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Encyclopedia > Urum language

Urum is a Turkic language spoken by several thousand people who inhabit a few villages in the Southeastern Ukraine and in Georgia. The Turkic languages are a group of closely related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China. ...


The name Urum is derived from the medieval Greek word for Rome designating Constantinople and Greece in general. The Ottoman empire used it to describe non-Muslims within the empire. The initial vowel in Urum is prosthetic: originally Turkic languages did not have r- in word-initial position, and in borrowed words used to add a vowel before it. Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335 - 1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (Constantinople) (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40...


A few manuscripts are known to be written in Urum using Greek characters (see #References). During the period between 1927 and 1937,the Urum language was written in reformed Latin characters, the so called New Turkic Alphabet and used in local schools; at least one primer is known to have been printed. In 1937 the use of written Urum stopped. The Greek language is written in the Greek alphabet, developed in classical times (ca 9th century B.C.) and passed down to the present. ...


Very little has been published on the Urum language. There exists a very small lexicon (Baruch Podolsky, A Tatar - English Glossary, Harrassowitz 1985 ISBN 3447002999), and a small description of the language (Baruch Podolsky, Notes on the Urum Language, Mediterranean Language Review vol. 2, 1986, pp. 99-112).


References

  • Urum
  • [http://www.qypchaq.unesco.kz/urums-en.htm North Azovian Urums

  Results from FactBites:
 
Turkic languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (286 words)
The Turkic languages are a group of related languages that are spoken by a variety of people distributed across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China with estimated 100-130 million native speakers.
Turkic languages are agglutinative and exhibit phonological vowel harmony.
Various elements have passed to Turkic languages especially from Chinese, Persian, Russian and Arabic languages, and various elements from Turkic languages have been carried as far as the northernmost territories of Russia, and possibly even to North America.
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