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Encyclopedia > Usatovo culture

Usatovo culture, 3500—3000 BC, an archaeological culture facing the Black sea between the mouths of the Bug River and the Danube in present-day Romania, Moldavia, and southern Ukraine. In archaeology, culture refers to either of two separate but allied concepts: An archaeological culture is a pattern of similar artefacts and features found within a specific area over a limited period of time. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ...

It is seen as a hybrid, with roots in both the Cernovadian and the Tripolye cultures, overlain by an intrusive steppe-derived element of the Indo-European-speaking Kurgan culture. Metal artefacts are connected to contacts with the distant Caucusus. Cernavoda culture, ca. ... Reconstruction of a Tripolye hut, in the Tripolye museum, Ukraine. ... The Indo-European languages comprise a family of several hundred related languages and dialects [1], including most of the major languages of Europe, as well as many spoken in the Indian subcontinent (South Asia), the Iranian plateau (Southwest Asia), and Central Asia. ... Sarmatian Kurgan 4th c. ...

It is seen as part of the "Balkan-Danubian complex" that stretches from Troy, the Danube valley up into the Elbe. In later times, the region is linguistically Dacian and Thracian. Troy or Ilion, see Troy (disambiguation) and Ilion (disambiguation). ... The Dacian language was an Indo-European language spoken by the ancient people of Dacia. ... The Thracian language was the Indo-European language spoken in ancient times by the Thracians in South-Eastern Europe. ...


  • J. P. Mallory, "Usatavo Culture", Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997.



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