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Encyclopedia > Urology

Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. In men, the urinary system overlaps with the reproductive system, and in women the urinary tract opens into the vulva. In both sexes, the urinary and reproductive tracts are close together, and disorders of one often affect the other. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis). The urinary system is a system of organs, tubes, muscles, and nerves that work together to create, store, and carry, urine. ... The kidneys are organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... Transverse section of ureter. ... In anatomy, the urinary bladder is a hollow, muscular, and distensible (or elastic) organ that sits on the pelvic floor in mammals. ... In anatomy, the urethra is a tube which connects the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. ... The testicle (from Latin testis, meaning witness [1], plural testes) or ballock is the male generative gland in animals. ... Male Anatomy The epididymis is part of the human male reproductive system and is present in all male mammals. ... The vas deferens, also called ductus deferens, (Latin: carrying-away vessel) is part of the male anatomy of some species, including humans. ... The seminal vesicles are a pair of simple tubular glands posterinferior to the urinary bladder of males. ... The prostate is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male mammalian reproductive system. ... The penis (plural penises, penes) is an external male sexual organ. ...


The discipline combines management of medical (i.e., non-surgical) problems such as urinary infections, and surgical problems such as the correction of congenital abnormalities and the surgical management of cancers. Such abnormalities within the genital region are called genitourinary disorders.


Urologists are also involved in the assessment and treatment of incontinence. Urodynamics is the study of the pressure within the urinary system and urologists often use diagnostic techniques such as flow cystometry or ambulatory urodynamic profiles to determine the best method of treatment for the patient. This could include medical prescription (e.g. oxybutynin or multiple alpha-blockers) or surgical intervention (e.g. urethral suspension/slings). The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Categories: Medicine stubs | Medical tests | Urology ... Oxybutynin is an anti-cholinergenic pharmaceutical used to relieve urinary and bladder difficulties, including frequent urination and inability to control urination. ...


Other subfields of urology include urologic oncology, stone disease, voiding dysfunction, pediatric urology, sexual dysfunction and male infertility. Clinical Examination Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents (from newborn to age 16-21, depending on the country). ... It has been suggested that Sexual function be merged into this article or section. ... Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a man or a woman to contribute to conception. ...


Urology is closely related to the medical fields of nephrology, andrology, gynaecology, proctology and oncology. A drawing of the human kidney from Grays Anatomy. ... Andrology (from the Greek andros, man) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men. ... The shamefulness associated with the examination of female genitalia has long inhibited the science of gynaecology. ... Proctology is a field in medicine dealing with diseases and disorders of the rectum, anus, colon and pelvic floor. ... Oncology is the branch of medicine that studies tumors (cancer) and seeks to understand their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. ...


Further reading

  • Contemporary Urology - a monthly magazine

See also

For other uses of the acronym BPH, see BPH (disambiguation). ... Kidney stones, also known as nephrolithiasis, urolithiasis or renal calculi, are solid accretions (crystals) of dissolved minerals in urine found inside the kidneys or ureters. ... Bladder cancer refers to any of several types of malignant growths of the urinary bladder. ... In prenatal development, the urinary and reproductive organs are developed from the intermediate mesoderm. ... Interstitial cystitis (commonly abbreviated to IC) is a urinary bladder disease of unknown cause characterised by urinary frequency (as often as every 10 minutes), urgency, pressure and/or pain in the bladder and/or pelvis. ... Kidney stones, or Renal calculi, are solid concretions (crystal aggregations) of dissolved minerals in urine; calculi typically form inside the kidneys or ureters. ... A medical specialist is someone who specializes in a particular field of medicine. ... Prostatitis is any form of inflammation of the prostate gland. ... Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. ... Retrograde Pyelogram is a urology procedure where the physician is trying to find a kidney stone. ... Uroscopy is the historic medical practice of visually examining a patients urine for pus, blood, or other symptoms of disease. ... Vasectomy is a semi-permanent birth control (as it can be reversed) method for men. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Urology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (249 words)
Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males.
The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs (testes, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis).
Urology is closely related to the medical fields of nephrology, andrology, gynaecology and oncology.
Home page (208 words)
Urology deals with the surgical treatment of diseases of the genito urinary system - (kidney, ureter, bladder, penis and testis).
Laparoscopic Urology achieves this through small key holes instead of large wounds on the body.
Urology is a surgical specialty dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the urinary tract (kidneys, bladder, prostate,urethra and ureter) and of the male reproductive organs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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