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Encyclopedia > Uriah the Hittite

Uriah the Hittite was a soldier in King David’s army mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. He was the husband of Bathsheba, and was murdered by order of David by having the soldiers retreat from him in battle. Uriah's wife was pregnant by King David through an adulterous affair. Although under David's order to return home and see his wife, Uriah repeatedly refused to leave his post or leave the King's presence to see his own wife. Contact between the couple could have hidden the adulterous nature of her pregnancy by David. As a result of this murder, David was rebuked by the prophet Nathan; furthermore, later turmoil in David's household and throughout the kingdom of Israel, including the death of Bathsheba's baby and the insurrection of prince Absalom, was contemporarily explained as punishment for the sins of adultery and murder. This page is about the Biblical king David. ... Bathsheba (בת שבע) is the wife of Uriah the Hittite and later of King David in the Hebrew Bible. ... The Nathan the Prophet was a seer who lived in the time of King David and his wife Bathsheba. ... Bathsheba (בת שבע) is the wife of Uriah the Hittite and later of King David in the Hebrew Bible. ... Absalom or Avshalom (אַבְשָׁלוֹם Father/Leader of/is peace, Standard Hebrew AvÅ¡alom, Tiberian Hebrew ʾAḇšālôm), in the Bible, is the third son of David, king of Israel. ...


Based on information from the Biblical account, Uriah was probably of the ethnic Hittite minority that had been in the region to the north of Israel (formerly known as “the Land of Canaan”) since after the collapse of the Hittite Kingdom in preceding centuries. Residents in Israel of non-Israelite descent, who followed the Israelite religion, were accepted as Israelites. It is likely this included Uriah, as his name in Hebrew means “YHWH is my light”. In addition, his status as an officer in the army and as one of David's "mighty men" would indicate acceptance within the ethnic community. The Hittites (also Hethites) and Children of Heth, translating Hebrew HTY and BNY-HT are the second of the eleven Canaanite nations in the Hebrew Bible. ... // [[Image:]] Map of Canaan For other uses, see Canaan (disambiguation). ... “The Twelve Tribes” redirects here. ...


David's mighty men were a group of his best thirty-seven fighters (later expanded to around eighty). Although the lists of his mighty men (2 Samuel 23:8-39 & 1 Chronicles 11:10-47) are given after David has become king, many of them may have been the loyal followers who stayed with him when he was fleeing King Saul. At the very least, they fought side-by-side with him. Uriah's closeness to David is illustrated by how closely he lived to the palace, and his position as one of the mighty men at the front battle lines allowed David to formulate and carry out his plot. Saul or Shaul (שָׁאוּל Demanded, Standard Hebrew Šaʾul, Tiberian Hebrew Šāʾûl) was the first king of Israel according to the Old Testament of the Bible, as taught in Judaism. ...


According to the biblical Second Book of Samuel, King David fell in love with Bathsheba upon seeing her bathe in her courtyard from the roof of his palace. He had her brought to his chambers and had sex with her, resulting in a pregnancy. Informed that her husband was Uriah, David summoned Uriah from battle to meet him, suggesting that he attend to his wife. The Books of Samuel, also referred to as [The Book of] Samuel (Hebrew: שְׁמוּאֵל), are (two) books in the Hebrew Bible (Judaisms Tanakh and originally writtten in Hebrew) and the Old Testament of Christianity. ...


Uriah refused, claiming a code of honor with his fellow warriors while they were in battle. It was common for warriors in preparation for battle to abstain from sex, as a practice of discipline. After repeatedly refusing to see his wife Bathsheba, David ordered a commanding officer Joab to put Uriah in the front of the battle and have the soldiers move away from him so that he would be killed. Honor (or honor) comprises the reputation, self-perception or moral identity of an individual or of a group. ... Joab (יוֹאָב The LORD is father, Standard Hebrew Yoʾav, Tiberian Hebrew Yôʾāḇ) was the nephew of King David, the son of Zeruiah in the Bible. ...


Nathan’s prophecy

The prophet Nathan soon after confronted David about this murder, by first telling him a story of a rich man and a poor man: The rich man had many sheep, while the poor man had only one little ewe, whom he cared for greatly. A traveler approached the rich man for food, whereby the man took the poor man's ewe and dressed it to give to the traveler. The Nathan the Prophet was a seer who lived in the time of King David and his wife Bathsheba. ...


Hearing this story, David grew angry and replied: “As surely as the Lord lives, the man who did this deserves to die! He must pay for that lamb four times over, because he did such a thing and had no pity.”


Nathan replied, “You are the man! This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul. I gave your master’s house to you, and your master’s wives into your arms. I gave you the house of Israel and Judah.


And if all this had been too little, I would have given you even more. Why did you despise the word of the Lord by doing what is evil in his eyes? You struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword and took his wife to be your own.


You killed him with the sword of the Ammonites. Now, therefore, the sword will never depart from your house, because you despised me and took the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your own.’ ” NIV[1] Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Nathan then informs David that his child with Bathsheba must die. Indeed, their first child dies after seven days. David and Bathsheba later had a second son, the future King Solomon. This article is about the Biblical figure. ...


Texts mentioning Uriah the Hittite

  • 2 Samuel:23:8: These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: [...] 39: Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.
  • 1 Chronicles:11:10: These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened themselves with him in his kingdom, and with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the LORD concerning Israel. [...] 41: Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai,
  • 2 Samuel:11:3: And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bath-sheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? 4: And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. ["Uriah the Hittite" named 4 more times in this chapter.]
  • 2 Samuel:12:9: [Nathan:] Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon. 10: Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife.
  • 1 Kings:15:5: Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.

Modern publications

  • "Kyle Baker, King David (DC Comics, 2002) ISBN 1-56389-866-7."

  Results from FactBites:
 
Uriah the Hittite - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (472 words)
Uriah the Hittite was the husband of Bathsheba, and a soldier in David's army, whom David ordered the soldiers to let him be killed in Battle after he kept refusing to see his own wife as ordered by David.
Uriah refused, claiming a code of honor with his fellow warriors while they were in battle.
thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
Uriah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (222 words)
In 2 Kings 16:10-16, Uriah is a priest under Ahaz who builds a pagan altar and places it in the Temple of Jerusalem.
In Ezra 8:33 and Nehemiah 3:4,21 Uriah is a priest and the father of Meremoth.
Possibly this is the same Uriah who stands by Ezra as he reads the law in Nehemiah 8:4.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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