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Encyclopedia > Urban district

In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. Urban districts had an elected Urban District Council (UDC), which shared local government responsibillities with a county council. The British Isles consist of Great Britain, Ireland and a number of much smaller surrounding islands. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ... Urbanization is the degree of or increase in urban character or nature. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ...


England and Wales

In England and Wales, urban districts and rural districts were created in 1894 (by the Local Government Act of 1894) as subdivisions of administrative counties. In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... An administrative county is an administrative area in the British Isles. ...


They replaced the earlier system of sanitary districts, the functions of which were taken over by the district councils. The district councils also had wider powers over local matters such as parks, cemeteries and local planning.


Urban areas were considered to have more problems with public health than rural areas, and so urban district councils had more funding, and powers than their corresponding rural districts. Public health is an aspect of health services concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ...


Urban districts usually covered smaller towns, usually with populations of less than 30,000, From the 1930s onwards, many urban and rural districts were merged, and so many urban districts often covered some rural areas as well. Larger towns became municipal boroughs which had a slightly higher status, and the right to appoint a mayor. // Events and trends The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ... A borough is a political division originally used in England. ... In the United Kingdom, the office of Mayor or Lord Mayor had long been a ceremonial post, with little or no duties attached to it. ...


All urban districts in England and Wales were abolished in 1974, (by the Local Government Act 1972) and replaced with a uniform system of larger districts, which usually covered both urban and rural areas. Many parish councils were created for towns previously covered by urban districts. 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... The Local Government Act 1972 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom, that reformed local government in England and Wales, on April 1, 1974. ... The Districts of England are the lowest level of local government in England, except for civil parishes. ... In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the smallest unit of local government. ...


Ireland

In the Republic of Ireland they still exist, although are now referred to simply as towns. The corresponding rural districts were abolished long ago. Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town In American English, a town is usually a municipal corporation that is smaller than a city but larger than a village. ... In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ...


In Northern Ireland, they were abolished in 1973, and replaced with a system of unitary districts. Royal motto: Quis separabit (Latin: Who will separate?) Northern Irelands location within the UK Official languages English, Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Area  - Total Ranked 4th 13,843 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 4th 1,685,267 122/km² NUTS 1... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Northern Ireland is divided into 26 Local Council areas. ...



Subnational entity
Banner | Borough | Canton | Circuit | City | Commune | County | Council | Department | District | Division | Dominion | Duchy | Governorate | Hamlet | Municipality | Neighbourhood | Parish | Prefecture | Province | Region | Republic | State | Territory | Town | Township | Village | Voivodship | Community
Autonomous: banner | city | community | county | prefecture | province | region | republic | ward
Civil: parish | township
Federal: capital | district | capital district | capital territory
Local: council
Metropolitan: borough | county
National: capital district | capital territory
Rural: council | district | municipality
Urban: district
edit See also: List of terms for subnational entities, List of subnational entities, Matrix of subnational entities

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