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Encyclopedia > Utrecht (city)
Utrecht
Coordinates: 52°07′N 5°09′E / 52.11, 5.15
Country Netherlands
Province Utrecht
Area (2006)
 - Municipality 99.32 km²  (38.3 sq mi)
 - Land 95.67 km² (36.9 sq mi)
 - Water 3.64 km² (1.4 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 - Municipality 288,731
 - Density 3,018/km² (7,816.6/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Utrecht (pronunciation (help· info)) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. It is the fourth largest city of the Netherlands, with a population of 288,732 (agglomeration 620,000). Utrecht (city) Source: nl:Wikipedia Created by User:Mtcv, vrij te gebruiken = freely usable. ... Utrecht is the smallest province of the Netherlands, and is located in the center of the country. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Image File history File links Nl-Utrecht. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... Utrecht is the smallest province of the Netherlands, and is located in the center of the country. ...

Contents

History

The origin of the city is a Roman fortification (castellum) around the year 47. Originally built from wood at the river Rhine, which had a more northern bed than nowadays, it was a border fortress of the Roman Empire. The name of the place was Traiectum, which means ford; later with the addition of the prefix Ultra (on the far side) to distinguish it from other settlements in the near side in respect of the ford. Later the names merged and changed into the current name (Utrecht)[citation needed]. In the second century the wooden walls were replaced by sturdier stone walls, remnants of which are still to be found below the buildings around Dom square. Around 500 Romans were encamped here. Near the fort there was a settlement with artisans, traders and soldiers' women and children. Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... Castellum is a small Roman detached fort or fortlet which served as a watch tower or signal station. ... This article is about the year 47. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ...


In the middle of the 2nd century Germanic tribes regularly invaded the Roman territories, and around 270 the Romans left Utrecht. About the period 270-500 little is known. In the 6th century Utrecht came under the influence of the Franks. The 2nd century is the period from 101 - 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Quintillus briefly holds power over the Roman Empire, and is succeeded by Aurelian Vandals and Sarmatians driven out of Roman territory Romans leave Utrecht after regular invasions of Germanic people. ... Events Possible date for the Battle of Mons Badonicus: Romano-British and Celts defeat an Anglo-Saxon army that may have been led by the bretwalda Aelle of Sussex (approximate date; suggested dates range from 490 to 510) Note: This battle may have influenced the legend of King Arthur. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... This article is about the Frankish people and society. ...


During the Middle Ages Utrecht was the most important city of the Northern Netherlands. Willibrordus is usually considered to be its first bishop. In 695 he was appointed archbishop of the Frisians and in 703 or 704 Pepin II of Herstal gave him Utrecht as see for his missionary activities further north. Utrecht received city rights in 1122. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Saint Willibrord (c. ... Events People of Byzantium revolt against Justinian II. Leontius II made emperor, Justinian II is banished. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... The Frisians are an ethnic group of northwestern Europe, inhabiting an area known as Frisia. ... Events Births Deaths Empress Jito of Japan In Other Fields 703 is the area code for telephone numbers in the Northern Virginia region of the United States. ... Events Justinian II re-takes the throne of the Byzantine Empire Cenred succeeds to the throne of Mercia after his uncle Aethelred abdicates to become abbot of Bardney Births Deaths Adamnan, abbot of Iona (b. ... City rights are a medieval phenomenon in the history of the Low Countries. ... Events Resolution of Investiture Controversy in the Concordat of Worms Pierre Abélard writes Sic et Non Births Ben Lancaster, Gradutate, Dynamite dancer. ...


When the main flow of the Rhine moved south, the old flow through the center became evermore canalized; and the unique wharf system was built as an inner city harbour system. When the bishop dammed the Lek at Wijk bij Duurstede, shipping was threatened and Utrecht commissioned a canal, the Vaartse Rijn, to connect Utrecht to the Lek at Nieuwegein. The Canal du Midi, Toulouse, France Canals are man-made channels for water. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Satellite image of the east bit of the Rhine-Meuse delta showing river Lek (e) — the Kromme Rijn stream is too small to show up on this picture. ... Wijk bij Duurstede is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Nieuwegein is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ...


The bishops of Utrecht became to exercise worldly power as prince-bishops not only in the province of Utrecht (Nedersticht, 'lower Sticht') but also further to the northeast. The Veluwe soon became part of Gelre but Overijssel remained the Oversticht. In 1528 the wordly power over both Neder- and Oversticht was transferred to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, who became the Lord of the 17 Netherlands (the current Benelux and the Northern parts of France). This transition was not an easy one and Charles V had to build castle Vredenburg to maintain order in the city. The Bishopric of Utrecht was one of the ecclesiastical principalities of the Holy Roman Empire, and included not only the present day Dutch province of Utrecht, but also the provinces of Groningen, Drenthe, and Overijssel. ... Prince-Bishop was the title given bishops who held secular powers, beside their inherent clerical power. ... The term Prince of the Church is nowadays used nearly exclusively for Roman Catholic Cardinals. ... A forest on the Veluwe The Veluwe is a forest-rich ridge of hills in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. ... Events June 19 - Battle of Landriano - A French army in Italy under Marshal St. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Location of Benelux in Europe Official languages Dutch and French Membership  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg Website http://www. ... Castle Vredenburg or VredenBorch was built in the early 16th century by Charles V in Utrecht (Netherlands). ...

Celebrating the liberation of Utrecht by the Canadian Army, 7 May 1945
Celebrating the liberation of Utrecht by the Canadian Army, 7 May 1945

In 1579 the northern seven provinces of these Low Countries signed the Union of Utrecht, in which they decided to join forces against Spanish rule. The Union of Utrecht is seen as the beginning of the Dutch Republic. In 1580 this predominantly Protestant state abolished the bishoprics, including the one in Utrecht, which had become an archiepiscopal see in 1559. Only in 1853 was the see reinstated (by Rome). However, since 1723, but especially after 1870, Utrecht has been the centre of the non-Roman Old Catholic Churches in the world. Image File history File links Crowd_of_Dutch_civilians_celebrating_the_liberation_of_Utrecht_by_the_Canadian_Army_. ... Image File history File links Crowd_of_Dutch_civilians_celebrating_the_liberation_of_Utrecht_by_the_Canadian_Army_. ... Canadian Forces Land Force Command (LF) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Armed Forces. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Events January 6 - The Union of Atrecht united the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma, governor in the name of king Philip II of Spain. ... The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ... The Union of Utrecht (Dutch: Unie van Utrecht) is a treaty signed on January 23, 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under control of Spain. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church... The Old Catholic Church is a community of Christian churches. ...


The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 settled the War of the Spanish Succession. Its most lasting result was the cession by Spain of Gibraltar to Great Britain. The Treaties of Utrecht (April 11, 1713) were signed in Utrecht, a city of the United Provinces. ... Year 1713 (MDCCXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Holy Roman Empire, Great Britain,[1] Dutch Republic, Portugal, Others France, Spain, Bavaria, Others Commanders Eugene of Savoy, Margrave of Baden, Count Starhemberg, Duke of Marlborough, Earl of Galway, Count Overkirk, Marquês das Minas Duc de Villars, Duc de Vendôme, Duc de Boufflers, Duc de Villeroi, Duke...


In the 17th century Utrecht became a major fortified city in the Dutch Water Line severely limiting its growth. Only in the early 19th century the fortresses became outdated with the construction of the Nieuwe Hollandse Waterlinie, just east of Utrecht. The ramparts were demolished, although the water defenses remained intact; which were remodelled into an English style landscape park that remains mainly intact until today. the New Waterline The Dutch Water Line was a series of waterbased defences conceived by Maurice of Nassau and realised by his half brother Fredrick Henry. ... // History The Dutch Water Line was a series of water based defences conceived by Maurice of Nassau and realised by his half brother Fredrick Henry. ... The Palladian bridge in Prior Park in Bath The English Grounds of Wörlitz were one of the largest English parks in 18th-century Europe. ...


In 1843, a railway connecting Utrecht to Amsterdam was opened. After that, Utrecht gradually became the main hub of the Dutch railway network. With the industrial revolution finally gathering speed in the Netherlands and the ramparts taken down, Utrecht finally began to grow far beyond the medieval center from the 1880s onward with the construction of neighbourhoods such as Oudwijk, Wittevrouwen, and Vogelenbuurt. Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ... A Watt steam engine. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


New middle class residential areas, such as Tuindorp and Oog in Al, were built in the 1920s and 1930s. Oog in Al is a residential area in the west of the city of Utrecht in the Netherlands. ...


During World War II, Utrecht was held by the Germans until the general German surrender of the Netherlands on 5 May 1945. Canadian troops entered the city on May 7, 1945. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Since World War II, the city has grown considerably when new neighbourhoods such as Overvecht, Kanaleneiland, Hoograven, Lunetten, and (recently) Leidsche Rijn were built. Leidsche Rijn Leidsche Rijn is a neighbourhood under construction west of Utrecht in the central Netherlands. ...


Population centres in the municipality

Vleuten-De Meern was a separate municipality until 2001, which included the villages of Haarzuilens and Veldhuizen. Population data are of Jan 1, 2005. [1] Haarzuilens () is a small village in the Dutch province of Utrecht. ... De Meern De Meern was founded during the Roman times, because it was not only trade-wise but also a good strategic spot to build an encampment (castellum). ... Veldhuizen is a hamlet in the Dutch province of Utrecht. ... Utrecht is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Utrecht. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


About 68% of the population is Dutch, 9% is Moroccan, 5% is Turkish, 3% Surinamese and 15% of other ethnicities. Utrecht is expected to have 340,000 inhabitants in 2020.


Cityscape

Oudegracht, the 'old canal' in central Utrecht
Oudegracht, the 'old canal' in central Utrecht
The Dom tower, with to the left behind it the remaining section of the Dom church. The two parts haven't been connected since the collapse of the nave in 1674
The Dom tower, with to the left behind it the remaining section of the Dom church. The two parts haven't been connected since the collapse of the nave in 1674
An aerial view of the canals in central Utrecht
An aerial view of the canals in central Utrecht
Utrecht UFO on the top of the ProRail HQ
Utrecht UFO on the top of the ProRail HQ

Utrecht is famous for the Dom Tower of Utrecht, belonging to the former cathedral (Dom Church), and for the canal structure in the inner city. The inner city has largely retained its Medieval structure. Due to the importance of Utrecht as a religious centre in the past, several monumental churches have survived, such as the romanesque St Peter's and St John's churches, and the gothic churches of St Jacob and St Nicholas, and the so-called Buurkerk, now converted into a museum. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4756x2447, 4164 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Utrecht (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4756x2447, 4164 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Utrecht (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... The Oudegracht in Utrecht centre, seen from the Dom Tower. ... The Domtower of Utrecht File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Domtower of Utrecht File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... , drawing by Pieter Jansz Saenredam The Cathedral of Saint Martin or Dom Church was the Cathedral of the Province of Utrecht during the Middle Ages. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4172x5553, 7793 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Utrecht (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4172x5553, 7793 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Utrecht (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 631 KB) Summary Picture I took of the UFO on the top of the NS headquarters in Utrecht Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 631 KB) Summary Picture I took of the UFO on the top of the NS headquarters in Utrecht Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Dom tower of Utrecht with the remaining part of the church in the back. ... , drawing by Pieter Jansz Saenredam The Cathedral of Saint Martin or Dom Church was the Cathedral of the Province of Utrecht during the Middle Ages. ... The Oudegracht in Utrecht centre, seen from the Dom Tower. ...


Utrecht is the center of the Dutch railroad network and the location of the head office of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen (Dutch Railways). NS's former head office 'De Inktpot' in Utrecht is the largest brick building in the Netherlands (the "UFO" gracing its facade stems from an art program in 2000). The building is currently used by ProRail. Nederlandse Spoorwegen or NS (Dutch railways) is the main public transport railway company in the Netherlands. ... In the Netherlands ProRail (written in camel case) is a government task organisation that takes care of maintenance and extensions of the national railway network infrastructure (not the metro or tram), of allocating rail capacity, and of traffic control. ...


A large indoor shopping center called Hoog Catharijne (nl) is located between the central railway station and the city center. The corridors have been considered public places like streets, and the main route from station to city center is therefore open all night. Over the next 20 years (counting from 2004), parts of Hoog Catharijne will disappear as a consequence of the renovation of the Station-area[2]. Parts of the city's network of canals, which were filled to create the shopping center and central station area, will be recreated. For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... One definition of public space or a public place is a place where anyone has a right to come without paying an entrance or other fee. ...


Utrecht University is the largest university of The Netherlands. Utrecht is also home to the FC Utrecht football club, which plays in Stadium Nieuw Galgenwaard. Utrecht University (Universiteit Utrecht in Dutch) is a university in Utrecht, The Netherlands. ... Motto (French) Ik zal handhaven(Dutch) I shall stand fast1 Anthem Het Wilhelmus Netherlands() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Amsterdam2 Official languages Dutch3 Ethnic groups  80. ... FC Utrecht is a Dutch football, club which was founded on July 1, 1970. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Even though the name might suspect otherwise, Galghenwert or Gallows holm, as it was called in the middle ages, was probably never used as an execution site. ...


At the westside of the central railway station is the Jaarbeurs (convention center). Exhibition Hall of the Makaryev Fair. ...


The city also has a minor skyline, dominated by the Dom tower, which will be expanded in the next couple of years. The second highest building of the city, the 'Rabobanktoren', will be completed in 2010 and will stand 105m tall. Two antennas will increase that height to 120m.


Two other buildings are currently under construction around the 'Nieuw Galgenwaard' stadium. These buildings, the 'Kantoortoren Galghenwert' and 'Apollo Residence', will be completed in 2007 and will stand 85,5 and 64,5 metres high respectively.


There are plans for a 262 m high skyscraper in the newly built neighbourhood of Leidsche Rijn: The 'Belle van Zuylen'. Leidsche Rijn Leidsche Rijn is a neighbourhood under construction west of Utrecht in the central Netherlands. ...


Education

Utrecht University, the largest university of The Netherlands (26,787 students as of 2004), is based in the inner city and in the Uithof campus area, on the east of the city. It's the 40th best university in the world, according to Shanghai Jiaotong University's university ranking in 2006. Utrecht also houses the much smaller University of Humanistics (estimated at a few hundred students). Utrecht University (Universiteit Utrecht in Dutch) is a university in Utrecht, The Netherlands. ... Motto (French) Ik zal handhaven(Dutch) I shall stand fast1 Anthem Het Wilhelmus Netherlands() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Amsterdam2 Official languages Dutch3 Ethnic groups  80. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... De Uithof is the campus area of the Utrecht University and the University of Professional Education Utrecht. ... Shanghai Jiao Tong University, (SJTU, 上海交通大學), abbreviated Jiao Da (交大), is one of the leading universities in China. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Utrecht is also home to two other large institutions and one small institution of higher education: the HU University of Professional Education Utrecht (30,000 students), the HKU Utrecht School of the Arts (3,000 students). The University of Professional Education (HU - Hogeschool Utrecht Dutch) is one of the higher education institution located in the town of Utrecht (city). ... The Utrecht School of the Arts (HKU - Hogeschool voor de Kunsten Utrecht Dutch) is a performing arts and visual arts educational institution in Utrecht, in the Netherlands. ...


Transport

Because of its central location, the City of Utrecht is well connected to the rest of the Netherlands, and has a well developed public transport network.


Public transport

Rail connections


Utrecht Centraal railway station (NS abbreviation: ut) is a main node of the Dutch railway network. Nederlandse Spoorwegen or NS (Dutch railways) is the main public transport railway company in the Netherlands. ... There are 387 train stations in the Netherlands, since December 2004, when Almere Oostvaarders was opened. ... // Train routes by timetable number Train routes in the Netherlands are identified by numbers. ...


The station services:

  • Regular Intercity trains to all major Dutch cities, and since March 2006 a direct service to Schiphol airport-railway station.
  • International trains to Germany.

There are also three minor railway stations in Utrecht: Utrecht Overvecht (uto), Utrecht Lunetten (utl), and Utrecht Terwijde (utt). Additionally, at least three new railway stations are planned. Special train services are operated to the closed Maliebaan station, which is now home to the railroad museum The Dutch Railways operate major passenger train station Schiphol directly underneath the passenger terminal complex of Amsterdam Schiphol Airport. ...


A light-rail (sneltram in Dutch) line runs from the Utrecht Centraal station, through the neighbourhoods of Lombok and Kanaleneiland, to Nieuwegein and IJsselstein. This line is operated by Connexxion. A tram of the Luas system in Dublin, Ireland Shanghai Metro transit station, China A METRORail train approaching Preston Station in downtown Houston, Texas, USA. A LYNX light rail train from Charlotte, North Carolina, USA. The Guadalajara urban L-train system (SITEUR), at first a trolleybus system, opened in 1980... Nieuwegein is a municipality and a town in the central Netherlands. ... IJsselstein is a municipality and a city in the central Netherlands. ... Connexxion-bus in Katwijk Connexxion is the largest public transport bus company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle, east and far northern part of the country. ...


Bus transport


Utrecht Central railway station also operates as the main local and regional bus station. The bus network of Utrecht includes

The Utrecht Central railway station is also frequented by the pan-European Eurolines bus company and acts as the departure and arrival place of many bus trips to holiday resorts in Spain and France and during winter in Austria and Switzerland. A Go North East bus parked in a lay-by in Tyne and Wear, England. ... De Uithof is the campus area of the Utrecht University and the University of Professional Education Utrecht. ... A Mississauga Transit bus in Mississauga Ontario. ... Connexxion-bus in Katwijk Connexxion is the largest public transport bus company in the Netherlands, operating in the west, middle, east and far northern part of the country. ... An Arriva train in Denmark Arriva plc is a UK-based international public transport operator and vehicle rental company, headquartered in Sunderland. ... Veolia Transportation is a brand name of the international transport services division of the French-based multinational company Veolia Environnement before known as Connex. ... Breda is a municipality and a city in the southern part of the Netherlands. ... Oosterhout is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands. ... Interliner is an express bus system in the Netherlands. ... Eurolines is a coach (long distance bus) company operating international routes within Europe. ...


Other transport

Roads


Utrecht is well connected to the main roads in the Netherlands. Two of the most important major roads cross near Utrecht: The A12 [The Hague - Germany] and the A2 [Amsterdam - Maastricht]. Other roads are the A27 [Almere - Bavel] and the A28 [Utrecht - Groningen]. Due to the increasing traffic, traffic congestion is a common phenomenon in and around Utrecht.


Shipping


Utrecht also has a port located on the Amsterdam-Rhine Canal, which is connected to the Rhine river. The CTU container terminal has a capacity of 80,000 containers a year. In 2003, the port facilitated the transport of four million tons of cargo; mostly sand, gravel, fertilizer, and fodder. The Amsterdam-Rhine Canal or Amsterdam-Rijnkanaal is a canal in the Netherlands that was built to connect the port city of Amsterdam to the main shipping artery of the Rhine. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Additionally some touristic boat trips are organised from various places on the Oudegracht.


Culture

Rietveld Schröder House

Utrecht city has an active cultural life. There are several theatres, the classical music centre Vredenburg, the rock club Tivoli, several cinemas including three arthouse cinemas. There are also many galleries selling art, and a fair number of museums (listed below). To involve a broad layer of the population into culture, Utrecht regularly organizes cultural Sundays, in which several organizations offer free admission around a changing theme. Utrecht also houses one of the landmarks of modern architecture, the 1924 Rietveld Schröder House, which is listed on UNESCO's world heritage sites. Rietveld-Schröder house. ... Rietveld-Schröder house. ... The Rietveld Schröder House was built in 1924 by Dutch architect Gerrit Rietveld for Mrs. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


Museums

Birth place of Adrian Dedel, later Pope Adrian VI
Birth place of Adrian Dedel, later Pope Adrian VI

The Nationaal Museum van Speelklok tot Pierement is a museum in Utrecht, The Netherlands. ... The Nederlands Spoorwegmuseum (literally, Dutch Railway Museum) is the Dutch national railway museum. ... Utrecht University (Universiteit Utrecht in Dutch) is a university in Utrecht, The Netherlands. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 172 KB)Picture taken by Fruggo, september 2004. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 172 KB)Picture taken by Fruggo, september 2004. ... Pope Adrian VI (Utrecht, March 2, 1459 – September 14, 1523), born Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens, son of Floris Boeyens, served as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1522 until his death. ...

Trivia

  • Utrecht is mentioned in the song "Evil and a Heathen" by Scottish indie rock band Franz Ferdinand from their 2005 album You Could Have It So Much Better.
  • Utrecht is the setting of the independent game De Blob, made by students from the city. The objective of the game is, as a colour-absorbing blob, to colour different landmarks of the city, including the ProRail HQ (Here it is the I.N.K.T HQ, and the ufo in the building is the blobs) and the Dom tower.

Franz Ferdinand are a Scottish indie rock/post-punk revival band, formed in Glasgow. ... You Could Have It So Much Better is the second album by British indie rock band Franz Ferdinand, released 3 October 2005 in the United Kingdom (see 2005 in British music). ...

Famous people from Utrecht

See also People from Utrecht

Pope Adrian VI (Utrecht, March 2, 1459 – September 14, 1523), born Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens, son of Floris Boeyens, served as Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1522 until his death. ... Anton Reinhard Falck (March 19, 1777_March 16, 1843), Dutch statesman was born at Utrecht. ... Trijn van Leemput (ca. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... Olivier van Noort (1558 - 22 February 1627) was the first Dutchman to circumnavigate the world. ... Karel Willem Frederik Marie Doorman (April 23, 1889 – February 28, 1942) was a Schout-bij-Nacht (the Dutch equivalent of a Rear Admiral) during World War II. He was originally a naval aviator in the Royal Netherlands Navy but quickly rose through the ranks to become Schout-bij-Nacht in... The American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command, code name ABDACOM, was a short-lived, unified command for all Allied forces in South East Asia, during the Pacific War. ... Combatants United States Netherlands United Kingdom Australia Japan Commanders Karel Doorman† Takeo Takagi Strength 2 heavy cruisers 3 light cruisers 12 destroyers 2 heavy cruisers 2 light cruisers 14 destroyers 10 transports Casualties 5 cruisers sunk 5 destroyers sunk 2,300 sailors killed 4 loaded troop transports sunk The Battle...

Science

C.H.D. Buys Ballot Christophorus Henricus Diedericus Buys Ballot (also Christoph Heinrich Diedrich Buys Ballot) (October 10, 1817-February 3, 1890) Dutch chemist and meteorologist after whom Buys-Ballots law and the Buys Ballot table are called. ... Gerard t Hooft at Harvard University Gerardus (Gerard) t Hooft (born July 5, 1946) is a professor in theoretical physics at Utrecht University, The Netherlands. ...

Arts and entertainment

Louis Andriessen (born June 6, 1939) is a Dutch composer, son of the composer Hendrik Andriessen (1892-1981) and brother of composer Jurriaan Andriessen (1925-1996). ... Dick Bruna (b. ... Miffy Celebrates Fifty Years Miffy is a picture book character in the form of a small female rabbit drawn by Dick Bruna. ... Counter-Composition V (1924) Theo van Doesburg (Utrecht, August 30, 1883 – Davos, March 7, 1931) was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Melchior dHondecoeter (c. ... Sylvia Kristel (September 28, 1952 in Utrecht), pronounced kri-STELL, is a Dutch actress, model and singer. ... Hendrick de Keyser (born: 15 May 1565 - died: 15 May 1621) was a Dutch sculptor and architect born in Utrecht, Spanish Habsburg, which is now in the Netherlands. ... Arthur Valentijn Japin (born 26 July 1956 in Haarlem, the Netherlands) is a renowned Dutch novelist. ... Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (Utrecht, June 24, 1888 – Utrecht, June 26, 1964), was a Dutch designer, architect and cabinet maker. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Hand-coloured woodcut by Erhard Reuwich of the entrance to the Church of the Holy Sepulchure, Jerusalem Erhard Reuwich was a Netherlandish artist, as a designer of woodcuts, and printer who came from Utrecht but then worked in Mainz. ... Herman van Veen (born 14 March 1945) is a Dutch musician, actor and songwriter/writer. ... Henk Westbroek is a Dutch radiohost, singer, songwriter, owner of a Dutch cafe named Stairway to heaven in Utrecht and was once a politician for Leefbaar Utrecht and Leefbaar Nederland in 1998. ... Robert Long was a politician in Seventeenth Century England. ... Fred Kaps (official name Abraham Pieter Adrianus Bongers), (June 8, 1926 – July 22, 1980) was a Dutch magician, famous for being the only magician to become FISM world champion three times. ... Fedde le Grand (sometimes misspelt Grande) (born 1977, Utrecht, The Netherlands) is a Dutch house DJ and producer whose single Put Your Hands Up For Detroit (UK/AUS) / Put Your Hands Up 4 Detroit (Europe, excluding UK) hit number one on the UKs singles and the top 5 in... Put Your Hands Up 4 Detroit is a single written and produced by Fedde le Grand. ...

Sports

Johan Aantjes (born May 6, 1958 in Utrecht) is a former water polo player from The Netherlands, who finished in sixth position with the Dutch National Mens Team at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California. ... Tessa Appeldoorn (born March 29, 1973 in Utrecht) is a Dutch Olympic rower. ... Marcel (Marco) van Basten (October 31, 1964 in Oog in Al, Utrecht) is a Dutch football manager, currently in charge of the Dutch national team. ... Det de Beus Det de Beus was born Anna Maria Bernadette de Beus on February 18, 1958 in Utrecht in the Netherlands. ... Jacques Brinkman (born on August 26, 1966 in Utrecht) is a former Dutch field hockey player, who twice won the golden medal with the national squad: at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta and four years later, at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney. ... Maria (Marieke) van Drogenbroek (born December 16, 1964 in Utrecht) is a former international rower from the Netherlands, who won the bronze medal in the Womens Eights at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California, alongside Lynda Cornet, Harriet van Ettekoven, Greet Hellemans, Nicolette Hellemans, Martha Laurijsen, Catharina... Robertus (Rob) Johannes Druppers (born April 29, 1962 in Utrecht) is a former Dutch middle distance runner who won the silver medal over 800m at the 1983 World Championships in Athletics. ... Antonius Johannes Anton Geesink (born April 6, 1934) is a Dutch 10th dan judoka. ... Fedor Iwan den Hertog (born April 20, 1946 in Utrecht) is a is a Dutch cyclist. ... Martha (Marty) Johanna Petronella Laurijsen (born April 15, 1954 in Utrecht) is a former international rower from the Netherlands, who won the bronze medal in the Womens Eights at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California, alongside Marieke van Drogenbroek, Lynda Cornet, Greet Hellemans, Nicolette Hellemans, Harriet van... Johannes (John) Maria van Loen (born February 4, 1965 in Utrecht, Utrecht) is a former football striker from The Netherlands, who earned seven caps for the Netherlands national football team, in which he scored one goal. ... Hans Parrel (born September 14, 1944 in Utrecht) is a former water polo player from The Netherlands, who competed in two consequentive Summer Olympics for his native country, starting in 1968. ... Adriana (“Diana”) van der Plaats (born August 12, 1971 in Utrecht) is a former freestyle swimmer from The Netherlands, who competed in two consequentive Summer Olympics for her native country, starting in 1988. ... Wesley Sneijder (born June 9, 1984 in Utrecht) is a Dutch professional footballer who is currently contracted to Ajax Amsterdam. ... Willem (Wim) van Spingelen (born February 19, 1938 in Utrecht) is a former water polo player from The Netherlands, who was a member of the Dutch Mens National Team that finished in eighth position at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. ... Patricia Stokkers (born May 1, 1976 in Utrecht, Utrecht) is a former freestyle swimmer from the Netherlands, who competed for her native country at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. ... Carole Helene Antoinette Thate (born on December 6, 1971 in Utrecht) is a former Dutch field hockey player, who played 168 international matches for The Netherlands, in which she scored fourty goals. ... Categories: Sports stubs | Dutch speed skaters ... Gerald Mervin Vanenburg (born March 5, 1964 in Utrecht, Utrecht) is a former football left winger from The Netherlands, who earned 42 caps for the Netherlands national football team, in which he scored one goal. ... Gerrit Hendrik Wormgoor (born July 29, 1940 in Utrecht) is a former water polo player from The Netherlands, who finished in eighth position with the Dutch Mens Team at the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. ... Jan Wouters (born July 17, 1960 in Utrecht, Netherlands) is a former professional football midfielder, currently first team coach at Rangers F.C.. The Dutchman played for several clubs including FC Utrecht, PSV Eindhoven, Bayern Munich and Ajax Amsterdam. ... Ibrahim Afellay is a midfielder playing for PSV Eindhoven. ... Ismaïl Aissati (born August 16, 1988 in Utrecht) is a football player for FC Twente. ...

Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Cathedral of San Pedro, c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

This is a list of mayors (burgemeester) of Utrecht since 1813. ... Ondiep is a working-class district in northwest Utrecht, Netherlands, between the river Vecht and Amsterdamsestraatweg street. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  • R.E. de Bruin, T.J. Hoekstra and A. Pietersma, Twintig eeuwen Utrecht, korte geschiedenis van de stad, 1999, ISBN 90-5479-040-7

External links


The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the... All provinces of the Netherlands are divided into municipalities (gemeenten), together 467 (2005); among these we can distinguish: those comprising one main city, town or village with the same name as the municipality, and possibly some additional villages; for example Utrecht, comprising the city Utrecht and the villages De Meern...

 
Populated places in the municipality of Utrecht
Cities/towns: Utrecht
Villages: De Meern | Haarzuilens | Vleuten
Hamlets: Alendorp | Lage Haar | Ockhuizen | Oudenrijn | Stadsdam | Strijkviertel | Themaat | 't Zand | Veldhuizen

  Results from FactBites:
 
Utrecht travel guide - Wikitravel (2508 words)
The history of the city goes back to 47 AD when the Roman emperor Claudius ordered his general Corbulo to build a defenseline along the river Rhine whitch was the northern most border of the empire.
Utrecht Universiteit Museum is the museum of Utrecht University.
Utrecht as a student city is quite safe, although there are some neighbourhoods in the outskirts that you probably don't want to visit.
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