as a center of excellence in Information Technology and Computer Science by Government of India. ... MNNIT redirects here. ... The Asian Academy of Film & Television is the pioneer most Film school in this part of the world. ...


The literacy rate in UP increased from 28 percent in 1981 to 42 percent in 1991. The differential between female and male literacy is very high. Male literacy in 1991 was 56 percent and female literacy, 25 percent. As per the latest survey estimates, the male literacy in 1999 was 73 percent and female literacy, 43 percent (NFHS II). The increase in overall literacy rate is due to persistent efforts made by the state government to enroll and retain children in schools and to effectively implement the adult education programmes. The adult literacy rate (percent literate among those aged 15 and above) in the state has increased from 38 percent in 1991 to 49 percent in 1998, an increase of 11 percentage points in the seven-year period.


Economy

Main article: Economy of Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is the second largest econmy in India after Maharashtra. ...

Macro-economic trend

This is a chart of trend of gross state domestic product of Uttar Pradesh at market prices estimated by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation with figures in millions of Indian Rupees.

Year Gross State Domestic Product
1980 155,540[1]
1985 277,480[2]
1990 555,060[3]
1995 1,062,490
2000 1,730,680

^  includes Uttarakhand , Uttarakhand (Hindi: उत्तराखंड), known as Uttaranchal from 2000 to 2006, became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000. ...


The major economic activity in the state is agriculture, and in 1991, 73 percent of the population in the state was engaged in agriculture and 46 percent of the state income was accounted for by agriculture. UP has retained its pre-eminent position in the country as a food-surplus state. The production of foodgrains has increased from 14.5 million metric tons in 1960-61 to 42.5 million tons in 1995-96 showing an average annual growth rate of 3.1 percent, which is much higher than the population growth rate. UP has witnessed rapid industrialization in the recent past, particularly after the launch of policies of economic liberalization in the country. As of March 1996, there were 1,661 medium and large industrial undertakings and 296,338 small industrial units employing 1.83 million persons. The per capita state domestic product was estimated at Rs 7,263 in 1997-98, and there has been some decline in poverty in the state. Yet nearly 40 percent of the total population lives below the poverty line. Uttar Pradesh's gross state domestic product for 2004 is $339.5 billion by PPP and $80.9 billion by Nominal. After partition, the new Uttar Pradesh state produces about 92% of the output of the old Uttar Pradesh state. Uttar Pradesh is the second largest economy in India after Maharashtra. It has bigger economy than many of the world big economic players like Israel,Switzerland and Hong Kong.[Source:-http://www.mapsofindia.com/top-ten/india-finance/gdp-shares.html]


1. Agriculture

Uttar Pradesh is a very fertile region and a major contributor to the national foodgrain stock. Partly this is due to the fertile regions of the Indo-Gangetic plain, and partly owing to irrigation measures such as the Ganga Canal. Lakhimpur Kheri is the largest sugar producing district in the country. It is also home to 78% of national livestock population. This chart shows the national share of major food commodities from Uttar Pradesh. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lakhimpur Kheri (Hindi: लखीमपुर खीरी, Urdu: لحیم پور خیری) is a district of Uttar Pradesh in the Lucknow division. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ...

Commodity National Share
Potato 47%
Sugarcane 45%
Wheat 38%
Groundnut 34%
Molasses 34%
Sugar 30%
Tobacco 20%

2. Information technology, electronics, and services For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... This article is about peanut, the food. ... Molasses or treacle is a thick syrup by-product from the processing of the sugarcane or sugar beet into sugar. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely traded commodity. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ...


Uttar Pradesh is the IT-HUB of North India with software exports next to Karanataka. But unlike South Indian states it is limited to particular areas only like NOIDA, Greater NOIDA,Ghaziabad etc. which lie in National Capital Region(NCR). Uttar Pradesh have booming electronics industries especially in UP-Delhi-NCR and Lucknow-Kanpur Corridor. It produces almost all types of durables.


3.Minerals and heavy industries


Uttar Pradesh has ample reserves of coal, dolomite, gems.


Industry

Over 3% of the S&P CNX 500 conglomerates have corporate offices in Uttar Pradesh.

See also: List of conglomerates in Uttar Pradesh

This is a list of NSE-indexed conglomerates with corporate offices in Uttar Pradesh. ...

Tourism

The Triveni Sangam
The Triveni Sangam

Uttar Pradesh attracts a large number of both national and international visitors. There are two regions in the state where a majority of the tourists go. These are the city of Agra and the holy cities: the cities of Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura, and Allahabad, by the sacred rivers — the Ganga and the Yamuna are all located in the state. The state hosts a Kumbha Mela every 12 years, where over 10 million Hindus congregate — the largest gathering of human beings in the world. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2576x1932, 542 KB) Summary Triven Sangam. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2576x1932, 542 KB) Summary Triven Sangam. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा, Urdu: متھرا) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article is about the river. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... The 2001 Kumbh Mela. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ...

The Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal

A vast number of tourists visit the Taj Mahal in Agra. Another important tourist attraction in Agra is the Agra Fort. Also famous is a 16th century capital city built by the Mughal emperor Akbar known as Fatehpur Sikri near Agra. Dayal Bagh is a temple built in modern times that many visit. It is still under construction, and would take an estimated one century for completion. The life-like carving in marble is not seen anywhere else in India. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 605 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1015 pixel, file size: 537 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Taj Mahal Author: Amal Mongia. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 605 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1015 pixel, file size: 537 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Taj Mahal Author: Amal Mongia. ... Taj Mahal Location of the Taj Mahal within India The Taj Mahal (Devanagari: ताज महल, Nastaliq: تاج محل) is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... View across Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri (Hindi: ) was the political capital of Indias Mughal Empire under Akbars reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water. ... The Dayal Bagh is a temple north of Agra, India. ...


Dudhwa National Park is one of the best Tiger reserves in the country. Lakhimpur Kheri is a must see location, and home to the Tiger reserve. Dudhwa National Park in a Nutshell Location: Dudhwa (Dist. ... Lakhimpur Kheri (Hindi: लखीमपुर खीरी, Urdu: لحیم پور خیری) is a district of Uttar Pradesh in the Lucknow division. ...


Millions of tourists and pilgrims visit the cities of Allahabad, Varanasi and Ayodhya, as those are considered to be the holiest cities in India. Every year thousands gather at Allahabad to take part in the festival on the banks of the Ganges, the Magh Mela. The same festival is organised in a larger scale every 12th year and attracts millions of people and is called the Kumbha Mela. The 2001 Kumbh Mela. ...


Varanasi is widely considered to be the second oldest city in the world after Jerusalem. It is famous for its ghats (steps along the river) which are populated year round with people who want to take a dip in the holy Ganges River. , Vārāasī ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Desaswamedh Ghat in Varanasi, crowded with pilgrims at sunrise. ...

Desaswamedh Ghat in Varanasi, crowded with pilgrims at sunrise. Photographed in November 1996 by Andy Carvin.
Desaswamedh Ghat in Varanasi, crowded with pilgrims at sunrise. Photographed in November 1996 by Andy Carvin.

About 13 km from Varanasi is the historically important town of Sarnath. Gautama Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath after his enlightenment and hence is an important pilgrimage site for the Buddhists. Also at Sarnath are the Ashoka Pillar and the Lion Capital, both important archaeological artifacts with national significance. Image File history File links Desaswamedh-ghat. ... Image File history File links Desaswamedh-ghat. ... Andy Carvin is the founding editor and current coordinator of the Digital Divide Network, an online community of more than 7,500 Internet activists in over 120 countries working to bridge the digital divide. ... , Vārāasī ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Sarnath (also Mrigadava, Migadāya, Rishipattana, Isipatana) is the deer park where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence through the enlightenment of Kondanna. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by...


Some areas require a special permit for non-Indians to visit. The Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order states that a Protected Area Permit (PAP) is required for non-Indians to visit certain areas in India. ...


Arts and crafts

Uttar Pradesh is famous for its arts and crafts. Specific regions such as Varanasi for its saris and silk, Mirzapur and Bhadohi for its carpets, Agra and Kanpur for their leather craft, Moradabad for its metal ware, Lucknow for its cloth work and embroidery 'chicken work on silk, and the entire state for its pottery are not only famous in India but around the world. , VārāasÄ« ( , Hindi: , IPA: ), also known as Benares, Banaras, or Benaras ( , Hindi: , , IPA: ), or Kashi or Kasi ( , Hindi: , ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... For the city, see Sari, Iran. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... , Mirzapur   is a city in the heart of North India, nearly 650 km between Delhi and Kolkata and also equidistant from Allahabad and Varanasi. ... , Bhadohi (Hindi: भदोही, Urdu: بھدوہی) is a city and a municipal board in Sant Ravidas Nagar district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Moradabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ...


References

  1. ^ Projection Report.pdf page 59/289
  2. ^ censusindia.net
  3. ^ Muslims in UP not minority: HC Press Trust of India - April 5, 2007
  4. ^ Somini Sengupta. "Brahmin Vote Helps Party of Low Caste Win in India", The New York Times, May 12, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-05-12. 

is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Divisions and districts of Uttar Pradesh, India
Agra division: Agra | Aligarh | Etah | Firozabad | Mainpuri | Hathras | Mathura
Allahabad division: Allahabad | Fatehpur | Kaushambi | Pratapgarh
Azamgarh division: Azamgarh | Ballia | Mau
Bareilly division: Badaun | Bareilly | Pilibhit | Shahjahanpur
Basti division: Basti | Sant Kabir Nagar | Siddharthnagar
Chitrakoot division: Banda | Chitrakoot | Hamirpur | Mahoba
Devipatan division: Bahraich | Balarampur | Gonda | Shravasti
Faizabad division: Ambedkar Nagar | Barabanki | Faizabad | Sultanpur
Gorakhpur division: Devaria | Gorakhpur | Kushinagar | Maharajganj
Jhansi division: Jalaun | Jhansi | Lalitpur
Kanpur division: | Auraiya | Etawah | Farrukhabad | Kannauj | Kanpur Dehat | Kanpur Nagar
Lucknow division: Hardoi | Lakhimpur Kheri | Lucknow | Raebareli | Sitapur | Unnao
Meerut division: | Bagpat | Bulandshahr | Gautam Buddha Nagar | Ghaziabad | Meerut
Mirzapur division: Mirzapur | Sant Ravidas Nagar | Sonbhadra
Moradabad division: Bijnor | Jyotiba Phule Nagar | Moradabad | Rampur
Saharanpur division: Muzaffarnagar | Saharanpur
Varanasi division: Chandauli | Ghazipur | Jaunpur | Varanasi

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Uttar Pradesh,Uttar Pradesh Tourism,Uttar Pradesh India,Uttar Pradesh Travel,Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh,Uttarpradesh ... (701 words)
Maps of U.P. Uttar Pradesh is bounded on the north by Nepal and Tibet and, in India, by Himachal Pradesh state on the northwest, Haryana state and the union territory of Delhi on the west, Rajasthan state on the southwest, Madhya Pradesh state on the south, and Bihar on the east.
Handicrafts from Uttar Pradesh: Bhadohi, Khamaria and Mirzapur are famous for carpet weaving; Farrukhabad for handprinting; Lucknow, for chikan (a type of embroidery); Moradabad, for metal enameling; Varanasi, for brocade and brass ware and Nagina, for its ebony work.
Festivals of Uttar Pradesh: International Yoga Week in Rishikesh in Feb; Taj Mahotsav in Feb; Jhansi festival in Feb-March; Rang Gulal festival in March; Buddha Mahotsav (Apr-May); Badri-Kedar festival in June; Vrindavan Sharadotsav in Oct; Garhwal festival in Oct-Nov; Ganga festival in Oct-Nov; Kumaon festival (Nov); Lucknow festival (Nov-Dec).
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Uttar Pradesh is also of importance to Buddhists; it was at Sarnath that Buddha first preached his message.
The highlights of Uttar Pradesh are the Taj Mahal, the Fatehpur Sikri, the ghats at Varanasi, the hill stations and the Corbett Tiger Reserve.
Almora: is a picturesque district in the Kumaun region, north of Uttar Pradesh.
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