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Encyclopedia > Uridine monophosphate
Uridine monophosphate
IUPAC nomenclature is a systematic way of naming organic chemical compounds. Ideally, every organic compound should have a name from which an unambiguous structural formula can be drawn. There is also a IUPAC system for naming inorganic compounds, see the systematic name page for details. In IUPAC nomenclature, a number... Chemical name 5'-Uridylic acid
A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. It identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of such element to be found in each discrete molecule of... Chemical formula C9H13N2O9P
The molecular mass of a substance (less accurately called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW) is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12). The molecular mass can be calculated... Molecular mass 324.18 g/mol
CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences and alloys. They are also referred to as CAS numbers or CAS RNs. Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), a division of the American Chemical Society, assigns these identifiers to every chemical that has been described in the literature... CAS number 58-97-9
The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES is a specification for unambiguously describing the structure of chemical molecules using short ASCII alpha-numeric strings. SMILES strings can be imported by most molecule editors for conversion back into two-dimensional drawings or three-dimensional models of the molecules. The... SMILES O[C@H]1[C@H]([C@H]
(N(C(N2)=O)C=CC2=O)O
[C@@H]1COP(O)(O)=O)O

Uridine monophosphate, also known as 5'-uridylic acid and abbreviated UMP, is a A nucleotide is an organic molecule consisting of a heterocyclic nucleobase (a purine or a pyrimidine), a pentose sugar (deoxyribose in DNA or ribose in RNA), and a phosphate or polyphosphate group. (A nucleoside is similar, except that it contains only the sugar and base, without a phosphate.) Nucleotide names... nucleotide that is found in Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid consisting of a string of covalently-bound nucleotides. It is biochemically distinguished from DNA by the presence of an additional hydroxyl group, attached to each pentose ring; as well as by the use of uracil, instead of thymine. One of the main functions... RNA. It is an For the Biblical Ester, see Esther. For the town, see Ester, Alaska. This article is in need of attention. Please improve it in any way you see fit. Esters are usually encountered as sweet smelling organic compounds commonly produced by many plants and fruits. However, the most common esters found... ester of Detergent use Phosphates are used in modern detergents, useful as they provide a so-called biodegradable detergent, which does not for a long time provide detergent capabilities (e.g., foaming in streams and rivers) but which, unfortunately (in addition to industrial farming waste), does provide nutrition to plant life that... phosphoric acid with the Nucleosides are glycosylamines made by attaching a nucleobase to a ribose ring. Examples of these include cytidine, uridine, adenosine, guanosine, thymidine and inosine. Nucleosides can be phosphorylated by specific kinases in the cell, producing nucleotides, which are the molecular building blocks of DNA and RNA. Nucleoside triphosphates are the energy... nucleoside Uridine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when uracil is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. If uracil is attached to a deoxyribose ring, it is known as a deoxyuridine. Categories: Nucleosides ... uridine. UMP consists of the In chemistry, a phosphate is a polyatomic ion or radical consisting of one phosphorus atom and four oxygen. In the ionic form, it carries a -3 formal charge, and is denoted PO43-. In a biochemical setting, a free phosphate ion in solution is called inorganic phosphate, to distinguish it from... phosphate In ecology functional groups are collections of organisms based on morphological, physiological, behavioral, biochemical, or environmental responses or on trophic criteria. In organic chemistry functional groups are submolecular structural motifs, characterized by specific elemental composition and connectivity, that confer reactivity upon the molecule that contains them. The following is a... group, the A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms. They either have an aldehyde functional group in position 1 (aldopentoses), or a ketone functional group in position 2 (ketopentoses). The aldopentoses have three chiral centres (asymmetric carbon atoms) and so 8 different stereoisomers are possible. The 4 D-aldopentoses are... pentose This article deals with sugar as food and as an important, widely traded commodity; the word also has other uses; see Sugar (disambiguation) A sugar is a form of carbohydrate; the most commonly used sugar is a white crystalline solid, sucrose; used to alter the flavor and properties (mouthfeel, perservation... sugar Ribose Ribose is a five carbon sugar (pentose) that is critical to living creatures. It is a component of the RNA that is used for genetic transcription, and is related to deoxyribose which is a component of DNA. It is also a component of ATP, NADH, and several other chemicals... ribose, and the Nucleobases are the parts of RNA and DNA that are involved in pairing up (see also base pairs). These include cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine ( DNA) and uracil ( RNA). These are abbreviated as C, G, A, T, and U, respectively. Uracil replaces thymine in RNA. These two bases are identical except... nucleobase Uracil Uracil is one of the four RNA bases, replacing thymine as found in DNA. Just like thymine, uracil can form a base pair with adenine via two hydrogen bonds, but it lacks the methyl group present in thymine. Uracil, in comparison to thymine, will more readily degenerate into cytosine... uracil.


See also

  • Nucleosides are glycosylamines made by attaching a nucleobase to a ribose ring. Examples of these include cytidine, uridine, adenosine, guanosine, thymidine and inosine. Nucleosides can be phosphorylated by specific kinases in the cell, producing nucleotides, which are the molecular building blocks of DNA and RNA. Nucleoside triphosphates are the energy... Nucleoside
  • A nucleotide is an organic molecule consisting of a heterocyclic nucleobase (a purine or a pyrimidine), a pentose sugar (deoxyribose in DNA or ribose in RNA), and a phosphate or polyphosphate group. (A nucleoside is similar, except that it contains only the sugar and base, without a phosphate.) Nucleotide names... Nucleotide
  • DNA replication Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid which is capable of carrying genetic instructions for the biological development of all cellular forms of life and many viruses. DNA is sometimes referred to as the molecule of heredity as it is inherited and used to propagate traits. During reproduction... DNA
  • Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid consisting of a string of covalently-bound nucleotides. It is biochemically distinguished from DNA by the presence of an additional hydroxyl group, attached to each pentose ring; as well as by the use of uracil, instead of thymine. One of the main functions... RNA
  • Oligonucleotides are short sequences of nucleotides (RNA or DNA), typically with twenty or fewer base pairs. See also: polynucleotide ... Oligonucleotide
A nucleic acid is a complex, high-molecular-weight biochemical macromolecule composed of nucleotide chains that convey genetic information. The most common nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Nucleic acids are found in all living cells and viruses. Nucleic acid, so called because of its prevalence... Nucleic acids edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Nucleic_acids&action=edit)

Nucleobases are the parts of RNA and DNA that are involved in pairing up (see also base pairs). These include cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine ( DNA) and uracil ( RNA). These are abbreviated as C, G, A, T, and U, respectively. Uracil replaces thymine in RNA. These two bases are identical except... Nucleobases
Structure of Adenine Adenine is one of the two purine nucleobases used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. In DNA, adenine (A) binds to thymine (T) to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. In RNA, adenine binds to uracil (U). Adenine forms adenosine, a nucleoside... Adenine - Thymine Thymine (C5H6N2O2, 2-oxy-4-oxy-5-methylpyrimidine, 2,4-dioxy-5-methylpyrimidine, 5-methyluracil) is one of the bases of the nucleic acid found in DNA. It can base pair with adenine. Thymine combined with deoxyribose creates the nucleoside thymidine. Thymidine can be phosphorylated with one, two or... Thymine - Uracil Uracil is one of the four RNA bases, replacing thymine as found in DNA. Just like thymine, uracil can form a base pair with adenine via two hydrogen bonds, but it lacks the methyl group present in thymine. Uracil, in comparison to thymine, will more readily degenerate into cytosine... Uracil - Guanine (2-amino-6-oxypurine) is one of the four main nucleobases found in nucleic acids (e.g., DNA and RNA). Guanine is a purine derivative and in Watson-Crick base pairing forms hydrogen bonds in the plane of the fused rings with cytosine. Guanine stacks vertically with the other... Guanine - Cytosine Cytosine is one of the 5 main nucleobases used in storing and transporting genetic information within a cell. It is a pyrimidine derivative, with a heterocyclic aromatic ring and two substituents attached (an amine group at position 4 and a keto group at position 2). The nucleoside of cytosine... Cytosine
Purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, consisting of a pyrimidine ring that is fused with an imidazole ring. The general term purines refers to substituted purines and their tautomers. Two of the bases in nucleic acids, adenine and guanine, are purines. In DNA, these bases form hydrogen bonds with... Purine - Pyrimidine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound, which is similar to benzene and pyridine and that contains two nitrogen atoms at positions 1 and 3 of the six-membered ring. Three bases of the nucleic acids, namely cytosine, thymine, and uracil, are pyrimidine derivatives. In DNA, these bases form hydrogen... Pyrimidine -

Nucleosides are glycosylamines made by attaching a nucleobase to a ribose ring. Examples of these include cytidine, uridine, adenosine, guanosine, thymidine and inosine. Nucleosides can be phosphorylated by specific kinases in the cell, producing nucleotides, which are the molecular building blocks of DNA and RNA. Nucleoside triphosphates are the energy... Nucleosides
The chemical structure of adenosine Adenosine is a nucleoside formed when adenine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. Adenosine plays an important role in biochemical processes, such as energy transfer - as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) - as... Adenosine - Thymidine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when thymine is attached to a deoxyribose ring (also known as a deoxyribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. Thymidine can be phosphorylated with one, two or three phosphoric acid groups, creating respectively TMP, TDP or TTP (thymidine mono... Thymidine - Uridine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when uracil is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. If uracil is attached to a deoxyribose ring, it is known as a deoxyuridine. Categories: Nucleosides ... Uridine - Guanosine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when guanine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. Guanosine can be phosphorylated to become GDP (guanosine diphosphate) and GTP (guanosine triphosphate) among other things. If guanine is attached... Guanosine - Cytidine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. If cytosine is attached to a deoxyribose ring, it is known as a deoxycytidine. Categories: Nucleosides ... Cytidine
The chemical structure of adenosine Adenosine is a nucleoside formed when adenine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. Adenosine plays an important role in biochemical processes, such as energy transfer - as adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) - as... Deoxyadenosine - Deoxythymidine - Uridine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when uracil is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. If uracil is attached to a deoxyribose ring, it is known as a deoxyuridine. Categories: Nucleosides ... Deoxyuridine - Guanosine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when guanine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N9-glycosidic bond. Guanosine can be phosphorylated to become GDP (guanosine diphosphate) and GTP (guanosine triphosphate) among other things. If guanine is attached... Deoxyguanosine - Cytidine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. If cytosine is attached to a deoxyribose ring, it is known as a deoxycytidine. Categories: Nucleosides ... Deoxycytidine
Ribose Ribose is a five carbon sugar (pentose) that is critical to living creatures. It is a component of the RNA that is used for genetic transcription, and is related to deoxyribose which is a component of DNA. It is also a component of ATP, NADH, and several other chemicals... Ribose - Deoxyribose Deoxyribose (more precisely 2-deoxyribose) is a five-carbon sugar (a pentose) derived from the pentose sugar ribose by the repacement of the hydroxyl group at the 2 position with hydrogen, leading to the net loss of an oxygen. Ribose forms a five member ring composed of four carbon... Deoxyribose

A nucleotide is an organic molecule consisting of a heterocyclic nucleobase (a purine or a pyrimidine), a pentose sugar (deoxyribose in DNA or ribose in RNA), and a phosphate or polyphosphate group. (A nucleoside is similar, except that it contains only the sugar and base, without a phosphate.) Nucleotide names... Nucleotides
Adenosine monophosphate, also known as AMP, is the product of adenosine condensation with a single phosphate group: AMP can be produced during ATP synthesis by the enzyme adenylate kinase by combining two ADP molecules: 2 ADP → ATP + AMP Or AMP may be produced by the hydrolysis of one high... AMP - Thymidine monophosphate, also known as 5-thymidylic acid and abbreviated TMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside thymidine. TMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase thymine. See also Nucleoside Nucleotide DNA RNA... TMP - UMP - Guanosine monophosphate, also known as 5-guanidylic acid and abbreviated GMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside guanosine. GMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase guanine. See also Nucleoside Nucleotide DNA RNA... GMP - Cytidine monophosphate, also known as 5-cytidylic acid and abbreviated CMP, is a nucleotide that is found in RNA. It is an ester of phosphoric acid with the nucleoside cytidine. CMP consists of the phosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase cytosine. See also Nucleoside Nucleotide DNA RNA... CMP
In biochemistry adenosine diphosphate (commonly called ADP) is a participating chemical in the reactions of intracellular energy transfers. See adenosine triphosphate for a description of the reactions, and also adenosine monophosphate Categories: Nucleotides ... ADP - Thymidine diphosphate, abbreviated TDP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside thymidine. TDP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase thymine. See also Nucleoside Nucleotide DNA RNA Oligonucleotide Categories: Biochemistry stubs | Nucleotides ... TDP - Uridine diphosphate, abbreviated UDP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside uridine. UDP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase uracil. See also Nucleoside Nucleotide DNA RNA Oligonucleotide Categories: Biochemistry stubs | Nucleotides ... UDP - GDP (guanosine diphosphate) is a chemical compound essential to signal transduction in living cells. It is created by the actions of GTPases on GTP. Categories: Stub | Nucleotides ... GDP - Cytidine diphosphate, abbreviated CDP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside cytidine. CDP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase cytosine. See also Nucleoside Nucleotide DNA RNA Oligonucleotide Categories: Biochemistry stubs | Nucleotides ... CDP
For other uses of the initials ATP, see ATP (disambiguation) Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ATP also plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleic... ATP - TTP - UTP - GTP (also known as guanylyl imidodiphosphate, guanosine-5-triphosphate, or guanosine triphosphate) is a chemical compound (nucleotide) that is incorporated into the growing RNA chain during synthesis of RNA and used as a source of energy during synthesis of proteins. GTP is also essential to signal transduction in living cells... GTP - CTP
Structure of cAMP Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP, cyclic AMP or 3-5-cyclic adenosine monophosphate) is a molecule that is important in many biological processes; it is derived from adenosine triphosphate (ATP). cAMP is a second messenger, used for intracellular signal transduction, such as transferring the effects of hormones like... cAMP - Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is a second messenger derived from GTP. Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is a cyclic nucleotide derived from guanosine triphosphate (GTP). cGMP acts as a second messenger much like cyclic AMP, most notably by activating intracellular protein kinases in response to the binding of membrane-impermeable peptide... cGMP

A nucleotide is a monomer or the structural unit of nucleotide chains forming nucleic acids as RNA and DNA. A nucleotide consists of a heterocyclic nucleobase, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate or polyphosphate group. Nucleotides also play important roles in cellular energy transport and transformations (notably ATP and NAD... Deoxynucleotides
dAMP - dTMP - dUMP - dGMP - Cytidine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when cytosine is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a β-N1-glycosidic bond. If cytosine is attached to a deoxyribose ring, it is known as a deoxycytidine. Categories: Nucleosides ... dCMP
dADP - dTDP - dUDP - dGDP - dCDP
dATP - dTTP - dUTP - dGTP - dCTP

A nucleic acid is a complex, high-molecular-weight biochemical macromolecule composed of nucleotide chains that convey genetic information. The most common nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Nucleic acids are found in all living cells and viruses. Nucleic acid, so called because of its prevalence... Nucleic acids
DNA replication Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid which is capable of carrying genetic instructions for the biological development of all cellular forms of life and many viruses. DNA is sometimes referred to as the molecule of heredity as it is inherited and used to propagate traits. During reproduction... DNA - Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid consisting of a string of covalently-bound nucleotides. It is biochemically distinguished from DNA by the presence of an additional hydroxyl group, attached to each pentose ring; as well as by the use of uracil, instead of thymine. One of the main functions... RNA - The interaction of mRNA in a eukaryote cell. RNA is created in the transcription; after splicing and polyadenylation it is transported to the cytoplasm, and translation occurs in a ribosome. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is RNA that carries information from DNA to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell... mRNA - A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is any RNA molecule that functions without being translated into a protein. A commonly used synonym is small RNA (sRNA). Less-frequently used synonyms are non-messenger RNA (nmRNA), small non-messenger RNA (snmRNA), and functional RNA (fRNA). The DNA sequence from which a non... ncRNA - The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. The correct title is miRNA. In genetics, a miRNA (micro-RNA) is a form of single-stranded RNA which is typically 20-25 nucleotides long, and is thought to regulate the expression of other genes. miRNAs are RNA... miRNA - A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is any RNA molecule that functions without being translated into a protein. A commonly used synonym is small RNA (sRNA). Less-frequently used synonyms are non-messenger RNA (nmRNA), small non-messenger RNA (snmRNA), and functional RNA (fRNA). The DNA sequence from which a non... rRNA - shRNA - Small interfering RNA (siRNA) are a class of 20-25 nucleotide-long RNA molecules that interfere with the expression of genes. These are produced as part of the RNA interference (RNAi) process by the enzyme Dicer. External links siDirect: a web-based online software system for computing siRNA sequences Paper... siRNA - Transfer RNA (abbreviated tRNA) is a small RNA chain (74-93 nucleotides) that transfers a specific amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation. It has sites for amino-acid attachment and codon (a particular sequence of 3 bases) recognition. The codon... tRNA - Oligonucleotides are short sequences of nucleotides (RNA or DNA), typically with twenty or fewer base pairs. See also: polynucleotide ... Oligonucleotide


  Results from FactBites:
 
DOXIFLURIDINE (5'-DEOXY-5-FLUOROURIDINE) (753 words)
Uridine Diphosphate (UDP): a nucleotide, the 5'-pyrophosphate of uridine; acting as the chief transferring coenzyme in carbohydrate metabolism; acting as a carrier of hexoses, hexosamines, and hexuronic acids which are intermediates in the metabolism.
Uridine Triphosphate (UTP): a nucleotide, the 5'-triphosphate of uridine; acting as a precursor in the synthesis of ribonucleic acid and of UDP-linked intermediates.
Deoxyuridine Monophosphate (dUMP): a nucleotide, the 5'-phosphate of deoxyuridine; an intermediate in the synthesis of deoxythymidine triphosphate.
Dorlands Medical Dictionary (3246 words)
diphosphate (UDP) a nucleotide, the 5′-pyrophosphate of uridine, which serves as a carrier for hexoses, hexosamines, and hexuronic acids in the synthesis of glycogen, glycoproteins, and glycosaminoglycans.
monophosphate (UMP) a nucleotide, the 5′-phosphate of uridine; it is a component of ribonucleic acid.
triphosphate (UTP) a nucleotide, the 5′-triphosphate of uridine; it is an activated precursor in the synthesis of ribonucleic acid and of UDP-linked hexoses involved in glycogen and glycoprotein metabolism.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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