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Encyclopedia > Uri Avnery
Uri Avnery
Date of birth September 10, 1923
Year of Aliyah 1933
Knesset(s) 6th, 7th, 9th
Party Left Camp of Israel
Former parties This World – New Power, Meri

Uri Avnery (Hebrew: אורי אבנרי, also transliterated Uri Avneri, born September 10, 1923 in Beckum, Germany as Helmut Ostermann), is a German Jewish-born Israeli journalist, left-wing peace activist, and former Knesset member, who was originally a member of the right-wing Revisionist Zionist movement. September 10 is the 253rd day of the Gregorian calendar (254th in leap years). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Elections for the sixth Knesset were held on 1 November, 1965. ... The Elections for the seventh Knesset were held on 28 October, 1969. ... The Elections for the ninth Knesset were held on 17 May, 1977. ... The Left Camp of Israel (Hebrew: מחנה שמאל לישראל, Mekhaney Smol le-Yisrael) was a left-wing political party in Israel. ... This World – New Power (Hebrew: העולם ×”×–×” – כוח חדש, HaOlam HaZeh – Koakh Hadash) was a political party in Israel. ... Meri (Hebrew: מרי) was a short-lived small left-wing political party in Israel. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the Gregorian calendar (254th in leap years). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Beckum is a town and a municipality in the district of Warendorf, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... The term yekke (adjective: yekkish) (alt: Jecke) is a generally jovial, mildly derogatory term used to refer to Jews originating from Germany or adhering to the Western-European minhag. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... “Leftism” redirects here. ... The Israeli peace camp is a collection of political and non-political movements which desire to promote peace, mainly with the Arab neighbours of Israel (the Palestinians, Syria and Lebanon) and encourage co-existence with the Arab citizens of Israel. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Left-Right politics. ... Palestine (comprising todays Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza strip) and Transjordan (todays Kingdom of Jordan) were all part of the British Mandate of Palestine. ...

Contents

Career

Yasser Arafat and Uri Avnery.

Avnery made aliyah in 1933.[1] He joined the Revisionist Zionist paramilitary group, the Irgun, at age 15. Avnery later became disenchanted with the Irgun's tactics, and left the group altogether by 1942. In a 2003 interview with journalist Jon Elmer, Avnery recounted his differences with the Irgun's core methodologies: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... Aliyah (Hebrew: עלייה, ascent or going up) is a term widely used to mean Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel (and since its establishment in 1948, the State of Israel). ... Palestine (comprising todays Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza strip) and Transjordan (todays Kingdom of Jordan) were all part of the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Etzel emblem Irgun (ארגון), shorthand for Irgun Tsvai Leumi (ארגון צבאי לאומי, also spelled Irgun Zvai Leumi), Hebrew for National Military Organization, was a clandestine militant Zionist group, considered Terrorist by the British, that operated in Palestine from 1931 to 1948. ...

Elmer: Can you discuss your 1945 essay, Terrorism: the infantile disease of the Hebrew revolution? How was it different from the disease of Palestinian terror of their current revolution for statehood?
Avnery: When I left the Irgun, at the age of 19, one of the reasons was that I didn't like the methods of terror applied by the Irgun at the time. When they put, that is to say we put, bombs in the Arab markets of Jaffa and Jerusalem and Haifa, and killed scores of people - men, women and children - in retaliation for similar acts by the Arabs, I didn't back this. I thought there were other methods. But it left me with a lasting understanding of what gets people to join such organizations, and I understand the Palestinians who join these [terrorist/resistance] organizations.[2]

In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War Avnery was a fighter in the Samson's Foxes commando unit (and also wrote its anthem). Afterwards, he wrote a book about the war, called In the Fields of Philistia (Hebrew: בשדות פלשת, Bi-Sdot Pleshet). Jaffa port Jaffa ( Hebrew: יָפוֹ, Yafo Arabic: يَافَا  ; also Japho, Joppa; also, ~1350 B.C.E. Amarna Letters: Yapu; ), is an ancient port city located in south Tel Aviv, Israel on the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Combatants  Israel Egypt, Syria, Transjordan,  Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Holy War Army, Arab Liberation Army Commanders Yaakov Dori, Yigael Yadin Glubb Pasha, Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, Hasan Salama, Fawzi Al-Qawuqji Strength  Israel: 29,677 initially rising to 115,000 by March 1949 Egypt: 10,000 initially rising... Samsons Foxes badge Samsons Foxes (Hebrew: שועלי שמשון [Shualei Shimshon]) was an Israeli commando unit (54th reconnaissance battalion) during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ... For other uses, see Commando (disambiguation). ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... The historic Philistines (see note Philistines below) were a people that inhabited the southern coast of Canaan around the time of the arrival of the Israelites, their territory being named Philistia in later contexts. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ...


During the 1950s and the 1960s Avnery was, with Shalom Cohen, co-publisher and editor of the HaOlam HaZeh weekly magazine, an anti-establishment tabloid known for many sensational scoops and for featuring nudes on its back cover. The formula seemed to work, as for many years it was Israel's leading alternative-media publication. This does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Haolam Hazeh (Hebrew: העולם הזה, meaning This World) was a weekly news magazine published in Israel until 1993. ... Not to be confused with antidisestablishmentarianism. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up scoop in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Alternative media are defined most broadly as those media practices falling outside the mainstreams of corporate communication. ...


In 1965 Avnery created a political party bearing the name of his and Cohen's magazine, This World – New Power, and was elected to the Knesset in the 1965 election. Although he retained his seat in the 1969 election, the party disintegrated and Avery founded a new party, Meri, though it failed to win any seats in the 1973 elections. He returned to the Knesset as a member of the Left Camp of Israel after the 1977 election, but did not retain his seat in the 1981 election. He was later involved in the Progressive List for Peace. Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... This World – New Power (Hebrew: העולם ×”×–×” – כוח חדש, HaOlam HaZeh – Koakh Hadash) was a political party in Israel. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... The Elections for the sixth Knesset were held on 1 November, 1965. ... The Elections for the seventh Knesset were held on 28 October, 1969. ... Meri (Hebrew: מרי) was a short-lived small left-wing political party in Israel. ... The Elections for the eighth Knesset were held on 31 December 1973. ... The Left Camp of Israel (Hebrew: מחנה שמאל לישראל, Mekhaney Smol le-Yisrael) was a left-wing political party in Israel. ... The Elections for the ninth Knesset were held on 17 May, 1977. ... Elections for the tenth Knesset were held in Israel on 30 June, 1981. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


Avnery famously met Yasser Arafat on July 3, 1982, during the "Battle of Beirut" — said to have been the first time an Israeli met personally with Arafat.[3] Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Israel Defense Forces Palestinian Liberation Organization Commanders Ariel Sharon Yasir Arafat Strength 30,000 15,000 Casualties 368 soldiers killed, 2,383 wounded 1000 PLO guerillas killed, 6000 captured. ...


He later turned to left-wing activism and founded the Gush Shalom (Hebrew: גוש שלום, Peace Bloc) movement in 1993, which he continues to lead as of 2007. He is a devout secularist and strongly opposed to the Orthodox influence in religious and political life. In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Strategy

Avnery is noted for what he calls the small wheel effect, his explanation why he believes that a small, highly-motivated group like Gush Shalom can have a far greater influence on Israeli public opinion than its numbers might suggest. Avnery compared Peace Now, one of Israel's largest peace organizations, and one that is affiliated with the Meretz and Labor parties, with Gush Shalom, a significantly smaller group: Peace Now (Hebrew: שלום עכשיו - Shalom Achshav) is an extra-parliamental political movement in Israel, with the agenda of swaying popular opinion and convincing the Israeli government of the need and possibility for achieving a just peace and an historic conciliation with the Palestinian people and neighboring Arab countries; this in exchange... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Meretz. ...

Not being aligned with any party, [Gush Shalom] knows that it will not become a mass movement. That is the price it has to pay. It is impossible to be popular while taking stands and carrying out actions that are contrary to the consensus. If so, how does it have an impact? How did it happen that, in the course of the years, many of its stands have been accepted by the general public ... ?
We call this the "small wheel effect". A small wheel with its own drive pushes a larger wheel, which drives an even larger wheel, and so on, until it moves the center of the consensus. What we say today "Peace Now" will say tomorrow, and a large part of the public on the day after.[4]

Death threats

Baruch Marzel on Channel 10 after he called on the Israeli military to "carry out a targeted killing against Uri Avnery" (pictured in the background)

Avnery has received death threats from other Israelis for his work with Palestinians.[citation needed] The settler activist Baruch Marzel called for the Israeli army to assassinate him during the 2006 election campaign. [5] Image File history File linksMetadata Murderavnery1-cr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Murderavnery1-cr. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ×”×”×’× ×” לישראל  , [Army] Force for the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated with the Hebrew acronym צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels defensive forces, comprising the Israeli Army, the Israeli Air Force and the Israeli Navy. ... Baruch Marzel Baruch Marzel (Hebrew: ברוך מרזל) is an American-born Israeli , Orthodox Jew and political-religious activist, described by mainstream Israeli newspaper Yedioth Ahronoth as part of the extreme right-wing.[1] [2]. He lives in an Israeli settlement in Hebron with his wife and nine children. ...


Quotes

"You can’t talk to me about terrorism, I was a terrorist."[6]

Recent activities

  • Avnery is a contributor to the news and opinion sites CounterPunch, Information Clearing House and LewRockwell.com.
  • In 2002, a documentary directed by Yair Lev was made about Avnery's life entitled Uri Avnery: Warrior for Peace.

CounterPunch is a biweekly newsletter published in the United States that covers politics from a left-wing perspective. ... Header image from LewRockwell. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

Bibliography (partial list):

  • Avnery, Uri (1968): Israel Without Zionists: A Plea for Peace in the Middle East, MacMillan Co., New York, Hardbound (1st Edition in 1968; many reprints)
  • Avnery, Uri (1986): My Friend, the Enemy, Zed Books; Paperback. 1986 ISBN 0862322154 Paperback; Lawrence Hill & Co, 1987 ISBN 0882082132 Hard cover; Lawrence Hill Books (1987) ISBN 0882082124

External links

  • Uri Avnery Biography
  • Uri Avnery's News Pages
  • Avnery Bio at the Israeli Knesset official site
  • Gush Shalom
  • Right Livelihood Award recipient 2001

References

  1. ^ Uri Avnery biography, Knesset website.
  2. ^ Jon Elmer (14 September 2003). Violence is a symptom; the occupation is the disease.
  3. ^ Uri Avnery - Biographical Notes, Uri Avnery's website.
  4. ^ Uri Avnery, Grossman's Dilemma, GushShalom.org, November 18, 2006.
  5. ^ Baruch Marzel: IDF must assassinate left-wing activist Uri Avnery, Haaretz, March 21, 2006.
  6. ^ Uri Avnery and Richard Swift, "Blunt Talk" New Internationalist, issue 348, August 2002

  Results from FactBites:
 
Uri Avnery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (250 words)
Uri Avnery also spelled Uri Avneri (Hebrew: אורי אבנרי), born September 10, 1923 in Beckum (Westphalia, Germany) as Helmut Ostermann, is an Israeli journalist and left wing peace activist.
In 2002, a documentary directed by Yair Lev was made about Avnery's life entitled Uri Avnery: Warrior for Peace.
Avnery is a contributor to the news and opinion sites CounterPunch, Information Clearing House and LewRockwell.com.
A reply to Uri Avneri's 'Death of a Myth', Miftah, 17 May 2005 (1316 words)
Avnery, leader of the small Israeli peace movement Gush Shalom, adds: "Even worse, more than 20% of the citizens of Israel are not Jews at all, and it is not healthy that so many citizens cannot identify with the anthem and the flag of their state."
His shock at Avnery’s change of heart was all the greater because he admired Avnery for his outspoken criticism of the government in 1956 over the massacre by the Israeli army of 49 unarmed Arab citizens in the village of Kfar Kassem.
It is fortunate for Avnery that this book, one of the few accounts of the early Israeli left written in English by an Arab citizen, has been almost impossible to obtain since it was printed in 1976.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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