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Encyclopedia > Use of capital punishment by nation
This article is part
of the Capital punishment series
Methods

Decapitation
Electrocution
Firing squad
Gas chamber
Hanging
Lethal injection
More... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... Electric chair as used for electrocutions. ... Salome and the Beheading of St. ... The first electric chair, which was used to execute William Kemmler in 1890 The electric chair is an execution method in which the person being killed is strapped to a chair and electrocuted through electrodes placed on the body. ... The Executions of the Third of May by Francisco Goya Execution by firing squad is a method of capital punishment, particularly common in times of war. ... // For other uses, see Gas chamber (disambiguation). ... // This page is about death by hanging. ... Lethal injection involves injecting a person with fatal doses of drugs to cause death. ... Electric chair as used for electrocutions. ...

Issues

Capital punishment debate
Religion and capital punishment
Wrongful execution Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is often the subject of controversy. ... Most major world religions take an ambiguous position on the morality of capital punishment. ... Wrongful execution or is a miscarriage of justice occurring when an innocent person is put to death by capital punishment, the death penalty. ...

By region

Australia Canada China Europe France Germany
India Italy Iraq Japan Malaysia Pakistan Philippines
Russia Taiwan United Kingdom United States
More... The only countries in Europe that havent abolished the death penalty yet is Albania, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Latvia and Russia. ...

At one time capital punishment was used in almost every part of the globe, but over the last few decades many countries have abolished it. Amnesty International classifies countries in four categories. 69 countries still maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. 89 countries have abolished it completely; 10 retain it, but only for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as crimes committed in time of war). 29 other countries maintain laws permitting the use of the death penalty for ordinary crimes, but have allowed the death penalty to fall into disuse for at least 10 years. Finally, it is not unknown for countries to practice extrajudicial execution sporadically or systematically outside their own formal legal frameworks. This list includes several unrecognized states with de facto control over their territory. Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... This article describes a type of political entity. ... Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) comprising a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights.[1] Founded in the UK in 1961, AI compares actual practices of human rights with internationally accepted standards and demands compliance where these... Extrajudicial execution and extrajudicial punishment are terms to describe death sentences and other types of punishment, respectively, executed without prior proper judicial procedure. ... Several of the worlds geo-political entities lack general international recognition, but wish to be recognized as sovereign states. ...

Contents


Death Penalty World Map

Legend

     Abolished for all crimes      Abolished for crimes not committed in exceptional circumstances (such as crimes committed in time of war)      Abolished in Practice      Legal Form of Punishment


Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1350x625, 106 KB) Alternate version with Belarus fixed and individual US states coloured. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1350x625, 106 KB) Alternate version with Belarus fixed and individual US states coloured. ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ... Physical world map (2004) with country borders and capitals—click for large, 1. ...

Africa

Executions in 2004: Egypt (6),Somalia (4), Sudan (2) A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...

# Country Last Execution Abolished
 Algeria August 1993
Treason and espionage; attempts to change the regime or actions aimed at incitement; destruction of territory, sabotage to public and economic utilities; massacres and slaughters; participation in armed bands or in insurrectionary movements; counterfeiting; murder; acts of torture or cruelty; kidnapping; aggravated theft
Flag of Angola Angola 1992 (by Constitution)
Flag of Benin Benin 1987
armed robbery[1]; Murder[2]; traffickers involved in "labor exploitation"[3]
Flag of Botswana Botswana 19 September 2003[4]
Murder; Treason; Attempt on the life of the head of state; Mutiny; Desertion in the face of the enemy
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 1988
Treason[5]
Flag of Burundi Burundi 2000 or later[6]
Murder [7]
Flag of Cameroon Cameroon January 1997[8]
Secession; espionage; incitement to war[9]
Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde 1835 1981 (by Constitution)
Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic 1981
Treason; espionage; charlatanism; witchcraft; assassination; murder[10]
Flag of Chad Chad 2003[11]
Murder
Flag of Comoros Comoros 1996 or later[12]
Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 2003[13]
Flag of Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo 1982
 Côte d'Ivoire None since independence[14] 2000
Flag of Djibouti Djibouti None since independence 1995
Flag of Egypt Egypt 2004 or later
Rape, only if accompanied by kidnapping of the victim. Murder. Treason. Organized Drug Trafficking.
Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea
Flag of Eritrea Eritrea
Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia
Flag of Gabon Gabon 1981[15]
Flag of The Gambia Gambia 1981
Treason. Abolished 1993 but was reinstated by Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council in August 1995[16]
Flag of Ghana Ghana 1993
Murder; Treason; Armed robbery[16]
Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 1986 1993 (by Constitution)
Flag of Guinea Guinea 2001[17]
Murder
Flag of Kenya Kenya 1984
Murder and armed robbery[13]
Flag of Lesotho Lesotho
Flag of Liberia Liberia 1995[16] September 16, 2005
Liberia acceded to the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, completely abolishing the death penalty
Flag of Libya Libya 2005[18]
High treason; attempt to forcibly change the form of government; premeditated murder[19]
 Madagascar 1958
Flag of Malawi Malawi 1992[20]
Flag of Mali Mali 1980
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania 1987
Sodomy[21]; Apostasy[22] (Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it).
Flag of Mauritius Mauritius 1987 1995
Flag of Morocco Morocco 1993
Terrorism[13]. An abolition law project is being presented to the Parliament of Morocco in spring 2007. (see Human rights in Morocco#Capital punishment)
Flag of Mozambique Mozambique 1986 1990 (by Constitution)
Flag of Namibia Namibia 1988 1990 (by Constitution)
Flag of Niger Niger 1976
Flag of Nigeria Nigeria 2001[16]
Sodomy[23]. Each of the 36 states have their own laws. In the north of the country the legal system used is Sharia (Islamic law)
Flag of Rwanda Rwanda 1998[24]
Genocide [25]
Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe None since independence 1990 (by Constitution)
Flag of Senegal Senegal 1967 10 December 2004
Flag of Seychelles Seychelles None since independence 1993 (by Constitution)
Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 1998
Treason[26]; Murder; Aggravated robbery. Under the Special Court for Sierra Leone the death penalty is not a punishment for war crimes
Flag of Somalia Somalia 2 May 2006[27]
After the breakdown of de jure government, most regions reverted to Islamic law
Flag of Somaliland Somaliland
Flag of South Africa South Africa 31 January 1991[8] 1997
On 25 May 2005 the Constitutional Court ordered that all remaining death sentences in the country be set aside and the prisoners resentenced. This last execution occurred in the internationally unrecognised Black "homelands". The last execution in Pretoria Central Prison was on November 14, 1989.
Flag of Sudan Sudan 2004[28]
Sodomy [29]; Waging war against the state[30]; Apostasy[22]; Prostitution; Treason; Acts which may endanger the independence or unity of the state; Murder; Armed robbery; Weapons possession and smuggling
Flag of Swaziland Swaziland 1983[31]
Murder

[32]; treason Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria_(bordered). ... Traitor redirects here. ... Spy and Secret agent redirect here. ... German supply train blown up by the Armia Krajowa during World War II Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening an enemy, oppressor or employer through subversion, obstruction, disruption, and/or destruction. ... A counterfeit is an imitation that is made with the intent to deceptively represent its content or origins. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Benin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Botswana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burundi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cameroon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic. ... Traitor redirects here. ... Spy and Secret agent redirect here. ... Look up Charlatan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Witchcraft, in various historical, anthropological, religious and mythological contexts, is the use of certain kinds of alleged supernatural or magical powers. ... It has been suggested that Extrajudicial Executions and Assasinations be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chad. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cote_d'Ivoire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... These lollipops were found to contain heroin when inspected by the US DEA The illegal drug trade is a worldwide black market consisting of production, distribution, packaging and sale of illegal psychoactive substances. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Eritrea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gabon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_The_Gambia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kenya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lesotho. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liberia. ... The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is a United Nations treaty based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, created in 1966 and entered into force on 23 March 1976. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Madagascar_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malawi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... Apostasy (from Greek αποστασία, meaning a defection or revolt , from απο, apo, away, apart, στασις, stasis, standing) is a term generally employed to describe the formal renunciation of ones religion, especially if the motive is deemed unworthy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritius. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... The Parliament of Morocco is located in Rabat, the capital of Morocco. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Namibia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niger. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nigeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rwanda. ... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sao_Tome_and_Principe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Seychelles. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sierra_Leone. ... The Special Court for Sierra Leone is an independent judicial body set up to try those who bear greatest responsibility for the war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Sierra Leone after 30 November 1996 during the Sierra Leone Civil War. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Look up De jure in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Rule of sharia be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somaliland. ... Motto لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله  (Arabic) Lā ilāhā illā-llāhu; muhammadun rasÅ«lu-llāhi  (transliteration) There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah And also : Justice, Peace, Freedom, Democracy and Success for All Anthem Saamo ku waar Capital Hargeisa (1941-1960) (1991 - present) Official languages Somali, Arabic... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The South African Constitutional Court was established in 1994 by South Africas first democratic constitution: the Interim Constitution of 1993. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Map of the black homelands in South Africa as of 1986 Map of the black homelands in Namibia as of 1978 Bantustan is a territory designated as a tribal homeland for black South Africans and Namibians during the apartheid era. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Swaziland. ...

Flag of Tanzania Tanzania 1994
Murder; Treason
Flag of Togo Togo 1978[33]
Premeditated murder; plots against the security of the State
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 1991
Murder; violence and aggression; attacks against the internal security of the State; attacks against the external security of the State
Flag of Uganda Uganda 2003[34]
Treason; Terrorism; Murder[35]; Rape; Defilement; Aggravated robbery; Aggravated kidnapping. On June 14, 2005 the Constitutional court ruled that although the death penalty was constitutional, its use as a mandatory punishment for certain crimes was not.[36]
Flag of Western Sahara Western Sahara 1976
The Constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic explicitly outlaws the death penalty; Article 13, from the 1991 revision reads "The death penalty is banned" (translated into English from the Arabic.)[37]
Flag of Zambia Zambia 1997
Murder; Aggravated robbery; High treason. President Levy Mwanawasa stated in 2004 that "For as long as I remain President, I will not execute a death warrant."[20]
Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe June 2003[38]
Treason; Murder; Mutiny

Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Togo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uganda. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Constitutional Court is a high court found in many countries which deals primary with constitutional law. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Western_Sahara. ... A constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) was first promulgated in 1976, but it has been revised several times since then. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... Levy Patrick Mwanawasa (born September 3, 1948) is the third President of Zambia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ...

Asia

Executions in 2004: Afghanistan (1), Bangladesh (7), People's Republic of China (3,400), Republic of China on Taiwan (3[39]), India (1), Indonesia (3), Iran (≈159[40]), Japan (2), Jordan (1[28]), North Korea (probably 40+), Kuwait (9), Lebanon (3), Pakistan (15), Saudi Arabia (33), Singapore (6), Syria (2), Tajikistan (4), Uzbekistan (62), Vietnam (64), Yemen (6) World map showing the location of Asia. ...

# Country Last Execution Abolished
Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan April 20, 2004[41]
Murder; child smuggling in order to use the victim's body parts; Apostasy (see Abdul Rahman (convert))
Flag of Armenia Armenia 1991[42] 2003
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 1992 1998
 Bahrain 1996
premeditated murder; plotting to topple the regime; collaborating with a foreign hostile country; threatening the life of the Emir; defiance of military orders in time of war or martial state
Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 2005[43]
Murder [44]; drug offences [45]; Trafficking in children for immoral or illegal purposes; Trafficking in women for purposes of prostitution[46]
Flag of Bhutan Bhutan 1974[20] 2004
Flag of Brunei Brunei 1957
Murder; unlawful possession of firearms and explosives; possession of heroin, ecstasy and morphine derivatives of more than 15 grams, Cocaine of more than 30 grams, Cannabis of more than 500 grams, Syabu or methamphetamine of more than 50 grams, or Opium of more than 1.2 kg[47]
Flag of Cambodia Cambodia 1989 (by Constitution)
 People's Republic of China 2007
Embezzlement[48]; Rape of children[49]; Fraud[34]Bombing[50]; People trafficking[51]; Piracy; Theft[52]; Corruption; Arson[53]; Murder; "Endangering national security"; Terrorism[54] (see Capital punishment in the People's Republic of China) (The two special administrative regions, namely Hong Kong and Macau, have abolished death penalty.)
Flag of Republic of China Republic of China 2005
Since 2004, most death sentences have been informally given moratorium by President Chen Shui-bian except serious murders
(see Capital punishment in Taiwan)
Flag of East Timor Timor-Leste 1999
Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong 1966 1993*
*when Hong Kong was under British rule, and remains so after the handover to the People's Republic of China.
Flag of India India August 14, 2004[55]
Murder, instigating a child's suicide, treason, acts of terrorism, or a second conviction for drug trafficking. For more information see Capital punishment in India
 Indonesia 2006[56]
Drug trafficking[57]; Terrorism[56]
Flag of Iran Iran 2006[58] [59]
Sodomy [60]; Armed Robbery[34]; Terrorism[61]; Drug trafficking[50]; Kidnapping & rape[62]; Murder[63]; Apostasy[22]
Flag of Iraq Iraq March 20, 2007
murder; endangering national security; distributing drugs; rape; attacks on transport convoys; financing and execution of terrorism[64]. Suspended in April 2003 after 2003 invasion; reinstated May 2005. Last execution against Taha Yassin Ramadan on 20th March 2007.
 Israel 1962 1954 (for other crimes)
Crimes against humanity[65], high treason. Only one execution after 1954 (Adolf Eichmann).
 Japan December 25, 2006[66]
Prosecutors only push for the death penalty in the case of multiple murders, or single murder with aggravating circumstances.[67] Judges usually impose death penalty in case of multiple homicides. Between 1946 and 2003, Japanese courts sentenced 766 people to death, 608 of whom were executed. For 40 months from 1989 to 1993 the successive ministers of justice refused to authorise executions, which amounted to informal moratorium.
Flag of Jordan Jordan 2005[43]
Murder[68]
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 2003[69]
murder with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; attempt on the life of a person administering justice or preliminary investigations; attempt on the life of the president; state treason; sabotage; planning, preparation, or conduct of aggressive war; use of prohibited means and methods of conducting war; genocide; and mercenary participation in armed conflict [70]. Moratorium since 17 December 2003
Flag of North Korea North Korea 2005[58]
Plots against national sovereignty; terrorism ; treason against the Motherland by citizens; treason against the people; murder[71]
 South Korea 1997[72]
Murder [73]. There has been an unofficial moratorium on executions since President Kim Dae-jung took office in February 1998[74]
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 2005[75]
Drugs Trafficking; Rape & Murder[76]
Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
Murder; rape of a female minor; genocide[77]. President Aksar Akayev extended a moratorium in January 2004 that has been in place since 1998.
Flag of Laos Laos 1989
Drugs trafficking[78]
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon 2004
Murder[79]
Flag of Macau Macau
Death penalty and life imprisonment remain legally prohibited. The maximum possible sentence is imprisonment for 30 years.
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 2001[80]
Mandatory for Trafficking in dangerous drugs; Discharging a firearm in the Commission of a scheduled offence; Accomplices in case of discharge of firearm; Offences against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong’s person; Murder. Discretionary for Kidnapping; Consorting with person carrying or having possession of arms or explosives; Waging or attempting to wage war or abetting the waging of war against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Ruler or Yang di-Pertua Negeri[81]
Flag of Maldives Maldives 1952
Murder[82]
Flag of Mongolia Mongolia
terrorist acts committed for political purposes; terrorist acts against representatives of a foreign State for political purposes; sabotage; premeditated murder committed with aggravating circumstances; and rape with aggravating circumstances ; Armed Robbery[83]. According to Amnesty International, executions were carried out in secret and there are no official statistics[84]
Flag of Myanmar Myanmar 1993
High treason[85]
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh Nagorno-Karabakh Never
de facto moratorium on executions since 1997
Flag of Nepal Nepal 1979 1997 (by Constitution)
 Oman 2001[86]
Murder; Drug trafficking[87]
 Pakistan 2005[88]
Murder[75]; Sodomy[89]; Gang rape; Mutiny[90] (see Capital punishment in Pakistan)
Flag of Palestinian territories Palestine 2005[91]
Murder; Rape; Collaborating with Israeli forces to assassinate Palestinians[92]. There had been an unofficial moratorium since 2002 after President Yasser Arafat stopped authorising executions.
Flag of Philippines Philippines 2000 June 24, 2006
Abolished in 1987 under the present constititution, re-introduced in 1993, re-abolished on June 24, 2006 under Republic Act No. 9346.
 Qatar 2001
Espionage[93]; Threat to national security[94]; Apostasy[22]. Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 2005[95] [58]
Many violent and nonviolent offenses including murder, apostasy, drug offenses, witchcraft and sexual misconduct.[96]. Method most often used is beheading by a sword
 Singapore 2007
murder, kidnapping, treason, certain firearm offences, trafficking in more than 15 grams (half an ounce) of heroin, 30 grams of cocaine or 500 grams of cannabis[97] (see capital punishment in Singapore)
Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka June 23, 1976
Flag of Syria Syria 2004[28]
treason; murder; political acts such as bearing arms against Syria in the ranks of the enemy, desertion of the armed forces to the enemy and acts of incitement under martial law or in wartime; violent robberies; rape; verbal opposition to the government; and membership in the Muslim Brotherhood
Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan 2004
Murder with aggravating circumstances; rape with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; biocide; genocide[98]. Moratorium introduced 30 April 2004 by President Emomalii Rahmon
Flag of Thailand Thailand December 12, 2003
Offenses include Regicide; Sedition or Rebellion; Offences committed against the external security of Thailand; Murder or attempted murder of a foreign head of state; Bribery; Arson; Rape; Murder with intent; Kidnapping; Robbery resulting in death. For a full list see here (PDF)
Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 1999 (by Constitution)
Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 2002[99]
Murder; Drug offences[100]; homosexuality[101][102]; Rape; Treason; Aggravated robbery; Apostasy; Environmental pollution; Terrorism
Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 2005[103]
Murder with aggravating circumstances; Terrorism[104]; Genocide; Crimes of aggression. President Islom Karimov signed a decree on 1 August 2005 to replace the death penalty with life imprisonment by 2008[105]
Flag of Vietnam Vietnam 2005[75]
treason; taking action to overthrow the government; espionage; rebellion; banditry; terrorism; sabotage; hijacking; destruction of national security projects; undermining peace; war crimes; crimes against humanity; manufacturing, concealing and trafficking in narcotic substances; murder; rape; robbery; embezzlement; fraud[106]
Flag of Yemen Yemen 2005[58]
Murder [107]; Adultery[108]; homosexuality[101][109]; Apostasy[22]. Although apostasy is a capital offense there are no recorded executions for it

Image File history File links Flag_of_Afghanistan. ... Abdul Rahman, holding a Bible during a court hearing in Kabul on March 23, 2006 Abdul Rahman (Persian, Pashto script: عبدالرحمان) (born 1965) is an Afghan citizen who was arrested in February 2006 for converting from Islam to Christianity [1]. On March 26, 2006, under heavy pressure from foreign governments, and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brunei. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Today, the Republic of China is commonly known as Taiwan or Chinese Taipei. Not to be confused with the Peoples Republic of China. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... Capital punishment is a legal form of punishment in the Republic of China (Taiwan) so far. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... Motto Honra, Pátria e Povo(Portuguese) Honour, Homeland and People Anthem Pátria Capital (and largest city) Dili Official languages Tetum, Portuguese1 Government Republic  -  President Xanana Gusmão  -  Prime Minister José Ramos Horta Independence from Portugal2   -  Declared November 28, 1975   -  Recognized May 20, 2002  Area  -  Total 14,609 km... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... Flag of colonial Hong Kong, a Blue Ensign with the colonys coat of arms. ... The transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom (UK) to the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), often referred to as The Handover, occurred on June 30, 1997. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... It has been suggested that The Pros of suicide be merged into this article or section. ... Traitor redirects here. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events... Capital punishment is legal in India although rarely used. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Combatants Coalition Forces: United States United Kingdom South Korea Australia Poland Romania others. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... Adolf Eichmann in Germany in 1940 Otto Adolf Eichmann (known as Adolf Eichmann; March 19, 1906 – June 1, 1962) was a high-ranking Nazi and SS Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea_(bordered). ... The President is head of state of South Korea. ... Kim Dae-jung (born December 3, 1925) is a South Korean politician. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Laos. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Head, Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... Yang di-Pertua Negeri, literally the head of state in Malay, is the title of the largely symbolic state Governors of the Malaysian states of Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak, who are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maldives. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nagorno-Karabakh. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pakistan_(bordered). ... Capital punishment is legal in Pakistan . ... Image File history File links Palestinian_flag. ... This article is about the Palestinian territories as a geopolitical phenomenon. ... The President of the Palestinian Authority is the highest-ranking political position (equivalent to head of state) in the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Republic Acts are laws in the Philippines, created by the Congress and signed by the president. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore_(bordered). ... Capital punishment is a legal form of punishment in Singapore. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... The Muslim Brotherhood or The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimÅ«n, full title The Society of the Muslim Brothers, often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, the Brotherhood) is a world-wide Sunni Islamist movement, which has spawned several religious and political organizations in the Middle East, dedicated to... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... A biocide is a chemical substance capable of killing different forms of living organisms used in fields such as medicine, agriculture, forestry, and mosquito control. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Emomalii Rahmon (Tajik: (formerly Emomali Sharifovich Rahmonov, Эмомалӣ Шарифович Раҳмонов)[1]; born October 5, 1952) has served as the head of state since 1992 and the President of Tajikistan since 1994. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkmenistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... List of Presidents of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov (1991 - present) Last election See also Politics of Uzbekistan Categories: | | ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ...

Europe

Executions in 2004: Belarus (5) This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... The only countries in Europe that havent abolished the death penalty yet is Albania, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Latvia and Russia. ...

# Country Last Execution Abolished
Flag of Albania Albania 1995[42] 2007
Ratification of Protocol No. 13 of ECHR took place on February 6th and in effect by June 1st, 2007. [110]
Flag of Andorra Andorra 1943 1990 (by Constitution)
Flag of Austria Austria 1950 1968 (by Constitution)
Flag of Belarus Belarus 2004
acts of aggression; murder of a representative of a foreign state or international organization with the intention to provoke international tension or war; international terrorism; genocide; crimes against the security of humanity; murder with aggravating circumstances; terrorism; terrorist acts; treason that results in loss of life; conspiracy to seize power; sabotage; murder of a police officer; use of weapons of mass destruction; and violations of the laws and customs of war[111] (see Capital punishment in Belarus)
 Belgium 1950 1996 (by Constitution)
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Never 1995 (by Constitution)
 Bulgaria 1989 1998
Flag of Croatia Croatia 1973[42] 1990 (by Constitution)
 Cyprus 1962 2002
Capital punishment for murder abolished in 1983.
 Czech Republic 1989 1990 (by Constitution)
For more info see Capital punishment in the Czech Republic.
Flag of Denmark Denmark 1950 1978
 Estonia 1991 1998
 Finland 1944 1972 (by Constitution)
Flag of France France 1977 1981
Forbidden by law in 1981 and by Constitution in 2007.
 Georgia 1995[42] 1997
Flag of Germany Germany none by authorities of the FRG 1949 (FRG)/1987 (GDR)
Last execution in West Germany: 1956 (by US Military Authorities), last execution in East Germany: 1981 (by GDR authorities). Prohibited by the Basic Law since 1949.
Flag of Greece Greece 1972 2004
Flag of Hungary Hungary 1988 1990
Flag of Iceland Iceland 1830 1995
Abolished in 1928; reintroduction made unconstitutional in 1995 by unanimous vote of parliament
 Ireland 1954 1990
21st Amendment to the Constitution (2001) made reintroduction unconstitutional without a further constitutional amendment (and referendum). Until recently it was still technically lawful to execute the murderer of a police officer; however, in practice this never occurred, likely due to widespread moral objection.
Flag of Italy Italy 1947 1994
Already abolished, except in time of war, in 1948 (by the Constitution).
Flag of Latvia Latvia 1996[42] 1999 (for other crimes)
murder with aggravating circumstances if committed during wartime[112]
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 1785 1987
Flag of Lithuania Lithuania 1995 1998
Flag of Luxembourg Luxembourg 1949 1979 (by Constitution)
Flag of Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia 1988[42] 1991 (by Constitution)
 Malta 1943 2000
Capital punishment for murder abolished in 1971; continued to be part of the country's military code until 2000.
Flag of Moldova Moldova 1985[42] 1995
On September 23, 2005 the Moldovan Constitutional Court approved constitutional amendments that explicitly abolished the death penalty[113].
 Monaco 1847 1962 (by Constitution)
Flag of Montenegro Montenegro none since independence
See Serbia
Flag of Netherlands Netherlands 1952 1982 (by Constitution)
Abolished for peacetime offences in 1870, last execution for peacetime offences 1860
Flag of Norway Norway 1948 1979
Abolished for peacetime offences in 1902, last execution for peacetime offences 1876
 Poland 1988 1997
A criminal law reform including reintroducion of death penalty was proposed in 2004 by Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, but lost in the first reading in the Sejm (vote of 198 against to 194 for with 14 abstentions).[20]
Flag of Portugal Portugal 1849 (last woman in 1763) 1976 (by Constitution)
Abolished for political crimes in 1852 (per Additional Act to the Constitutional Charter); abolished for all crimes except in time of war in 1867; abolished in time of war in 1911; reintroduced in time of war in 1915.
Flag of Romania Romania 1989 1990[42] (by Constitution)
 Russia 1999
murder with aggravating circumstances; assassination attempt against a state or public figure; attempt on the life of a person administering justice or preliminary investigations; attempt on the life of a law-enforcement officer; genocide[114]. On 16 April 1997 Russia signed the Sixth Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights, but has yet to ratify it. There has been a moratorium on executions since 1996; no executions in the Russian Federation since August 1996, though one took place in 1999 in the Chechen Republic
 San Marino 1468 1865
 Serbia 1992 1995
Abolished in 1995 on Federal level, local legislation adjusted in 2002[115]
 Slovakia 1989 1990 (by Constitution)
 Slovenia 1957 1989 (by Constitution)
Flag of Spain Spain 27 September 1975 1995
Abolished in 1978 by constitution except for military laws during wartime.
Flag of Sweden Sweden 23 November 1910 1972
Peacetime offences 1921, Wartime offences 1973. Constitutionally prohibited since 1975.
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland 1944 1992
Abolished in 1942 except for wartime military crimes. Constitutionally prohibited since 1999.
Flag of Transnistria Transnistria never
murder; attempt to murder a state or public official; armed rebellion; attempt to murder a magistrate or investigator; attempt to murder a law enforcement agent; genocide. Moratorium since January 1, 1999
Flag of Turkey Turkey 25 October 1984 July 21, 2004 (by Constitution)
Flag of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Never
Treason during wartime, acts of terrorism and piracy jure gentium, and for repeated murders[116]
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine March 1997[117] 2000
Abolished February 2000 after the Ukraine Constitutional Court ruled the death penalty unconstitutional in December 1999. New criminal code passed in April 2001.
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 13 August, 1964 1998
Completely abolished 2003 in line with Human Rights Act (1998); For more information see Capital punishment in the United Kingdom
Flag of Vatican City Vatican City July 9, 1870 (Papal States[118]) 1969

Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Andorra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Capital punishment in Belarus is legal for a variety of crimes that are considered grave by the government. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... Capital punishment (trest smrti in Czech) was legal and used in Czechoslovakia until abolishment in 1990. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... West Germany was the informal but almost universally used name for the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 until 1990, during which years the Federal Republic did not yet include East Germany. ... GDR redirects here. ... The Basic Law (German: Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is the constitution[1] of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland_(bordered). ... The Twenty-first Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland, the founding legal document of the Republic of Ireland, introduced a constitutional ban on the death penalty and removed all references to capital punishment from the text. ... A member of the motorcycle unit of the Garda Síochána. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liechtenstein. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Luxembourg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malta_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... September 23 is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Monaco_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, the bright dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognised... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_corrected_(bordered). ... Then-Prime Minister Marcinkiewicz, Lech KaczyÅ„ski, and Maria KaczyÅ„ska during KaczyÅ„skis swearing in as President of Poland, December 23, 2005. ... The Sejm building in Warsaw. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... April 16 is the 106th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (107th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, also known as the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), was adopted under the auspices of the Council of Europe[1] in 1950 to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 79th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th _ est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Marino_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state)_(bordered). ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1 Government Parliamentary republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 8th century   -  Independence c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Transnistria. ... For the region during the Second World War, see Transnistria (World War II). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... Anthem: Ä°stiklâl Marşı  (Turkish) Independence March Capital LefkoÅŸa (Nicosia) Official languages Turkish Government Representative democratic republic[1]  - President Mehmet Ali Talat  - Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Republic of Cyprus (de facto)   - Proclaimed November 15, 1983   - Recognition Only by Turkey  Area  - Total 3,355 km² (not ranked... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, now abolished has a long history, from before the United Kingdom existed. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Vatican_City. ... Coat of arms Map of the Papal States; the reddish area was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, the rest (grey) in 1870. ...

North America and Caribbean

Executions in 2004: United States (59) World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... West Indian redirects here. ...

# Country Last Execution Abolished
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda February 2, 1991
Murder
Flag of The Bahamas Bahamas January 6, 2000
Treason; Piracy; Murder
Flag of Barbados Barbados 10 October 1984[8]
Murder; Treason
Flag of Belize Belize June 1985[8]
murder, except where extenuating circumstances can be proved[119]
Flag of Bermuda Bermuda 1977 2000
 Canada 11 December 1962 1976
For more information see Capital punishment in Canada
Flag of Costa Rica Costa Rica 1859[120] 1877 (by Constitution)
Flag of Cuba Cuba 2003
Hijacking[121]; crimes against state security; murder[122]
Flag of Dominica Dominica August 8, 1986 or later
Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 1966 (by Constitution)
Flag of El Salvador El Salvador 1973 1983 (for other crimes)
The death penalty may be imposed only in cases provided by military laws during a state of international war[123]
Flag of Grenada Grenada 1978
Flag of Guatemala Guatemala 1998 or later[124]
Flag of Haiti Haiti 1972 1987 (by Constitution)
Flag of Honduras Honduras 1940 1956(by Constitution)
Flag of Jamaica Jamaica 2003[125]
Murder[126]
Flag of Mexico Mexico 1937 2005
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua 1930 1979 (by Constitution)
Flag of Panama Panama 1903 1903 (by Constitution)
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis July 20, 1998
Murder
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia 17 October, 1995
Murder; Treason
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines February 13, 1995
Murder; Treason
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago July 28, 1999
Murder; Treason[127]
Flag of Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands 2002[128]
Flag of United States United States October 24, 2006[129]
Federal Law provides death penalty for many homicide-related crimes, as well as espionage, treason, and trafficking large quantities of drugs. [130]. Many states have their own laws regarding the death penalty. As of 2007, the Death Penalty has been abolished or found unconstitutional in 12+ states, although the rest still exercise the death penalty. Although legally a punishment of several crimes, it has not been applied for any crime other than murder or conspiracy to murder since 1964. It is now only used in cases of murder accompanied by previously identified special circumstances (e.g., murder and rape, murder and kidnapping, etc.) Some states also provide it for some cases of sexual assault especially sex crimes against children (i.e. statutory rape, sexual assault against a minor). Sentences of death must be handed down by a jury, not by a judge alone; the jury must hand down the sentence at the conclusion of a separate penalty phase of the trial (at least implying the jurors who sentence the person to death were the same jurors who convicted him or her of the crime). For more information see Capital punishment in the United States.

Image File history File links Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Bahamas. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Barbados. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belize. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bermuda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada_(bordered). ... The only method used in Canada for capital punishment was hanging. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Dominica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Grenada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Honduras. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Lucia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turks_and_Caicos_Islands. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sexual assault is any undesired physical contact of a sexual nature perpetrated against another person. ... Capital punishment (also known as the Death Penalty) in the United States is officially sanctioned by 38 of the 50 states, as well as by the federal government and the military. ...

Oceania

Executions in 2004: none World map exhibiting a common interpretation of Oceania; other interpretations may vary. ...

# Country Last Execution Abolished
Flag of Australia Australia February 3, 1967[131] 1922 - 1985
Queensland: 1922, Tasmania: 1968, the Commonwealth: 1973, Northern Territory: 1973, Victoria: 1975, South Australia: 1976, ACT: 1983, Western Australia: 1984, and New South Wales: 1985. For more information see Capital punishment in Australia.
Flag of Cook Islands Cook Islands none since self-government
Treason[132]. For more information see Capital punishment in the Cook Islands
Flag of Fiji Fiji 1964 1979 (for other crimes)
Only for crimes under the Republic of Fiji Military Forces Act
Flag of Kiribati Kiribati none since independence 1979
Flag of Marshall Islands Marshall Islands none since independence 1986 (by Constitution)
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia none since independence 1986 (by Constitution)
Flag of Nauru Nauru none since independence
Treason; Piracy; Murder
Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 17 February, 1957 1989
For more information see Capital punishment in New Zealand
Flag of Niue Niue
Flag of Palau Palau none since independence probably 1994
Flag of Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 1950
Treason; Piracy; Attempted piracy; willful murder
Flag of Samoa Samoa 1950s 21 January 2004[133]
Flag of Solomon Islands Solomon Islands none since independence 1978
Flag of Tonga Tonga 1982
Treason; Murder
Flag of Tuvalu Tuvalu none since independence 1978
Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu none since independence 1980

Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Peter Beattie (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd)  - Product per capita  $40,170/person (6th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  4,070,400 (3rd)  - Density  2. ... Capital Hobart Government Const. ... Anthem: Advance Australia Fair Royal anthem: God Save the Queen Capital Canberra Largest city Sydney Official languages English (de facto 1) Government Constitutional monarchy (federal)  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Governor-General Michael Jeffery  -  Prime Minister John Howard Independence from the UK   -  Constitution 1 January 1901   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931... Capital Darwin Government Const. ... Capital Melbourne Government Const. ... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... Capital Canberra Government Const. ... Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $100,900 (4th)  - Product per capita  $50,355/person (3rd) Population (December 2006)  - Population  2,050,900 (4th)  - Density  0. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... Capital punishment was last used in Australia in 1967, when Ronald Ryan was hanged in Victoria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Cook_Islands. ... Capital punishment in the Cook Islands, a state in free association with New Zealand, has never been put into practice, but remains a part of the legal system, and could theoretically be employed. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kiribati. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Marshall_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nauru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Capital punishment in New Zealand was abolished in 1989, and was last used in 1957. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niue. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Papua_New_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Samoa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Solomon_Islands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tonga. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tuvalu. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vanuatu. ...

South America

Executions in 2004: none South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...

# Country Last Execution Abolished
Flag of Argentina Argentina 1916 1984 (for other crimes)
Constitution states "The penalty of death for political offences, all kinds of torture, and flogging, are forever abolished."
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia 1974 1997 (for other crimes)
Flag of Brazil Brazil 1855 1979 (for other crimes)
"serious crime of a military nature committed during wartime"[134]
 Chile 1985 2001 (for other crimes)
Although it has been completely abolished from civil justice, it may still be applied for military justice and Only for exceptional crimes. In practice, this doesn't occur. Last execution took place in 1985.
Flag of Colombia Colombia 1909 1910 (by Constitution)
Prohibited by the Colombian Constitution of 1991: "The right to life is inviolable. There will be no death penalty."
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador 1906 (by Constitution)
Flag of Guyana Guyana
terrorist acts[135]
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay 1928 1992 (by Constitution)
Flag of Peru Peru 1979 1979 (for other crimes)
Treason in time of war; Terrorism[123]
Flag of Suriname Suriname 1982
aggravated murder; premeditated murder; treason[136]
 Uruguay 1905 1907 (by Constitution)
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela 1863 (by Constitution)

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Its the Constitution of Colombia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guyana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Suriname. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.omct.org/pdf/procedures/2004/joint/s_violence_benin_sum_recom_10_2004.pdf (PDF)
  2. ^ http://www.unhchr.ch/tbs/doc.nsf/0/86fccf0fb9823123c1256b13005aadb5?Opendocument
  3. ^ http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41588.htm
  4. ^ http://www.ditshwanelo.org.bw/index/Current_Issues/Death_Penalty.htm
  5. ^ http://www.politinfo.com/articles/article_2004_04_8_2302.html
  6. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR160212004?open&of=ENG-BDI
  7. ^ http://www.santegidio.org/pdm/news2002/28_06_02_b.htm
  8. ^ a b c d http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/common.html
  9. ^ http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/hrcommittee/cameroon1999.html
  10. ^ http://www2.unog.ch/news2/documents/newsen/ct04008e.htm
  11. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR200012004?open&of=ENG-TCD
  12. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500091996?open&of=ENG-392
  13. ^ a b c http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500072004?open&of=ENG-MAR
  14. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR050032003?open&of=ENG-CPV
  15. ^ http://wwwserver.law.wits.ac.za/humanrts/hrcommittee/gabon2000.html
  16. ^ a b c d http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR050032003
  17. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGAFR290042001?open&of=ENG-GIN
  18. ^ http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/article.php?enewsid=18371
  19. ^ http://www.bta.bg/site/libya/en/07courtsystem.htm
  20. ^ a b c d http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGACT500012005
  21. ^ http://www.sodomylaws.org/world/world.htm#Africa
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Metuchen borough highlighted in Middlesex County Image:Metuchen. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

External links

  • Amnesty International
  • The Death Penalty Worldwide
  • Countries retaining death penalty fail to give details of executions - United Nations, July 14, 2005
  • Death Penalty in Asia-Pacific

 
 

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