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Encyclopedia > Uranian astrology
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Uranian astrology is a modern form of astrology based on teachings of German surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. Witte revived and further developed the use of mathematical midpoints for precise astrological analysis and prediction. He was also an avid independent student of astronomy. Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... Image File history File links Astrologyproject. ... The history of astrology encompasses a great span of human history and many cultures. ... Astronomy is the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious, mythological, and astrological practices of pre-history: vestiges of these are still found in astrology, a discipline long interwoven with public and governmental astronomy, and not completely disentangled from it until a... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Much of the survival of classical sciences like astronomy, mathematics, geography and philosophy in the Western world is due to the fact that it was preserved and used by the Arab world from about the 8th Century, when Europe was going through its Dark Ages. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Chinese astrology is the divination of the future from the Chinese calendar, which is based on astronomy, and ancient Chinese philosophy. ... Hellenistic astrology is a tradition of horoscopic astrology that developed in the Mediterranean region and specifically Hellenistic Egypt sometime around the late 2nd or early 1st century BCE. Endnotes Note 1: See David Pingree - From Astral Omens to Astrology from Babylon to Bikaner, Roma: Istituto Italiano per LAfrica e... It has been suggested that Indian astronomy be merged into this article or section. ... Western astrology is the system of astrology most popular in Western countries. ... This is a list of differentiated systems of astrology. ... Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology which uses a horoscope or chart to gain information from the position of cosmic bodies. ... Natal astrology, also known as genethliacal astrology, is the system of astrology based upon the concept that each individuals personality or path in life can be determined by constructing a natal chart for the exact date, time, and location of a persons birth. ... Electional astrology (called Muhurt or Muhurtha in Hindu astrology) concerns itself with finding the best time to do a particular activity. ... Horary astrology is a very old branch of astrology by which an astrologer will try to answer a question by drawing up an astrological chart or horoscope for the exact time and place at which that question came to mind or when it was put to them. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Political astrology. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Hand-coloured version of the anonymous Flammarion woodcut (1888). ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ... Alfred Witte Alfred Witte (2 March 1878, 21:12 LMT, Hamburg -- 4 August 1941, 4:01 MET, Hamburg) was a German astrologer and the founder of the Hamburg School of Astrology. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... The Hamburg School of Astrology originated in Hamburg, Germany, and revolved around the research and teachings of surveyor/astrologer/amateur astronomer Alfred Witte. ... Mathematics is commonly defined as the study of patterns of structure, change, and space; more informally, one might say it is the study of figures and numbers. Mathematical knowledge is constantly growing, through research and application, but mathematics itself is not usually considered a natural science. ... In mathematics, a line segment is a part of a line that is bounded by two end points. ... For other uses, see Astronomy (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Explanation

Alfred Witte 1878-1941
Alfred Witte 1878-1941

Along with extensive midpoint analysis, Uranian Astrology incorporates the use of 16th-harmonic angles/astrological aspects, singled out for their correlation with dynamic energy manifestations. These include the conjunction (0°), opposition (180°), square (90°), semi-square (45°), and sesqui-quadrate (135°), as well as all other multiples of 22.5° angles (67.5, 112.5, 157.5). (See the article on the astrological aspects for more information) Photo of Alfred Witte File links The following pages link to this file: Cosmobiology Uranian astrology Reinhold Ebertin ... Photo of Alfred Witte File links The following pages link to this file: Cosmobiology Uranian astrology Reinhold Ebertin ... In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ... In astrology, an aspect is the relative angle between two heavenly bodies. ...


Early development

In his early writings in the 1920s, Witte experimented with numerous historical astrology techniques, including the astrological houses, planetary formulae similar to 'Arabic parts', and planetary rulership systems. His approach to astrology was to verify or deny assumptions by means of observation rather than rely blindly on astrological traditions. Witte also proposed the existence of trans-Neptunian objects, which are considered essential to the practice of Uranian astrology. He truly sought to approach astrology scientifically, but was also a frontier scientist open to exploration of new ideas. The 1920s is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... A formula is a concise way of expressing information symbolically (as in a mathematical or chemical formula) or a general relationship between quantities. ... In astrology, the Lots or Arabian Parts (or Arabic parts) are based on a mathematical calculation of three points in the horoscope. ... In astrology, a planets domicile (or less commonly house, not to be confused with the astrological house system) is the zodiac sign over which it has rulership. ... A trans-Neptunian object (TNO) is any object in the solar system with all or most of its orbit beyond that of Neptune. ...


The Transneptunian objects proposed by Witte and Sieggrün are as follows.[1][2] Cupido is likely to be what we now classify as a plutino. Recent astronomical discoveries indicate that there are a number of transneptunian bodies interspersed among these, many with highly eccentic and/or eliptical orbits, and not necessarily validating or invalidating them until further astronomical research is conducted. Some Uranian Astrologers believe that these might possibly be gravitational centers among asteroidal belts rather than actual planets by definition, but are have demonstrated through research that their effect on Earth is substantial. In astronomy, a plutino is a trans-Neptunian object that has a 3:2 orbital resonance with Neptune. ...

Transneptunian Objects (TNOs) posited by Witte and Sieggrün
Name Glyph OP AU Source Note
Cupido 262.5 41.0 Witte/Brummund/Neely
Hades 360.6 50.7 Witte/Brummund/Neely
Zeus 455.6 59.2 Witte/Brummund/Neely
Kronos 521.8 64.8 Witte/Brummund/Neely
Apollon 589.4 70.4 Brummund/Neely recent values
Admetos 631.7 73.7 Brummund/Neely recent values
Vulcanus 679.0 77.4 Brummund/Neely recent values
Poseidon 765.3 83.5 Brummund/Neely recent values
Apollon 576 Sieggrün early estimates
Admetos 617 Sieggrün early estimates
Vulcanus 663 Sieggrün early estimates
Poseidon 740 Sieggrün early estimates

OP=Orbital/Revolutionary Period in years, rounded to first decimal.


AU=Distance from Sun in Astronomical Units, rounded to first decimal.


Note that the values established by Witte were proven to be quite accurate by ongoing research since the 1920s, while the values posited by Sieggrün required minor adjustments to correlate with later research results.


World War II

Witte was considered an enemy of the German Third Reich, and committed suicide shortly before he was supposed to have been interned in a Nazi concentration camp, in 1941. During the Third Reich, German physician and astrologer Reinhold Ebertin took Witte's core teachings, but rejected the trans-Neptunian objects because of the controversy over them, and renamed his derivative of Uranian astrology "Cosmobiology". After World War II, Witte's work was resumed primarily by the German astrologer Ludwig Rudolph, who had also been interned by the Nazis. Ludwig Rudolph continued to develop and refine Witte's methods while resisting the efforts of some colleagues, including Hermann Lefeldt, to re-emphasize traditional astrological methods in order to give his work more popular appeal. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... Alfred Witte 1878-1941 The field of astrology called Cosmobiology is a system based on the early research of the Hamburg School surveyor/astrologer Alfred Witte (1878-1941), to whom its origins should properly be credited. ...


Mid-20th-century developments

Richard Svehla, an Ohio astrologer, was among the first to translate German materials from the early experimental years of the Hamburg School of astrology into English, in the 1940s. Later, Hans Niggemann, a German naval officer and proponent of Hamburg School astrology, who had immigrated to New York, translated more of the earlier German astrological texts from the 1940s and 1950s, primarily those of the traditionalist Hermann Lefeldt, and these led to an enthusiasm in New York and Massachusetts for what American astrologers called Uranian Astrology at that time. Ilse Schnitzler, in Germany, assisted Hermann Lefeldt in the laborious task (before computers) of alphabetizing the astrologically-significant historical findings of Witte and Sieggrün in a book called Lexikon für Planetenbilder (published in 1957) and Niggemann translated this book and presented it as the Key to Uranian Astrology in the 1960s. Both books were based on the 1946 edition of Witte/Lefeldt's 'Regelwerk'. Among Niggemann's contemporary enthusiasts was Charles Emerson. Roger Jacobson's "Language of Uranian Astrology" reflected quite closely the perspective and methodology presented by Hermann Lefeldt in his 1962 German text "Methodik der Astrologischen Häuser und Planetenbilder", along with some original insights by Jacobson. During the 1970s in Germany, a new shift in the Hamburg School of Astrology, from which Uranian Astrology originated, put more emphasis on critical testing rather than parroting or perpetuation of historical methods and teachings, and a new generation of literature appeared. Sorting, testing, and prioritization of techniques, and a drive to continue Alfred Witte's emphasis on critical contemporary research, was led by Ruth Brummund in Germany. Karl Ambjornson, in San Francisco, produced original writings conveying techniques based on the more recent research in Germany and the United States of that time. Ruth Brummund is a professional chemist and research astrologer; she was born in Johannisburg, East Prussia, on September 28, 1921. ...


Late 20th-century and 21st-century developments

In the 1970s, German astrologer, psychologist, and chemist, Ruth Brummund, a student of Ludwig Rudolph, began re-formulating a Uranian Astrology methodology based on the more recent research during the time that she was Vice-President of the Hamburg School of Astrology. Ms Brummund published a new Regelwerk-Neufassung (translated as Revised Rulebook) in 1979, and a substantially expanded second edition in 1990. She also published a new Lexikon-Neufassung, which included the newer findings from Hamburg School research, including psychological correlates, in 1982 -- and this book has been further updated to include the findings since 1982 in electronic format (in both German and English) in a Uranian software program published in France, developed in cooperation with Ms Brummund, and used by her to teach current Uranian methods. As Hamburg School traditionalists regained organizational control and sought to resurrect the teachings of Lefeldt, Ms Brummund went on to form the school of Uranische Astrologie in 1993 to maintain the focus on the more research-proven efficient methods of midpoint analysis, discarding the unproductive experimental techniques used by Lefeldt-Niggemann. While the term "Uranian Astrology" has been used by some American astrologers to include the historical teachings disseminated by Lefeldt and Niggemann (propagated primarily on the Atlantic coast of the United States and among émigrés from there), many of the Lefeldt-Niggemann methods are considered to be speculative and functionally obsolete, and no longer a component of Uranian Astrology as defined by Ms Brummund's German School of Uranische Astrologie, and which more closely correlates with Uranian Astrology as generally practiced on the Pacific coast of the United States by astrologers studied and trained in the more recent developments. One of the main differences between those defining Uranian Astrology differently is historical sentimentalism versus ongoing progressive scientific analysis of methods and comparison of methods for effectiveness. The traditionalists tend to emphasize the immutable truth of historical texts, while the progressives emphasize that newer references tend to be based on more recent research, and are thus more likely to be comprehensive, objective, and based on longer experience. The differences are not unlike those between fundamentalist and progressive scholars or scientists in other fields. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... An astrologer practices one or more forms of astrology. ... A psychologist is a person who studies psychology, the systematic investigation of the human mind, including behavior, cognition, and affect. ... A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask. ... Ruth Brummund is a professional chemist and research astrologer; she was born in Johannisburg, East Prussia, on September 28, 1921. ... The Hamburg School of Astrology originated in Hamburg, Germany, and revolved around the research and teachings of surveyor/astrologer/amateur astronomer Alfred Witte. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


References

  1. ^ Alfred Witte & Friedrich Sieggrün: Immerwährende Ephemeride, Witte-Verlag, Hamburg.
  2. ^ Ruth Brummund: Transneptun Ephemeride, Rudolph Verlag, Hamburg.
  • Ambjornson, Karl: "Delineation of Mundane Events", San Francisco, 1974.
  • Ambjornson, Karl: "Handbook: the 90 Degree Disc", San Francisco, 1974.
  • Brummund, Ruth: "Brummund Rulebook" (in electronic format), Special Uranian astrology program, Aureas Software, Paris, 2006.
  • Brummund, Ruth: "Brummund Lexicon" (in electronic format), Special Uranian astrology program, Aureas Software, Paris, 2006.
  • Brummund, Ruth: Regelwerk-Neufassung 2.Auflage, Eigenverlag Ruth Brummund, Hamburg, 1990.
  • Brummund, Ruth: Uranische Techniken Hamburger Astrologen, Eigenverlag Ruth Brummund, Hamburg, 1994.
  • Schnitzler, Ilse and Lefeldt, Hermann: "Lexikon fur Planetenbilder", (derived from 1946 Regelwerk fur Planetenbilder by Witte-Lefeldt, and translated by Hans Niggemann as "Key to Uranian Astrology"), Witte-Verlag, Hamburg, 1957.
  • Witte, Alfred: Regelwerk für Planetenbilder (translated as "Rule/s/book for Planetary Pictures" by Richard Svehla and Hans Niggemann), Ludwig Rudolph Verlag, Hamburg, 1959.
  • Witte, Alfred: Der Mensch, (actually a collection of articles by Alfred Witte and colleagues from the 1930s) Ludwig Rudolph Verlag, Hamburg, 1975.

Website Links

21st CENTURY URANIAN ASTROLOGY (No houses, no sensitive points or 'Arabic Parts' used by practitioners of historical forms of Hamburg School astrology):


Uranische Astrologie - Hauptseite - Ruth Brummund


Astrologie.de: Uranische Astrologie


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