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Encyclopedia > Upsilon
Greek alphabet
Α α Alpha Β β Beta
Γ γ Gamma Δ δ Delta
Ε ε Epsilon Ζ ζ Zeta
Η η Eta Θ θ Theta
Ι ι Iota Κ κ Kappa
Λ λ Lambda Μ μ Mu
Ν ν Nu Ξ ξ Xi
Ο ο Omicron Π π Pi
Ρ ρ Rho Σ σ Sigma
Τ τ Tau Υ υ Upsilon
Φ φ Phi Χ χ Chi
Ψ ψ Psi Ω ω Omega
obsolete letters
Ϝ ϝ Digamma Ϻ ϻ San
Ϙ ϙ Qoppa Ϡ ϡ Sampi

Upsilon (upper case Υ, lower case υ) is the 20th letter of the Greek alphabet. In the system of Greek numerals it has a value of 400. It is derived from the Phoenician waw. Four letters of the Latin alphabet arose from it: V and Y and, much later, U and W. The origin of the term delta comes from a vicious attacking toad, last sighted near IIT Bombay. ... Alpha (uppercase Α, lowercase α) is the first letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Beta (upper case Β, lower case β) is the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Gamma (upper case Γ, lower case γ) is the 3rd letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Delta (upper case Δ, lower case δ) is the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Epsilon (upper case Ε, lower case ε) is the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Zeta (upper case Ζ, lower case ζ) is the sixth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... For other meanings of ETA, see ETA (disambig). ... Note: A theta probe is a device for measuring soil moisture Theta (upper case Θ, lower case θ) is the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Iota (upper case Ι, lower case ι) is the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Kappa (upper case Κ, lower case κ) is the tenth letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Lambda (upper case Λ, lower case λ) is the 11th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Mu (upper case Μ, lower case μ) is the 12th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Nu (upper case Ν, lower case ν) is the 13th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Xi (upper case Ξ, lower case ξ) is the 14th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Omicron (upper case Ο, lower case ο, literally small o) is the 15th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Pi (upper case Π, lower case π) is the 16th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Rho (upper case Ρ, lower case ρ) is the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Sigma (upper case Σ, lower case σ, alternative ς) is the 18th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Tau (upper case Τ, lower case τ) is the 19th letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Phi (upper case Φ, lower case φ or ϕ), pronounced fee or fie (depending on context and, often, personal inclination), is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Chi (upper case Χ, lower case χ) is the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Psi (Ψ ψ) is the 23rd letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 700. ... Omega (Ω ω) is the 24th and last letter of the Greek alphabet. ... Digamma, or Wau, (upper case , lower case ) is an obsolete letter of the Greek alphabet. ... San was a letter of the Greek alphabet, between Pi and Qoppa, corresponding in position although not in name to the Phoenician tsade. ... Qoppa is an obsolete letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 90. ... Sampi (Upper case Ϡ, lower case ϡ) is an obsolete letter of the Greek alphabet and has a numeric value of 900. ... The origin of the term delta comes from a vicious attacking toad, last sighted near IIT Bombay. ... Greek numerals are a system of representing numbers using letters of the Greek alphabet. ... The Phoenician alphabet dates from around 1000 BC and is derived from an ancient Egyptian alphabet dating to circa 1800 BC. (See Alphabet: History and diffusion. ... For the town of this name in Sudan, see Waw. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. ... V is the twenty-second letter in the modern Latin alphabet. ... Y is the twenty-fifth letter of the Latin alphabet. ... U is the twenty-first letter of the modern Latin alphabet. ... W is the twenty-third letter of the modern Latin alphabet. ...


In early Greek it was pronounced like "continental" u or English oo, IPA [u] . In Classical Greek, it was pronounced like French u or German ü, IPA [y] — a sound that is not found in most dialects of English. In Modern Greek it is pronounced like "continental" i or English ee, IPA [i]. In ancient Greek it occurred in both long and short versions, but this distinction has been lost in Modern Greek. The International Phonetic Alphabet is a phonetic alphabet used by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) the human vocal apparatus can produce. ... The History of Greece extends back to the arrival of the Greeks in Europe some time before 1500 BC, even though there has only been an independent state called Greece since Turkey, Italy and Libya. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Modern Greek (Νεοελληνική) is a dialect family that refers to the fifth stage of the evolution of the Greek language (the first four being Mycenean, Classical Greek, Post-Classical or Hellenistic Greek and Medieval Greek), and it includes every dialect and idiom of Hellenic speech that exists in the world...


As an initial letter in Classical Greek it always carried the rough breathing (equivalent to h) as reflected in the many Greek-derived English words starting with hy. The spiritus asper (rough breathing) or dasy pneuma (Greek: dasu, δασύ) is a diacritical mark used in Greek. ... Words of Greek origin make up some 15% of the English language. ...


Upsilon participated as the second element in falling diphthongs, which have subsequently developed in various ways: for instance after alpha or epsilon it is pronounced f or v. In phonetics, a diphthong (Greek δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally with two sounds) is a vowel combination usually involving a quick but smooth movement from one vowel to another, often interpreted by listeners as a single vowel sound or phoneme. ...


The Roman Emperor Claudius proposed introducing a new letter into the Latin alphabet to approximate the sound of upsilon, but in due course the letter Y was adopted instead. Roman Emperor is the title historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... A statue of Emperor Claudius Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Drusus (August 1, 10 BC - October 13, 54), originally known as Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus, was the fourth Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, ruling from January 24th 41 to his death in 54. ... Claudian letters Claudian letters were developed by, and named after, the Roman Emperor Claudius (r. ... The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. ...


The name of the letter was originally just υ. It changed to "u psilon" (Greek υ ψιλόν, meaning "simple u") to distinguish it from οι, which had come to have the same [y] pronunciation.


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As a result, Psi Upsilon was enriched by the addition of outstanding chapters, some with local traditions and ceremonies so impressive that they were adopted by the fraternity as a whole.
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