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Encyclopedia > Utopian socialism

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Socialism
Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ...


Currents

Democratic socialism
Christian socialism
Communism
Libertarian socialism
Social democracy
Image File history File links Red_flag_waving_transparent. ... Democratic socialism is a broad political movement propagating the ideals of socialism within the context of a democratic system. ... Christian socialism generally refers to those on the Christian left whose politics are both Christian and socialist and who see these two things as being interconnected, perhaps because one derives from the other. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Libertarian socialism is any one of a group of political philosophies dedicated to opposing coercive forms of authority and social hierarchy, in particular the institutions of capitalism and the State. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ...

Influences

Marxism
Anarchism
Trade unionism
Internationalism
Utilitarianism
To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Anarchism is derived from the Greek αναρχία (without archons (ruler, chief, king)). Anarchism as a political philosophy, is the belief that rulers, governments, and hierarchal social relationships are unnecessary and should be abolished, although there are differing interpretations of what this means. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation between nations for the benefit of all. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Ideas

Egalitarianism
Democracy
Equality of outcome
Class struggle
Proletarian revolution
Egalitarianism is any moral or political theory that emphasizes the supposed equality of morally-significant beings. ... Equality of outcome is a basic form of egalitarianism which seeks to reduce or eliminate differences between individuals or households in a society. ... Class struggle is class conflict looked at from a Marxist, libertarian socialist, or anarchist perspective. ... A proletarian revolution is a social and/or political revolution in which the working class overthrows (or attempts to overthrow) capitalism. ...

Key issues

History of socialism
Socialist economics
Socialist states
Criticisms of socialism
// Early socialists Further information: History of socialism in Great Britain The word socialism came into English from French in the 1820s, but the idea that goods should be held in common and that all men should be equal is much older. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Socialist state is the term used in official documents of some countries to describe their political system. ... Opposition and criticisms of socialism, and arguments for and against A number of thinkers, economists and historians have raised some issues with socialist theory. ...

People and organizations

List of socialists
Social democratic parties
Socialist International
The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... This is a list of parties in the world that are social democratic. ... The official symbol of Socialist International The Socialist International (SI) is an international organisation for social democratic and democratic socialist parties. ...

Utopian socialism is a term used to define the first currents of modern Socialist thought. Utopian socialists never actually used this name to describe themselves; the term "utopian socialism" was introduced by Karl Marx and used by later socialist thinkers, to describe early socialist or quasi-socialist intellectuals who created hypothetical visions of perfect egalitarian and communalist societies without actually concerning themselves with the manner in which these societies could be created or sustained. Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883 London) was an immensely influential German philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary organizer of the International Workingmens Association. ... Egalitarianism is the moral doctrine that equality ought to prevail among some group along some dimension. ... Communalism is a modern term that describes a broad range of social movements and social theories which are in some way centered upon the community. ...


Since "utopian socialism" is a broad category rather than a specific political movement, it is difficult to define it with any degree of precision. According to some definitions, the term should be reserved to authors who published their works between the French Revolution and the mid-1830s. Other definitions push the beginning of utopian socialism much further back in time, citing such figures as Jesus among the first utopian socialists. The French Revolution (1789-1799) was a period in the history of France. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Jesus (8-2 BC/BCE – 29-36 AD/CE),[1] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, in which context he is known as Jesus Christ, where Christ is a Greek title meaning Anointed, corresponding to the Hebrew term Messiah. The main sources of information...


Although it is technically possible for any person living at any time in history to be a utopian socialist, the term is most often applied to those utopian socialists who lived in the first quarter of the 19th century. From the mid-19th century onwards, the other branches of socialism far surpassed the utopian version in terms of intellectual development and number of supporters. Utopian socialists were important in the formation of modern movements for intentional community and cooperatives. An intentional community is a planned residential community with a much higher degree of social interaction than other communities. ... A cooperative (also co-operative or co-op) comprises a legal entity owned and democratically controlled by its members, with no passive shareholders. ...


The term "scientific socialism" is sometimes used by Marxists to describe their version of socialism, specifically for the purpose of counterposing it to utopian socialism which was descriptive and idealistic (in a sense of representing an ideal) rather than scientific, i.e., developed by means of reasoning and based on social sciences. Scientific Socialism is a socio-political-economic theory pioneered by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... Terms like SOSE (Studies of Society & the Environment) not only refer to social sciences but also studies of the environment. ...


Major Thinkers

Robert Owen (1771-1858) was a successful businessman who devoted much of his profits to improving the lives of his employees. His reputation grew when he set up a textile factory in New Lanark, Scotland and introduced shorter working hours, schools for children and renovated housing. He also set up an Owenite commune called New Harmony in Indiana, USA. This collapsed when one of his business partners ran off with all the profits. Owen's main contribution to socialist thought was the view that human social behaviour is not fixed or absolute, and that human beings have the free will to organize themselves into any kind of society they wish. Robert Owen Robert Owen continues to be looked up to in this Manchester statue Robert Owen (May 14, 1771 – November 17, 1858) was a Welsh socialist and social reformer. ... New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, approximately two kilometres from the Scottish town of Lanark. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Robert Owen Robert Owen continues to be looked up to in this Manchester statue Robert Owen (May 14, 1771 – November 17, 1858) was a Welsh social reformer. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 38th 94,321 km² 225 km 435 km 1. ...


Étienne Cabet (1788–1856) was influenced by Robert Owen. In his book Travel and adventures of Lord William Carisdall in Icaria (1840) he described an idealist communalist society. His attempts to recreate it (Icarian movement) failed. Étienne Cabet ( January 1, 1788 – November 9, 1856) was a French philosopher and utopian socialist. ... Robert Owen Robert Owen continues to be looked up to in this Manchester statue Robert Owen (May 14, 1771 – November 17, 1858) was a Welsh socialist and social reformer. ... Étienne Cabet ( January 1, 1788 – November 9, 1856) was a French philosopher and utopian socialist. ... Communalism is a modern term that describes a broad range of social movements and social theories which are in some way centered upon the community. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Charles Fourier (1772-1837) was by far the most utopian of the Socialists. Rejecting the industrial revolution altogether and thus the problems that arose with it, he made various fanciful claims about the ideal world he envisioned. Despite some clearly non-socialist inclinations, he did still contribute significantly - if indirectly - to the socialist movement. His writings about turning work into play influenced the young Karl Marx and helped him devise his theories of alienation. Fourier was also a radical feminist. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... A Watt steam engine in Madrid. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883 London) was an immensely influential German philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary organizer of the International Workingmens Association. ... Radical feminism is a branch of feminism that views womens oppression (or patriarchy) as the basic evil upon which human relationships in society are arranged. ...


Utopian Socialism in Modern Culture

Heaven is often described as something similar to a socialist utopia, but the most familiar utopian socialist society would be that of the United Federation of Planets in the popular television series Star Trek -- particularly that depicted in The Next Generation. There is no money, no want, no poverty, no crime, no disease or ignorance in human society; virtually everyone works for the advancement of all humanity--as well as the rest of the Federation. The advent and use of the replicator helped in Earth's transformation to a socialist utopia due to its ability to produce mass quantities of any goods at little cost. Michelangelos interpretation of Heaven Heaven is an afterlife concept found in many religions or spiritual philosophies. ... In the Star Trek fictional universe, the United Federation of Planets (UFP) – widely referred to and known amongst fans as merely the Federation – is an interstellar federal state of more than 150 member planets and thousands of colonies. ... Star Trek collectively refers to a science-fiction franchise spanning six unique television series, 726 episodes and ten feature films in addition to hundreds of novels, computer and video games, fan stories and other works of fiction all set within the same fictional universe created by Gene Roddenberry in the...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Utopian socialism - definition of Utopian socialism in Encyclopedia (450 words)
Utopian Socialism is the term for the first currents of modern Socialist thought.
Since "utopian socialism" is a broad category rather than a specific political movement, it is difficult to define it with any degree of precision.
The term "scientific socialism" is sometimes used by Marxists to describe their version of socialism, specifically for the purpose of counterposing it to Utopian Socialism which was descriptive and idealistic (in a sense of representing an ideal) rather than scientific, i.e., developed by means of reasoning and based on social sciences.
utopian socialism (204 words)
Utopian socialism, properly so-called, is the name given to socialist aspiration in the era prior to the development of...
Utopian Socialism is the first current of modern Socialist thought.
This, and the identification of socialism with the working class, would be a central theme of the 1830s and 40s, moving Utopian Socialism away from its initial...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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