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Encyclopedia > Ural Mountains

Coordinates: 60°00′N, 60°00′E Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Map of the Ural Mountains

The Ural Mountains (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры, Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. They are sometimes considered as the natural boundary between Europe and Asia. Image File history File links Ural_Mountains_Map_2. ... Image File history File links Ural_Mountains_Map_2. ... Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ...

Contents

Geography

The Village of Kolchedan in the Ural Mountains in 1912
The Village of Kolchedan in the Ural Mountains in 1912

The Urals extend 2,500 km from the Kazakh steppes along the northern border of Kazakhstan to the coast of the Arctic ocean. The island of Novaya Zemlya forms a further continuation of the chain. Geographically this range marks the northern part of the (arbitrary) border between Asian and European sections of the Eurasian continent. Its highest peak is Mount Narodnaya (Poznurr, 1,895 m). Erosion has exposed considerable mineral wealth in the Urals, including gems such as topaz and beryl. The Virgin Komi Forests in the northern Urals are recognized as a World Heritage site. Image File history File links Prokudin-Gorskii-32. ... Image File history File links Prokudin-Gorskii-32. ... The steppe of Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, steppe (from Slavic step) is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally reckoned as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are said... Novaya Zemlya (Russian: , lit. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Eurasia African-Eurasian aspect of Earth Eurasia is the Earths largest landmass covering about 21215121321km² compared with the Americas (approximately 42,000,000 km²), Africa (approximately 30,000,000 km²), and Antarctica (approximately 13,000,000 km²). Eurasia comprises the traditional continents of Europe and Asia. ... Animated, colour-coded map showing the various continents. ... Mount Narodnaya (Russian: Народная) is the highest peak of the Urals, located Tyumen Oblast in Russia, 0,5 km to east from the border of Komi Republic. ... Topaz is a silicate mineral of aluminium and fluorine with the chemical formula Al2SiO4(F,OH)2. ... Three varieties of beryl: Morganite, Aquamarine, and Heliodor The mineral beryl is a beryllium aluminium cyclosilicate with the chemical formula Be3Al2(SiO3)6. ... The Virgin Komi Forests is a natural UNESCO World Heritage site in the Northern Ural mountains of the Komi Republic, Russia. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Chusovaya River in the Ural Mountains.
Chusovaya River in the Ural Mountains.

Geographers have divided the Urals into five regions: South, Middle, North, Subarctic and Arctic Urals. The tree-line drops from 1,400 metres to sea level as progressing north. Sections of the south and middle regions are completely forested. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (928x791, 134 KB) Early color photograph from Russia, created by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii as part of his work to document the Russian Empire from 1909 to 1915. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (928x791, 134 KB) Early color photograph from Russia, created by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii as part of his work to document the Russian Empire from 1909 to 1915. ... The Chusovaya River (Чусовая in Russian), a river in the Sverdlovsk Oblast and Perm Oblast in Russia, a tributary of the Kama River. ... A VITAL MESSAGE TO ALL WHO SUCK DICKS: COCKS TASTE BETTER. In this view of an alpine tree line, the distant line looks particularly sharp. ...


Etymology

The Urals were named after the Uralian tribe that was once native to the northern region of Asia. The Uralians were hunter-gatherers; however the lack of plenitiful resources in the area forced them to relocate, spreading throughout the Asian region.


Yekaterinburg is the largest city and the self-proclaimed capital of the Urals, though "Urals" is a geographical term, not an administrative one. Snow-covered statue of Sverdlov in Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburgs Church on the Blood built on the spot where the Tsar and his family were executed. ...


Geology

Main article: Uralian orogeny

The Urals are among the world's oldest extant mountain ranges. For its age of 300 until 250 million years, the mountains are yet unusually high. They were formed in the late Carboniferous period, when western Siberia collided with eastern Baltica (~connected to Laurentia (North America) to form the minor supercontinent of Euramerica) and Kazakhstania to form the supercontinent of Laurasia. Later Laurasia and Gondwana collided to form the supercontinent of Pangaea. Europe and Siberia have remained joined together ever since. Image File history File links Prokudin-Gorskii-29. ... Image File history File links Prokudin-Gorskii-29. ... The Uralian orogeny refers to the long series of geological events that raised the Ural Mountains starting in the Late Carboniferous and Permian periods of the Palaeozoic Era, ca. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Carboniferous is a major division of the geologic timescale that extends from the end of the Devonian period, about 359. ... Siberia (Sometimes called Angara) is the craton located in the heart of the region of Siberia. ... Baltica (green) Baltica is a Late Proterozoic-Early Palaeozoic continent that now includes the East European craton of northwestern Eurasia. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Euramerica (also known as Laurussia) was a minor supercontinent created in the Devonian by the collision of Laurentia and Baltica (Scandian Orogeny). ... Kazakhstania, also known as the Kazakhstan Block, is a small continental region in the interior of Asia. ... Laurasia was a supercontinent that most recently existed as a part of the split of the Pangaean supercontinent in the late Mesozoic era. ... Gondwanaland redirects here. ... In geology, a supercontinent is a land mass comprising more than one continental core, or craton. ... For other uses, see Pangaea (disambiguation). ... Siberian Federal District (darker red) and the broadest definition of Siberia (red) arctic northeast Siberia Udachnaya pipe Siberia (Russian: , Sibir; Tatar: ) is a vast region of Russia constituting almost all of Northern Asia and comprising a large part of the Euro-Asian Steppe. ...


The Urals have large deposits of gold, platinum, ore, coal, steel, nickel, silver, and other minerals. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... General Name, Symbol, Number platinum, Pt, 77 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 6, d Appearance grayish white Standard atomic weight 195. ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... The steel cable of a colliery winding tower. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nickel, Ni, 28 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 4, d Appearance lustrous, metallic and silvery with a gold tinge Standard atomic weight 58. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Standard atomic weight 107. ... Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ...


See also

For other uses, see Pangaea (disambiguation). ... Idel-Ural literally means Volga-Ural in Tatar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ural Mountains
  • Urals travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Five parts of the Ural Mountains
 The subject of this article has been identified by the Missing Encyclopedic Articles project as being a high priority for expansion.

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Ural Mountains (1531 words)
The Village of Kolchedan in the Ural Mountains in 1912
The Urals extend 2,500 km from the Kazakh steppes along the northern border of Kazakhstan to the coast of the Arctic ocean.
The Ural Mountains, together with plains of the Preural, stretch from Arctic Ocean in the North to the steppes of Kazakhstan in the South.
Ural Mountains - LoveToKnow 1911 (1679 words)
URAL MOUNTAINS, a system of mountains which extends from the Arctic Ocean southwards nearly to the Caspian Sea, and is regarded as separating Europe from Asia.
The Obdorsk or Northern Urals, which begin within a few miles of the head of Kara Bay (Konstantinov Kamen, in 68° 30' N., 1465 ft.), and extend south-west as far as the 64th parallel, form a distinct range, stony and craggy, sloping steeply towards the southeast and gently towards the marshes of European Russia.
The mineral wealth of the Urals was known to the Greeks in the 9th century, and afterwards to the Novgorodians, who penetrated there in the i ith century for trade with the Ugrians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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