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Encyclopedia > Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego
Cities and towns
in Argentina
Ushuaia
Province Tierra del Fuego
Department Ushuaia
Location 54°48′ 00 S°068′ 18
Population 45,430
Demonym ushuaiense
Phone code +54 2901
CPA base V9410
Mayor Jorge Garramuño
Party Feuguino People's Movement

Ushuaia, capital of Argentina's province of Tierra del Fuego, is one of the world's southernmost cities. It is located at 54°48′00″S, 068°18′00″W on the southern coast of the island of Tierra del Fuego, in a setting surrounded by mountains and overlooking the Beagle Channel. The city has about 50,000 inhabitants. This is a list of cities in Argentina. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Tierra del Fuego Province can refer to one of the following provinces both located on Tierra del Fuego island. ... Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Argentina made major changes to its telephone numbering plan in 1999, after its telephone system was privatized. ... The Argentine postal code is a system that assigns at least an unique alphanumeric postal codes to each municipality. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The Feuguino Peoples Movement (Spanish: Movimiento Popular Feuguiño) is a provincial political party in Argentina. ... Cities of Tierra del Fuego This map was created with this online map creation tool. ... Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands (in Spanish Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) is a province entirely separated by the Strait of Magellan from mainland Argentina on the Isla Grande of Tierra del Fuego, which it shares with Chile to... The southernmost settlements in the world, excluding research bases in Antarctica (there are already permanent settlements there), are: See also Northernmost settlements Extreme points of the world Category: ... Tierra del Fuego (Spanish: Land of Fire) is an archipelago at the southernmost tip of South America. ... Mount McKinley (Denali) in Alaska (USA) has the highest visible base-to-summit elevation on Earth (approximately 5400 metres). ... Sea lions on La Isla de Los Lobos in the Beagle Channel Glacier on the north shore of the Beagle Channel Beagle Channel is a strait separating islands of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, in extreme southern South America. ...

The city of Ushuaia in early spring.
The city of Ushuaia in early spring.

Other contenders to southermost city are Puerto Williams in Chile (further south but has fewer inhabitants); and Punta Arenas, Chile (much larger and slightly further north). Several continuously inhabited settlements also south of Ushuaia include Puerto Toro on Isla Navarino, Orcadas in the South Orkney Islands, and Esperanza in the Argentine Antarctic territory. Each of these settlements has fewer than 100 residents. Orcadas and Esperanza are merely considered bases by nations that do not recognise Argentina's Antarctic territorial claim, but they are considered as communities by the Argentine government. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 778 KB) City of Ushuaia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 778 KB) City of Ushuaia. ... Puerto Williams in Tierra del Fuego Puerto Williams is a small Chilean port, located on Isla Navarino facing the Beagle Channel. ... City of Punta Arenas Punta Arenas is the main city in the Strait of Magellan and the capital of the Región de Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena, Chile. ... Puerto Toro is a small Chilean town on Navarino Island. ... Isla Navarino is a Chilean island located strategically between Tierra del Fuego, by the north, and the Cape Horn, to the south. ... Esperanza (Spanish hope) may refer to: Esperanza Base, an Argentine settlement in Antarctica Esperanza, Valverde, a district of the Dominican Republic Esperanza, Santa Fe a city in the Santa Fe Province of Argentina Esperanza, Agusan del Sur, a municipality in the Philippines Esperanza, Masbate, a municipality in the Philippines Esperanza...

Satellite view of the city and its bay.
Enlarge
Satellite view of the city and its bay.

The city was originally named by early British colonists after the name that the native Yámana people had for the area. For most of the first half of the 20th century, the city was centered around a prison for serious criminals. The Argentine government set up this prison following the example of the British with Australia: being a remote island, escape from a prison on Tierra del Fuego would have been impossible. The prisoners thus became forced colonists and spent much of their time cutting wood in the lands around the prison and building the town. They built a railway from the forests to the settlement, now used as a tourist train as the Tren del Fin del Mundo (End of the Earth Train), the southernmost railway in the world. Yagán, also known as Yámana, Yaghan, and Háusi Kúta, is one of the indigenous languages of Tierra del Fuego, spoken by the Yagán people. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...

Contents


Tourism

A lighthouse near Ushuaia
Enlarge
A lighthouse near Ushuaia

The tourist attractions include the Tierra del Fuego National Park (to see Lapataia Bay) including by using the Tren del Fin del Mundo; hiring a boat charter to Cape Horn (in Chilean waters); and local birds, penguins and seawolves on the islands in the Beagle Channel. Some tours also visit the Lighthouse at the End of the World (Faro del fin del mundo) at the Isla de los Estados, made famous by Jules Verne in the novel of the same name. Patagonia lighthouse of the end of the world. ... Patagonia lighthouse of the end of the world. ... Tierra del Fuego National Park is a national park on the Argentine part of the island of Tierra del Fuego, within Tierra del Fuego Province. ... Cape Horn from the South. ... Sea lions on La Isla de Los Lobos in the Beagle Channel Glacier on the north shore of the Beagle Channel Beagle Channel is a strait separating islands of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago, in extreme southern South America. ... Isla de los Estados (Staten Island) is an island that lies on the Le Maire Strait off the eastern extremity of the Argentine portion of Tierra del Fuego. ... Jules Verne. ...


It is also a key access point to the southern regions; it receives regular flights from Buenos Aires, (at Ushuaia International Airport), and cruise ships visiting the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) and Antarctica dock at the port. There are a number of ski areas nearby, like Cerro Castor and Glaciar Martial. Buenos Aires (English: Fair Winds; originally Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires, City of the Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, and one of... Ushuaia - Malvinas Argentinas International Airport (in Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de Ushuaia Malvinas Argentinas) (IATA: USH, ICAO: SAWH) is a small international airport that serves the city of Ushuaia in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. ... Pacific Sky sails under Sydney Harbour Bridge A cruise ship, or less commonly cruise liner or luxury liner, is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the amenities of the ship are considered an essential part of the experience. ... A ski area is a place where one goes to participate in the sports of skiing and snowboarding. ...


TV programme

"Ushuaïa, le magazine de l'Extrême" was the name of a television programme, presented by Nicolas Hulot and broadcast on the French TV channel TF1 from September 1987 to June 1995. Nicolas Hulot was born on born April 30, 1955 in Lille. ... {Be aware that some parts of the article seem to be biassed and do not present TF1 as an encyclopaedia might do} TF1 is a private French TV network, controlled by TF1 Group, which major share-holder is Bouygues. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Gallery

Panorama of Ushuaia

Panorama of Ushuaia from 2005-02-06.
info
Panorama of Ushuaia from 2005-02-06.

External links


 
 

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